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August 11, 1977 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1977-08-11

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The Michigan Daily

. - - - _ _.._^ ... .... v _ti.__ n_

Vol. LXXXVII, No. 63-S

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, August 11, 1977

Ten Cents

I welve Pages

U.S., Panama reach accord

negotiators said yesterday the
Unked States and Panama
have reached an historic agree-
ment on all major issues of a
new canal treaty that will turn
the waterway over to Panama
by the end of the century.
U. S; Ambassadors Sol Lino-
wi*z and Elsworth Bunker said
they will fly to Washington to-
day and "go immediately to

the White House to report to treaty remained to be worked
President Carter." out following a review of the
principles with Carter.
to the press, the two chief U.S. U.S. sources here said Carter
negotiators said the agreement would soon make a nationally
on basic principles that will televised speech in the nUited
govern a new treaty would es-S . -
tablish "a new relationship be- States i support of tbe agree-
tween our countries." ment and may come to Panama
to sign a treaty.
The ambassadors said agree-
meet on the wording of the Here is a summary of the

issues resolved by the agree-
ment, as reported by reliable
sources close to the talks:
* Duration: U.S. negotiators
gave into Panama's. demand
that a new treaty not extend
past the turn of the century.
The Americans had been holding
out until last fall for a treaty
that would last until the year
2025. Under the agreement, a

Leaders of the Ann Arbor
chapter of the National Organi-
zation for Women (NOW) called
a press conference yesterday to
announce their strategies for
passing the ERA before the
March, 1979 deadline.
Karen Rice, Legislative Co-
ordinator said that NOW's first
priority is getting the ERA
To raise money for political
campaigning and to demon-
strate the strong support the
amendment has, NOW has plan-
ned a walk-a-thon in every
state on August 27, the day after
women's equality day.
"IT'S A MORALE booster,"
See LOCAL, Page 10

new treaty would expire Dec.
31, 1999.
* Defense: The agreement
calls for a gradual withdrawal
of the 9,000 U.S. troops in the
Canal Zone and gradual closing
of the 14 American military
bases by the expiration of the
. Compensation: Panama ap-
pears to have accepted an
American offer of $50 million
to $60 million a year for use of
the canal and lands and waters
in the zone. The United States
now pays Panama $2.3 million
. Lands and waters: About
70 per cent of the 500-sqsare-
mile zone would revert to Pana-
ma as soon as the treaty is
ratified. The United States oOld
retain temporary control of the
rest-the part considered vital
to the operation of the water-
way. Details of the transfer of
this 311per cent remaint,he
0 Administrition: Upon rati-
fication of the treaty, the Pana-
ma Canal Co., a U.S. govern-
ment a g e n c y that operates,
maintains and defends the canal,
would cease to exist. The two
nations would jointly administer
the canal tnti lthe expiration of
the treaty, when aPnama would
take full administrative control.
* Neutrality: The two coun-
tries agreed to write a separate
treatyin which aPnama would
guarantee that the canal remain
open to ships of all flags. The
United States was concerned
about defense of the canal after
the treaty expired. Romulo Es-
cobar Bethancourt, cihef Pana-
manian negotiator, said last
week the United States would,
in essence, have the right to in-
tervene if the canal were at-
tacked by a foreign power.

Karen Rice (left) Legislative Coordinator for the Ann Arbor chapter of the National Or-
ganization of Women, and Barbara Markana, a member of the chapter's executive board,
discuss strategies for passing the Equal Rights Amendments at a news conference yes-

Violence mars
Queen s visit
to N. Ireland
BELFAST, Northern Ireland (A) - Hundreds of Roman Cath-
olic extremists protesting the arrival it Northern Ireland of Queen
Elizabeth II marched behind a banner calling her "queen of
death" and battled British troops and police yesterday.
At least 15 persons were injured, including an old man felled
by club-swinging soldiers during the half-hour clash.
DURING THE DISTURBANCES, the British sovereign was 12
miles away at Hillsborough Castle, where she knighted, several'
prominent Ulstermen and held a garden party to open her first
visit to the war-torn province in 11 years.
Police reported 20 rioters were a: rested as they hurled bricks
and bottles at troops.
The Belfast march was illegal. The marchers had planned to
go through the center of Belfast to City Hall to hold a rally. "ER
Elizabeth Regina. Queen of Death, 1969-77 1,800 dead," an ap-
proximation of the death toll in eigh' years of sectarian warfare
TROOPS AND POLICE blocked the march in the narrow
street that funnels into the city center from the Falls'-Road, an
Irish Republican Army (IRA) stronghold. A police inspector or-
dered the marcher's to disperse and they replied with a barrage
See VIOLENCE, Page 10

AP Photo
BRITISH TROOPS drag away a wounded comrade during a clash between Irish marchers and
police yesterday.

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