Page 2-Saturday, January 8, 1983-The Michigan Daily
WASHINGTON (AP) - Unem- The Labor Department report for
ployment edged up to 10.8 percent in 1982's final month showing 12 million
December and the number of people still looking for work, brought
Americans who gave up the search for the annual rate of unemployment to 9.7
jobs hit an all-time high. The White percent, the worst since 1941's 9.9 per-
House predicts better figures this year, cent.
but the Labor Department's top The report refers to the approximate
statistician said yesterday the jobless number of employed people for both
peak may be yet to come. November and December as being
Ranks o the Michigan
job less continue to swell
(Continued from Page 1)
hits new highs
essentially unchanged at 12 million.
Before rounding, it actually was a frac-
tion under 12 million in November and a
fraction over in December.
In raw figures, the jobless picture
last month did not worsen as much as it
had in three previous months. The
ranks of the unemployed grew by only
130,000, compared to a 440,000 surge in
the previous month.
The average unemployed person had
been without a job in December for 18
weeks - longer than at any time since
World War II, the department said.
And another 1.8 million unemployed
people were too discouraged to keep
looking for work in December. That is
the most discouraged workers since
such records were first kept in 1967.
An improving employment picture in
the manufacturing sector of the
economy, hard hit by the recession, of-
fset lower-than-normal hiring by retail
business establishments during the
Christmas holiday shopping season, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics noted in its
Still the report contained some signs
that attrition in factory jobs was
slowing down. It was the first time fac-
tory employment changes were less
damaging than those in retailing since
the recession began late in the summer
In November 140,000 factory jobs
disappeared. In December, 50,000 jobs
were lost in manufacturing - less than
the 65,000 jobs lost in retailing.
Nevertheless, the total number of
Americans with jobs shrank slightly -
by 43,000. This was an indication that
while businesses were laying off fewer
people, few workers were being
rehired, analysts said.
For the year, unemployment
averaged 9.7 percent, compared to 7.6
percent in 1981. The Reagan ad-
ministration, in a yet-unreleased
economic forecast, predicts the unem-
ployment rate will hang at 10 percent or
higher through 1983 and still be above 9
percent through the fall of 1984.
Total employment was virtually un-
changed at 99.1 million. While non-
farm employment, measured by a sur-
vey of business payrolls, fell by 165,000,
the bureau noted that the decline was
'the smallest in more than a year."
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Truckers prepare for strike
WASHINGTON- The nation's independent truckers yesterday called a
strike for Jan. 31 to try to force a change in a new law which raises federal
gasoline taxes and highway user fees for trucks by thousands of dollars a
In was unclear how many of the country's estimated 100,000 independent
drivers would take part in the protest, announced a day after President
Reagan signed into law a bill which raises fuel taxes a nicket per gallon and
boosts other levies upon the trucking industry to finance road repairs.
The strike call quickly was disavowed by the American Trucking
Associations, which represent the nation's fleet carriers. The ATA waged a
strong lobbying campaign last month against the tax increases, but lost as
Congress enacted the legislation just before Christmas.
The strike "will last as long as Congress wants it to," Independent
Truckers Association President Mike Parkhurst said at a news conference.
"It is the only way the 98th Congress is going to sit up and, pass immediate
and meaningful legislation to kill the horrible truck taxes."
Salvadoran general rebels
SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador- A top army commander rebelled against
the U.S.-backed government yesterday, sealing off a province and deman-
ding the ouster of Defense Minister Jose Guillermo Garcia and an end to
American interference in Salvadoran affairs.
"Either he (the defense minister) goes or we go," Col. Sigifredo Ochoa
Perez told The Associated Press in a telephone interview. He placed his
garrison of more than 600 men on alert and sealed roads leading to his
headquarters in Cabanas province, 60 miles northeast of San Salvador.
Garcia met with U.S. Ambassador Deane R. Hinton at armed forces
headquarters in San Salvador, but it was not known what was discussed.
Garcia, appointed defense minister in January 1980, has irritated rightist of-
ficers by supporting social reforms initiated by former President Jose
Ochoa decided to stage his rebellion after learning Garcia had appointed
him military attache to Uruguay, in effect sending him into exile.
chard said he was "not optimistic about
an economic recovery in the short-
term." Even if there is a national up-
turn, he said, "I'm not sure it will be
Blanchard's new budget director, J.
Phillip Jourdan, said the new figures
will undoubtedly exacerbate the state's
budget problems. But Jourdan said he
questioned whether Michigan would
normally be expected to lead a
Due to the nature of Michigan's
economy, he said, "there might be a
greater lag time in getting back up to_
speed." He added "I'm not sure the
nation is getting all that well in the first
U.S. reopens weapon
sales to Guatemala
WASHINGTON (AP) - The State
Department, declaring that Guatemala
has taken "significant steps" toward
protection of human rights, announced.
yesterday it has approved the cash sale
of $6 million worth of military spare
parts to that country.
The announcement, ending a 5-year
embargo, touched off protests from
human rights groups and congressional
liberals, who alleged that widespread
political repression continues in
Guatemala. Within hours, scores of
congressmen had signed a resolution
saying the country failed to meet even
"minimal human rights standards."
BUT STATE Department spokesman
John Hughes said political violance in
the cities has "declined dramatically,"
adding that conditions in the coun-
tryside have improved as well.
Most of the equipment will be used
for Guatemala's fleet of UH-1 H helicop-
ters, which are a key element in that
country's fight against guerrilla in-
surgents. The decision also covers a
Guatemalan request for spare parts
needed for A-37 aircraft, which are used
for counter-insurgency operations.
The package also included $2.9
million for 645 radios, batteries and bat-,
tery chargers. Though that was part of
the overall request for the Guatamalan
air force, it was not clear whether the
radios are for use in aircraft or by
SOME OF the requests date back to
1979, two years after U.S. military ties
with Guatemala had been suspended on
human rights grounds.
Hughes credited President Efrian
Rios Montt, who seized power in a coup
nine months ago, with improving
protection of human righs, but said the
United States wants to see further
progress in this area.
He said the U.S. decision was influen-
ced by Rios Montt's moves toward
restoring democratic rule and in
bringing the country's majority Indian
population into the political process.
U.S. OFFICIALS, who asked not to be
identified, said the administration was
anxious to go ahead with the sale at this
time because it wanted to show support
for Rios Montt, who has been under fire
from rightist critics.
They also said there had been an
easing of opposition to the sale from
such key legislators as Rep. Michael
Barnes, (D-Md.), chairman of the
House Foreign Affairs subcommittee
on inter-American affairs.
But Barnes issued a statement
Friday calling the decision "unfor-
tunate," adding that the "American
people are just not ready to resume a
military relationship with Guatemala."
Although he is encouraged by reports
of improved human rights protection,
Barnes said there had been credible
reports of systematic massacring of the
Indian population just a few months
Barnes added that opposition in
the Congress to the sale is more
widespread than he had anticipated. A
House resolution drafted Rep. Tom
Harkin, (D-Iowa), accusing Guatemala
of failing to meet even "minimal
human rights standards," had been
signed by 7 members by Friday after-
Criticism also was expressed by
America's Watch, a human rights
group which sent an inspection team to
Guatemala last fall.
. Aryeh Neier, vice chairman of the
group, said in a statement the transac-
tion "violates U.S. law forbidding such
sales to governments that engage in a
consistent practice of gross violations
of human rights."
Nursing home deaths
anger families., official
HOUSTON (AP)- After 56 elderly
patients died at a Texas City nursing
home, allegedly from mistreatment
and neglect, a three-year investigation
led to the first murder charges ever
filed against a corporation in Texas.
Now all but one of the 256 charges in
38 indictments filed against the nursing
home have been dropped, and the com-
pany settled the case late last month by
paying a $100,000 fine and $66 for court
costs and pleading no contest to the one
remaining charge of involuntary man-
BUT THE plea bargain by Autumn
Hills Convalescent Centers Inc. of
Houston outraged families of some
patients, and the prosecutor who in-
vestigated the deaths was so incensed
he tried to block the deal in court. He
lost his job instead.
"I still cry about my mother," said
Maxine Anonsen of Galveston. The
death of her 78-year-old 'mother, Edna
Mae Witt, Oct. 16, 1978, led to the only
charge that wasn't dropped. Kidney
failure was listed as the cause of Mrs.
"I witnessed things that went on,"
Mrs. Anonsen said. "There was cruelty
and fright and bedsores."
THE CASE has led to allegations that
the county's top prosecutor, former
Galveston County District Attorney
James Hury, struck the plea bargain
with little knowledge of the charges and
even tried to stymie a grand jury by
failing to provide enough typists.
Grand jurors typed the indictments
Although former county Assistant
District Attorney David Marks alleged
that 56 people died of neglect and
mistreatment at the home in a two-year
period, the indictment cited the nursing
home and eight present or former em-
ployees for murder in the deaths of
eight patients. Under the plea bargain,
all charges against individuals were
MARKS CALLS the plea-bargain
arrangement a "sham." Marks, the
chief prosecutor of the case, worked for
Hury but was fired Dec. 16 for seeking
an injunction against the plea bargin,
An appeals court rejected the plea for
Marks said in an affidavit that 56
patients at the home died of neglect and
poor treatment in the two years before
Aug. 31, 1979. The nursing home is still
open in Texas City, 30 miles east of
Houston, and there have been no recent
allegations of abuse.
HURY, WHO left office Jan. 1 and is
now a state legislator, said he is "con-
vinced beyond any doubt we would
never, ever be able to sustain a murder
Hury said he finds the facility's
treatment of its patients deplorable, but
said the evidence shows only omissions,
not acts that caused deaths.
Autumn Hills attorney Roy Minton
has refused to comment on the case ex-
cept to say that the plea bargain was
above board and supervised by a court.
Miami funeral march cancelled
MIAMI- A 57-block funeral march scheduled today to honor a young
black man whose death sparked three days of looting and burning in Miami's
Overtown ghetto was called off yesterday because his family feared
Nevell Johnson Jr., 20, was fatally wounded Dec. 28 by police officer Luis
Alverez when Alvarez tried to take a gun away from Johnson in a video
game arcade. Authorities said the shooting was accidental. 4
The march was to have preceded burial services for Johnson today at the
Joseph Caleb Community Center in Liberty City, but Ray Fauntroy,
president of the Miami chapter of the Southern Christian Leadership Con-
ference, said Johnson's family pleaded with black leaders to postpone it.
"We felt we had to honor their request," Fauntroy said. "The family is just
concerned about more outbreaks of violence. The community is still upset
and tensions are still high. They wated to have ahpeaceful burial for NevelL
Bomb threat grounds jetliner
TOKYO- A Korean Air Lines 747 jetliner carrying 236 people from An-
chorage, Alaska to Seoul made an emergency landing in Tokyo Saturday af-
ter the airline was warned a bomb was on the plane, police said.
Police at Narita Airport said they are questioning two male passengers, a
Chinese-born American and a Canadian, in connection with the bomb threat,
made in a letter to the airlines office in Toronto, Canada.
The jetliner landed safely. All 213 passengers and 23 crew members were
disembarked from the aircraft.
Police said a squad of about 30 officials searching for a bomb did not im-
mediately find anything suspicious aboard the plane, which landed at 5:24
a.m. today (3:24 p.m. EST Friday).
Korean Air Lines officials at Narita said the airline's office in Toronto
received a letter after the aircraft took off from Anchorage warning a bomb
had been placed aboard.
The letter, signed "Kwok," said its author was among the passengers,
Israeli bus ambushed; peace
talks continue in Lebanon
BEIRUT, Lebanon- Guerrillas ambushed an Israeli military bus on a
mountain road outside Beirut yesterday, injuring 21 soldiers with a barrage
of rocket-propelled grenades in the worst attack on Israeli forces in Lebanon
in three months.
In Tripoli, 50 miles north of Beirut, Syrian forces firing rockets and ar-
tillery joined the week-long fighting between rival Lebanese militia forces
that has left hundreds of people killed or wounded.
Representatives of the Moslem factions struggling to control Tripoli met
to try to end the bloodbath, but sporadic shelling continued.
In Jerusalem, Israeli Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir said the United
States could help bring a settlement in the 2-week-old negotiations between
Israel and Lebanon by supporting Israel's position.
Meanwhile, $10 million in U.S. military equipment arrived in Beirut for the
Lebanese army, and a U.S, Marine-trained Lebanese air assault battalion
put on a display of helicopter-borne mock assaults.
~i w l(tdju $
Vol. XCIII, No.80
Saturday, January 8, 1983
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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Editorin-chief DAVID MEYER Richard Demk. Jim Davis. Jim Dworman Tom Ehr
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News Editor ANDREW CHAPMAN Robin Kopilnick Doug Levy Tim Makinen. Mike
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A fln*t ) A t Mv~ U EdiW VE
1 + Arro yo
NEW GRACE APOSTOLIC CHURCH
632 N. Fourth Ave.
Rev. Avery Dumas Jr., Pastor
9:45 a.m. Sunday School.
11:45 Morning Worship
7:00 p.m. Evening Service
Bible Study-Wed. & Fri. 7 p.m.
For rides call 761-1530
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave., 662-4466
(between S. University and Hill)
Coordinator: Steve Spina
Sunday 9:30 and 11:00 a.m.
Coffee Hour-10:30 social hall
Issues Class-11:00 a.m., French
8:00-Allelous (Christian Fellow-
ships), French Room
9:30-Holy Communion, sanctuary
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN
(The Campus Ministry
of the LCA-ALC-AELC)
Galen Hora, Pastor
801 S. Forest at Hill St.
Worship Sunday at 10:30 a.m.
Choir Wed. at 7:30 p.m.
Volleyball Fri. at 7:00 p.m.
UNIVERSITY CHURCH OF THE
409 S. Division
Reverend Dennis Krumlauf
Sunday School 9:45 a.m.
Sunday morning worship 11:00 a.m.
Sunday evening service 6:00 p.m.
Wednesday evening service 7:00 p.m.
120 S. State St.
(Corner of State and Huron)
Jan. 8-"Grace is not a Blue-Eyed
Blonde"-Dr. Donald B. Strobe.
Church School for all ages-9:30 a.m.
and 11:00 a.m..
Choir Rehearsal-Thursday at,
Dr. Donald B. Strobe
Rev. Fred B. Maitland
Dr. Gerald R. Parker
Rose McLean and Carol Bennington
* * *
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH AND
AMERICAN BAPTIST CAMPUS
502 East Huron, 663-9376
Guest Speaker for this week-
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
A Campus Ministry of the
Christian Reformed Church
Reverend Don Postema
10:00 .a.m. Service ,of Holy Com-
Morning Sermon-"The Magi and
Evening Sermon-"Free for The
6:00 p.m. Evening Worship.
Wednesday, 10:00 p.m. Evening
Thurs. 7:30-9:00 p.m. "issues un
Campus" series: Racism.
CREATION SCIENCE MEETING
Angell Hall, Room 229
Every Thursday Night-7:00 p.m.
All are welcome. "Let there be
* * *
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
Robert Kavasch, Pastor
Sunday services 9:15 a.m. and 10:30
Sunday morning Bible Study 9:15
Wednesday evening Bible Study 9:30
* * *
331 Thompson-663-0557 t
(Continued from Page 1)
(won) running the same defense with
an unimportant building."
During the trial, Arroyo had pleaded
innocent by reason of insanity, but
Conlin handed down a guilty verdict
Nov. 4. In testimony Arroyo had
described himself as a wanderer,
unable to discover his own personality.
Arroyo said he had held some 40 jobs
in the past 10 years, during which time
he traveled across the country, seeking
answers to questions about a troubled
childhood and trying to resolve his
homosexuality in a hostile world.
dies at 'U'
An LSA junior died early Thursday at
University Hospital of still undeter-
mined, but presumably natural,
causes. Jeff Dywasuk, 20, was, taken at
about 4:45 a.m. from the Kappa Sigma
AssOooe Art s Ogozine tior
Associate Sports Editors
Assistant Display Manager
Operations National Mona
JOSEPH G BRODA
SAM G SLAUGHTERWV
ger LINDSAY BRAY