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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Tuesday, August 11, 1970
Tuesday, August 11, 1970
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
ST. LOUIS (A)-Chief Justice Warren
Burger called yesterday for a vast over-
haul of the nation's judicial system to
bring it from the "cracker barrel corner
grocery store age" into modern times.
In the first "state of the judiciary"
meNsage in history, the silver-haired
jurist suggested the reform begin with
creation by Congress of a special judiciary
council representing all three branches of
the federal government and coordinating
their efforts to ease burdens on the
He predicted that the rate of crime
would be reduced sharply if the courts
had the manpower and tools. including
more prosecutors and defense lawyers. to
try criminal cases within 60 days after in-
Burger spoke to the American Bar As-
sociation and, via radio and television, to
the nation. He asked for more money for
the courts and warned against over-
burdening them with byproducts of the
"social and economic upheavals" of the
"We must make a choice of priorities,"
he said. "When we want to dance we must
provide the musicians, and the public
may well be called upon to pay some-
thing more for the federal judicial system
to increase its productivity."
Along these lines, the chief justice said
"we should look more to state courts
familiar with local conditions and local
Burger's historic address vied in in-
terest with a pledge by Atty. Gen. John
Mitchell not to back down in demanding
that reporters be required, under court
order, to testify and to submit their notes
and other information in some criminal
"The government views subpoenas to
the press as an authorized and proper
exercise of the federal grand jury power
to obtain facts tending to prove or dis-
approve allegations of criminal conduct."
he said in a prepared address to the
ABA's House of Delegates.
The attorney general said the press, as
well as the government, has "the obliga-.
tion to see that justice is accomplished
through our established legal processes."
At the same time, he said the govern-
ment, as a matter of policy, would try to
negotiate with the, press before seeking
to subpoena newsmen. And, he said, if
negotiations failed, the Justice Depart-
ment would move ahead only with his
In the absence of legislation, Mitchell
announced a series of guidelines for the
government to follow in "the interim."
They began with the assertion "the De-
partment of Justice recognizes that com-
pulsory process in some circumstances
may have a limiting effect on the exercise
of First Amendment rights,"
The guidelines concluded with a cau-
tionary note that: "It must always be
remebered that emergencies and other
unusual situations may develop where a
subpoena request to the attorney general
may be submitted which does not exactly
conform to these guidelines."
House finally passes
women' s rights bill,
WASHINGTON (P) - The House ended 47 return the resolution to Cellar's committee for
years of legislative foot-dragging yesterday by further study lost by roll call vote of 344 to 26.
approving a proposed constitutional amendment Cellar, an 82-year-old widower who graduated
to give women legal rights equal to those of men. from Brooklyn's Boys High School, wowed his
It sent the proposition to the Senate by roll colleagues' and the packed gallery when he
call vote of 346 to 15 after limited debate empha- asserted:
sizing' that although there is a basic difference "There is as much difference between a male
between the sexes, their legal rights should be and a female as there is between a horse chest-
the same. nut and a chestnut horse, and, as the French
Should the Senate pass the legislation by two- say, 'vive la difference.'"
thirds vote as it twice has done in past years. Rep. Florence Dwyer (R-NJ) conceded Cellar's
ratification by 38 state legislatures would put point but said the differences should not be used
it into the Constitution. There is no time limit on as "a subterfuge" for denying equal rights.
The House vote was 105 more than the two- "I defy anyone to tell me what equality means,"
thirds needed. It came after some members voiced Cellar said. He called the legislation a "historic
fears that rights now accorded women by law step backwards," after Speaker John McCorm-
might be jeopardized by a constitutional man- ack (D-Mass.) described it as "simply another
date that there be no legal preferential treat- historic step."
ment simply because of sex. Rep. William McCulloch of Ohio, top Republi-
This could be true, it was argued, in the can on the Judiciary Committee, said he has noth-
field of existing laws protecting women against ing against women but was fearful that basic
onerous working conditions and dealing , with "human, property and other rights" might be
alimony and child custody when marriages are jeopardized by the proposal,
dissolved. The resolution's principal sponsor, Rep. Martha
Also, it was claimed, the proposed amendment Griffiths (D-Mich.) told the House existing laws
says that "equality of rights under the law ostensibly designed to protect women have in
shall not be denied or abridged by the United some cases become restraints.
States or by any state on account of sex." "This is not a battle between the sexes," Mrs.
Champions of women's rights have been fight- Griffiths told the House. "This is a battle with
ing for the change since it first was proposed 47 the Supreme Court."
years ago. The Senate approved it in 1950 and in The battle would not be necessary, she added, if
1953 but the House did not act. the Supreme Court would interpret the 14th
The opposition in the past, and yesterday, was Amendment properly. That amendment, ratified
led by Chairman Emanuel Cellar (D-NY) of in 1868. says no state shall deny to anyone within
the House Judiciary Committee. A motion to its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law.
SHOP MONDAY TILL 9 P.M., TUESDAY-SATURDAY 9:30 A.M.-5:30 P.M.
JACOBSON'S AGAIN OPEN ALL DAY SATURDAY
A HUGE BANNER, reading "Women of the
from the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty y
by about ,100 members of Women's Liberat
ferried out to the island. A spokeswoma
demonstrate at the colossal statue because
woman represents liberty."
Gov. blasts mercury use, Goose i
State considers banning of mercury
frontier fringe is on the move in
way-out suede things. . .it's a
whole new scene from out of the
west in rugged-looking suedes tti
turn out soft in warm woodsey
tones. See our herd of wild
bracelets, bags, vests and
headbands trimmed up with glossy
wood beads, shiny grommets and
long fly-away fringe,
The belts, $7.-$10. Bracelets, $5.
Vests, $20.-$23. Headbands. $3.
The long necklace, shown at uppe
OSAGE BEACH, Mo. A--Gov. William
Milliken said yesterday the state is con-
sidering "an outright ban on the use of
Milliken said he has asked the state's
water resources commission "To give the
highest priority to development of re-
strictions to prohibit the use of mercury
in industrial, commercial and agricultural
operations, except for necessary medical
and laboratory purposes."
The remarks were included in a speech
prepared for delivery to a national gov-
ernors conference session on natural re-
sources and environmental management.
Milliken recounted the state's problems
with mercury contamination of Detroit
area waters, that led to restriction of
recreational fishing in the St. Clair River,
Lake St. Clair and the Detroit River.
Canada, which borders those waters.
banned both commercial and recreational
fishing for a time.
"Clearly the mercury problem demon-
strates that the nation's environmental
protection programs were, and still are,
inadequate: 'Milliken said.
We need a national clearinghouse to
assess the environmental impact of the
hundreds of thousands of chemical com-
pounds now in use in industry and the
home," Milliken added.
"We would hope that problems similar
to the mercury crisis could be identified
and remedial action taken before serious
Milliken said he favored "an inventory
of all the substances that are poisoning
our water and fouling our air.
"I believe that what's bad for the air,
the water, the land, is bad for people
whether it's good for business or not"'
JACKSON (AP) - Saying he was "out-
raged," Gov. William Milliken yesterday 3u
moved to prevent a recurrence of the vi
Uoose Lake Rock Festival - a three-day ne
wvent marked by open selling of drugs va
and nude bathing.
In Missouri, where he was attending to
a governors conference, Milliken said he V
has asked his legal advisor, J o s e p h "]
rhibodeau, to help local officials in their
drive to prevent a second festival, sched- s
uled over Labor Day. a
However, Richard Songer. 35, Farm- no
ington ington construction executive who ca
owns the park, said he was "as outraged H
as Milliken regarding the open sale of :)
drugs, but I handled the problem as I ti
was instructed to do by the Jackson na
County sheriff's office."
Songer says he is convinced he doesn't w
need a permit to hold any such events. th
"It was one of the most gleeful weekends
ever held in the country." . B
However, Jackson County Sheriff a
Charles Southworth said he had not in- i
structed Songer on "how to do anything" th
at the festival. va
On Sunday Sheriff Southworth said he
would ask the circuit court to ban the iut
next scheduled rock concert at Goose w
Lake over the Labor Day weekend on Ju
He continued t
upport his charge
incing the State
ew laws to preve
oday after being
an Winkle, mast
leave their dope be
kirts of the camp
t will inside. So
ot want to invad
ause it could h
itside the 300 acr
ills and water. I
State police a
atched closely as
he park, seven mi
ruce Barton said
ction against Go
hink we have enc
here will never b
ul," he said.
unction against t
as a public nuisa
unction was der
'stival started for
hat there was no
chil- police gr
t re- massive
and that has
aped 100 suspe
lned was fount
e s s. wife mad
rder, to Urugm
g all prisoners
pro- In a vo
Pen- said a g
the rested he
td a an public
from that thr
ro a- oners.
tion loved U
aros there, do
n of I am doi
gives man plea
the grounds of
suspends civil rights
after diplomat's death
MONTEVIDEO. Uruguay MA-
A Uruguayan radio station an-
nounced early this morning that
a body - possibly that of a
kidnaped Brazilian diplomat -
had been found near a beach-
side avenue, but police and army
troops said they found nothing
at the site.
Heavily armed police and
'army troops searched the area,
but police sources said no body
Security agencies also refused
to confirm the authenticity of a
letter sent to a television sta-
ion shortly before midnight
which said Brazilian Consul
Aloysio Mares Dias Gomide
would be executed at midnight-
1:00 p.m. EST-unless the gov-
ernment freed an estimated 150
There was no word from the
kidnapers as the deadline passed.
The guerrillas shot to death
Dan Mitrione, a U.S. police ad-
alleged immorality and fe
viser and father of ninet
dren, after the government
fused to make a deal. He
Dias Gomide were kidni
Mitrione's body was f
early yesterday in an abandc
car in a poor section of thei
The Uruguayan C o n g re
stunned by Mitrione's mu
passed a measure suspendin
individual civil rights for
days. Several legislatorsl
posed reinstating the deatht
alty, banned at the end of
The guerrillas still hoR
third hostage, Claude Fly,
an agricultural specialist f
Fort Collins, Colo., who was
A note to a television sta
yesterday said the Tupam
would kill Dias Gomide at n
night. It made no mention
The congressional move g
Pouch bag. .10.
LIBERTY AT MAYNARD