Page 6-Thursday. March 27, 1980-The Michigan Daily
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From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - The Selective Service
System yesterday disavowed an internal memo
recommending abolition of the conscientious ob-
jector status that allowed thousands of men to
avoid military service in Vietnam and other
The memo was released by Rep. Robert
Kastenmeier (D-Wis.), in the latest salvo by op-
ponents of draft registration to scuttle President
Carter's registration plan.
KASTENMEIER TOLD a news conference he
released the paper because Selective Service of-
ficials had ducked his questions about its policy
on conscientious objection.
But Kastenmeier said that since his questions
went unanswered, "I am obliged to rely on these
documents as representing the views of some
people in positions of responsibility within the
Selective Service System."
The document, drafted for the system by Maj.
Don Guritz of the Air Force Reserve, said, "The
general public stigma associated with conscien-
tious objection prior to the Vietnam conflict no
"WE CAN reasonably expect that in any future
emergency draft, more than half of the
registrants will seek conscientious objector
status, particularly if females are made subject
to involuntary military service."
The document offered two legislative alter-
natives for dealing with the problem:
" "Complete rescission" of the conscientious
objector exemption; and,
" Restriction of the status to "practicing
member of religious sects that specifically
prohibit participation in military services," such
as Quakers, Mennonites, and the Church of the
Guritz, who said his recommendations may
have been colored by his experience, wrote that
his job had included referral of Selective Service
cases to U.S. attorneys for prosecution. His ex-
perience with conscientious objectors was
limited to "recalcitrants and political radicals,"
JOAN LAMB, a Selective Service
spokeswoman, said that when Guritz turned in
his report, Selective Service officials said
"Thanks; but no thanks, and filed it."
She said there is "no current review of
criteria" for conscientious objector status. "The
'CO status would be the same."
The Supreme Court has ruled that people can
be eligible for CO status merely on the basis of
moral or ethical feelings, without any "religious
training or belief."
Guritz rejected the idea of setting up public
service work camps for conscientious objectors
as was done in World War II.
He also urged against conscription of women
''since many female ' registrants could
reasonably be expected to claim conscientious
Among his other proposals, Guritz suggested
that conscientious objectors "could well be sub-
jected to special tax assessments in lieu of
military or alternate service.
Under current law, conscientious objectors are
required in lieu of military service to perform
"such civilian work contributing to the main-
tenance of the national health, safety or interest
as the director of Selective Service may deem
Meanwhile, the House Appropriations Com-
mittee scheduled a meeting for today to vote on
registration of young men. Opponents said it ap-
peared the administration had enough support to
prevail in the committee.
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1 Ill1nois N-plant indicted for violations
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) - Com-
monwealth Edison Co. and two of its of-
ficials were indicted yesterday on fraud
and conspiracy charges for alleged
security violations at the utility's
nuclear power plant near Cordova in
The nine-count federal indictment
charges that Edison, the state's
largest utility, and two officials at the
Quad-Cities Nuclear Station conspired
to evade Nuclear Regulatory Com-
mission security requirements.
AN EDISON spokesperson said the
company believes it is innocent, "has
violated no laws, and intends to defend
itself and its employees vigorously."
The spokesperson said the charges
were not related to the operation of the
two nuclear reactors at the plant,
located along the Mississippi River.
The indictment alleges that security
guards were ordered not to record the
discovery of unlocked and unguarded
doors to the plant's "protected and
vital" areas, or the presence of
unescorted visitors to such areas.
IT CITED THREE instances of
unescorted visitors and another six of
unlocked and unguarded doors, all bet-
ween January 1976 and March 1977.
In violation of NRC security
regulations, Edison and the two of-
ficials failed "to record such infor-
mation in security records," the indic-
tment said. It said Edison and the of-
ficials, "having possession of slips of
paper recording vital area doors found,
open by security guards ... would and operations" at the plant.
did conceal ,those slips of paper from Gerald Fines, the U.S. attorney in
the NRC.. ." Springfield said each count carries a
The indictment said the inaccurate maximum penalty of five years it
security records were presented to the prison and a $1,00 fine. He said that if
NRC, although Edison and the officials convicted, the utility itself would be
knew the records "did not accurately subject only to the fine portion of th
and truthfully reflect security penalty.
CINCINNATI (AP) - Former President Gerald R.
Ford said yesterday he would accept a convention draft in
Detroit this summer as the Republican presidential
nominee, although he termed such an offer "a very, very
Speaking at a breakfast fund-raiser for Rep. Bill
Gradison (R-Ohio), he also accused President Carter of
"flip-flop policies in the foreign field," and blamed him
for the 18 per cent annual inflation rate because of "his
inability to understand simple economics."
FORD SAID his March 15 decision not to enter the GOP
presidential race came after a pragmatic assessment of
his chances of winning the nomination with a late entry in
"It wasn't an easy decision," Ford said. "I think it's
proven by the polls that if I could get the nomination, I
could beat Jimmy Carter - period," Ford said. "The
realities were, the odds didn't look like it was very
encouraging to get the nomination."
Ford predicted that Ronald Reagan would be the.
Republican nominee. But he held out the possibility of
accepting a convention draft if Reagan fails to win the
nomination on the first ballot.
"I'VE NEVER ducked a responsibility," Ford said. "If
a draft happens - and that's a very, very remote
possibility - of course, twould assume my responsibility
to head the Republican ticket."
The former president did not endorse Reagan for the
GOP nomination but pledged his unqualified support if the
former California governor runs against Carter this fall.
"If thei choice is Reagan and Carter, the choice is very
simple for me - it's Reagan," Ford said.
.At a news conference Tuesday in Chicago, Ford said he
still believes Reagan cannot beat Carter in the November
elections. Ford had said earlier, when he first suggested
he might become a candidate, that Reagan was too
conservative to be elected president.
"I maintain that Reagan would be unelectable on the
basis of polls," Ford said. "The polls are pretty imposing
evidence, and they've been pretty consistent."
Ford would accept convention draft
Fitness lab fights unfitness in AZ
(Continued from Page 1)
neumoscan which determines whether
lung capacity and volume fall into the
"normal" range. The device also
determines maximum breathing rates
and some other quantities.
In order to determine his ideal body
weight the client took a body com-
position test. Clad in"swim trunks, he
was submerged in a water tank while
sitting on a metal chair. A scale on the
chair measured the amount of air
remaining in his lungs after exhaling.
This measurement, among others, is
used to calculate percentage of fat in
Another client ran on a treadmill. He
started at a leisurely walk, while the
angle of the treadmill steepened and its
"IN THIS TEST the length of the test
depends upon the physical fitness of the
person running it. Some people go for 20
minutes or more on the treadmill," ex-
plained Sam Breck, public relations
coordinator at the Center. "The pur-
pose of this test is to bring the person to
his 'target zone,' where he exerts his
maximum physical effort."
The client was hooked up to an elec-
trocardiogram machine which guaged
his heart's activity while he ran on the
treadmill. The electrodes on his body
monitored the electric conductivity of
his heart while under stress. A car-
diologist measured his blood pressure
periodically during the test. A mouth-
piece recorded the volume of air used
by his body.
The more fit a person is, the more
oxygen can be utilized during exercise,
and the more quickly the heart rate will
return to normal, Breck explained.
ALL TESTING, Breck emphasized,
"is conducted with adequate preventive
measures for the benefit and health of
the client." This also helps to avoid
lawsuits, Breck added.
Breck said a cardiologist is always
present during testing to ensure that
the client does not over-exert himself.
Laurie Bednarz, an assistant at the
Center, said spring is the Center's
busiest time because people seem to be
. more aware of the need for exercise as
warm weather approaches.
The Center conducts tests three days
per week, usually testing three to five
people per day, she said.
THE PROGRAM IS open to the
public, but University students, staff
and faculty receive a 20 per cent
discount on charges for the tests and
programs. Costs for tests and exercise
programs range from $30 to $370.
"The Center is approaching
businesses in the area, trying to get
them interested in the program for
their executives," she said. "Examples
of businesses"that have utilized the
program are the Washtenaw County
Sheriff's Department, Monroe City
government and some local com-
"People come from as far as Detroit
and Kalamazoo to benefit from thg
program," Bednarz said.
The center was started four years ago
through the efforts of four Physical
Education Department professors,
Bednarz said. Most of the employees at
the center are graduate students in
physical education working part time
on a paid basis, or for academic credit.
"We are a non-profit organization,
and with the aid of grants from the
University and our fees, we try to keeg
up with our overhead," she said.
While anyone can participate in the
program, ex-athletes may find it
especially advantageous, Breck said.
"The trouble ex-football players and
other athletes encounter," Breck said,
is that "muscles convert to body fat.
Very often the athlete doesn't alter his.
diet and physical activity correctly af-
The center also offers 12-week-long
supervised physical training programs
to help clients maintain a regular exere
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