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August 22, 1972 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1972-08-22

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page three l4E~ Sitrii n tt

BUSINESS PHONE:
764-0554

Tuesday, August 22, 1972 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN News Phone: 764-0552

The ultimate in comfort:
NASA's anti-gravity toilet!
By CARLA RAPOPORT
Ever wonder how the astro-
nauts go about the untidy busi-
ness of excretion?..
NASA has finally modernized
the unglamorous side of s p a c e
travel and unveiled its plans for
the first anti-gravity toilets. f
Obviously tired of the catheter
routine, veteran astronauts had
explained to the NASA scientists
that space travel could never go
commercial if paying passengers
had to submit to tubes and bot-
ties twice a day.
Thus, the "Earth-like Bath-
room Commode System" was de-
veloped and will be ready f o r
human use shortly. According to {
NASA, space travellers will use;
the toilet in the same manner
jet airplane toilets are used. Y
But while the outside of the ma-
chine may look familiar, the in-:
sides are dramatically different.r
In space, high velocity a i r-
streams will compensate f o r
earth's gravity to force the solid
and liquid matter into separate#
chambers once it's excreted fromĀ°
the body. Airstreams also willh
assist in the operation of a me-
chanical water flush for cleaning
after each passenger's use.
Faced with the unsavory prob- The new 'space toilet'
lems of storing the, waste, scien-
tists designed a miniature freeze- , t
d ying component into each toilet. LSPLITMODE
Once the excrement is flush-'
ed into the machine, it is vacuum
dried, stored and chemically
treated to prevent odor and bac- -
terial growth.
This process is so appealing to
toilet experts that commercial >
airlines are presently studying -t
this type of vacuum drying and -
storage system to reduce their s r
present maintenance and opera- es
tional costs. * -
There is only one question left
for NASA to solve now: How can
the government market the NASA photos
freeze-dried packets of feces? And here's what makes it work

Protests by,
middle-class
p lag9ue Chile
SANTIAGO, Chile, (A) - Most of Chile's 150,000 shop-
keepers closed up yesterday in a strike against Presi-
dent Salvadore Allende's socialist policies, which they
claim are cutting up their profits and exposing them to
"state persecution."
The shopkeepers are mostly middle-class persons
whose buying power has been cut back due to reforms
which have increased the income of the working class.
In addition, Allende's reforms have caused a shortage
of some consumer goods, because more persons have been
able to afford products.
Allende responded yesterday by invoking an inter-
nal security law that permits the state to take over
businesses.

An announcement labelled the
strike illegal and politically mo-
tivated.
An accompanying executive
order authorized government of-
ficials "to break into estab-
lishments that sell essential
goods and sell directly to the
poblic." These include food
stores and restaurants.
Shopkeepers who are of for-
eign nationality will be expel-
led from the country under the
internal security law, the an-
nouncement warned.
Chile's three largest business
associations, i n c 1 u d i n g the
Chamber of Commerce, sched-
uled the one-day strike to pro-
test policies which they claim
have been squeezing big and
small retailers out of business
through inflation and govern-
ment controls.
Groups of angry demonstrators
roamed Santiago's streets yes-
terday evening shouting slogans
a g a i n s t Allende's government
and his attempts to break the
strike.
Police retaliated with tear gas
and clubs. Sixty demonstrators
were reported arrested for dis-
orderly conduct.
It was the biggest show of
protest by private enterprise in
the 22 months the Marxist Al-
lende has been in office.

NEW OSS HEAD
VP's top priority is minorities

Doekec*rs
return in
England
LONDON (P) - Nearly all of
Britain's 42,000 dockers returned
to work yesterday, ending a
month-long stranglehold on the
nation's port lifelines.
They immediately began back-
logged cargoes from more than
400 idled ships. The end of the
strike lifted threats of economic
chaos and food shortages for this
island nation that lives by foreign
trade.
But the total cost to Britain's
fragile economy has yet to be
calcuated. Shipowners alone lost
morerthan $1 million a day and
exporters about $1 billion in
foreign sales.
The nation's foreign t r a d e
books have shown profits in only
two of the first seven months of
the year, a key factor behind the
declining value of the pound
since it was floated and fell on
June 23.
August trade figures, to be re-
leased in early September, are
expected to give the first precise
idea of the economic damage
from the dock strike.
Priority in the unloading job
went to ships carrying grain and
animal foodstuffs in critically
short supply. They had been ra-
tioned during the strike as farm-
ers fought to avoid mass slaugh-
tering.
Food supplies had been stock-
piled before the strike and there
was little evidence of hoarding
by honsewifes. Only imported
fresh fruit and specialty items
like Danish bacon were scarce.
In London, the nation's largest
port, 14,000 dockers moved in
to unload 231 idled ships. Six
thousand dockers in Liverpool,
the nation's second-largest port,
resumed work only to find that
a new strike by the clerical staff
restricted operations. But 30 of
the 50 ships idled there were be-
ing unloaded.
A local dispute in Aberdeen, in-
volving about 1131 dockers, slow-
ed work there. And some London
militants continued picketing con-
tainer depots. On a nationwide
basis, however, the return to
work was virtually 100 per cent.
The settlement guarantees doc-
kers about 200 or more jobs at
inland container depots. The
work had been going to lower-
paid truck drivers while modern
container handling methods were
cutting the traditional work force
in the ports.

By MARILYN RILEY
"My main concern is the rela-
tive powerlessness of minority
students in this University," says
Henry Johnson, new Vice Presi-
dent for Student Services.
Since his appointment to the
vice presidential post last April,
Johnson has been faced with the
task of opening the Office of Stu-
dent Services (OSS) to the stu-
dents he says most need its help
-black scholarship s t u d e n t s,
American Indians, foreign stu-
dents or any student who is un-
comfortable so this primarily
white, affluent community.
pronile
OSS has five departments de-
signed to help students. The de-
partments are Housing, Health
Service, Special Services and
Programs, Career Planning and
Placement, and Counseling (fi-
nancial, religious, and other ad-
visory offices are under this de-
partment).
As well as remaining open to
students, Johnson envisions the
direction of his office will still

be determined by its student-
faculty policy board-the first of
its kind at the University.
With input from the policy com-
mittees representing each of its
five units, the OSS policy board
has in the past year been instru-
mental in determining OSS poli-
cies and projects.
Johnson says, however, that he
may find occasions when he'll
disagree with the policy boards
recommendations.
"I don't anticipate a situation
in which I could be violently
opposed to a policy board deci-
sion," he says, but he says he

plans to reserve the right to tll
the board whether their plans
are "implementable or non-im-
plementable."
"The policy board keeps the
administration i n f o r m e d" on
matters of student interest, he
says.
The new vice president says he
opposed the formation of spe-
cialized dorm living arrange-
ments such as the proposed Afro-
American cultural living units.
"There is no future for blacks
in the area of separatism," he
says. "It is too easy for separat-

Doily Photo by DENNY GAINER
ist-oriented people to go into
hibernation."
Be says that special housing
units in general may produce
"elites" or may tend to separate
people according to their socio-
economic status.
In order to get more types of
input in student decision-mak-
ing, Johnson feels OSS "has a
responsibility to remind the Uni-
versity community and advise
the president that equitable steps
have to be taken" to insure all
minorities are represented on all
student governing groups.

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