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September 11, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-09-11

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Eighty-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan


Two. years after the


Thursday, September 11, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104
osm a

'wE SHOULDN'T be surprised.
Nevertheless, we look with alarm
and a dismaying sense of deja vu at
the twin busing situations in Boston
and Louisville. No longer are only the
parents bloodying the streets over the
issue of court-ordered integration;
now mobs of the students themselves
are casting aside rationality in an
ugly reaction of blind fear.
There are two tragedies unfolding
in these cities. One concerns the na-
tion's loss of the notion of reason and
dialogue in the consideration of pow-
erful issues; the other is the sick re-
turn of racism to the national forum.
No doubt the two are linked. Certain-
ly they feed off each other.
Backlash constitutes the politics of
the day once again in Louisville and
Boston. When confronted with a court
order to bus the children of their
cities, citizens rise like a tide to block
freeways, throw rocks and bottles,
threaten students. And the T-shirts
in Louisville say "OPPOSE TYRAN-
(ONE IS ANY spirit of reconcilia-
tion; gone is any intellectual con-
sideration of the issue; gone is re-
spect for the decision of a U.S. Dis-
trict Court judge. We do not suggest
here the repression of dissent, only
a return to intelligent dissent.
The issue here is not the justice or
injustice of forced integration. Cer-
tainly the arguments on both sides
are compelling. What we must avoid
is the thinking of a Lynette Fromme,
who sees a threat in Gerald Ford and
pulls out her gun. It is this, the re-
action of ignorance and fear, which
is drawing us down so quickly to the
violent void.
Lurking in that void is racism -
more subtle and disguised than that
of the fifties and sixties, but no less
Writers wanted:
Mass meeting
tonight at 7:30
All University students interested
in getting a first-hand look at the
newspaper business are invited to at-
tend the mass meeting for new Daily
staffers tonight at 7:30. No previous
newspaper experience is necessary.
All staffs - news, editorials, arts,
sports, and business - have openings,
and offer challenging work to any-
one interested in the print media.
News: Jim Finkelstein, Ann Marie
Lipinski, Andrea Lilly, Jo Marcotty,
Sara Rimer, Jeff Ristine, Stephen
Editorial Page: Lisa Adelstein, P a u I
Haskins, Debra Hurwitz, R o b e r t
Miller, Jeff Sorensen, Tom Stevens
Arts Page: Chris Kochmanski
Photo Technician: Pauline Lubens

There are, of course, many who are
sincere in their opposition to busing
on the grounds of self-determination
for their children. Time Magazine
this week quotes a leader from the
Boston community of Charlestown:
"We are not violent and racist. But
we are fiercely loyal to our commun-
ity, and we believe in protecting our
culture, our people and the quality
of our education. Now we've got to
give it all up, everything we've worked
years for. They want to bus our kids
out of Charlestown to the crummy
schools that nobody ever worked to
IT IS HARD TO argue with this man,
to deny him what he wants for his
children. We cannot condemn those
who desire the right to have their
children educated wherever they like.
But it is not at all difficult to con-
demn the students at Southern High
School in Louisville who chant sim-
ply "We don't want niggers in our
Are we still so close to Ku Klux
Klan mentality? We thought perhaps
we had overcome a little bit, but now
it turns out we had only covered up
the scars. The blemishes of Louisville
and Boston are only symptoms of the
still deadly disease beneath our na-
tional skin.
Business Staff
Business Manager
Peter Caplan.................Finance Manager
Robert F. Cerra ............Operations Manager
Beth Friedman................Sales Manager
David Piontkawsky.......Advertising Manager
DEPA. MORS. Dan Brina, Steve LeMire, Rhond
Mae, Kathy Muhern, Cassie St. Clair
ASSOC. MGRS. David Harlan, Susan Shultz
ASST. MGRS. Dave Schwart
STAFF John Benhow, Colby Bennet, Margie De-
Ford, Elaine Douas, James Dykdema, Nine
Edwards, Debbie Gerrish, Amy Hartman.
Joan Helfman, Karl Jenning, Carolyn Koth-
stein, Jacke Krammer, Anna Kwok, Vicki
Aay, Susan Smereck, Wayne Tsang, Ruth
SALES Cher Bledsoe, Slyvia Calhoun, Marilyn
Edwards, Steve Wright
Editorial Staff
LAURA BERMAN .......Sunday Magazine Editor
DAVID BLOMQUIST ..... Arts Editor
,BARBARA CORNELL ....Special Projects Editor
PAUL HASKINS.. .........Editorial Director
JOSEPHINE MARCOTTY........Features Editor
SARA RIMER...............Executive Editor
STEPHEN SELBST ............City Editor
JEFF SORENSEN ..............Managing Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Glen Allerhand, Pete, Blais-
dell, Dan Blugerman, Clifford Brown, David
Burhenn, Mary Harris, Stephen Hersh,
Debra Hurwitz, Ann Marie Lipinski, Andrea
Lily, Mary Long, Rob Meachum, Alan Resnick,
Jeff Ristine, Steve Ross, Tim Schick, Kate
Spelman, Jim Tobin David Whiting. Susan
Wilhelm, Margaret Yao.
'rom Cameron, Tom Ruranceau, Kathy Hen
neghan, Ed Lange, Scott Lewis, Dave Wihak
DESK ASSISTANTS: Marybeth Dillon, Marcia
Katz, John Nemeyer
Photography Staff
Chief Photographer Picture Editor
PAULINE LUBENS .......... Staff Photographer
KAREN KASMAUSKI ........Staff Photographer
E. SUSAN SHEINER .........Staff Photographer
STUART HOLLANDER ......Staff Photographer

rPODAY MARKS the second
anniversary of the right-
wing military coup in Chile that
overthrew Salvatore Allende's
leftist Popular Unity govern-
ment. Aided by covert CIA ac-
tivities and a program of sys-
tematic disruption of the Chil-
ean economy by U.S.-dominated
international financial institu-
tions like the World Bank, the
Pinochet junta seized power on
September 11, 1973. It then
launched a barbaric attack on
Chile's working people that can
only be termed Fascist.
Two years after the coup,
trade unions and peasant coop-
eratives have been dissolved,
there is no right to collective
bargaining, and no right to
strike. Leftist parties also are
The military machine which
the coup unleashed has been
smeared with blood from the
start. More than 30,000 Chileans
have been executed; more than
100,000 have been jailed; more
than 10,000 Chileans, whose only
crime was political or trade un-
ion organizing, are now being
tortured and held in concentra-
tion camps. Sham trials are rife
and many have "disappeared."
THE JUNTA HAS also en-
forced strict media censorship.
There have been massive burn-
ings of books, leftist materials
and such "subversive" works as
Don Quixote. Many working
class children whose parents
showed sympathy for Allende
and leftist activity are being
"re-educated" and "rehabilitat-
ed." University students and
faculty have been subject to po-
litical expulsions, and the cam-
puses are overflowing with the
junta's spies.
According to "Science for the
People," even the health care
system is used to identify and
liquidate health workers or pa-
tients who are leftists, and to

The economic hardships
placed on Chile's workers must
be added to the junta's cata-
logue of horrors. While wages
have been frozen, prices have
risen at astronomical rates.
Eighty-five per cent of the pop-
ulation is below the poverty line
and 60 per cent of all house-
holds suffer from extreme pov-
erty and malnutrition. A record
20 per cent of workers are un-
Not everyone has suffered
from the coup, however. The
copper companies whichwere
expropriated by the Allende
government (with compensa-
tion) are now reaping huge
profits. Other American-based
internationals, such as GM, are.
now attracted to the cheap la-
bor supply in Chile. Corporate
policy makers are also rejoic-
ing now that the most developed
workers' movement in Chile has
been set back.
IT IS NOW obvious that the
democratically elected socialist
government of Chile was sub-
verted by the U.S. government.
Secretary of State Kissinger
personally directedsa far-reach-
ing Nixon Administration pro-
gram designed to curtail econ-
omic aid and credits to Chile
after the Allende election. This
credit shortage created short-
ages - especially in spare parts
for U.S. machines and equip-
ment - and led to production
bottlenecks. This disrupted the
economy and helped to turn
groups like the independent
transport workers aaginst the
Allende government.
Although Kissinger and the
CIA were involved in the coup,
it is a mistake to see the re-
sulting tragedy as the product
of "misguided" or "evil" for-
eign policy makers. Rather it is
the logical extension of the
profit needs of the major cor-

use health
to actively

skills and facilities
oppose and suppress

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"Although Kissinger
and the CIA were in-
volved in the coup, it
is a mistake to see the

resulting tr
the product



of 'mis-

guided' or 'evil' fore-
ign policy makers."

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porations who use any means
necessary to deny working peo-
ple the fruits of their labor.
The capitalist structure which
the U.S. largely controls is a
world structure. Accordingly, by
breaking worker movements
abroad the ruling class of the
U.S. weakens the worker's pow-

er at home. In Fascist con-
trolled countries like Korea and
Chile, the government represses
wages. As multi-nationals take
their factories abroad they tell
the American labor force that
they must bring their wage de-
mands in line with the "free"

resistance to Fascist govern-
ments and create a government
here which does the same.
Robert Miller and Jim Henle
are members of the New Amer-
ican Movement.

Ethnic Festival: Beyond the melting pot

EXPANSION and diversity
are the main features of
Ann Arbor's Third Annual Mul-
ti-Ethnic fest of this weekend.
The sparkling plethora of food
and entertainment will be aug-
mented by at least two new
Peripatetic Nancy Petterson,
spokeswoman of the newcom-
ing Scandinavian club, says
that all the people working in
the club "are really gung-ho
about this." Akva Vit (Latin
for 'Water of Life'), omnipo-
"Cultural heritage is
here to stay. Everyone
is working toward the
fete with considerable

Secretary Pro Tem of the
Festival, Kitty Wallace, a mem-
ber of the Irish - American
group, emphasizes that "there
is more to Irish culture than
ham 'n' cabbage." Irish food-
stuffs will include beef sausage
roll, pastries, torts, and so on.
She thinks that cultural heri-
tage is here to stay, that every-
one working toward the fete
is doing so with considerable
excitement and looking forward
to the weekend.
in relation to this particular af-
fair is undoubtedly gaining
ground. More clubs, more peo-
ple expected - the festival has
grown. It is more than merely
a vehicle "to acquaint the peo-
ple with the ways of other eth-
nic denominations," said Art
French, president of the Ann
Arbor Multi-Ethnic Alliance.

enthusiasm an(
ing forward i
tent Danish booze, wil
and so will manyc
prises and good things,
seems to have retain
enthusiasm despite
that many members
their homes acrosst
permanently this sun

d look. In a fair as diverse and ex-
panding as his one, profits are
to the a foregone conclusion. Ten per
cent of the total will go to the
Down Town Business Owners'
Association, festival co - spon-
sors, to cover the electricity
ll be there and other services they provide.
other sur- Secretary Wallace is uncertain
. The club of what to expect in the way of
ied a high profits. It is obvious, however,
the fact that the proceeds will exceed
s left for those of last year as a result of
the ocean the modified hours of this year's
mmer. blast. The festival opens 5 p.m.

on Friday and 4:30 p.m. Satur- one murky American pot, but3
day. will remain separate in their
tastes, and values.

THE SUCCESS OF this year's
festival seems firmly in hand,
but what does the future hold in
store for the many American
ethnic groups?
Kitty Wallace believes that
they won't simply melt into

Sait Ozdalkirian of the Tur-
kish club brought up a long-
neglected point when he said
the festival will allow Ameri-
cans of various ancestries to
familiarize themselves with the
"old country" most of them

have never visited.
Ozdalkirian enthused, "It is
mutual, colorful exchange and
a good thing for students new
to Ann Arbor to see."
Tom Stevens is a freshperson
in LS ami A.





To The Daily:
was elected mayor. A critical
issue of that election was the
priorities of CDRS funds. As a
candidate, Al Wheeler repeated-
ly argued that CDRS monies
should be directed towards the
needs of low and moderate in-
come residents, and primarily
human services. As mayor, his
efforts have been consistent
with campaign pledges.
The current Republican
charges center on the recom-
mendations of the committee
headed by former Republican
Councilman C. William Colburn
and appointed by former Mayor
J a m e s Stephenson. Al-
though thirty people were ap-
pointed to the committee, the
final recommendations were
voted on with only twelve peo-
ple present and only seven af-
firmative votes. Many of the
intermediate but crucial fund-
ing decisions were made with
the affirmative votes of only
four or five people. This com-
mittee recommended that sev-
enty per cent of the funds be

dation of the Colburn commit- of deciding the constitutionality
tee. Yet, when Mayor Wheeler and legitimacy of the leadership
and the Democratic majority of a group numbering over 2,500
exercise this same legal pre- people. We are people they don't
rogative, they are the subject speak for. Although Weeks was
of this unquestionably partisan not eligible to vote in Novem-
abuse. ber, and therefore did not parti-
Since his election, Mayor cipate in the bargaining com-
Wheeler has also been follow- mittee election, nevertheless,
ing through on his promises to the bargaining committee was
plead for the delivery of hu- elected and therefore represents
man services and to increase the will of the majority of voters
the effectiveness . of our job as to who shall lead them. If
employment program by over- the members of CDU were
hauling the city's troubled elected, they did not invite the
CETA operation. These cam- membership of this local to par-
paign issues were decided by ticinate in their election.
Al Wheeler's election. The CDU letter claims that
The Council Republicans' bit- the legitimacy of the bargaining
thrresonciltRepublicans bit- committee ended with the rati-
te rsponse to MarWthattee' fication of the contract. We are
proposalswshosdtha theh Re- somewhat amused at their ar-
publicans wish to deny him the rogance and a bit surprised at
righ toexecis nededand their naivete. Whom do they.
proper leadership for the city propose should handle Step 3 of
on these issues. The city does the grievance procedure and ar-
not need more personal rancor bitration until a new bargaining
or partisan hysteria, committee is elected? Whom do
Lana Pollack they propose should sign the
Chair, Ann Arbor contract? Whom do they pro-
Democratic Party pose should do the routine work
Sept. 10 of this local?
if elections for officers were
U1iOfl scheduled for tomorrow, who

The point is, taking this logic
(?) to its ultimate conclusion,
nobody is qualified to do any-
thing, since no matter where
one begins, the first step is
someone's arbitrary decision.
We personally feel, that if a de-
cision has to be made the bar-
gaining committee has the legit-
imacy to make it. At present,
they are certainly the most
knowledgable people in the lo-
cal; and they have worked very
hard to build this local, while
their detractors devote their
time to building roadblocks to
a viable union and perpetuating
conflict. Another thing in the

committee's favor is that at one
time or another, someone, that
is the members, elected them.
We suggest to Ms. Weeks et. al.,
that the local first have official
by-laws and elections proce-
dures, not to mention nomina-
tions, before they campaign for
office. Local 2001 needs more
than vocal dissenters. Local 2001
needs workers.
Robert Dale, U. Hospital
Shirley Oliver, Flint
Judy Sisung, Law School
Kathy Merr, Dearborn
Edith Judge, U. Hospital
Mary Cullen, ISR
Sept. 9

.. .. .. .: .: ii i a..:" a{L:-?:v:4.i}':::
Contact your reps-
Sen. Phillip Hart (Dem), Rm 253, Old Senate Bldg., Capitol
11H, Washington, D.C. 20515.
Sen. Robert Griffin (Rep), Rm 353, Old Senate Bldg., Capitol
Hill, Washington, D.C. 20515.
r-hL iI n ..- Dm V... annn n ld r.aital

P- qw~k°Ia A NVORRM 1

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