Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

January 31, 1976 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-01-31

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ew 3Ridcipgn Dai3tg
Eighty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Ml1 48104

Escaping the


Saturday, January 31, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

I praise of Lebanon peace

For the past nine months, Leba-
non has been engulfed in a bloody
civil war between Christians and
Moslems that has disrupted the lives
of millions and destroyed its major
city; some 6,000 people have been
unnecessarily killed. And as with
most Middle East disputes, a few
outsiders got into the action: Syria,
which couldn't send troops because
of an Israeli ultimatum promising in-
tervention, instead encouraged Pal-
estinian guerrillas to take up sides
with the Moslems. The subsequent
fighting led to a cease-fire which,
unlike others in the past, is working.
Under the cease-fire agreement,
Prime Minister Rashid Karami will
form a new Cabinet "to include all
parties," unlike the old system where
the Christians - a 40 per cent mi-
nority -- held most of the political
and economic power; and Moslems
could not become president.
The political balance between the
two factions will finally shift to
something more equitable. Current
President Suleiman Franjieh will lose
much of his power to the prime
minister and the previously Chris-
tian-dominated legislature will come
to an end.
The tensions will no doubt remain
and the sound of gunfire will prob-
ably continue in Lebanon, but the
cease-fire and resulting covenants
are a step in the right direction,
even if it doesn't last -- and histori-
cal perspective has shown us that it
might flounder. Obviously, the Pal-
estinians are central to the whole
issue of peace in the area, and Leba-
non is now part of that problem.

Rashid Karami

THE U.S. government's inter-
vention in Vietnam was in
sharp contradiction to the Viet-
namese people's interest, and to
our people's interest. Under the
guise of "stopping Communism"
and "protecting freedom" mil-
lions of people died. A handful
of corporations got fat off war
contracts while the military
burget swelled and needed so-
cial services were slashed. The
war also revealed the racist
nature of U.S. foreign policy
as a non-white people were sub-
jected to genocidal war, and
black U.S. soldiers died at a
higher rate than white soldiers,
being sent to the "front" more
This time Black Africans are
under racist attack. Once again
the U.S. government on behalf
of the monopoly corporations
is attempting to stamp out a
people's struggle for national
liberation.sThe peoplerof Angola
have been struggling for free-
dom for over 400 years. The last
fourteen years of struggle have
been under the leadership of
the Popular Movement for the
Liberation of Angola - the
THE MPLA for these 14 years
has always been the voice and
force for freedom. The MPLA
built schools, hospitals, trade
unions, and a government while
they fought the Portugese colon-
izers. Who stood up for the free-
dom of the Angolan people? It
is Angola's true liberation move-
ment. It was the Soviet Union,
Cuba and the other socialist
countries who gave arms. Afri-
can nations also supported the
liberation movement. China in-
itially sided with the Angolan
patriots, but now has deserted
the cause of national liberation
and sides with the racists of
South Africa and the U.S.
Portugal, though it had sev-
eral colonies in Africa, was an
economically and militarily
weak nation. Portugal's colonial-
ists needed outside support in
order to continue their control
of these colonies. Who helped
these Portugese colonizers?
Who helped to keep the Ango-
lan people enslaved? It was the
U.S., Britain, France, West Ger-
many, Japan, and South Africa.
It was the so-called "free
world" that stood against free-
dom for the Angolan people.
U.S. citizens must understand
that U.S. involvement in Angola
did not start in 1975 when the
People's Republic of Angola was
proclaimed, under MPLA lead-
ership. The U.S. has supported
reactionary forces in Angola
for at least 25 years, not only

leader of the MPLA stated: "It
is when we have become inde-
pendent and free, and are be-
ginning to build our state, that
the U.S. State Department be-
comes worried by the fact that
we have Soviet arms. Just be-
cause the Soviet Union supplies
us with weapons, it does not
mean that we have become a
satellite. We have never been
one. We have never asked Mos-
cow for advice on how to set
up our state. All the major de-
cisions in our country are taken
by our movement, our govern-
ment and our people."
in the struggle of the Angolan
people? We can clearly see that
the issue is not one of commu-
nism or anti-communism, as the
U.S. government would have us
see it. The issue is whether the
people of Angola will be free
to control the oil, iron, dia-
monds, coffee, and other re-
sources of their country; or
whether their resources will con-
tinue to be controlled by Gulf
Oil and the other Western multi-
national corporations. Whether
there will be a complete revo-
lution and total freedom or par-
tial revolution and limited free-
dom for the people of Angola
is at stake.
Who in Angola fights against
complete freedom? The National
Front for the Liberation of An-
gola (FNLA) and the National
Union for the Total Independ-
ence of Angola (UNITA) are

with the CIA, but directly
through the Azores Agreement
and the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO). The U.S.
is the main military supplier
of NATO.
trast to the U.S., has tradition-
ally supported liberation move-
ments in Algeria, Guinea-Bis-
sau, as well as certain inde-
pendent African states. Yet,
there is no Soviet "satellite"
on the African continent. In an
interview with the French pa-
per LeMonde excerpted in the
N.Y. Times Jan. 9, Dr. Agos-
tino Neto, President of the Peo-
ple's Republic of Angola and
What is the real issue in the
struggle of the Angolan peo-
pie? We can clearly see that the
issue is not one of cominunisn
or anti-communism, as the U.S.
government would have us see

supported by the U.S., France,
Britain, Zaire, South Africa,
China, and all the multinational
corporations. Except for China,
the relative newcomer, these
are the same forces who sup-
ported the Portugese against
the people of Angola. Racist
South Africa has invaded An-
gola with U.S. support and has
joined forces with FNLA and
The head of FNLA, Holden
Roberto, has been on the CIA
payroll since 1961. According to
the N.Y. Times, he has gotten
over $10,000 a year. FNLA is
not even based in Angola, but
in Zaire. PresidentAMobutu of
Zaire is Roberto's brother-in-
law. Mobutu came to power
after the CIA helped assassin-
ate Patrice Lumumba in 1961.
Among UNITA's members are
former members of the fascist
Portuguese secret police. We
ask what kind of liberation
movements team up with sold-
iers from South Africa, a coun-
try that would virtually enslave
them-as the black majority are
in racist South Africa?
do South Africa and the U.S.
aggressors hope to achieve by
invading Angola? A successful
liberation struggle in Angola
would further isolate the racist
government of South Africa. An-
gola borders Namibia, a na-
tion illegally occupied by South
Africa since 1920. With Angola
joining Mozanbique, which also
borders South Africa, as being
free from foreign domination,
the U.S. control in southern Af-
rica would crumble even more.
The U.S. and South Africa are
afraid that a democratic gov-
ernment in Angola might pro-
vide an example for the peo-
ple of other African nations to,
follow, especially the black ma-
jority in South Africa. There-
fore, a successful liberation
struggle in Angola would be a
defeat of international racism
led by the governments of South
Africa and the U.S. Racism has
always been used to justify the
subjugation of peoples by a
colonial nation and the defeat
of % racism in southern Africa
would therefore weaken any at-
tempts by the U.S. to maintain
its imperialist system of ex-
ploitation over people in Latin
America and Asia, as well as
This is why despite the ex-
perience of Vietnam and the
defeat of U.S. aggression Ford
and the big corporations are
aiding (actually creating) fake
liberation movements and open-
ly intervening with their racist
bedfellow-South Africa.
President Ford is giving over

The SALT talks:
Problem of trust

$50 million (without congres-
sional or people's approval), in
military and economic aid to
so-called "anti-communist" fac-
tions in Angola. Ford is not
asking $50 million for the un-
employed of Detroit, Chicago,
New York etc. This $50 million
could be used to pay many stu-
dents' tuition and housing.
Every working person in the
U.S. should be for freedom in
southern Africa. Every working
person should be for the peo-
ple of Angola controlling their
own national resources. One of
the main causes of high unerm-
ployment in the U.S. is the in-
vestment of U.S.-based banks
and multinational corporations
in Africa and other parts of the
world. The multinationals are
shifting production in their
plants from the U.S. to other
parts of the world for cheap
labor and lower taxes. Their
shifting is costing Americans
jobs with young people being
hit especially hard. Among mi-
nority youth unemployment is
reaching epidemic levels-over
50% in some cities.
It is estimated that 5 million
jobs have been lost since 1968

because of U.S.-based foreign
investments. These foreign in-
vestments are also lowering tax
revenues in the U.S. People, in
the U.S. when we talk about
freedom for peoples of Africa
and other parts of the world,
we are really . talking about
saving our own jobs and stand-
ard of living. Don't let our tax
money be used to save profits
for big banks and big busi-
Say no to U.S. investments
in Angola. Write your repre-
sentative in Congress demand-
ing an end to U.S. military and
economic intervention in Ango-
la. Students, let us do our part
to build a mass movement that
unites people of all colors in
the shops, on the farms, and
on other campuses to demand
an end to racist U.S. imperial-
ism' in Angola, and stand on
guard against U.S. aggression
anywhere. Create jobs, not na-
Marty Kauf man and Karen
Lerner are members of the
Y o u n g Workers Liberation

WHEN FORD goes to Mos-
cow in June, he will find
that the Strategic Arms Limita-
tion Talks are facing a new,
and unprecedented problem. Be-
cause of a new American weap-
on, the cruise missile, the So-
viets will probably take a hard
line over limits on their own
The U.S. is proposing a trade
of two weapons that are not
totally compatible: the Soviet's
new supersonic bomber, the
BACKFIRE, for the American
cruise missile. But, as regards
enforcement of the agreements,
the two weapons are different
in one important respect - the
American one can be hidden.
Up until now, if either side
cheated on the agreements, the
fact would be easy to see-both
sides have satellites that can
tell when a weapon is being
built or emplaced before the
device capr even be completed.
But the cruise missile is dif-
ferent -- it is small (14 feet
long), cheap (1 10th the cost
of an TCBMI and can be launch-
ed from 'nearly anywhere.
THE DEVICE has a range of

500 miles, which means that
nearly any target in eastern
Europe or Southern Russia
could be hit. The Russians will
have no assurance, in fact, that
we couldn't be building literally
thousands of these little missiles
behind their backs. (How many
could be built for the cost of
a year's CIA budget?)
Given all the "nice" advan-
tages of having cruise missiles,
why don'tathe Russians'build
some of their own? For the
same reason that the Russians
can't build electronic calcula-
tors: the electronics.
Only the United States can
build the systemcalled "ground-
following radar," which allows
the missile to skim into its tar-
get at treetop level, where the
enemy's radar can't see it.
Soviet electronics just can't
make the grade, and it will be
a number of years before they
Thus, the Russians are faced
with a puzzling dilemma. If
you were a Russian negotia-
tor, would you trust Jerry Ford
to keep his word?
John Thomas is a new mem-
ber of The Daily editorial staff.

Suleiman Franjieh

Protest CIA recruitment

SUPPORT the demonstration,,
to be held Monday on the Diag
at 1 p.m., protesting CIA and NSA
recruiting on campus.
The Central Intelligence Agency's
faults are all too familiar for readers
of the American press. The agency
routinely acts as the U. S. govern-
ment's tool for covert intervention in
the affairs of other countries.
In Chile, it contributed to the sub-
version of the Allende government,
opening the door for the coup setting
up a fascist regime renowned for its
cruelty. During the American war in
Southeast Asia, it served as our gov-
ernment's efficient tool for dealing
death while keeping it a secret to
the U. S. public. The list of cases of
CIA meddling is too long to enumer-
And the CIA has carried on illegal
domestic activities, violating the civil
News: Gordon Atcheson, Josephine
Marcotty, Ken Parsigian, Cheryl
Pilate, Jeff Ristine, Margaret Yao
Editorial Page: Marc Basson, Stephen
Hersh, Carole Quattro, Tom Stevens,
John Thomas
Arts Page: David Blomquist, Jeff
Photo Technician: Scott Eccker

rights of Americans -- but in this
the group might possibily be surpas-
sed by the National Security Agency
(NSA). The NSA is brother to the
CIA, our second intelligence-gather-
ing agency. Unlike the CIA, NSA is
authorized to gather domestic intel-
ligence. And its activities have not
been examined by the press with
much scrutiny. We don't know ex-
actly what the NSA does, but it
would be naive to believe that its ac-
tions are generally defensible in light
of the CIA revelations.
THE UNIVERSITY, in sponsoring
CIA and NSA recruitment on
campus, is aiding and abetting the
organizations in their activities by
helping them replenish their supply
of agents. This is clearly wrong.
While as a matter of civil right, stu-
dents should be able to interview
with these agencies as long as the
agencies exist, the University should
not be helping CIA and NSA gain ac-
cess to a crop of potential new re-
The time of mass campus demon-
strations is passed, but if there is
any political energy left here. It
would be hard to think of a better
target for protest than our covert
intelligence community.

..{... J.. .. ... ....... ...... . .......................... .....................................: ': {J:. "::.if :".::.;'{.vt:::l. t....1..:::::'.':::ti^:{."}:M:"M ": }:":: }}t:"... ..:.., f ,. }.:1fJNtJfJ 11Yf'f}!1- ^'f:'y
'V::::::: i":J.":: ". f. ..... .,.:.. ...; ....., .........": :"::.:t".'."'.v: "t :': :: t"". "J:.1hV ..........: .: ":.:: J.v::: f."JCh 1"f::::.t --" V......f............,....................................................:..... .........................,......t ..4, .. ... ... .. 1............... . .9
?.:::::.Nf}: fJ.::":v'J:. i : f.:'::.:': "::.:.:, h..SVJ:: J:.1 .............. r..,..{..1 t. }............ ... . . .....t':::..:":::. .................... ........

sand the Man'
THERE IS a running controversy going as to whether George
Bernard Shaw ever really wrote one funny thing in his life.
The anti-Shaw faction has an annoying tendency to quote long
passages from Man and Superman and Heartbreak House to prove
their points. The pro-Shaw group, known fondly as "little Shav-
ers", quote from Arms and the Man.
I saw the Acting Company's production of this latter play
Thursday, and I really enjoyed it. It is by turns witty and engag-
ing, yet deadly serious, though not nearly so talky and filled with
hot air as are some of his later works. Written'in 1894, it pre-
dated much of his cranky misanthropy, and was mercifully put to
paper before he had the reputation of an old Fabian gasbag to
live up to.
THE ACTING COMPANY isn't nearly well-enough served by
superlatives. I could positively wax idiotic over their work, but
I'll just call them magnificent and let it go at that.
Arms and the Man is about the foolishness of being human.
Shaw argues persuasively for the virtues of the man-machine, but
with his tongue in his cheek. The last lines of the play are evi-
dence both to his admiration and his disgust: Sergius Saranoff,
the heroic fraud, stares at the doorway where Capt. Bluntschli,
the machine-man, has exited. "What a man!" he cries. But then
the query, "Is he a man?", and the curtain is down.
And so is the play about the war between the sexes, as it
details the story of Sergius and his betrothed, Raina Petkoff, each
of whom must own tip to the lies they live and accept love that
knows no rank. It is thereby also about class distinction, self-
perception, and the inevitable failure of man (though it is abun-
dantly clear that manhood is preferable to machine-hood).
BUT EVEN SO, Shaw is not yet so cynical as he will become
-his man-machine still has a warm humanity, an "incurably ro-
mantic disposition", anditdis not impossible to see whence some
admiration for him might derive.
Major Paul Petkoff, the uncivilized Bulgarian, is plaved with
wonderful bluster and crude honesty by Benjamin Hendrickson.
This is a man who is bewildered by the intrusion of Europe into
his serene Bulgaria - he wants little of their wars, but has to
make do with what there is. He is played with sympathetic humor.
Sergius Saranoff (Peter Dvorsky) is a man who expects what
is due him by birthright. (Ingmar Bergman possibly patterned the
character of Carl-Magnus, the dragoon of Smiles of a Summer
Night, and later A Little Night Music, after Sergius.) Dvorsky
plays him with too much pomp and swagger, rendering a belief
in him as a simple human being impossible. Maybe the over-
playing was necessary, but I think not. I could have done with
someone less insufferable.
BUT NOTHING SHORT of raves suffice to describe the act-
ing of Patti LuPone as the imperious, haughty fraud Raina Pet-
koff. Restrained, puzzled, proud, silent-LuPone is a consummate
actress and a mistress of all these emotions. Her facial expres-
sionse xauaisite and her timningunsurpnassed.

Marcia Milgrom (left) cavorts with another cast member on the set of "Love's Spirit," a new
dinner theatre presentation at the Campus Inn.
Campus Inn's dinnertime
revue ctures Love Spirit

innocuous title - Love
Spirit is a dandy little musical
If sunny and chipper revues
are your cup of tea (as they
are mine), you should find the
new Campus Inn dinner - thea-
ter show diverting entertain-
THE SHOW is not without ir-
ritations. To begin anything
with the Ic Wpheter's diction-

What kept the revue alive was
a sense of humor. The serious
ballads never quite made it,
but the comic and up-tempo
songs - "Ain't She Sweet",
"Together", "You're Not Sick,
You're Just in Love", among
others - were delightful. Credit
here must go to Greg Ganakas
and Marcia Milgrom, choreo-
grapher, as well as Hustoles.
AFTER SEEING a number of
shows she's chnrenoranhed. I've

feel that he is talking to you
alone. The most moving num-
ber in the show was his: a ren-
dition of "Didn't We" sung
with heart-felt conviction.
He was so likeable that when
he announced a singalong, I
even joined in. And I hate sing-
cia Harless were both the vic-
tims of an all - encompassing
blandness, which is not Jill

\Y f f t~L \ \ A\ Z\ lR M\ 96111111111 WJ iIUU 1whl

Back to Top

© 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan