The Michigan Daily-Saturday, January 8, 1983-Page 3
By United Press International
Michigan faces "grave" fiscal
dangers unless the governor takes im-
mediate action to resolve the state's
projected $750 million deficit and $1
billion cash-flow problem, economic
advisers said yesterday.
The Michigan Financial Crisis Coun-
cil, convened Dec. 9 by Gov. James
Blanchard, in making° a preliminary
report on the state's fiscal crisis said
Michigan has a total effective budget
deficit of $1.5 billion.
WALTER McCarthy Jr., general
chairman of the crisis council and
chairman of the Detroit Edison Co. and
Patricia Shontz Longe, chairwoman of,
the deficit committee, said at a news
conference the state faces "severe cash
shortfalls ... resulting in the inability
of the state to pay its bills in a timely
"Failure to act and to consider the'
cash, budgetary and accounting
problems as interrelated would
damage Michigan's future economic
dwell-being. . . circumstances allow no
time for delay, McCarthy said.
"The danger is so grave that the
governor must not hesitate to call upon
all the state's resources-every person
and all interests-in an effort to restore
the promise of Michigan's future," he
In Lansing, Gov. James Blanchard
poncurred with the council's gloomy
assessment and, in fact, said he was
worried the panel might be "a little too
(optimistic" about prospects for
Blanchard said steps for dealing with
the cash flow crisis need only to be
finalized and will be announced early
snext week. He repeated an overall
Sbudget rescue plan will be released by
the end of the month in hopes it will be
adopted in the Legislature by Easter.
Serious economic woes, however,
could start hitting the state by the end
of February, Longe said.
New black hole
Smoke and flames rise from the wreckage of fuel storage tanks in Newark, N.J., after gasoline flowing from a ruptured
tank ignited Friday morning.
Gas tank explosion kills one,
rocks New York metro- area
By BARBARA MISLE
A University astronomer and two
Canadian scientists have discovered
the second "black hole" known to
mankind - and the first outside the
Milky Way galaxy.
Anne Cowley, the University
astronomy professor who worked on the
team that found the celestial object,
last November, explained that a black
hole isn't really a hole but a concen-
tration of highly condensed matter in a
very small space. This latest discovery
is thought to be 10 times as dense as the
sun, but only a fraction of the sun's size.
It is called a black hole, Cowley said,
because light can't pass through it. On-
ce light enters a black hole, it is lost she
THE LATEST finding is significant
because it confirmsathe theory that
there are many black holes in the
Before this black hole was
discovered, the only other known black
hole was Cygnus X-1 in the Milky Way,
the Earth's galaxy. The new and far
more dense black hole was found in a
nearby galaxy caled the Large.
Cowley and her associates, David
Crampton and John Hutton of the
Dominion Astrophysical Observatory
in Victoria, British Columbia, conduc-
ted their research in a South American
observatory, from which the large
Magellanic Cloud Galaxy is more
visible. Stars in the galaxy appear
much too faint from any observatories in
the northern hemisphere. .
Despite the distance of stars in the,
Magellanic Cloudbfrom the Earth,
astronomers are able to determine a
constellation's mass because that
distance is known, Cowley said.
THE RESEARCH team was
originally observing X-ray sources in
the Magellanic Cloud when they detec-
ted especially strong rays from the
region where the black hole was found.
"At first we thought it was a neutron
star," Cowley said, "but its mass was
too great. Neutron stars are only one-
and-a-half times greater than the sun's
mass - the black hole's mass was
found to be ten times greater than the
sun, so we knew it couldn't be a neutron
The strong X-rays the black hole
emitted were an important clue for the
astronomers, Cowley said. The reason
for the ray's strength involves the black
hole's companion star, only six times as
great as the sun, which diligently orbits
around the black hole once every 41
DURING THE companion star's or-
bit the black hole pulls strongly on the
star's particles and the velocity of that
pulling emits x-rays, Cowley explained.
The companion star was also the key
to determining the black hole's mass.
The researchers measure the time it
takes for the star to orbit around the
black hole and from that they deter-
mine the mass.
Although the black hole is 10 times as
heavy as the sun, it is only a fraction as
wide. The sun's diameter is ap-
proximately 800,000 miles compared to
the miniscule three mile diameter of
the black hole.
The discovery is significant because
scientists have long predicted the
existence of many black holes in the
sky, yet up until this finding, only one
was known. "But we'll be looking for
years before we find another," Cowley
said. "They are hard to detect because
you don't know where to look for them."
NEWARK, N.J. (AP) - Millions of
gallons of gasoline in three huge
storage tanks burned freely in a
superheated fireball yesterday after an
explosion that killed one man, injured
23 other people and rocked com-
munities up to 130 miles away.
About 9 firefighters stood by at the
Texaco USA terminal at Port Newark,
resigned to watching gasoline in the 10-
story tanks burn itself out. Officials
estimated the temperature near the fire
at 2,000 degreees fahrenheit.
Fire Director JohnrCaufield said the
12':12 a.m. explosion at the facility ap-
parently was touched off when a fuel
tank was hit by two 55-gallon drums
that were hurled into the air by a
smaller blast at a nearby steel barrel
Investigators did not suspect foul
play, Caufield said.
The Texaco facility, with 15 tanks
capable of holding 29 million gallons of
fuel, is in an area of docks, refineries
and industries near both Neward Air-
port and the heavily traveled New Jer-
The blast and ensuing fire did not for-
ce officials to halt airline or highway
traffic. State troopers were ordered to
ticket motorists who stopped on the
turnpike to look at the raging flames.
The 80 firefighters who responded
were kept a quarter-mile from the fire
by the intensity of the heat, but suc-
ceeded in containing the blaze. The fire
was expected to burn itself out after
Caufield said Texaco worker Phil
Heisse reported that just before the
tanks went up, a smaller explosion oc-
curred at the nearby Central Steel
Drum Co. plant.
Heisse told authorities he and Texaco
co-worker, William Van Zile, saw two
55-gallon drums flying 300 yards in the
air toward one of the fuel tanks,
Caufield said. The two men, who had
just finished their shifts and were about
2,500 feet away, started running when
the huge blast ripped through the three
tanks holding about 3.3 million gallons
Van Zile, 40, a truck driver of North
Arlington, N.J., was killed. Heisse was
dazed, but uninjured, and Caufield said
Van Zile's body apparently shielded
Heisse from harm.
Caufield said vehicles and structures
in the immediate area were "com-
pletely destroyed" by the explosion.
NR review draws criticism
Elderly man robbed
A 75-year-old Ann Arbor man was
robbed in his home Thursday at about
f9:30 p.m. by a man and a woman who
knocked at his door asking for coffee,
police said. When he opened the door,
,the two suspects forced their way past
him into the house in the 100 block of
)Fourth Street. They fled after taking an
unknown amount of money from the
elderly man's pockets.
Thief breaks into
A man broke into Edward's Jewelers
at 215 S. Main St. early yesterday mor-
ning, smashing open several display
cases before making off with an
unknown amount of jewelry, police
said. Witnesses reported seeing a man
breaking the glass in the store's front
door to enter the building at about 3:30
a.m. The suspect fled the scene before
(Continued from Page 1)
summer art fair and sold school T-
shirts and buttons to build support for
their cause. "For a last-ditch effort,
we're' planning something more out-
spoken," she said.
Several students in the school are
preparing an official student response
to the budget committee's report to
"address the student needs" and to ac-
company the official faculty response,
which the school's dean submitted last
THE STUDENT response will be ad-
dressed to the budget committee and
the executive officers at the final public
hearing for the school on Jan. 17, Simon
The official, faculty response to the
report said that several of the recom-
mendations were helpful, but suggested
that a 20 percent cut was the largest the
school could sustain. Much of the
faculty opposition to the report also at-
tacked the committee's recommen-
dation to increase the number of doc-
toral students in the school.
Many professors said that the job
market for graduates with doctorates is
very limited, but that the professional
training a masters degree offers is in
"THE WORST thing (about the
report) is that the School of Natural
Resources is basically a professional
school. That report does away with the
professional part of the school," said
Prof. Allen Feldt.
Forestry Prof. Douglas MacKinnon
said the committee "lackedan under-
standing of a professional school and
what a professional school does."
Other professors had harsh
criticisms for the committee as well as
"I DON'T THINK it is a report with
objectively arrived at figures," said
Prof. Richard Patterson. "None of (the
committee members),is an expert in
natural resources. There is no way
they can arrive at a meaningful figure
for a budget cut. My strong belief is
that (the committee) was given ranges
of (budget cutting) figures to shoot
Committee members and Vice
President for Academic Affairs Billy
Frye have consistently denied that the
review committee was ever given
target figures as a guideline to use in its
Feldt, who has a part time appoin-
tment in the school, said the report was
"terribly bigoted" because the commit-
tee members were not knowledgeable
in the field of natural resources.
While students and faculty have
strong criticisms of the report, many
agreed that if the school has to be cut at
all, under-graduate enrollment may
have to suffer;
This school is Importotnt for ,n
dergraduates. There are very few
schools like this. . . and undergraduates
should have the right to take advantage
of it," Simon said. "But I understand
that the school has to cut back and if
undergraduate (enrollment) has to suf-
fer, then that's all right. The important
thing is that the school survives."
RESIDENCE HALL HOUSING
AVAILABLE WINTER TERM
GRADUATE OR UNDERGRADUATE;
WITH MEALS OR NOT
STOP IN ROOM 1011 S.A.B.,
8 A.M. to Noon; 12:30 to 4:30 Weekdays
"Gimme a D
Gimme an A
Gimme an I.99L,,., Y
Give the MICHIGAN DAILY
that old college try.
CALL 764-0558 to order your subscription
Dance Theatre Studio
711 N. University (near State St.), Ann Arbor " 995-4242
co-directors: Christopher Watson & Kathleen Smith
day, evening & weekend classes
I , I','
The Gray Panthers will be sponsoring a seminar called "Information and
Discussion on Registration and the Draft." The speaker will be Mary Roth, a
draft counselor with the Washtenaw Committee Against Registration and
the Draft. The meeting will be in the second floor of the Ann Arbor fire
station at 107 North Fifth St. from 3 to 5 p.m.
Cinema Guild-Dr. Zhivago, 4 and 8 p.m., Lorch Hall.
AAFC-Being There, 7 and 9:30 p.m., Nat. Sci. Aud.
C2-Breaker Morant, 7 and 9:05 p.m., Aud. A, Angell.
Tae Kwon Do Club-Practice, 9-11 a.m., Martial Arts Room, CCRB.
Ann Arbor Go Club-Meeting, 2-7 p.m., 1433 Mason Hall.
begin January 10
we hide the frames,
art prints and posters.