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September 07, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-09-07

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Page Four


Slit doy, September /, 197

Page Four 5uriday, September 7, 1915

House committee
passes bill limiting
Ford's amnest lan
WASHINGTON (P) -A Hcuse subcommittee has approved
an amnesty bill for draft evaders and soldiers who deserted or
refused to obey an order that would lead to killing because of!
their opposition to the Indochina war.
The amnesty would go only to persons who signed a certifi-
cate declaring their acts "resulted because of disapproval of the
military involvement of the United States in Indochina."
BESIDES DRAFT resisters and deserters, amnesty would!
go to servicemen who refused to obey orders they reasonably
believed would lead directly to killing.
Known as the "Vietnam Era Reconciliation Act," the bill was
approved by the House civil liberties subcommittee by a 4-1 vote
Chairman Robert Kastenmeier, (D-Wis.), said he did not
know if Congress will approve the bill but believes there is a
chance it will.
But Republican Rep. Tom Railsback of Illinois, who cast
"e "o voe aatee]

Joan Little seeks
solitude after trial

the "no" vote, said there is
no chance Congress will ap-I
Solprove the bill.
HE SAID only a small per-
centage of deserters and draft
evaders registered disapproval
to returi of the Vietnam war and said
"you may be encouraging oth-
ers to perjure themselves" in!
G e an effort to get the amnesty.
Before the final vote the
G aon ment by which amnesty would
be withdrawn from anyone con-
v e 1P e I cted of perjury or making a
V * false statement by signing the
DETROIT (UPI) - A federal declaration of opposition to the
I war.

RALEIGH, N.C. (R) - Three weeks ago, Joan
Little's name was a cause celebre for women
and blacks. Today she seeks anonymity.
Little has begged out of several scheduled
speaking engagements planned to help her pay
the cost of a high-powered publicity campaign
and legal fees of more than $500,000.
"JOAN LITTLE is tired and wants to return
to some sort of semblance of normal life," her
chief lawyer, Jerry Paul, said in an interview.
On Aug. 15, a jury of six whites and six blacks
acquitted Little of a murder charge in the Aug.
27, 1974, icepick stabbing death of jailer Clar-
ence Alligood, 62. Little, 21, is black; Alligood
was white.
During the five-week trial, the state contend-
ed that Alligood was murdered in an escape
plot. Prosecutors said the jailer had been lured
into Little's cell by a promise of sexual favors.
LITTLE, who was being held in the rural
Beaufort County jail pending appeal of a break-
ing and entering conviction, said she stabbed
him after he forced her to commit an oral sex
The Southern Poverty Law Center in Mont-
i.vh:1xgomery, Ala., began a fund-raising campaign
< aimed at blacks and whites who felt a black
woman couldn't get a fair trial in the South.
.$ And it drew the sympathy of women who be-
lieve that female victims of sex crimes often
= '~ lose out in courtroom confrontations.
More than $500,000 was raised for her defense
with contributions coming from at least 40
states and several foreign countries.
HUNDREDS OF journalists were in Raleigh
for her trial and it was publicized worldwide.
After her acquittal, Little went to California
AP Photo for two weeks. She spoke at several rallies,
some of them arranged by the Black Panthers.
She said she planned to devote her life to fight-
ey holding ing racial injustice.
group. Last week she appeared for a taping of the
-!Mike Douglas show in Philadelphia that will be
aired Sept. 22. Other television interviews are
planned, Paul adds.

court judge has ordered the FBI
to return a car it seized from
the son of a reputed Mafia king-
pin because, he said, the FBI
failed to prove its theory that
evidence would show the car
was used in the abduction of
James Hoffa.
The FBI challenged the ruling
by U.S. District Judge Robert
DEMASCIO ordered the car
surrendered "forthwith" to Jo-
seph Giacalone, the son of re-
puted Mafia chieftain Anthony
"Tony Jack" Giacalone, but de-
layed his order until next Wed-
This would give U.S. Attorney
Ralph Guy Jr. time to file for
a stay of the ruling in the 6th
Circuit Court of Appeals in Cin-
The FBI seized Giacalone's
car on Aug. 8, ten days after
Hioffa vanished from outside a
suburban Detroit restaurant aft-
er telling his family he was go-
ing to meet the elder Giacalone
for lunch.
What brought the car into the
Hoffa case, the FBI said, was
the fact that a self-described
foster son of the formerTeam-
sters International president
told authorities he was driving
it in the same area at the same
time Hoffa dropped out of sight
July 30.

The bill also would release
anyone serving alternative civi-
lian service under President
Ford's clemency program from
that duty. It would enable de-
serters and draft evaders who
renounced their U. S. citizen-
ship to regain it by declaring
they did so because of opposi-
tion to the war and further by
renouncing whatever foreign
citizenship they had taken.
THE BILL could grant am-
nesty to some 148,000 deserters
and draft resisters iftthey all
claimed they acted out of op-
position to the war.
Administration figures indi-
cate the amnesty from prosecu-
tion could apply to about 10,000
deserters and 4,000 draft resist-
It could expunge records and
restore any civil rightsalost to
some 125,000 deserters and un-
authorized absentees who were
given less than honorable dis-
charges during the war, and
9,000 people convicted of draft
The figures indicate up to
4,000deserters and 3,500 draft
evaders fled to Canada, Sweden
and other countries, in many
cases renouncing their U.S.
citizenship, during the war.


Tied to the ground
This young lady from Toledo, Ohio is not walking with her pigtails, nor are the
her to the ground. She is actually in mid-flip during a practice for a gymnastics

Lit le

Movie, TV unions
cancel strike plans
LOS ANGELES () - Strike plans against Hollywood's movie
and television industry have been canceled after a tentative
agreement between the Association of Motion Picture and Tele-
vision Producers and technical unions.
Leo Geffner of the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage
Employes and Motion Picture Operators said the development
came after Paramount Pictures and Universal Studios bolted
from the producers' group. Tne two studios negotiated separately
after bargaining had reached an impasse.
A STRIKE would have virtually halted movie and TV pro-
The unions which had threatened to strike represents film
editors, lab and sound technicians and studio projectionists. If
they had walked out, other unions were pledged to honor their
picket lines.
The mechanics of the contracts will be worked out over the
weekend, Geffner said. Each local union will submit its pro-
posed pact to the membership for a vote.

DELANO, Calif. (A) - Farm{
workers are choosing betweenI
the Teamsters Union and Cesar'
Chavez, United Farm WorkersI
Union this weekend in the firstI
narm labor representation elec-
tions conducted under- a new,
state law.
The voting began Friday when
15 workers at a small artichoker
ranch cast their ballots. Their
ballots were notrtallied public-
ly, but the 15 workers left littlej
doubt about where their loyal-'
ties lay.
tractor shed which served as a
voting booth and chanted, "Viva
Chavez, Chavez Si, Teamsters
{The artichoke workers are
employed by a ranch belonging
to the Molera Agricultural1
Group. The employers, claiming
they were part of a larger bar-I
gaining unit which should be,
covered by a single election, ob-
tained a court order forcing thej
state Agricultural Labor Rela-G
tions Board to impound the bal-
lots and return them to Sacra-
mento without counting them.-
The Western Growers Associa-i
tion, to which Molera belongs,
{ got a temporary restraining or-
der barring the board from
counting ballots in individual
. elections at its 150 member
ranches. The association, which
! holds a master Teamsters union,
contract covering 30,000 work-
ers, wants its growers consid-
ered a single bargaining unit.
UNITED FARM Workers at-
torney Jerry Cohen says his un-
ion is asking the ballots be

BUT LITTLE won't be appearing elsewhere.
w or e s vote gaements, said last week that at Little's request
he canceled scheduled appearances for her in
St. Louis next Friday and in Atlanta on Oct. 1.
counted individually, because a each case, only one union is on Little, who has generally avoided reporters
multi-grower unit would cause the ballot, and the voters must since the trial, wasn't available for comment.
"incredible problems" in ad- decide between being represent-s
ministering the new law. ed by that union or being repre-, Frequently her attorneys and other supporters
The next elections were to be , sented by no one. say they have no idea where she is.
held today at two San Joaquin THE YEARS since have been Total cost of Little's defense has already
Valley table grape *'vineyards, reached about $328,00, and there is still the cost
the focus of agricultural strife filled with strikes and boycotte reahed abo $328,000, and e te cost
of her appeal of her breaking and entering con-
for a decade, and at a Ventura as Chavez tried to force growers
nursery, to sign farm labor contracts. He viction to deal with, Paul said. Fees earned by
However, none of today's won in the table grape industry himself and the other defense lawyer are used
votes involved a direct confron- in 1970, but growers switched to to pay the debt, Paul said, adding that Little
tationebetween the Teamsters the Teamsters three years later, keeps the money she earns for appearances.
and the United Farm Workers, ;Ykestemnyseersfrapaacs
who began tryingrto organize and the inter-union struggle
table grape growers in 1965. In: brought renewed violence. j THE TREASURER of the "Joan Little De-

State w
NEW YORK 03) - In the beginning,
financial default by New York City
was considered unthinkable. Now it
looms as inevitable unless the state
legislature acts quickly on a last-ditch
rescue plan.
"The City of New York is on the
brink of financial collapse," Gov. Hugh
Carey said in a message to the special
session of the legislature he called to
consider the plan. "An unparalleled
disaster looms over it."
THROUGH THE gloom there was
one ray of hope, a growing national
awareness that the consequences of a
default by the nation's largest city
could wreak havoc on municipal finan-
cing, the banking system and the econ-
on y.

orks t
it was not a question o
rest of the nation pay for
gimmickry that had helpe
York in its morass, expert
stabilizing the situation
could begin to recover.
Bluntly, New York, lon
the richest city in the worl
and in a desperate h
scramble for money to;
notes, salaries and othere
THE CITY managed to
roll Friday only because
municipal union pensi
agreed to buy $100 million
Assistance Corp. bonds.
What had happened was
of eight million popul
s'liUorts a 30,000-man poll
ploys some 10,000 fire fi

0 save NY
A having the 60,000 teachers, and in which o
the financial of every eight persons is on some
ed mireNew of welfare, this city had run up
s said, but of billion budget deficit, had run
so the city credit and could no longer b
ig considered Origins of the crisis go back th
.d, wandbroke a tangle of budgets that were to
snd-to-mortk ally balanced but increasingly d
and-to-mouth ed upon borrowing against antic
pay bonds, revenues that the city had no re
.xpenses. chance of collecting.
meet a pay- WHEN THESE shor
four of its notes came due they were refin
on systems putting off the day the city h
in Municipal pay for what it had already spe
til early this year when the gr
that this city debt brought sharp questions fro
ation, which banks.
ce force, em- The city paid increasingly hi
ghters, hires terest rates to sell its notes and

fense Fund," Jerome Streeter, 22, of Durham,
N.C., said most donations were in the $1 to
$10 range.
Little girls donated their allowances and wrote
"I can't go to the movies this week, but I want
you to have the money," he said.
He gave this breakdown of expenses:
SALARIES of staffers who helped prepare the
defense and publicize Little's plight, $200,000;
the cost of the fund-raising mail campaign,
$200,000; a project aimed at profiling the char-
acteristics of potential jurors, $45,000, and se-
curity for Miss Little, $13,000.
The defense lawyers donated their services.
There were also dozens of volunteers whc
helped put out weekly newsletters and with
mailings. There were also hotel bills, car ren-
tals and bookkeeping costs and final telephone
bills are due later with the cost expected to ex"
ceed $18,000.
-C budget
ne out the banks said they could not sell the
e form notes at all. In June the state legisla-
a $3.3 ture created the assistance corporation
out of -Big MAC - to refinance the debt
borrow amid city budget cutbacks and pledges
of reform.
trough However MAC bonds soon proved no
chnic- more immune to the investors' vote of
epend- no confidence in the city's financial af-
ipated fairs than the city notes, and the stage
alistic was set for the present crisis.
TO RESTORE confidence, Carey has
t-term proposed that a five-man board domi-
anced, nated by the state take over control
ad to of the movement of money into and
nt un- ot of the city government.
rowing And Big MAC Finance Chairman Fe-
m the Ijx tohntvn designed a $2.3 billion mon-
o-" '-i k '^p that will meet the city's
gh in- ohl--tion- throneh Nov. 30 - including
finally -:' million from the state.



censorship pact

keeps the screen clean

iLOS ANGELES (A') - When televi-
sion comedy minds meet nowadays,
the No. 1 topic is The Family Hour.
"What have you lost lately?" they
ask each other.
The "losses" are words, scenes and
whole episodes which have been ex-
cised in the largest wave of censor-
ship since the Hays Office ruled movie
SO FAR television networks have not
achieved the absurdities of the movie
censors - kisses were limited to three
seconds and married couples slept in
twin beds. But the TV comedy makers
fear that such an era may be return-
in a.
The cause for new restraints on TV
creators is the Family Hour, an agree-
ment between the networks and the
Federal Communications Commission
to limit entertainment before 9 p.m. to

Producer Danny Arnold reports
ABC refused to schedule a "Barney
Miller" show because it contained the
line: "You got a helluva lot of nerve."
Arnold was told he could either elim-
inate the entire spisode at his own cost
or excise the "hell." He chose the lat-
Lee Grant, starring in NBC's "Fay"
savs that an explanation in the show
wa's changed from "Oh God" to "Dear
God," the latter apparently considered
less profane,
IN THE FIRST show of the season
she as a divorced woman has a fling
with a suitor. But the word "affair"
w-e not allowed.
Says Cloris Lenchman of "Phyllis":
"We had to eliminate the word "vir-
(4" chanaing it to 'totally innocent.'
W«hat kind of reasoning is that? If vir-
Pinity is i-nocence, then non-virginity
""',.fl5 Qmilt.

"We were told it was okay but 'make
sure it doesn't get clinical" said Per-
sky. "We did the show in what I
thought was good taste, but then the
network said we can't use the word
'vasectomy' at all. We're waiting for
a meeting on it."
James Komack, executive producer
of the new "Welcome Back, Kotter,"
said ABC'c censor rejected a proposed
script for the classroom comedy in
which a girl student is believed to be
IT TURNS out she fabricated the
story to stop talk that she was pro-
"When the boys are accused of being
the father, they admit that they were
never intimate with her," said Ko-
mack. "I thought it was a beautiful
story, and I argued with ABC. Finally
thev said, 'Okay-if it's done in good
taste '

.:. _ {
" ..,

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