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September 30, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-09-30

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Eighty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Tuesday, September 30, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104
Senate: Too many closets

THE POLITICAL jungle is a land of
worn soles, sharp minds and typi-
cally extreme ideological adjustment
to changing conditions. The political
animal is consistently on the hustle,
ready to swing from one political
branch to the next depending most-
ly on which can support him or her
best and only incidentally on what
kind of fruit it bears.
Political terrain is uninhabitable
for those disposed to reflection and
calm, yet it succeeds each year in at-
tracting young legions who cling to
the hope of someday emerging as
king of the hill, or at least as lesser
Apparently, all too many members
of Congress view their positions as
kingly rewards for past battles rath-
er than as a forum for bigger ones,
and they use their powers accordingly.
How else does one account for the
U.S. Senate - that great deliberative
body in this great nation of immi-
grants - allocating over $2 million
to the Subcommittee on Immigration
and Naturalization while committee
members haven't had the inclination
to hold a meeting in over ten years.
PLACING SEVERAL generations and
socio-economic brackets between
themselves and recent immigrant sta-
tus, the Senators who gathered at
the subcommittee's last meeting - it
took place some time between "Meet
the Beatles" and the Miracle Tigers -
must have decided their gloves didn't
fit the immigrants' hands and the
bottom rung of the social ladder just
wasn't worth attending to.
Always ones to recognize a golden
goose when it stared them in the face,
the Capitol Hill crowd didn't let the
subcommittee's lack of zest appeal
keep them from spending its money.
According to a report in yesterday's
New York Times, the subcommittee
Business Staff
Business Manager
Peter Caplan .................Finance Manager
Robert F. Cerra ............Operations Manager
Beth Friedman ..................ales Manager
David Piontkowsky .......Advertising Manager
DEPA. MGRS. Dan Brinza, Steve LeMire, Rhondi
Mae, Kathy Mulhern, Cassie St. Clair
News: Ted Evanoff, David Garfinkel,
Jo Marcoty, Cheryl Pilate, Stephen
Selbst, Tim Schick
Editorial Page: Marc Basson, Lee
Berry, Steve Harvey, Paul Haskins,
Debra Hurwitz, Ted Lambert, Rob-
ert Miller, Ruth Miller, Tom Stevens
Arts Page: David Blomquist
Photo Technician: E. Susan Sheiner

Patty I
of Patricia Hearst is unfold-
ing in San Francisco's federal
court in an atmosphere of near-
mayhem and hysteria - but
without a trace of the sullen
armed-camp surroundings that
have marked so many of Cali-
fornia's trials of political mili-
On all three occasions, cour-
teous, civilian-suited U. S. mar-
shalls fended off a belligerent
mob of reporters and would be
spectators vying for access to
the courtroom where the Hearst
heiress was to appear.
For many reporters, the
scene was in stark contrast to
hearings for such controversial
defendants as black intellectual
and communist Angela Davis,
San Quentin prison inmate and
jail house lawyer Ruchell Ma-
gee, and the San Quentin Six -
now on trial on charges stem-
ming from the alleged escape
attempt of George Jackson in
August 1971. There, the press
was mugged, fingerprinted and
investigated before it could get
the special press credentials re-
quired to enter.
Here, from the start, it has
been every reporter for him-
self. At the first two hearings,
where only 30 seats were to be
distributed, reporters crowded
around marshals, pleading to
be let in. Some, who had never
been excluded before when
celebrated defendants went to
court, were elbowed out by
spectators and local press. For
several minutes, they banged
angrily on the closed courtroom
AT THE THIRD hearing,
moved to a larger courtroom to

accommodate the crowd, net-
work reporters lined up at 4
a.m. to assure access inside.
Hearst's own appearance in
court did little to explain the
paradox of the princess and
kidnap victim turned urban
guerrilla that has brought out
such huge throngs.
In fact, there still seemed to
be two Patty Hearsts - the
defendant in court, every inch
the lady, diminutive, quiet,
hands neatly clasped, a look of
studied boredom on her face.
And the prisoner, driven to
and from the courtroom, her
hands manacled, flashing bril-
liant smiles and raising clen-
ched fists to the hundreds of
onlookers who had stood for
hours to catch a glimpse of her
When such people are pic-
tured over TV and on front
pages of newspapers, they seem
bigger than life. But Hearst,
on her first public appearance
after 19 months of being pur-
sued, seemed so small specta-
tors gasped when they noticed
her. Standing before the mag-
istrate's bar in a courtroom
overwhelmingly male, she bare-
ly reached the elbow of her at-
torney Terence Hallinan, and
U. S. Attorney General James
Browning, who flanked her on
either side. At the defense ta-
ble, she occasionally lifted her
eyes behind slightly tinted
glasses, and glanced toward her
family in the spectator section.
Her face seemed almost emo-
FOR THOSE WHO have cov-
ered almost five years of spec-
tacular trials in California, the
dominant impression of the
Hearst hearings thus far is not
the figure of Patty Hearst her-
self, but the relative ease and

Every inch (a paradox

casualness of the security sur-
rounding the whole affair.
Fear of armed attacks on
courtrooms by political terror-
ists - inspired by the Marin
County California courtroom
seizure in August 1970 and for-
tified by the rash of bombings
and threats attributed to
groups linked to or in open
sympathy with the SLA - have
led to increasingly massive se-
curity precautions at Califor-
nia's political trials since the
early 1970's. Twenty four heav-
ily armed, uniformed members
of the San Francisco police tac-
tical squad, for instance, shared
corridor duty with 20 extra bail-
iffs at the trial of Ruchell Ma-
gee - former co-defendant of
Angela Davis, tried in 1973 in
San Francisco's superior court.
Male spectators and reporters
alike were searched openly, af-
ter passing through two screen-
ing desks and a metal detec-
tor. Women had to, partially
disrobe for matrons stationed
behind a screen. Spectators
viewed proceedings in a spec-
ial courtroom equipped with a
bullet - resistant glass wall sep-
arating viewers from trial par-
self, freed on bail during most
of her trial, mingled freely
with spectators and press away
from court. Nevertheless those
attending, including her fami-
ly, had to submit to processing
through an elaborate security
The ultimate in precautions is
the current trial of the San
Quentin Six in nearby Marin
County, where five of the six
defendants are shackled and
chained to their chairs and
spectators a r e p a t search-
ed with metal detectors and

their belongings checked twice
under the watchAul eyes of 65
armed sheriff's deputies and
prison guards. 1
In contrast, a :swift check of
belongings and a. pass through
hastily erected n tetal detectors
- manned by I'business-suited
U. S. marshalls -- was all that
was required of potential view-
ers of Patricia H earst and her
alleged compatricts.
Yet hours after{ the appre-

hension of Hearst, the Harrises,
and Wendy Yoshimura, a group
calling itself the George Jackson
brigade took credit for' the
bombing of a Safeway in Seat-
tle - in retaliation for the ar-
ONCE AGAIN - only now in
federal court - the gap be-
tween images and reality which
has characterized the Patricia
Hearst-SLA story from the
start, is accentuated.


staff has busied itself in recent years
processing thousands of bills request-
ing exemption for one or more pri-
vate citizens from provisions of fed-
eral immigration laws. Apparently,
the Senators find it more convenient
to bypass obsolete immigration law-
the present code does virtually noth-
ing to prevent employer abuse of
fearful immigrants and or displace-
ment of citizens - in the name of
favoritism than to re-assess inade-
quate legislation in the name of re-
Senator James Eastland, chairman
of the subcommittee and its parent,
the Senate Judiciary Committee,
feigned frustration when queried
about the panel's horrendous record:
"We can't get a quorum, at least I
Maybe if he promised to raffle off
preferential immigrant treatment
bills at the next meeting, Eastland
could pull it off.
ASSOC. MORS. David Harlan, Susan Shultz
ASST. MGRS. Dave Schwartz
STAFF John Benhow, Colby Bennet, Margie De-
Ford, Elaine Douse, James Dykdema, Nine
Edwards, Debbie Gerrish, Amy Hartman,
Joan Helfman, Karl Jenning, Carolyn Koth-
stein, Jacke Krammer, Anna Kwok, Vicki
May, Susan Smereck, Wayne Tsang, Ruth
SALES Cher Bledsoe, Slyvia Calhoun, Marilyn
Edwards, Steve Wright
Editorial Staff
DAVID BLOMQUIST ................Arts Editor
BARBARACORNELL .. Sunday Magazine Editor
PAUL HASKINS .............. Editorial Director
JOSEPHINE MARCOTTY Sunday Magazine Editor
SARA RIMER .................. Executive Editor
STEPHEN..SELBST .................. City Editor
JEFF SORENSON . Managing Editor
MARY LONG Sunday Magazine Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Tom Allen, Glen
Allerhand, Ellen Breslow, Mary Beth Dillon,
Ted Evanoff, Jim Finklestein, Elaine Fletch-
er, Stephen Hersh, Debra Hurwitz, Lois Josi-
movich, Doc Kralik, Jay Levin, Andy Lilly.
Ann Marie Lipinaki, George Lobsenz, Pauline
Lubens, Rob Meachum, Robert Miller, Jim
Nicoll, Cathy Reutter, Jeff Ristine, Tim
Schick, Katherine Spelman, Steve Stogic, Jim
Tobin. Bill Turque, Jim Valk, David Wein-
berg, Sue Wilhelm, David Whiting, Margaret

Rosalie= Ritz is a courtroom artist and re-
Porter wi o has covered major trials in Cali-
fornia f r CBS and NET-affiliated stations.
She is cuirrently covering the Patricia Hearst




The Daily

sports ING caption inspiring the car-
toon of the enormous football
To The Daily: player towering over four min-
IN ANTICIPATION OF being iscule women in various sports,
jumped on for a few of the was a statement by Don Can-
statements in Doc Kralik's ham in the Daily of September
write-up of an interview with 5: "I think you're going to have
me in the September 25 paper, men's programs and women's
let me put back into context my programs existing side by side,
position on certain key issues and, as I said, we have that
that mark the difference be- now." One of the women in the
txyeen a workable athletic pro- cartoon, you may note, is hold-
gram, and one that scares the ing a golf club. There is no in-
pants off people who see Title tercollegiate golf for women at
IX as demanding equal money the University of Michigan.
for women and men up and Marcia Federbush
down the line. Writer and Consultant
As an inseparable component in Sex Discrimination
of equal opportunity, both sexes in Public Education
should be representing the Uni- NOW Sports Task Force
versity at the same intercol- Coordinator
legiate meets in sports in which Sept. 25
women and men have tradition-
ally enjoyed participating. Its
almost goes without saying that science
men and women should share To The Daily:
the spotlight as co-equal part-IN RECENT YEARS, various
ners in such sports as gymnas- elements of the public, includ-
tics, tennis, swimming, golf, ing prominent citizens, public
track, cross country, and bas- officials, and, most particularly,
ketball; traveling together, re- elements of the university corn-
ceiving joint recognition, and munity, have developed an in-
sharing in bringing in revenue. creasingly hostile attitude to-
Spectators and income are al- ward science in general, and
m o s t invariably increased technological progress in par-
greatly when both sexes per- ticular. We feel that, contrary
form, and transportation and to these ideas, science and tech-
coaching costs are cut when nological progress can exist for
women and men work as a the benefit of man, and that to
"team." If there is room for deny the intellectual need for
"Pom Pom Persons" on a char- progress is definitely not in any-
tered plane, there is room for one's best interest.
women basketball players. MANY PRESENTLY devel-
Right now, women do not re- oping trends are indicative, not
ceive scholarships or charge only of an anti-science attitude,
admission at the university. In- but also of a growing distrust
stead of thinking in terms of of intellectualism. We feel many
equal money, the concept, then, of these attitudes have their
should be, "same or similar foundation in a general lack of
sport, same or similar fund- scientific knowledge. Some of
ing." Certainly, for example, the results of this lack of know-
women and men tennis players ledge are evident to anyone who
deserve equal - preferably si- even occasionally reads a news-
multaneous - coaching, access paper or views television. It is
to facilities and equipment, manifested in the rise of the oc-
transportation, and competition. cult "sciences," genuine belief
E Q U A L PROTECTION in the uninhibted speculations
IS a two-way street. Students of books like Chariots of the
of both sexes come equipped Gods and The Secret Life of
with a Fourteenth Amendment Plants, and the tendency of po-
right to participate in all the litical officials to chop down
activities of the publicly funded scientific research whenever
university - including those possible. When a distinguished
traditionally reserved for the group of scientists feel com-
other sex. Therefore, men must pelled to issue a statement de-
have the chance to participate bunking something as utterly
in every sport available to wo- ridiculous as astrology, we feet
men, as well as the other way there is a serious problem.
around. It is the obligation of THE ILL FEELING between
the university to arrange team the lay world and the world of
set-ups to guarantee that one science, it seems, arises from
sex will not swamp out the the inability of the general pop-
other, causing de facto dis- ulation to defer satisfaction/
crimination, such as when men vindication to some future date.
want to play intercollegiate The space program provides
volleyball - which they have an excellent example of this.
every right to do if it is offered Many ask, what is its value?
to women. De facto discrimina- Where is our tax money going?
tion is no more acceptable than Isn't it wasted? Without NASA
de Jure. and space research and de-
Hiring a woman specificaliv velopment, however, we would
to be the Women's Athletic Di- be without solid state electron-
rector, and a man to be the ics, without wireless biomedic
men's, is, or will surely be information t r a n s f e r,
found to be, illegal before long. without laser, and without
In public education it will be- knowledge of the "final fron-
come increasingly difficult to tier." Social programs are
hire one sex to work with one sought and subsidized in pref-
sex. Both are to be considered erence to basic research sim-
members of a common popula- ply because of the short-term

feel anything is to be gained by
opposing science or technology
because of this. Indeed, it is
because of the possibility of un-
desirable consequences that we
view the increasing anti-science
attitude with great alarm, as
we feel it will lead to a world
where the disastrous effects
proliferate, as people become
more steeped in fantasy, and
have even less scientific per-
spective with which to judge
events in this area. A social
responsibility for the scientist
is vital, but even more vital
is the general knowledge level
of the publicI We hope in some
way to help increase science li-
teracy and demonstrate that
many aspects of scientific pro-
gress are indispensible to ev-
eryone's growth and develop-
to this appeared in the Daily of
August 8. At that time we so-

licited comments artd the aid
of anyone interested in joining
our organization. The response,
much to our dismay,. but rein-
forcing our ideas, wt3 nil. We
only hope that this wras due to
the fact that a sizealile portion
of the university community
was not in the are a at that
time. So, once again , we ask

that you please direct com-
ments ,or requests for informa-
tion to: Association for Scien-
tific Knowledge (ASK), 2260
Fuller Rd., Apt. 22, Ann Arbor,
Michigan, 48105.
Perry Clark
Jay Shayevitz
Sue Shayevitz
Sept. 26

.. ......:.n. .... . ...... . ... . . . .
ContcIct your reps-
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem), 253 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep), 353 Russell Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Rep. Marvin Esch (Rep), 2353 Rayburn Bldg., Capitol Hill,
Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Gilbert Bursiey (Rep), Senate, State Capitol Bldg.,
Lansing, Mi. 48933.
Rep. Perry Bullard (Dem), House of Representatives, State
Capitol Bldg., Lansing, Mi. 48933.
.masm asas msamssmeessaaasgs

HRP stra'tegy
under revi!sion

- K<K .
- -I
/ \\.~~ n~ak~iy

IF THE Human Rights Party's (HRP) sud-
den romance with Republican forces on City
Council last week came as somewhat of a sur-
prise to local political observers, that's fine.
And if city Democrats dropped their collective
jaws momentarily, that's okay, too. Because,
according to HRP member Diane Kohn, that
is precisely what HRP had in mind.
This unlikely coalition is a blatant state-
ment to the Ann Arbor community that HRP
can still pack a political punch. Party spokes-
people readily admit, however, that present
conditions are causing the party to reassess
its power base and propose new strategy for
the future.
IT IS CERTAINLY no dark secret that HRP
is facing a slow, painful decline in the mid-
1970's. HRP's portion of the mayoral vote
dropped from 17 per cent in 1973 to only 11
per cent this year. And in the first and second
wards, the traditional bastions of student
strength, HRP candidates were soundly de-
feated last spring. HRP representation on City
Council is now limited to Kathy Kozachenko's
single vote, however decisive it may or may
not be.
Party member Phil Carroll attributes HRP's
decline, at least in part, to an over-emphasis
on electoral politics as its primary vehicle for
"Over the last few years," he explains, "the
year has consisted of organizational work in
the summer, petition drives in the fall, and
election campaigns in the spring, with the
whole process beginning again in the summer."
HRP feels that this course is too time-consum-
ing and physically exhausting, especially in
view of recent results.
THE PARTY plans to make more effective
use of their energy by organizing the commun-
ity behind specific issues and ballot proposals
and then following up with demonstrations.
Another problem-causing factor has been the
HRP's over-dependence on the student vote.

reach out b vyond those who were
only by foreign wars."


dismisses su c h talk as "nonsense," stating that
Ann Arbor's working class and the HRP are
"ideological opposites." Carroll maintains,
however, that HRP's rank-and-file membership
is composed mainly of working class people
and is, therefore, sensitive to the problems of
the working class.
Meanwhile, Kathy Kozachenko's vote re-
mains the past ty's major basis of power in the
city. Until nutw, she has consistently voted
with the Dem ocrats, who, in return, were to
reciprocate f ir HRP. Their failure to comply
prompted Koachenko's surprise swing to the
GOP, accordin g to Diane oKhn.
Kohn adds that the notion of the HRP shift-
ing ideologica fly to accommodate the chang-
ing times is 'absolutely out of the question.
We are comnaitted to socialist politics."
THE IRON"I of the HRP, then, has been
their almost e. iclusive reliance upon America's
traditional pai ty system despite their com-
mitment to so!. "ialist aims. The challenge fac-

-1 \\MWW %~q

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