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May 04, 1978 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1978-05-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Page 8-Thursday, May 4, 1978-The Michigan Daily
MEETS MEXICAN LEADERS TODAY:
Gas price issue plagues Vance

WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of
State Cyrus Vance, who left yesterday
on a three-day visit to Mexico, will be
able to offer nothing new on the two
major problems in U.S.-Mexican
relations, natural gas and illegal aliens,
State Department officials say.
Congress has not completed action on
the gas pricing legislation President
Carter proposed more than a year ago
or on the legislation dealing with illegal
aliens that he sent to Capitol Hill last
August.
MEXICO, WITH NEW gas fields
being discovered almost monthly, wan-
ts to sell to the gas-hungry United
States. Several companies in Texas
want to buy Mexican natural gas and
resell it.
But the Mexicans are determined to

get a price of about $2.70 per thousand
cubic feet for their gas, a figure pegged
to the world price for an equivalent
amount of fuel oil.
The Texas gas distributors were
willing to pay that price but the Carter
administration refused to approve the
contracts while it was asking domestic
producers to settle for a controlled
price of $1.75. Secretary of Energy
James Schlesinger said the ad-
ministration would allow no more than
the $2.16 the United States now pays for
some Canadian gas.
WITH THAT, THE negotiations
broke off. Mexican officials said
Mexico would either use the gas itself
or sell it elsewhere. But using the gas
itself would require costly conversion of
Mexican factory boilers. Selling it

abroad would require costly equipment
to liquefy the gas and ships to carry it.
State Department officials, who
asked not to be identified, said they
believe Mexico has no better market
than the United States and that a deal
eventually will be struck. But they said
Vance can offer no flexibility as long as
Congress is deadlocked on the ad-
ministration proposals.
Similarly, Vance is unable to show
much flexibility on the problem of
illegal aliens. The administration's bills
are just now coming before
congressional hearings.
CARTER IS ASKING Congress to
make it illegal for employers to
knowingly hire illegal aliens. He also is
asking for an amnesty to illegals who
arrived here before 1971. For those who
came between 1971 and 1977, he is
suggesting a partial amnesty that
would allow them to stay in the United
States for five years. He also wants to

augment the Border Patrol and stop the
flow of more illegals.
More than a million illegal aliens wre
caught along the Mexican border last
year. Carter's proposals are not
popular in Mexico.
Mexican officials say the Mexicans
are doing menial work that Americans
don't want. They have suggested that
Carter might better address the
problem by legalizing the cyclical flow
of workers.
But, as with the gas-pricing issue, the
administration is unwilling to negotiate
with the Mexicans while it is
negotiating on the same subject with
Congress.
So, Vance will listen. Officials said he
is interested in the Mexican response to
an American offer made in January to
sponsor rural development loans for
Mexico in the World Bank, on the
theory that providing jobs in Mexico is
the best way to end the migration of
workers.

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Nixon: Brezhnev tried
to force Mideast pact

CHICAGO (AP) - Former President
Richard Nixon says Soviet Premier
Leonid Brezhnev, at their second sum-
mit meeting, tried to get him to impose
a Mideast peace settlement on Israel,
based on Arab terms.
In an excerpt from his book "RN:
The Nixon Memoirs" published in
today's editions of the Chicago Tribune
and other newspapers, the former
President says the conversation oc-
curred on June 22, 1973, during their
stay at Nixon's San Clemente, Calif.,
home.
EARLIER IN THE day, in
Washington, the two leaders had signed
a treaty renouncing the use of force
between the United States and the
Soviet Union.
The former President writes that he
was reading in bed that night when
Brezhnev knocked at his door wanting
to talk.
"For the next three hours we had a
session that in emotional intensity
almost rivaled the one on Viet Nam
during Summit I," Nixon writes. "I
pointed out that there was no way I
could agree to any such 'principles'
without prejudicing Israel's rights."
NIXON SAID OF their first meeting
in Moscow on May 22, 1972, that
Brezhnev's initial "tone was cordial but

his words were blunt." The main issue
at the, meeting was the renewed
American bombing of Haiphong and
Hanoi in North Viet Nam.
The first summit resulted in
agreements on cooperative space ex-
ploration and an anti-ballistic missile
treaty, and the Interim Offensive
Agreement, setting a temporary freeze
on the numbers of intercontinental
ballistic and submarine-launched
missiles.
Nixon said he feels the hardest fought
battle of the third summit meeting oc-
curred in Washington and involved U.S.
opponents of the talks. Liberals, he
said, were angered by Soviet repression
of dissidents, while conservatives wan-
ted to limit trade with the Soviets or ban
it altogether.
AND HE SAYS the military feared
the summit meeting "might actually
succeed in producing a breakthrough
on limiting offensive nuclear weapons
or a limited nuclear test ban."
Nixon added: "This convergence of
anti-detente forces would have existed
regardless of any domestic political
problems. But Watergate had badly
damaged my ability to defuse, or at
least to circumvent them."
He added, however, that he does not
feel his Watergate problems had any
major effect on the meeting itself.

OFFICE OF MAJOR EVENTS presents
WARREN ZEVON
WED., MAY 24, POWER CENTER, 8 P.M.
RESERVED SEATS $7, $6
Tickets go on sole Thursday, May 4, at Mich. Union Box Office (763-2071)
Mon.-Fri. 11: 30-5:30. No personal checks.
Please, no smoking and beverages In auditorium.

ALL KINDS
OF FOLKS
ENJOY
BELL'S
PIZZA!
S. State and Packard
CALL 995-0232
Open from 1 o.m. to 1 a m.
FREE DELiVERY From 4:30 p.r

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