Page 2--Thursday, December 9, 1982-The Michigan Daily
sPorn peddlers turn to computers
,)WASHINGTON (UPI)- Child pornographers are
increasingly turning to such tools of technology as
home computers and video recorders in a bid to make
their business more sophisticated, an FBI expert said
of But the machines can be used against them by
police trained to look for the right evidence, super-
Visory special agent Kenneth Lanning told a con-
flerence on child pornography.
"Many of these child pornographers are com-
pulsive recordkeepers," Lanning said. "Modern
technology catches up with a personality trait-
they see a home computer and say, 'What a bonan-
L "THEY DON'T throw anything away. If you're
aware of it and know what to look for, there's a good
possibility you'll find the evidence."
Lanning, who works in the behavioral science unit
at the FBI academy in Quantico, Va., said he first
heard of a pedophile using a home computer to keep
files a few years ago. He said several more have tur-
ned up since.
Lanning said he recently urged a local police of-
ficer to check on a home computer owned by a school
teacher suspect and, sure enough, the evidence tur-
MANY pornographers keep extensive files of their
"collections," listing picture sizes and locations and
cross-references to photo albums, he said.
Child pornographers, eager to brag about their ex-
ploits, often form networks with their fellows to trade
information and pictures, he said. Some use cassette
tapes or citizen band radios to communicate, experts
THE HIGH-TECH equipment is often used by
white-collar and professional people involved in child
pornography, Lanning said. He and other experts
agreed the stereotype of the "dirty old man in the
wrinkled raincoat" is far from true.
A study of 52 child pornography rings in the Boston
area found 32 in which the offender was in a position
of authority over the children-sometimes a parent,
but also youth directors, sports officials or camp
counselors, said Ann Burgess, associate director of
nursing research at Boston City Hospital.
Experts at the conference, sponsored by the
National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, said
child pornography is in the spotlight both because it is
a growing problem and because activity is being wat-
ched more closely by police and others.
Testing Preparation Services
'U' Near Eastern professor dies
Prof. Ernest Abdel-Massih, director
since 1980 of the University's Center for
Near Eastern and North African
Studies, died Monday at the age of 54.
A faculty member since 1968, Abdel-
Massih specialized in teaching Arabic
as a foreign language. He did seminal
work in Morrocan Arabic and Berber,
as well as Egyptian Arabic. Recently,
he was studying Pan-Arabic language
in an effort to reconcile its literary and
Born in Gisa, Egypt, Abdel-Massih
earned his bachelor's and master's
degrees in English from the University
of Alexandria, Egypt, in 1951 and 1958.
He was awarded master's and doctoral
degrees in linguistics by this university
in 1965 and 1968, respectively.
Among numerous language textbooks
authored by Abdel-Massih is
"Language and Culture of a Berber
Tribe" (1971). As an educator, he also
received recognition in the form of the
1974 Ruth M. Sinclair Award for ex-'
cellence in academic counseling.
Abdel-Massih was a member of the
Linguistic Society of America and the'
Middle Eastern Association of
America. He also was a member of the
board of deans at St. Mark's Coptic Or-'
thodox Church, and in charge of church
education in Southeastern Michigan, as
well as an honorary member of the Cop-
tic cultural center of Venice, Italy.
"Dr. Abdel-Massih established a firm
reputation as an extremely effective
teacher of Arabic without peer in his
field," according to Prof. Ernest Mc-
Carus, of the University's department
of Near Eastern studies. "He had the
remarkable ability to inspirethis
students to perform beyond their
capacity, in the process earning their
affection and loyalty."
Abdel-Massih is survived by his wife
Cecile and three daughters, Nagwa,
Hala, and Mary. In lieu of flowers,
memorial contributionsrmay be made
to St. Mark's Coptic Church.
Call today for details
on early preparation
'U' hails new center for
study of brain diseases
Cooley Writing Awards Committee
Department of Humanities
College of Engineering
Is Pleased to Announce
THE 1982-83 COOLEY WRITING CONTEST
(Continued from Page 1)
fund its'initial research. Most of that
money-a five-year grant of more than
$7.8 million-came from a division of
the National Institutes of Health, and it
is the largest single grant the Univer-
sity's medical school ever has received.
The Kresge Foundation, the Univer-
sity, and various private foundations
provided more than $3 million in ad-
ditional funds, according to the center's
director, Dr. John Keyes.
THE MAIN thrust of the research at
the center will be to gain a better un-
derstanding of the brain and to
diagnose more accurately its diseases,
according to the researchers.
"Most of our projects will be to invest-
igate (brain) diseases"such as strokes,
epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and Hun-
tington's disease, Gilman said. "We
For further information, entry forms, and contest regulations, see the
"Cooley Writing Contest Description" available in the Humanities Department
Office, 2032 East Engineering.
been found yet.
The PET scanner differs from the
older CAT (Computed Axial
Tomography) scanner because the CAT
scanner only produces images of the
body's internal parts, and cannot show
those parts at work.
SOME OF the PET scanner's poten-
tial has already beeen realized, accor-
ding to Gilman. He said that at UCLA
researchers have made striking
discoveries about the concentration of
certain basic chemicals in the brains of
patients suffering from epilepsy before,
during and after seizures.
Beierwaltes, the head of the research
team, said the device will help describe
"biochemical defects causing
psychological diseases such as
He said the device is so much more
sensitive to the workings of the brain,
researchers are hopeful that they can
detect hereditary diseases such as Hun-
tington's disease in children. Nor-
mally, symptoms for Huntington's
disease do not surface until the carrier
is an adult.
The PET center took about 100 people
three years and $6.5 million to build. It
will be dedicated tomorrow beginning
with a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the
facility in the Kresge Science Research
Building at 10 a.m.
Keyes said the facility could be used
for patient diagnosis now, but the thrust
of the center's activity will be in
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
State offficials won't get raises
LANSING- The State Officers Compensation Commission, agreeing with
the Legislature's current and future leaders, voted yesterday to freeze pay
for lawmakers and the governor next year.
The ruling, which also affects Michigan Supreme Court justices and the
lieutenant governor, left unanswered the question of 1984 which will be ad-
dressed next week.
It marked the second straight time the panel has opted to freeze pay in at
least the first year of a two-year period.
Senate Republican leader Robert VanderLaan said there is "no way in
good conscience" lawmakers should be receiving a pay hike next year in
view of Michigan's economic and fiscal straits.
"The amount of dollars is not great but the symbolism is great," he said.
Storms cause deaths, flooding
A foot of snow pasted the Rockies yesterday, leaving two dead in a helicop-
ter crash in Colorado and a plane missing in snow and fog.
Meanwhile, floods that have chased more than 35,000 people from their
homes in the Mississippi Valley gushed into new territory while receding
waters left entire towns a muddy mess with cars and debris piled against
houses and trees.
Torrentialrrains late last week caused flooding that has left at least 20 dead
and four missing in Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas, with preliminary
damage estimates topping half a billion dollars. Winds gusting to hurricane
force yesterday knocked out the power to 143,000 households in Southern
California and blew cars off icy Interstate 80 in Utah.
A blast of Arctic air plunged temperatures below zero across much of
Montana, North Dakota and northern Minnesota and below freezing across
most of the other northern states from New England to the Pacific North-
Freezing drizzle glazed broad areas from eastern New Mexico to north-
west Illinois. Roads "like a sheet of ice" in the Oklahoma Panhandle caused
New drug may cure sickle cell
BOSTON- An experimental drug will reverse the major cause of sickle
cell anemia, an important killer of black Americans, by turning on genes
that have been dormant since birth, a study shows.
The treatment is believed to be science's first successful attempt to con-
trol the output of specific genes in humans. One expert said it opens a
promising new approach to treating disease.
"It significantly reduced the tendency of sickled cells to form," said Dr.
Arthur Nienhuis, one of the researchers. "There was an increase in the
number of normal cells."
The drug, called 5-azacytidine, has also been extensively tested as a
possible cancer medicine, but it is not yet on the market. The researchers
said much more study of its long-term effects is needed before it could be
routinely prescribed for sickle cell anemia or other blood diseases.
The scientists used the drug in adults to activate the genes that ordinarily
oversee the production of hemoglobin before birth.
The treatment was tested by doctors from the National Heart, Lung and
Blood Institute in Bethesda, Md., and a report on the work was published in
today's New England Journal of Medicine.
Israelis, Lebanese battle near
Beirut; war rages in Tripoli
BEIRUT, Lebanon- Israeli and Lebanese troops clashed yesterday in
their first firefight since the June invasion. Two Lebanese soldiers were
killed and one Israeli was wounded in the 15-minute gun battle near the
Lebanese Defense Ministry in the Beirut suburb of Yarze.
Police, meanwhile, reported nine people were killed and 24 were wounded
in the continuing fighting in Tripoli between militias of the Sunni and Alawite
The Arab Bank and several other buildings were reported set on fire as the
pro-Syrian Alawites battled Palestinian-backed Sunnis for dominance of
Lebanon's second largest city, 50 miles north of Beirut.
The Lebanese government radio also reported that Israeli troops ringed
the southern port city of Sidon and made a house-to-house search after a
nearby Israeli patrol was reported ambushed before dawn.
But the Israeli military press center near Beirut said it had no reports of
any searches or unusual activity in the Israeli-occupied city 25 miles south of
Full Senate to vote on gas tax
WASHINGTON- The Senate Finance Committee, without so much as a
whimper of objection, tentatively approved yesterday a nickel-a-gallon in-
crease in the federal gasoline tax to finance a multibillion dollar program of
highway and mass transit improvement.
The full House approved the increase in the tax, currently four cents a
gallon, 262-143, early Tuesday. GOP Leader Howard Baker of Tennessee has
predicted the Senate will follow suit later this week, although opponents are
threatening a filibuster in a bid to defeat it.
The tax would raise an estimated $5.5 billion a year, money that suppor-
ters say would create 170,000 jobs in the construction industry at a time when
national unemployment stands at a 40-year high.
About $4.4 billion would go to highway and bridge work, while the remain-
der would be earmarked for mass transit construction.
The Reagan administration, which supports the gasoline-tax bill, says the
tax increase would cost the average motorist about $30 a year.
Vol. XCIII, No. 75
Thursday, December 9, 1982
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hope to detect the place where seizures
are focused" so treatments can be
developed to eliminte them.
"We can now look at the brain as we
never have before," Agranoff said.
"With the PET we enter the test tube
and walk around the brain."
THOUGH THE center's research is
now almost solely concerned with the'
brain, the PET method can be used for
the rest of the body using a different
scanner, Keyes said. "The body-
imaging scanner is our next major
Space in the facility has already been
set aside for the body scanner, but the
$2 million needed to get one has not
Starts Next Week at your
'U' cuts sequence courses
(Continued from Page 1)
exactly what alternatives they will of-
fer to fulfill the requirement, Porter
said concentration advisers will allow
other suitable courses to substitute for
He also said he is confident more staff
members will be hired to teach next
year, and the increase in the staff
should make more sequences available.
At any rate, Porter said, students will
be informed of next winter's offerings
during this April's fall registration
period so similar problems won't crop
up next year.
HELEN Crafton, an economics con-
centration advisor, said 33 economics
students had come in to see her yester-
day alone about the problem. She added
that the economics department also will
not beoffering any labor courses next
term and has cancelled Econ. 481, the
first class of another two-term sequen-
TONIGHT'S BEER NIGHT
AFTER 9 PM.
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Walton. Karl Wheatley, Chuck Whitman, Rich Wiener.
Steve Wise. BUSINESS
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