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January 12, 1983 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1983-01-12

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The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, January 12, 1983-Page 3
Sing Sing seige ends;
officials to make changes

OSSINGING, N.Y. (AP) - Guards
buttoned up the old Sing Sing prison
yesterday, while 17 freed hostages got
medical checkups and the state's prison
boss began correcting some of the con-
ditions that led to the 53-hour siege of
Cell Block B.
After a morning inspection tour,
State Correction Commissioner
Thomas Coughlin said rebellious
prisoners had been prepared to resist
force with fire hoses but instead dren-
ched the cell block.
"THE INMATES just totally trashed
the place in terms of junk," he said, but
added: "They didn't do very much
damage."

Most of the guards held hostage
during the seige, which stretched from
Saturday night to early yesterday, were
taken to a hospital for rest and
checkups. They were kept away from
reporters.
Coughlin said some of the inmates'
demands were justified, adding:
"They'll see certain changes quite
rapidly. We'll make recreation
schedules more reasonable . . . Rules
concerning packages will change."
HE SAID inquiries were under way
by state police, his own department and
the civilian Commission on Correction,
and that criminal charges would be
brought against some inmates.

Coughlin said he could not be more
specific, but mentioned assault and riot
as possible charges, adding that taking
hostages "is pretty close to kidnap-
ping."
He said corrections officials found
many homemade weapons in the
cellblock yesterday.
Cuomo, who took office 11 days ago,
said it was a victory to getthe hostages
out "without injury to them or to the
law. We haven't given anything."
He said the "shadow of Attica" had
hung over the negotiations, a reference
to the 1971 Attica prison takeover in
New York which 43 inmates and
hostages died.

Court told pension plan biased

Daily Photo by JON SNOW

As Black Student Union members broadcast recordings of famous speeches by Martin Luther King Jr., students gather
to sign petitions asking that the civil rights leader's birthday, Jan. 15 be made a national holiday.
Loa roups pan teir9
birathday.t ribu tes to King

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Reagan
Administration told the Supreme Court
yesterday that most pension plans
illegally discriminate against women
by paying them lower benefits than
men simply because they live longer.
Solicitor General Rex Lee told the
court in a written brief that Title VII of
the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits the
almost universal practice of basing
monthly pension benefits on actuarial
tables showing the different life expec-
tancies of men and women.
The Justice Department's comments
came in a case involving pension plans
used by 3,400 colleges for some 650,000
employees, but the issues could affect
millions of American workers and
billions of dollars in pensions.
LEE NOTED that in 1978 the
Supreme Court ruled against a
retirement plan that required women to
make larger contributions than men.
"Whether a woman contributes a

By SHARON SILBAR
In recognition of Martin Luther King
Jr.'s achievements, the Black Student
Union and several civic groups have
launched a petition drive to have the
Icivil rights leader's birthday, Jan. 15,
declared a national holiday.
The drive, part of a nationwide effort,
began on Monday and will continue
through Friday in the Fishbowl. From
11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., students can
sign the petitions and hear recordings
of King's speeches.
INFORMATION about upcoming
events sponsored by Union and other
black student organizations will also be
available.
At the end of the week, the petitions

will be forwarded to the Washington
D.C. lobbying group that has organized
the drive.
BSU Chairman Kenny Gear stressed
that in addition to sending the petitions
to Washington, it is important to "make
people aware of not only Martin Luther
King Jr. as a man, but also what he
stood for."
ALTHOUGH they are unsure of how
many signatures they have collected
thus far from both students and faculty,
union leaders are optimistic. LSA
freshman Carolyn Lerner said she
thought the union was doing a good job.
"I can't imagine that they wouldn't be
successful," she said.
In another tribute to King, the Second
Baptist Church, 850 Red Oak, is spon-

U' nat., science fact

By GEORGEAKOVANIS
A national survey ranking five of the
University's natural science doctoral
programs shows the quality of the
faculty in at least one of the departmen-
ts is just barely above average.
But other University programs fared
better in the survey rating faculty com-
petence and achievements, favorably
next to other major institutions around
the country.
OF THE programs evaluated, the
cellular and molecular biology depar-
tment received the lowest faculty

quality score of just four points above
the average, while the physiology
department faculty was given the
highest mark - 15 points above
average - among the University
programs studied.
The botany department faculty
received the second highest score with
a rating of 14 points above average,
while biochemistry and microbiology
faculty were evaluated as being 12.poin-
ts better than average.
The evaluation, which is published by
the National Academy Press, is the

-HIAPPENINGS-
Films
Alternative Action - Communism (1952); See it Now - Murrow Report on
McCarthy, 8:30 p.m., East Quad.
Cinema Guild - Smiles of a Summer Night, 7 & 9 p.m., Lorch.
Classic Film Theatre - The Great Santini, 7 & 9:15 p.m., Michigan
Theatre.
Hill St. The Caine Mutiny, 7 & 9:30 p.m., 1450 Hill.
Mediatrics - Top Hat, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, 9 p.m., MLB 3.
Anthropology - Nanook of the North and Grass, 7 p.m., MLB Lec. Rm. 2.
Netherlands - American Universty League - In Search of Jewish Am-
sterdam, 8p.m., Rackham Amph.
Performances
School of Music - Harpsichord recital, Edward Parmentier, 8 p.m.,
Recital Hall.
UAC - Laugh Track, featuring Chicago's own Johnny Caponera, 9 p.m.,
University Club, Union.
Speakers
Engineering - Dr. Kyung S. Park, "Optimal Scheduling of Periodic Ac-
tivities," 4 p.m., 311W. Engineering.
Russian & E. European Studies - Brown bag, Dr. Martin Spechler, "The
Bankrupt Successes of Eastern Europe and the Failure of Growth Policy,"
noon, Lane Hall.
UAC - George Wald, "Survival in a Lethal Society," 8 p.m., Rackham
Aud.
Engineering - James Wilkes, "Introduction to Digital Computing, FOR-
TRAN IV Programming Language-I," 7 p.m., Nat. Sci. Aud.
UM Hospitals - Health Night Out, Stephen Cook & Melvin Guyer, "Kids &
Divorce: Surviving the Custody Battle," 7:30 p.m., Hussey Rm., League.
Museum of Art - Art Break, M. Coudron, "The Nude" exhibition, 12:10
p.m.
Computing Center - Forrest Hartman, "Intro. to Display Terminals, 3:30
p.m., 176 BSAD.
Economics - Hans Ehrbar, "How Democracy Works," 7 p.m., 414 Mason.
Transcendental Meditation Program - Lecture, 8 p.m., 528 W. Liberty.
Meetings
Nurse's Christian Fellowship - 4 p.m., Furstenburg.
Michigan Economic Society - 4p.m., 101 Lorch.
Undergraduates Psychology Club - Mass Meeting, 7 p.m., 439 Mason.
Michigan Gay Undergrads -9p.m., Guild House, 802 Monroe.
Tae Kwon Do-6 p.m., CCRB.

soring a march through downtown Ann
Arbor on Sunday. The march will start
at 4 p.m. at the Washtenaw County
Building, proceed west on Miller, and
end at the church. A brief ceremony
will begin at 6 p.m.
Richard Garland, chairman of the
church's committee, and Pastor Em-
mett Green will lead the services which
will focus on the "improvement of
human relations, meeting the
challenges of education, voting rights
and privileges, and the moral and
spiritual aspects of the legacy of Dr.
King," according to Green.
Green said he expects several hun-
dred people to march and attend the
memorial service, but said "it will be a
solemn assembly with no fanfare."
lty rated
fourth installment of a five-part study
of doctoral programs across the coun-
try. The five natural science programs
were evaluated by faculty members
from the nation's colleges who are in-
structors in the fields studied.
DEPARTMENT chairmen were
pleased with the good rankings of the
majority of the programs, although
some were unsure of the survey's im-
plications.
According to Prof. Robert Helling,
chairman of cellular and molecular
biology, the comparatively lower rating
for the department could be attributed
to the University's lack of attention to
the program in the past. "The Univer-
sity had put more emphasis on the
social sciences in previous years," he
said. But he added that the program is
now a higher priority item and "is
really moving ahead.','
Helling also cited the low number of
faculty members as another possible
reason for the barely above average
faculty quality rating.
ASSISTANT Chairman of Biological
Sciences Charles Yocum said that
although he isn't sure what the ratings
mean, he thought the lower faculty
quality score for the cellular and
molecular biology department could
reflect the fact that "there aren't any
Nobel Prize winners here."
He added that the survey "probably
reflects the number of grants they
(professors) have" as well as the num-
ber of doctoral students they've
trained.
While Yocum says he is unsure of the
survey's implications, Prof. Minor
Coon, chairman of the University's
biological chemistry department,
believes that the above average score
for the department "confirms what we
already know."
"IT'S NICE to see that the Univer-
sity's excellence in biological science is
recognized - it's good news for the
University," Coon said.
Prof. Michal Savageau, acting
chairman of the microbiology depar-
tment, called the survey "a very sub-
jective thing," but said that he was
satisfied with the score that the depar-
tment received. "We're pleased that
we're up there," he remarked, adding
that the recognition among faculty
peers is important.
The chairmen of the physiology and
botany programs declined to comment
on the survey because they had not seen
it yet.

BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - Christian
and Druse militiamen pounded each
other with artillery and rockets yester-
day, leaving five dead in renewed
fighting southeast of Beirut.
U.S. presidential envoy Philip Habib
was on his way to Jerusalem, mean-
while, in hopes of breaking the impasse
in the stalemated Israeli-Lebanese
talks on withdrawal of foreign troops
from Lebanon.
THE LATEST fighting flared in the
Beirut suburbs of Hadath, Baaba and
Maaroufieb, and was the most serious
breach of a two-week-old cease-fire
between the rival factions in the
Israeli-occupied central mountains,
where 90 people were killed in nine
weeks of bloodshed.
Three of yesterday's victims were
killed in the Christian-populated town
of Hadath, three miles southeast of
Beirut's center, when a rocket struck a
private car, setting it on fire and killing
a pedestrian, the state radio said.
Hadath is adjacent to the Beirut in-
ternational airport where 1,200 U.S.
Marines are stationed as part of the in-
ternational peacekeeping force in
Lebanon. Marines contacted by
telephone said, however, that 'the

shelling was not close to Marine
positions.
THE STATE radio said two shells
landed near the presidential palace in
Baabda, five miles southeast of Beirut,
but caused no damage or casualties.
A Lebanese official, who requested
anonymity in conformity with gover-
nment regulations, said Lebanon
agreed Monday to a U.S. proposal for a
"composite agenda" for talks with
Israel provided the issues are con-
sidered "topics for discussion, not bin-
ding principles."
The talks have been deadlocked over
Lebanon's insistence that they focus on
withdrawal of Israel's army, which in-
vaded June 6 to crush the Palestine
Liberation Organization, and on
Israel's demand.-that normalization of
relations with Lebanon be included on
the agenda.
"THIS IS our final position, the far-
thest we can go," the official said.
Talks resume Thursday in the northern
Israeli settlement of Eryat Shmona.
"If agreement is reached, official an-
nouncement approving the composite
agenda will be made by the two gover-
nments concerned before the next
session of talks," the Lebanese official

greater amount of her compensation
than a man for an equal benefit or con-
tributes an equal amount for a lesser
benefit, the use of sex-based actuarial
tables in calculating periodic benefits
results in the same discrimination,"
Lee said.
Pension plan operators have argued
that the life expectancy tables produce
a fair system because men as a group
get paid the same benefits as women as
a group. This is because in the United
States women tend to live longer than
men and thus, although their monthly
benefit is smaller', their total benefit is
about the same.
THE AMERICAN Academy of Ac-
tuaries says that the life expectancy of
women born in 1981 is 78.3 years, while
men born in the same year are expec-
ted to live an average 70.7 years.
But Lee said, "Title VII protects in-
dividuals, not groups; it is not satisfied
simply by showing that the challenged

policy is fair to the group as a whole."
The Reagan administration has used
the same interpretation of Title VII in
opposing racial hiring quotas in race
discrimination cases, opting instead for
remedies for individual victims.
"It is simply irrelevant for Title VII
purposes that women as a group
receive total annuity benefits equal to
men as a group," Lee said.
The Justice Department's brief was
filed in a case brought by Diana Spirt, a
tenured professor at Long Island
University in New York. She
challenged her retirement plan because
it pays women monthly benefits that
are 11.3 percent less than those
provided to men with equal service and
equal contributions to the plan.
Long Island University's plan is
managed by the Teachers Insurance
and Annuity Association 'and the.
College Retirement Equities Fund.

Rockets shatter Beirut cease-fire

said.
In addition to Israeli forces, Lebanon
wants Syrian troops and Palestinian
guerrillas out of the country. Although
Israel's invasion forced the evacuation
of thousands of guerrillas from Beirut
in August, thousands more remain
behind Syrian lines in northern and
eastern Lebanon. The Syrians have
been in Lebanon since snuffing out the
1975-76 Moslem-Christian civil war.
IN ANOTHER development, Israeli,
Defense Minister Ariel Sharon yester--
day rejected the inclusion of the PLO in
any form in the peace talks delegation
being discussed by Jordan and thel
PLO.

Cabinet member resigns

(Continued from Page 1)
Lewis's resignation was announced
Dec. 28.
The other cabinet changes saw
Alexander Haig replaced as secretary
of state last summer by George Shultz
and James Edards succeeded as
energy secretary by Donald Hodel in
November.
Schweiker, 56, served two terms as a
U.S. senator from Pennsylvania and
did not run again in 1980 to return to the
business interests that had made him a
millionaire.
AS SENATOR, Schweiker was
Reagan's choice for the Republican
vice presidential nomination in his un-
successfull campaign in 1976.
When he left the Senate, Schweiker
was considered an expert in health
because of his position as ranking
member of the Labor and Human
Resources Committee and its subcom-
mittee on health. Those panels set
policy and budget levels for the Health
and Human Services Department.
As secretary, Schweiker was
generally conceded to have held his
own in the administration's drive to cut
domestic spending, particularly in
social programs.
HE PAID particular attention to
health research, and the National In-
stitutes of Health was spared budget
cuts.

Schweicker did "extraordinarily
well" in resisting cuts in the budget for
the 1984 fiscal year to be sent to
Congress later this month, particularly
in funds for the Food and Drug Ad-
ministration and the Centers for
Disease Control, said a department
source who asked not to be identified.
This source said there were no dif-
ferences between the secretary and the
president over the president's up-
coming proposals on major social
programs.
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