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January 12, 1983 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-01-12

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'U' prof helps
Chinese clean
Shanghai water

After spending almost a year and a
half in Shanghai, University
Engineering Prof. Kan Chen, recently
completed a collaborative project with
Chinese researchers studying methods
of solving the city's water pollution
The project, which was funded by the
National Science Foundation, centered
around the polluted Huangpu River,
also known as the "Black Stink." The
river is considered a health hazard to
Shanghai residents because of the
presence of possible carcinogens.
CHEN EXCHANGED ideas with the
Chinese on computer modeling,
minimizing cost, and decision analysis
regarding the river.
Since the early seventies, the Univer-
sity has encouraged academic ex-

changes with the People's Republic of
China. In fact, President Harold
Shapiro and other University officials
visited China in the summer of 1981.
Chen said political and social dif-
ference created problems because the
Chinese were not accustomed to a
"free-flowing" exchange of ideas.
FOR EXAMPLE, he said, the topic of
decision-making proved to be a sen-
sitive area for the Chinese executives.
"In China, decision-makers are very
hesitant about revealing their true
feelings about such things and their
staff analysts feel very inhibited in
asking the hypothetical questions. This
presents a real challenge for future
creative research."
If the NSF will provide additional
funds, a second project will begin in
early April, Chen said.

Daily Photo by JON SNOW
University Vice President for Academic Affairs Billy Frye fields natural
resource students' quesitons yesterday about the recent recommendation to
ct one third of their school.
Frye answers questions,

Secretary Weinberger
calls for cuts in defense

on Nat. Res.
(continued from Page 1)
Frye also reminded students the cuts
could have been a lot deeper. "This was
not a charade.. This was a general
review with the possibilities laid out in
the original charge," he said.
Other audience questions dealt with
the changing direction of the Univer-
sity, but Frye defended the University's
"I WANT to discover what the right
balance is" between teaching and
research, Frye said. "I'm open to in-
Frye said he will soon complete

meetings with SNR faculty and mem-
bers of the school's review committee.
A public hearing on the SNR report will
take place on Jan. 17.
He estimated the final SNR recom-
mendation to the Regents would be
ready a few days after the hearing.
Frye also announced he and
President Harold Shapiro have chosen
their nominee to become the school's
interim dean, replacing William John-
son who resigned late last year.
If the nominee accepts, he said, their
name may be submitted to the Regents
for final approval as early as next

(Continued from Page 1)
That still remains a top priority - the
security of our people."
He said the cuts are not "a ploy" and
were not "intended to persuade
Congress." But any further cuts im-
posed by Congress, he warned, "would
be endangering the security of our
"I'M DELIGHTED with this $11
billion," the president said. "I'm ac-
cepting that gladly. Cap did it. I'm
pleased with it."
Weinberger stressed that none of the
proposed cuts would set back major
weapons programs "needed to regain
our national security."
However, he cautioned that "no one
should believe that these reductions
will not adversely affect some of our
military capabilities."
Although he declined to go into detail
on what military capabilities he was
referring to, Weinberger indicated at
another point that some troop
maneuvers and training exercises
would have to be curtailed.
"I CANNOT recommend any further
reductions beyond those discussed

here, in view of the threat we still
face," Weinberger said in a statement
he read at a Pentagon briefing where he
appeared without advance announ-
It was the first time in memory that
any Defense Secretary had ever made
public his budget recommendations
before the president sent his overall
federal budget to Congress. President
Reagan's budget for fiscal 1984, which
starts next Oct. 1, is expected to reach
Congress Jan. 31.
The $11.3 billion reduction in fiscal
1984's proposed budget authority would
leave the Pentagon with $273.4 billion, a
new record total about $35.4 billion
bigger than the Pentagon received
from Congress this year.
THE BUDGET authority covers
spending next year as well as some
outlays spread out aver future years.
There was no hint, meanwhile, as to
whether Weinberger would go further
in future years and cut substantially in-
to the administration's five-year, $1.6
trillion Pentagon plan, which runs
through 1987.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
RenCen defaults on mortgage
DETROIT - The riverfront Renaissance Center office-hotel complex was
declared in default yesterday by one of its main mortgage holders, but its
owners said they would try to restructure their debt later this week.
Albert Abend, spokesman for Aetna Life & Casualty Co. of Hartford,
Conn., which owns $50 million of the $200 million mortgage on the coplex,
said the owners were in default in the morning because they failed to make a
January mortgage payment due Monday.
The deadline for the payment had been extended from Jan. 1.
Richard Routh, a spokesman for Ford Motor Land Development Corp., a
subsidiary of the automaker which owns 65 percent of the complex, said a
meeting will be held in Detroit tomorrow with the insurance companies that
are the main holders of the mortage.
"We're meeting in hopes of discussing the restructuring of the mortgage
and perhaps deferring certain payments,"Routh said.
Banks lower prime rate to
lowest point in 2'/2 years
NEW YORK - The prime rate hit its lowest level in 2 years yesterday
as the nation's major banks lowered it from 11.5 percent to 11 percent, con-
tinuing a downward march in interest rates that began in July.
Some analysts said they expected continued declines because of sharp
drops in banks' costs of obtaining funds and of weak demand for business
credit in the lingering recession. They disagreed about whether the prime
would fall below,10 percent.
The prime rate has not been in single digits since October 1978, when it
rose from 9.75 percent to 10 percent, heading for a record high of 21.5 percent
in December 1980.
Otto Eckstein, president of Data Resources Inc., a research firm in
Lexington, Mass., predicted the prime would "bottom at an average 10.85
percent in the first quarter of this year and rise to just over 12 percent by
year's end.
Reagan economist calls national
deficit a time bomb' in economy
WASHINGTON - The searing national deficit is "a time bomb" that will
become increasingly difficult to defuse, a Reagan administration economist
said yesterday.
He and another Reagan official indicated that although the long recession
seems to have almost run its course, deficits rising as high as $150 billion to
$200 billion a year could severly cramp genuine recovery.
"Time is not on our side," said Robert Ortner, chief economist at the
Commerce Department. "You can't just sit back and wait for it to get bet-
The huge deficits now being talked about would require the government to
spend billions more dollars every year in interest payments on the national
debt, and that ever-increasing spending would make it harder every year to
reverse the trend, Ortner said.
He made his remarks in a panel discussion, during which Treasury Under-
secretary Beryl Sprinkel also spoke of "a horrendous deficit this year" and
worse problems in the next few years if action isn't taken.
Reagan acts to help farmers
DALLAS - President Reagan bypassed Congress to implement his program
to give farmers surplus grain for idling up to half their fields, saying "We
don't have time to stand around chewing our cud."
Agriculture Secretary John Block predicted the plan, a major departure
from Reagan's free-market philosophy, would save the government $3 billin
to $5 billion in storage and loans over two years, while adding less than a
penny to the cost of a loaf of bread in grocery stores.
Farmers will at least break even, or perhaps earn more than if they had
grown a crop, Reagan said.
The president also announced that he has signed so-called "contract san-
ctity"legislation which bars the government from imposing embargoes on
agricultural exports already contracted. Contracts calling for delivery
within 270 days of an embargo could be honored unless there was a declared
emergency or state of war.
3month contraceptive criticized
WASHINGTON - The risk of getting cancer from the injectable three-
month contraceptive Depo-Provera outweighs the benefits of the drug and it
still should not be generally available to American women, the gover-
nment's chief judge of new drugs said yesterday.
Robet Temple, acting director of office of new drug evaluation in the Food
and Drug Administration, said little persuasive evidence of Depo-Provera's
safety has been developed since the agency turned down a 1978 request for
its approval as a contraceptive.
"Depo-Provera is carcinogenic in beagles and monkeys at doses,
especially in dogs, not enormously greater than those used clinically ... he
told a special board of inquiry convened by the FDA to evaluate the drug.
He said there were "no credible" epidemiologic studies which would
assess the effects of the drug on women who used it as a contraceptive.
Assertions by the manufacturer, Upjohn Co. of Kalamazoo, Mich., that no
one has died after using the drug are both irrelevant and premature because
not enough women have taken it long enough to draw conclusions, Temple

Vol. XCIII, No.83
Wednesday, January 12, 1983
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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Mike Bradley, Joe Chapelle, Laura Clark, Dan Coven,





t t
Smallrash fire hits
Ann Arbor fire fighters had to empty a Arbor Fire Department.
trash bin onto the driveway area of the The fire, which was reported by the
School of Public Health on Washington school's housekeeping staff at 10:39
Heights late last night after the bin and p.m., was confined to the trash area,
a,'trash compactor caught fire, accor- but the first floor of the building was
ding to Capt. Charles Torey of the Ann filled with smoke. Fire and smoke
damage to the building was minimal,
Torey said, but there was still smoke in
737 N. Huron, Ypsi.-485-0240 the structure at press time last night.
ALL GIRL REVIEW According to Richard Brown, a
sophomore Markley resident, there
Monday es were about 50 students studying in the
pm mbuilding's classrooms when the fire
broke out. -Fannie Weinstein

Cargo jet crashes at Metro


(Continued from Page 1)
Department physicist accompanying
Sabo with a Geiger counter, said the
seal on the cannister - which resem-
bled a gallon paint can - was un-
broken. Neither was the seal broken on
an inner cannister, and total radioac-

tivity was described as insignificant.
"There was no contamination at the
site," Matkovich said.
The flight data recorder and cockpit
voice recorder, bright orange boxes
housed in the tail section, also were
recovered and sent to National Tran-
sportation Safety Board laboratories in
Donald Engen, a board member
who flew in with 10 other NTSB
representatives, said removal of
fragments would not begin "probably
for a matter of days" and a deter-
mination of the cause "truly could be
months." The Americium 241, being
shipped from Cleveland to South Korea
for use in smoke detectors to be sold in
the United States, was returned to UAL
after inspection.
Jay Strasma, a spokesman for the
Nuclear Regulatory commission in
Chicago, said the radioactive matter
was "packaged and labeled properly
according to the information we


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