Page 2-Friday, March 5,1982-The Michigan Daily
Creationisrn'debate shifts to local districts
(Continued from Page 1)
board officials say it seemed to be the
will of the majority.
The 2,200 student Western School
District in Jackson County for the last
four years has exposed high school
seniors to the tenets of creationism in
an advanced science class which has a
three-week segment entitled "Con-
troversies in Science."
A poll in 197 in the largely rural south-
ern Michigan school district indicated
that parents, by a large majority, wan-
ted both creationism and evolution
taught in high school life science
Of 231 parents polled, 210 thought both
should be taught. On the strength of the
opinion, creationism was introduced into
the science curriculum.
ACCORDING to Howard Simon,
director fo the Michigan chapter of the
American *Civil Liberties Union, the ef-
forts of creationist to change the local
curriculum closely parallels the con-
troversy over the removal of prayer
from the public schools in the early
After attempts to pass state
legislation permitting prayer in the
public schools failed, proponents took
their fight down to the -local level.
There it has stayed, said Simon, with
the will of the majority deciding if their
schools will allow prayer.
This is precisely what is happening
with the creation controversy, said
Simon. The major shift from the state
legislature to the local school boards
makes the monitoring of constitutional
violations much more difficult, he said.
Any one organization simply does not
have the resources available to in-
vestigate each local school district, he
Simon said it is the Michigan Board of
Education and the state attorney
general's office that have the necessary
resources. But, more importantly, they
are "charged with the duty" of taking
action against constitutional violations,
BOARD officials have said
repeatedly, however, that until there is
some legal challenge to instruction in
creationism, they are powerless to for-
The board recently voted down a
proposal that would have asked Attor-
ney General Frank Kelly to rule on the
constitutionality of teaching creation
science in the public schools.
Board President Barbara
Dumouchelle said, it is a "non-issue."
"The attorney general has already
said we can't teach religion in public
schools'" she said. "Until someone
registers a complaint with us, we can-
not and will not do anything."
THE BOARD of Education will meet
again next week to decide what action it
will take, if any, against local school
boards that have allowed the teaching
of creationism alongside evolution.
Simon has been critical of the board's
stance on the issue. "It seens" he
said, "that what the Board of Education
ANN ARBOR'S ONLY
to take out
has done is simply abdicate its respon-
sibility to uphold the Constitution and
supervise all public education."
Simon said the ACLU will urge the
board to investigate how many districts
are teaching creationism under the
guise of science and adopt a policy ban-
Cropsey feels the ACLU would be
"obnoxious and hypocritical" if it at-
tempts to ban the teaching of
"It Would be back to book burning
with the ACLU leading the way," said
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Soviets
could knock out the entire U.S. military
command system with two or three
well-aimed nuclear blasts disrupting
communications, a senior defense of-
ficial said yesterday.
At the same time, this official said the
U.S. satellite-based system for warning
the United States against nuclear at-
tack is vulnerable to sabotage because
a relatively small number of "guys
with wirecutters" could disable cables
leading from satellite ground stations
to command posts.
"WE HAVE been remiss for a long
time in not paying attention to com-
mand, control and communications,"
the official said.
The official said the Soviets are
aware of U.S. vulnerability. He spoke
of indications of such Soviet knowledge
but did not elaborate.
The official gave these graphic
statements on the vulnerability of the
U.S. command and control system to a
group of reporters in amsession apparen-
tly designed to generate support for the
Reagan administration's costly plan to
correct such weaknesses.
Ground rules for the session barred
use of the official's name.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Business frets over budget
WASHINGTON-- The nation's business leaders, who stood shoulder-to
shoulder with President Reagan in last year's budget battle, are breaking
ranks this year because they fear the large deficits Reagan is proposing will
choke off an economic recovery.
The Business Roundtable, whose members run 200 of the nation's largest
corporations, became the latest corporate backer of Reagan's to complain,
saying yesterday that it does not believe the record deficits the ad-
ministration is projecting have been "adequately addressed."
Increasingly, business leaders are urging Reagan to trim the increase he
proposes for the defense budget, reduce spending on Social Security and'
other programs tied to an automatic cost-of-living adjustment and consider
changes in the tax reduction program approved last year.
In a cautious statement, the Business Roundtable called for "major, per-.
manent spending cuts" in future budgets to slow increases in defense
programs and reduce payments for benefit programs tied to cost-of-living
But despite the red-ink criticism, business still is behind the president's
basic economic program.
Internees apply to leave Poland
WARSAW, Poland- Martial law authorities said yesterday that more--
than a dozen internees, most of them former Solidarity union activists and
leaders, have applied to leave Poland permanently, the official PAP news
Col. Hipolit Starszak of the Interior Ministry told a news conference the in
ternees applied for emigration passports that were offered for the first time
He did not name the internees or give their precise number.
In Washington, State Department spokesman Dean Fischer said the
passport offer was "a cynical and deplorable move" and that the "net effect
is forced deprivation of citizenship ... and permanent exile, all without due
Debate continues in Atlanta
ATLANTA- Atlanta Public Safety Commissioner Lee Brown said yester-
day that several of the Atlanta killings do not fit the pattern of the 28 slayings
that were assigned to a special police task force over 22 months before
Wayne Williams came to police attention last May.
The task force cases were "young people, black, from low-income
families, were reported missing, and we found their bodies away from where
they were killed," Brown said inan interview yesterday.
"We see absolutely nothing that connects these (later) cases," he said.
Williams, a 23-year-old black free-lance photographer, was sentenced to
two consecutive life prison terms following his double murder conviction
Gynecologist blasts Reagan
birth control policies
WASHINGTON- The administration's proposed teen-age birth control
rule would punish the poor and reflects the unrealistic "father knows best"
morality of a conservative minority, president of the nation's gynecologists
Dr. George M. Ryan Jr., president of the American College of Ob-
stetricians and Gynecologists, said the rule would drive away girls seeking
help, thus punisnig the poor, endangering health and resulting in as many
as 160,000 more teen pregnancies and an upswing in venereal disease.
The Reagan administration last month formally proposed parents be told
within 10 days when girls under 18 receive prescriptions from federally fun-
ded clinics. Receipt of the notification also would have to be verified.
Ryan also opposed the rule on behalf of groups with memberships of more
than half,,a million doctors and nurses, including the American Medical
Association and organizations representing family .doctors, pediatricians
"If implemented, the regulations will endanger the health and well-being
of hundreds of thousands of young Americans," Ryan told a news conferen-
Vol. XCII, No. 120
Friday, March 5, 1982
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