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May 19, 1970 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1970-05-19

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NEWS PHONE:
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Tuesday, May 19, 1 970 An Arbor, Michigan, Page Three
Cam bodian upheaval b olsters-Thnieu

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SAIGON (P)-President Nguyen Van Thieu probably
was as surprised as anyone on the upheaval in Cam-
bodia that led to the U.S. and South Vietnam military
action there. But all this appears to have bolstered his
own political position at home.
Speaking hypothetically, an American with long ex-
perience in Vietnam put it this way: "If President Thieu
had wanted to divert attention from domestic political
unrest, he could hardly have dreamed up a better gim-
mick than the invasion of Cambodia.,"
Thieu still faces a battery of pressing domestic
problems: protests by An Quang Buddhists, militant
students, disabled veterans and war widows. Inflation
and decisions by the Supreme Court invalidating his
austerity tax, the conviction of Deputy Tran Ngoc Chau
for "pro-Communist activities," and the military trial
of student leaders.
There is evidence, however, that the thrust into
Cambodia by Vietnamese troops has shifted attention
from the political turmoil in Saigon, given Thieu some
breathing room, and perhaps actually solidified his
control.
Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky and several hawkish
generals are known to be among Thieu's most persistent
critics. But last week Ky stood 23 miles inside Cam-
bodia exuding satisfaction with the incursion while

the generals and their armored task forces rolled across
southeastern Cambodia.
Protests in recent weeks have been against the kill-
ing and repression of ethnic Vietnamese in Cambodia,
but the Cambodian military campaign and subsequent
refugee relief have quelled much of that protest.
There are still protests against the Cambodian
operation mostly by students, An Quang Buddhists, and
a handful of legislators.
Several of the legislators who objected to the Cam-
bodian operation he said, "did so mostly becaese they're
worried about its impact on American public opinion.
They realize an adverse reaction in the United States
might cause a precipitous withdrawal of American
troops from South Vietnam."
A police crackdown on the students has gone largely
unnoticed during the Cambodian crisis. All grammar
schools, high schools and university schools were or-
dered closed May 5, tighter curfew regulations were
put into effect, and the government served notice it
would enforce an emergency decree of 1968 which makes
demonstrations of any type illegal.
Student protests since then have seemed puny and
ineffective. A handful of students staged a sit-in on
the steps of the National Assembly building in Saigon

on Saturday, and police responded by firing tear gas
at random throughout the downtown area.
"The An Quang Buddhists are potentially more
troublesome," he said, "but they're aware that the gov-
ernment can put them down by force. I don't think
they want to risk an open confrontation."
The disabled veterans, who have seized government
land in Saigon, and the war widows, who have occupied
a government building in Cholon, are a continuing
problem but pose no immediate crisis.
The Supreme Court has ruled that Chau's convic-
tion and the trial of student leaders by a military court
were unconstitutioinal, but the real test for Thieu will
come after the court's decision is officially published,
"The economic problem is the most serious challenge
Thieu faces," said one source. "Inflation affects more
people than any purely political problem.
"The over-all cost of living has risen more than 55
per cent in the last year, and more than 600 per cent
in the last five years. Food prices are more than seven
times higher than in 1965. Everytime a housewife goes
to market, the food costs a few piasters more."
"Despite all the problems-serious problems-that
Tieu must solve," one Western observer said at week's
end, "it doesn't look like anyone or any combination of
circumstances can overthrow him at the moment."

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Rights of
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I)roadened'
Uniioni leaders,
.eniale employcs
baek( by court
-,s
WASHINGTON 4 - Tihe
Supreme Court broadened the
rights of newspapers and la-
bor unions yesterday but side-
stepped a ruling on political
gerrymandering.
Nearing term's end, the court
agreed ?also to review municipal
loitering ordinances and let standk
a lower-court decision t h a t
strongly upholds women's rights
to equal pay for equal work.
The newspaper decision assured
the press and broadcasters they
cannot be held for libel fo re-4
porting free-swinging debate on
public issues.
Until the court stepped in, the -
publishers of a weekly newspaper -
in Greenbelt, Md., stood to lose Associated Press
$17,500 for reporting that alle- A WOUNDED VIET CONG SOLDIER rolls on the floor in pain as
gations of blackmail had been lev- he awaits interrogation by Cambodian officers in Kompong Chain,
el at a local developer at c ty which was recaptured by government forces Sunday.
council meetings.
"Even the most careless reader
must have perceived t h a t the
word was no more than rhetorical
hyperbole, a vigorous epithet,"
said Justice Potter Stewart in an-
nouncing reversal of the libeli
Judgment in a 7-1 opinion, nso
S The decision went on to sayt d a
that thedFirst Amendment strictly by The Associated Press and College Press Service
limits the scope of libel judgments
so that the press may freely re-
port issues of community concern NATIONAL AIR LINES settled its 108-day dispute with
without financial worry. ground employes yesterday, but pilots of the Miami-based carrier
The labor ruling said employers said they doubted that flights could resume before June 1.
may be ordered to stop threaten- A National spokesman said in Washington that an 11 per cent
ing pro-union workers e v e n raise in each of the next three years was included in the new pack-
though an unchallenged election age, which still needs union ratification before operations can re-
was held at the plant and thes
majority of workers voted against s
union representation.
unionTrerenta tdion. ASTRONAUT NEIL ARMSTRONG, first man to walk on the
The unanimous decision givesI
the National Labor Relations moon, is dropping from the astronaut corps to become head of
Board greater power to make sure the space agency's aeronautics program in Washington.
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within 25
of Phnon

Viet Cong drive

Penh

SAIGON () - In one of their closest thrusts to Phnom
Penh, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces attacked a key
highway junction in Cambodia yesterday, blew up a bridge
and encircled the town of Tram Khnar.
In South Vietnam, government forces observed a 24-hour
unilateral cease-fire to mark the birthday of Buddah.
But U.S. and South Vietnamese moved ahead with their
campaign in Cambodia - and the Viet Cong also was on the
attack,
The assault at Tram Khnar brought the Viet Cong forces

miles

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to a point 25 miles south of
Phnom Penh, the Cambodian
capital.
The battle site also is about 25
miles north of Takeo, which a
task force of 10,000 South Vietna-
mese troops and 200 American ad-
visers reached Sunday, claiming
to have killed 211 Viet Cong on
the 20-mile drive from the west-

Senate unit
clashes with

AW14

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Laird on war

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3162 PACKARD RD., ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48104 TELEPHONE 971-4310
SUMMER HOUR$S: Open 10 AM to 6 PM daily and to 9 PM on Monday and Thursday

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ern Mekong Delta. WASHINPTON (P)-While the
The thrust was aimed at seiz- Senate debated whether to en-
ing control of the intersection of dorse curbs on President Nixon's
Highways 2 and 25 halfway be- control of military operations in
tween the capital and the Gulf of C a m b o d i a, a d dministration
Siam. North Vietnamese troops spokesman insisted yesterday these
captured Takeo May 2 but were operations will not endanger the
driven out last week by Cambo- disarmament talks with the Soviet
dian forces supported by South Union.
Vietnamese fighter-bombers. Secretary of Defense Melvin R.
Laird gave his reassurances to a
Tram Khnar is on the m a i n Senate foreign relations subcom-
highway leading south from Ph- miteee headed by Sen. J. W. Ful-
nom Penh, a route running paral- migh(dArk) whn.vJ.cWd skl-
lel to Highway 2 through Takeo bright, (D-Ark) who voiced skep-
C n bodian spokesmn reportae ticism about the secretary's con-
other towns in the same province clusions.
under "harassment." Earlier in the day, in a by-play
on the Senate-President dispute
The city of Kompong Chain, 78 over policy in Southeast Asia, Ful-
road miles northeast of Phnom bright blocked Foreign Relations
Penh, was under full control of Comittee action on an ambassa-
Cambodian troops yesterday but dorial nominee in an effort to
enemy forces still threatened it force release of more information
from entirenched positions in the on that policy.
outskirts. Officials there reported onThatipocyt
to AsocatedPres coresond ''This is one way to bring this
to Associated Press correspond- to an issue," Fulbright said in an-
ents that the Kol'npong Chain sit- nucn sseso fhaig
uation is still dangerous. V i e t nouncing suspension of hearings
Cong broke into the city Saturday Clintock to be ambassador to
but withdrew the next day. Lenezuela.

workers are not i eingintimidatedi is rm rog wli U 110 ommanu ne J po iU . moon iani ngm' s- No significant action was re- The 61-year-old career diplomat
when they choose whether to be sion, will become deputy associate administrator for aeronautics at ported from the U.S. phases of the The the c ieer lat
unionized, the space agency's headquarters in the capital. Cambodian operation, but U.S. fall when, testifying as arState
Gerrymandering - the draw- * commanders expressed doubt that Department official, he refused to
l ing o legisltive ditrict lDepartment} tofficialomphee refuseobsto
ing of legislative district lines to THE TEAMSTERS UNION and the Labor Department an- they could complete their jobs by give certain information on over-
benefit therdominant political the June 30 deadline set by Presi- seas commitments. He said he act-
party -- never has been ruled on nounced yesterday approval by truck drivers of a; new national dent' Nixon for withdrawal ofedo
by the Supreme Court. The ques- trucking contract that will boost pay $1.10 per hour over 39 American forces.ed o instructions from Secretary
tion was turned aside again as months for some 425,000 men. nSta Wlm Rogetrs.
jutcsuaimul prv Since U.S. forces first entered in two other Cambodia-related
the justices unanimously approv- Cambodia on May 1, only 30 per developments Monday:
ed new congressional districts in ROBERT H. FINCH, secretary of welfare, was taken to a Cambod on Mayr1,ion er dedCpm n M ay:
New York state. hospital yesterday shortly before he was to meet with his de- cent of the operations areas of -Red China canceled talks
Set down for argument n e x t partment's employes and answer critics. places like the Fishook had been scheduled for tomorrowin War-
term was Cincinnati's loitering Finch had a and in his left and covered, the commanders told sawe with the American ambas-
termbn nsdwakasmbis Fnc a weaknessan numbnessinhslf arm adha.nd,!nwm . sador to Poland. Peking blamed
law, a ban on sidewalk assemblies an official said. newsmen. the U.S. military thrust into Cam-
by three .or more persons who an-
nby pssersy mor occsntsof- Undersecretary John G. Veneman made the announcement of The commanders c o n t e n de di bodia and condemned it sharply.
ea by buidings. Finch's hospitalization to a crowd of almost 700 gathered in the that the 30 per cent of the areas But it left the way open to fairly
Five convicted men said offi- HEW auditorium. Veneman said Finch is being evaluated for a "neu- the U.S. troops have now covered early resumption of the tals
cials have unconstitutional au- rological involvement of his left arm, are the easiest parts. Many of the diplomatic contact between Wash-
thority to prosecute simply _be- remaining areas have triple can- ington and Peking.
cause they don't like them. The U.S. BUDGET DIRECTOR Robert P. Mayo said yesterday there opy jungle, hills, and heavy bunk- -The United States endorsed a
Ohio Supreme Court upheld the} would be a "slight deficit" in the federal budgets for the next call for an Indochina peace con-
ordinance in January. two years. ers. ference issued by representatives
In the women's rights case, a The budget director said the Nixon administration hoped to cut A similar estimate of 30 per of 11 Asian and Pacific nations
Milville, N.J. glass manufacturer, some expenditures for the 1970 fiscal year but that it might be more cent was given in an interview meeting at Jakarta, Indonesia.
ecis on thupseta peas co utdifficult the following year due to the "uncontrollable" such as the Sunday by Lt. Gen. Michael S.
pay men and women packers the recent federal pay raise and release of federal assistance funds to Davison commander of the 10,000 The Michigan Daily, edited and man-
same salary. local government for highways, water pollution and other projects. U.S. troops in Cambodia. aaed by students at the University of
U.S.trops n Caboda, ichigan. News phone: 764-0552, Second
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