Page 2-Saturday, October 4, 1980-The Michigan Daily
VIKING SCHOLAR DISPELLS MYT HS A T 'U
Not all the Vikings had horns!
By KAREN HORN
There is more to the Viking legend than what the
carton character "Hagar the Horrible" would lead
one to believe.
"There is no evidence that all Vikings wore horned
helmets," said James Graham-Campbell in an inter-
view earlier this week. Graham-Campbell, a Viking
scholar on his first U.S. lecture tour, guessed the
helmet myth grew popular in the 19th century.
GRAHAM-CAMPBELL tried to convince his
University audience Wednesday that the Vikings
were not just pagan pirates and brutal raiders. They
were skillful artists and craftsmen, too, he said.
The Viking scholar is in the United States for a five-
lecture tour to publicize a display of Viking artifacts,
in New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art. The
show opened there last week.
In his lecture, Graham-Campbell emphasized the
ornamental and decorative purpose of the Vikings'
art, which was created in the 9th, 10th, and 11th cen-
THE SCHOLAR stressed how the Viking art forms
influenced other European nations and how the
Romanesque style in turn influenced the Vikings.
Graham-Campbell spoke of "the vigor . . . the
restless quality" in the art of these "plunderers and
loosters" and noted "an advanced nature of
stylization" in the 1200-year old artifacts.
Some of these objects reflect superstitions and
symbolism while others illustrate the effect of
Christianity on the Viking community, he explained.
THREE YEARS AGO, Graham-Campbell took
part in an excavation in the Western Isles of Scotland.
Since then, he has helped select exhibits and assem-
ble catalogs for the current exhibit.
"A very addictive subject-archeology," the
historian said of his profession. "I caught the bug!"
Graham-Campbell said his major interest lies in
the study of the Viking artifacts and their place in art
history, rather than the actual excavating, however.
Graham-Campbell received his undergraduate
degree at Cambridge University and studied for a
year in Norway. His graduate studies were done at
the University College London where he currently
directs the Medieval Archaeology Program.
The Economic Blues
Many woes attributed to unemployment
By The Associated Press
A middle-aged, unemployed Detroit
chemical worker reached a point where
he couldn't look his wife in the eye.
Every time he did, he said, he burst into
In nearby Lincoln Park, a young
married couple lost their jobs, their
house, their car, their television, and
their telephone. Both began ex-
tramarital affairs. Both began abusing
their two small children.
THESE ARE JUST twd of the cases
cited by beleaguered mental health
workers around the country who report
a growing number; of incidents of
depression, alcoholism, and family
As they did in a similar Associated
Press survey three months ago, mental
health officials lay much of the blame
on the continuing strain of dealing with
inflation, recession, and unem-
"Historically, when financial con-
ditions from a national perspective are
tighter, we will witness an increased
incidence of breakdown," said David
Turkot, an Atlanta psychologist.
WHOLESALE PRICE figures
released yesterday marked the first
drop in that economic barometer in
four-and-one-half years, although the
Labor Department said the 0.2 per cent
drop would have been a 0.4 per cent in-
crease had the index not included a new
factor never used before.
August's Consumer Price Index had
prices 12.8 per cent higher than a year
ago, and bank prime interest rates
skipped higher this past week, which
eventually may make loans
prohibitively expensive to many con-
In addition, the national unem-
ployment rate is now 7.5 per cent, which
brings the number of Americans out of
work to eight million.
"THREE OUT OF five people who
come to us for help are unemployed.
Our volume is up 25 to 35 per cent," said
Judson Stone, director of the Six Area
Coalition Mental Health Center in Lin-
Unemployment in Wayne Coun-
ty-where Lincoln Park is located, just
outside Detroit-was 15.6 per cent in
June, the latest statistic available, said
Rick Rosen of the Bureau of Labor
"We use unemployment insurance
figures for our statistics and they've
been so overloaded there with new ap-
plicants that they can't get the numbers
to us," he explained.
IN BALTIMORE, unemployment
OF THE NAZARENE
409 South Division'
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Rev. Steve Bringardner, 761-5941,
Christian Education--9:45 a.m.
Service of Worship-11:00 a.m.
"Timeof Meeting"-6:0 p.m.
Wednesday-Class "A Preface
C.S. Lewis." (7:30 p.m.).
* * *
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN
(The Campus Ministry of the ALC-LCA)
Gordon Ward, Pastor
801S. Forest at Hill St.
Sunday Morning Discussion-9:00
Worship Service-Sunday at 10:30.
Sunday Evening Forum-7 p.m.
Tuesday-Bible Study, 7:30 p.m.;
Wednesday-Choir Practice, 7 p.m.
* * *
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.-662-4466
(between S. University and Hill)
Campus Ministry Program
Campus Minister-Carl Badger
Worship Services-Sunday 4:00 p.m.
(French room). Dinner $1.50. Bible
Tuesday-Bible Study, 8:00 p.m.
Theology Seminar and Discussion
Group Thursday at 6:00 p.m.
* * *
(Free Methodist Church)
1951 Newport Rod-665-6100
Sunday School-9:45 a.m.
(Nursery and Children's Worship).
Evening Worship-6:00 p.m.
Robert Henning, Pastor, 663-9526
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
502 East Huron
10:00 a.m.-Worship Service-Holy
Conimunion Service: Rev. Terry Ging,
"American Baptist Campus
All students and faculty are invited
to attend worship service at 10 a.m. in
the sanctuary and Sunday School
Classes at 11 a.m. in the Guild House.
Theology Discussion Group every
Thursday at 6 p.m.
(Complimentary brunch on second
Sunday of each month.)
* * *
_ at the University of Michigan
602 E. Huron at State
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104
A fellowship, study, and social issues
. ministry for the university community.
TOM SCHMAKER, Chaplain/Director
ANN WILKINSON, Office Manager
This week's program:
Sunday, Oct. 5:
1:30 p.m.-"Crop Hunger Walk"
(Meet at St. Mary's).
6:00 p.m.-Shared Meal, Pine Room.
Tuesday, Oct. 7:
Wednesday, Oct. 8:
9:30 a.m.-Human Rights Class.
7:30 p.m.-Bible Study.
* * *
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
A Campus Ministry of the Christian
Rev. Don Postema, Pastor
10:00 a.m.-World Wide Communion
Service, Guest Speaker: Rev. Bernard
6:00 p.m.-Evening Worship.
FIRST UNITED METHODIST
120 S. State St.
(Corner of State and Huron)
;:30 a.m,.-Holy, Communion in the
9:30 and 11:00 a.m.-Morning Wor-
ship in the Sanctuary.
Church School for All Ages-9:30
a.m. and 11 a.m.
Choir Rehearsal Thursday-7:15
Dr. Donald B. Strobe
Rev. Fred B. Maitland
Dr. Gerald R. Parker
Education Directors: Rose McLean
and Carol Bennington
* * *
331 Thompson-663-0557 s
Sun.-7:30 a.m., 9:00 a.m., 10:30
a.m. (after 10:30 upstairs and down-
stairs) 12:00 noon, 5:00 p.m. (upstairs
North Campus Mass at 930 a.m. in
Bursley Hall (Fall and Winter terms).
Rite of Reconciliation-4 p.m.-5 p.m
on Friday only; any other time by
* * *
CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY
Huran Valley Mission
809 Henry St.
Sunday Service-2:30 p.m.
Rev. Marian K. Kuhns.
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN CHAPEL
Serving the Campus for LC-MS
Robert Kavasch, Pastor
1511 Washtenaw Ave.
was 9.9 per cent in July. Two months
later, 26,200 people there applied for 75
Social Security jobs.
"It is a desperate picture," said
Phyllis Diggs, director of the North
Baltimore Mental Health Center. She
said 15 to 20 per cent more people are
seeking the center's help this year than
last. "It's been increasing steadily for
the last five or six months," she said.
"The way it comes out is in more
depression, heavy drinking, and some
'None of this surprises Thomas Cot-
tle, a sociologist and psychologist 'at
Harvard Medical School who has
studied unemployment's emotional im-
pact for 15 years. Cottle calls unem-
ployment "a killer disease."
"IN OUR CULTURE, working is
close to the center of life. Our culture
teaches that if you don't'work in an ac-
ceptable way, then you're supposed to
be depressed," Cottle said.
"And when job loss lasts. . . a million
symptoms show-tooth decay, kidney
failure, alcoholism, sexual infertility."
(Continued from Page 1)
bor, I would lock myself in my room on
Saturday night," Delhey added.
Detective Jerry Wright said the com-
posite would fit a general description of
the man police are looking for. "We ex-
pect to get a lot of calls-then we'll start
the process of elimination," he ex-
Although police have been in contact
with the unidentified witness since the
day of the killing, coming upwith an
accurate composite is a time-
consuming process, Wright added.
"FIRST YOU have to establish the
reliability of the witness," he said.
"Then you have to wait for the shock to
wear off and interview and re-
Wright said an earlier composite only
slightly resembled the final draft.
The Ann Arbor Police Department is
asking that anyone who has knowledge
of these crimes, or believes he or she is
witnessing an assault in progress, to
notify the department at 994-2875.
A confidential telephone line has also
been established by the Washtenaw
County Sheriff's Department for
citizens with information. The number
The University has a 24-hour
telephone service for students who hear
a rumor and want to check its ac-
curacy.That number is 76-GUIDE.
(Continued from Page 1)
complaints of a number of Univer-
sity students-asked that he revise
"THE STUDENTS came in to see me
Threat with broken gun
Complied from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Sept. unemployment rate
drops in nation, Michigan
WASHINGTON-The nation's economy showed new signs of improve-
ment in September witha slight decline in the unemployment rate and an
easing of wholesale price increases, the Labor Department reported yester-
The White House said it believes the drop in the unemployment rate in-
dicates that President Carter's economic policies are working.
In Michigan the unemployment rate dropped .6 percent, from 12.5 per-
cent in August to 11.9 percent in September. The decision was due, in part, to
modest callbacks in the auto industry, Michigan Employment Security
Commission's Director Martin Taylor said.
Congressman pleads innocent
to sex-solicitation charge
WASHINGTON-Rep. Robert Bauman (R-Md.), a major conservative
voice in Congress, pleaded innocent yesterday to a sex-solicitation charge he:'
said was the result of a drinking problem.
Police said Bauman performed oral sodomy on a 16-year-old boy in the
Capitol Hill district last March.
Bauman agreed in court to Darticinate in a six-month rehabilitation.
program for first offenders. If successful, the charge of "soliciting for lewd.
and immoral purposes" will be dismissed.
But Dr. Albert Dawkins, an Eastern Shore internist who described him-
self as Bauman's physican and lifelong friend, said Bauman "is in no way,
shapeor form an alcoholic."
Rifle in Jordon s shooting
may be linked to other deaths
INDIANAPOLIS-The FBI said yesterday it must assume a high-
powered rifle used to shoot civil rights leader Vernon Jordan in Fort Wayne,
Ind., could have been used in attacks on blacks in five other cities.
And, agents said, the attacks could all have been the work of one
man-who is being sought in two Salt Lake City slayings. But investigators
said they still have no proof.
Agent Steve McVey said the FBI was proceeding on the assumption that
a 30.06 caliber rifle offered for sale in a Cincinnati newspaper advertisement
June 7 is the weapon with which Jordan was shot and wounded last spring,
and that the rifle was offered for sale by Joseph Franklin, who has been
linked to the August 20 sniper slayings of two black joggers in Salt Lake
Polish workers stage strike
GDANSK, Poland-Members of Poland's fledgling free trade unions,
ignoring government warnings that they were jeopardizing their new in-
dependence, walked off the job for an hour yesterday in the first legal strike
in a Communist nation.
Union leaders permitted strikes only at plants where losses would not be
severe and work continued in some crucial divisions of plants that did strike.
The independent unions called the token stoppage to protest what they
say is a failure by the government to act on promises made in the un-
precedented Aug. 31 agreement which allowed free trade unions and
provided pay hikes.
The unions' show of strength came on the eye of a crucial Communist
Party Central Committee plenary session called to discuss Poland's shaky
political and econonic situation
not assault, court says
LANSING-The Michigan Supreme Court ruled yesterday a man cannot
be charged with assault with a dangerous weapon for making threats with a
gun that does not work.
The unanimous opinion overturned the Michigan Court of Appeals which
had ruled an assault occurs if the victims believe they are threatened.
The court said cases presented provided no authority "for the conclusion
that the victim's apprehension of an object can transform it into a
McQueen shows improvement
LOS ANGELES-Tough-guy actor Steve McQueen, fighting a rare
cancer most doctors consider incurable, was reported improving with an
unorthodox nutritional therapy at a hospital in Mexico, spokesmen said
The 50-year-old star of such action films as "The Great Escape" and
"Bullitt," has lived longer than his previous doctors had predicted and "has
recently shown signs of improvement," said Hollywood publicist Warren
The treatment, developed by former dentist William Kelley of the Inter-
national Health Institute of Dallas, consists of such factors as a regulated
diet, nutritional supplements, and lifestyle changes.
Volume XCI, No. 27
Saturday, October 4, 1980
"WHY DO THE HEATHEN RAGE?"
Psalms 2:1 and Acts 4:25
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at the University
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it has been well said that there Is only one road In this
life; Heaven at one end, and Hell on the other end. The real
important thing is which way are you going, which way
are you traveling? In The Sermon on The Mount, Christ
said the way to Heaven was "strait and narrow and few
there be that find it", but the way to Hell was "broad and
wide" and crowded! Have you ever definitely "turned
about" - that is the meaning of conversion - and begun
to "fight the good fight of faith" to walk the narrow way to
Hear the Word of The Lord found in Luke 13:23: "Then
said one unto Him (Jesus), 'Lord, are there few that be
saved?' And He said unto them. 'Strive to enter in at the
strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in,
and shall not be able. When once the master of the house
is risen up and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to
which shall be first, and there are first which shall be
last."' ("When the saints go marching in, Lord, I want to
be in that number.")
A few years back it was often that such passages of
Scripture as just quoted were the subject of preachers'
and evangelists' sermons. It appears now that most of
them "don't do that any more." What is more important in
this life than making your "calling and election sure" for
eternity? The Apostle Peter said as long as he was living
he thought it important to stir up his brethren to this end
- 2nd Peter 1:10, etc. In recent years I have often heard
preachers and evangelists who seemed to be greatly con-
cerned about getting church folk to feel and believe they
were saved. Maybe they are not, in view of the passage
quoted above from Luke, and in view of the lives and con-
dut nf many. The passage from Luke does not contradict
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