Ninety- Two Years
Vol. XCII, N
Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, September 30, 1981
Ten Cents TenPages
- . .,,: , ,Y
Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
Perched in the center of the Diag this week, the Cessna 152R looks almost ready for take-off. The plane is promoting the
University Flyers Club, which has nine aircraft available for instruction ins all pilot ratings and for cross country flying.
By JANET RAE
The state will cut back its funds to the
University this year by $4 million -
significantly brighter news than the $6
million cutback originally planned, ac-
.cordin'g to Fred Whims, director of the
education division of the State Budget
Whims said state officials have
scheduled a press conference for 11
a.m. today at which they plan to an-
nounce legislative approval of a plan to
cut back state funds to schools and
colleges by only three percent rather
than the 4.5 percent proposed earlier.
THIS MEANS that the state - if it
lives up to its promises - will give the
University 9.5 percent more money this
fiscal year than it did the year before.
The state had originally promised a 12.5
percent increase, but both state and
University officials have said they ex-
pect that increase to be further eroded
by additional state cutbacks in the
' University officials, however, were
reluctant to speculate whether the new
cutback - which is smaller than ad-
ministrators had counted on - will
allow the University to increase its
general fund budget, including the
possibility of granting larger raises to
faculty members than currently plan-
BOB SAUVE, who serves as budget
adviser to Vice President for Academic
Affairs Billy Frye, said he doubts that
the newly-announced smaller cutback
will result in any major adjustments in
the University's budget, which was ap-
proved by the Regents earlier this mon-
"The cut we're really worried about
is the one just down the road a few mon-
ths," Sauve said. That cutback is ex-
pected to come when the state begins to
finalize its fiscal 1982 budget, perhaps
as early as next month.
The reduction of the 'planned $6
million cutback was made possible by
the legislature's transfer of $20 million
from an account for delinquent railroad
funds into the state's general budget.
"We recommended that (the tran-
sfer) a year ago and the legislature
rejected it then," Whims said. He said
the legislature's main purpose in trying
to find other ways to eliminate the
state's $135 million deficit was. to
protect education from further cut-
"It's good news for the time being un-
til we find out how much they're going
to take from their 1982 appropriation,"
said: Ralph Nichols, assistant to Vice-
President for State Relations Richard
Kennedy. "It's all speculation at this
point. I've given up guessing."
coming for pinup pleasure
By JULIE HINDS
For those eagerly anticipating the
arrival of the calendar featuring male
University students announced last
week, there is more good news - there
will be even more cheesecake to choose
Jugt one week after the NBK
Promotion Cd.\ revealed plans for its
calendar featuring revealing shots of
male University students, Detroit en-
trepreneur Steven Jacob said his firm
plans to release "The Men of the
University of Michigan" 1981-82 calen-
dar to local bookstores by mid-October.
JACOB, A University alumnus, said
the calendar will feature students, in
bathing suits, bathrobes, towels - out-
fits similar to those of NBK's calendar.
Jacob said the calenda- will be used
at the University as "a test base for
spreading it to at least all the Big Ten
Jacob, who started calendar produc-
tion in July, had "no idea" why a wave
of male calendars was hitting the
University and Michigan State Univer-
sity, but said all-male student calen-
dars go over better than comparable
all-female ones because there are "lots
of other places men can go to buy
calendars of that sort."
SOME OF the potential female
market for this local flood of
cheesecake is less than pleased with the
new trend. Marti Bombyk, teaching
assistant for Women's Studies 350, feels
the calendars represent a "mass-
market ripoff" that "makes a mockery
of sexual liberation."
"Some people say women are
liberated because they can look at these
pictures," Bombyk said, adding that
this misrepresents the curfent situation
of "the Reagan administration
backlash against women's liberation."
Bombyk said the calendars are part
of a disturbing trend of "objectifying
men, or making them sex objects for
mass consumption." Magazines such
as Playgirl typify this trend, according
WHETHER OR not these semi-clad
pictures should be considered por-
nographic is a controversial issue,
Bombyk said, but they are "impersonal
pictures of men a§ objects trying to get
some response from women."
"Some women say it's great that now
women get to lust after men. But is it
good to turn anyone, into an object?"
Psychology Prof. Jacquelynne Par-
sons felt the calendars were relatively
harmless, saying, "I don't think it's
really a new phenomenon."
"It's no different from looking at pic-
tures of male movie stars," Parsons
said. "We'd be kidding ourselves to say
that women don't look at men out there
on the streets."
See U', Page 2
Minn. prof fails to inform school
officials of classified research
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - A Univer-
sity /of Minnesota professor who
analyzed plant -samples for -suspected
Soviet biological warfare chemicals
says he did not inform university of-
ficials because he was not aware of the
tests' purpose, a published report says.
"I think I would owe it to my gover-
nment" to conduct the study, said
Chester Mirocha, a professor of plant -
MIROCHA'S WORK was guarded so.
closely that lab workers were not aware
until recently they were analyzing plant
samples collected by intelligence agen-
ts from sites in Southeast Asia, accor-
ding to a copyright story Monday in the
St. Paul Dispatch.
The newspaper said the research
began under tight security about two
months ago in the plant pathology
laboratory at the university's campus
University officials said they had no
inkling of the project, although univer-
sity policies forbid classified or secret
STAN KEGLER, vice president of in-
stitutional relations for the university,
said he was "totally unaware of this."
He said the department head and the
college dean should have been infor-
Robert Hexter, chairman of the
university research committee, said
the university would be reluctant to get
involved in work relating to biological
warfare. "Universities don't wage
SeeMINN., Page 2
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Y, Dissident recounts life in Rusi
By JOHN ADAM
Lev Kopelev is a towering, gray
bearded, weatherbeaten Russian,
almost in the Tolstoyan mold. When
asked yesterday why he was recently
expelled from the Soviet Union, he
paused and simply replied: "I can only
guess; they don't like people who try to
Kdpelev,. who is visiting Ann Arbor
with his'wife Raya, is a literary figure
wholhas befriended such famous Soviet
dissidents as Alexander Solzhenitsyn
and Andrei Sakharov. But he said that
he was once like many other Soviets; a
"true believer," infact, a member of
the Communist Party.
"WE FELT VERY closely related to
the state," Kopelev said, speaking of
himself and his generation. "We iden-
tified ourselves with the state; its faults
were our faults."
The Russian author portrayed this
same thought in his non-fictional book
To Be Preserved Forever, which begins,
with Kopelev as a Soviet major on the
"With the rest of my generation, I
firmly believed that the ends justified
'e tried to be free people in an unfree
the means. Our great goal was the
universal truth of communism, and for
the sake of that goal everything was
possible - to lie, to steal, to destroy
hundreds of thousands and even
millions of people," Kopelev wrote.
BUT NOW everything has changed,
he said yesterday. "There's no one that
felt as we did 20 years ago."
Kopelev said his disenchantment
with communism was a gradual
change; that took many years. He said
the roots of his questioning began even
before World War II, when he was a
major in the Soviet army.
After four years on the front, Kopelev
was sent to a prison camp where he
remained for almost 10 years. His
disillusionment, however, did not occur
"In prison one feels to be too subjec-
tive. You can't think too objectively.
You are unjustly imprisoned," so you
can't think of things in an objective
WITH'KHRUSHCHEV there came
reforms which still allowed the people
some hope in the system, Kopelev said.
But that hope also soon gave way. In
1968, Kopelev wrote that there was a
danger of reStalinization in the Soviet
Union. He explained how it was possible
that his generation believed Stalin but
that now it was very dangerous to
believe in these measures.
"Stalinism is fascism and it is
dangerous for Russia and other coun-
tries," he said. "I said very simple
things but in our country such things
Kopelev said that it was not until the
1970s that he finally could resolutely
declare that "I am no more either a
Communist or a Marxist." He said he
thinks this is a common feeling in the
Soviet Union but because there are no
public polls and no free press, it is dif-
ficult to actually pinpoint the problems.
IN THE Soviet Union today he said he
believes there. is a greater feeling of
despair, and drunkenness is a "national
epidemic." There are also problems
with corruption, indifferenceand
poverty, the Russian author said. But
the most unpleasant quality of Soviet
life is the dividing of society into
stratas, Kopelev said.
The positive side of the situation,
Kopelev contends, is the fact that
nobody believes in official ideology
anymore. Nobody feels "organically
related to the state."'
Today the ubiquitous murals and
monuments of Lenin and Brezhnev
See RUSSIAN, Page 2
Photo by DEBORAH LEWIS
LEV KOPELEV, A controversial Russian literary figure who was once a
member of the Communist Party, sAid yesterday there is a current feeling of
disillusionment inside the SovietjUnion.
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Time is up
F YOU THfNK it's rough getting through CRISP
try changing your schedule after today's drop/add
deadline. Today is absolutely the last and final day
for LSA students to drop/add or make any schedule
changes relatively hassle-free. After 4 p.m. today a student
who wishes to drop a cpurse will receive a "W" on his or her
vertising director for Jovan,the fragrance manufacturer
that's sponsoring the rock group's 28-city tour. Jovan plans
to inundate local radio, stations with T-shirts and Jovan-
designed Rolling Stones. posters before each concert. The
poster is "a picture of five tongues flyingacross America,
to symbolize their national tour " Miller said. "When
Jagger saw it, he loved it." The Rolling Stones say Jovan's
sponsorship does not mean they endorse any of its products.
Miniature Mount St. Helens
symbolizes the volcanic activity on the mountain. And when
it burns down, the sugar and cream harden up like lava."
Simmons struggled through several failures in perfecting
his drink. There was one near explosion, too. "I was trying
to add more rum while the drink was on fire. " E
From the mountain top
If you don't think you can get to the top of the ladder in
your job, one successful job holder says you should get off
and find a new job. President Reagan, in an article
published in 1942 in a now-defunct movie fan magazine, said
to succeed in the business world you have to believe in your
Peaches, pears, and $500
The suffering of a female elephant in a Baltimore Zoo has
bee) eased-thanks to donations from people in Maryland.
The elephant has a fatal arthritis-like disease that has
caused it to lose 700 pounds. "Gunni," a 12-year-old African
elephant, received 15 bushels of peaches and pears and $500
in cash. One of the disease's effects is constant thirst. $200
of the donated money has been used to install a pump which
brigs water into its cage 24 hours a day. "She's holding her
own, but it still doesn't look very good," said assistant zoo
director, Brian Rutledge. The disease causes the animal's
antihodies to attack itsawn svstem .F