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September 09, 1976 - Image 60

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-09-09

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City politics: Democracy


rhi rrce-lnv I;ismfp nher 0 1 4Th 1

iHE MJU-1I(,AN DAILY t'I r' 3'.rJ'.Jy. .JpI~I IILJr7, 17 'y J 10~j


Bullard, Esch,

.ina thre
The sharp s m a c k of the
mayor's gavel cuts through the
murmur of the crowd; there is
a prayer, a roll-call of the mem-
bers-and another Monday night
meeting of the Ann Arbor City
Council rolls into session.
Thrills and chills. Agony, an-
ger, and excitement for every-
body. What else can you ask of'
a warm autumn night, and not
so much as a cover charge?


ring circus

holds actual executive and en-
forcement power, while the
mayor and Council play only a
policy-making advisory role.
The Democrats, on the other
hand, lean toward a "strong
mayor system" such as most
large metropolitan cities use.
In that brand of democracy the
mayor, as well as the council
members, enjoy executive privi-
leges, directly supervising much
of the local governmental ac-

HERE THE casual observer This conflict of even the most
may lounge late into the night; common denominator has pro-.
and listen to furious and fiesty moted a situation in which ordi-
debate - crunching popcorn in narily small issues tend to ex-
the back room as ideologies plode into major political power-{
clash, tempers flare, and rabid plays. And disagreement over
enemies wrestle their painful major issues-most of them fi-
way toward compromise. Here, nancial-has reached the point
if you so desire, you may stand of near catastrophe on occasion.
forth and declare your case be- The election of a strong-willed
fore the city's elected repre- I Democratic mayor last year,
sentatives. and the establishment of a Re-
Ann Arbor has a potpourri po- publican majority on council in
litical flavor all its own, com- April has only intensified the
pounded by the thousands of city's political storm.
conflicting opinions and persua- DIRECTLY after the April
sions that abound in a univer- elections, a number of issues
sity community: It shouldn't be arose in which both parties col-s
surprising, either, that a fairly lided repeatedly. Political power
large number of people in city was so evenly divided between
government here are connected them - the Republican council
with the University in some members having the majority,
way. but the Democratic mayor pos-
Since the April election, when sessing the veto - that neither
the dying Soc ia1is t Human faction could get exactly what
Rights Party lost its last seat it w a n t e d. Increased party
on Council, political, power in wrangling gradually impressed
the city has been divided un- the need for compromise and
easily between Democrats and cooperation on both parties, and
Republicans. The differences be-hopefully the coming year will
tween the two parties reach see them getting down to the
down straight to the basicphi- serious business of city govern-
losophy of municipal govern- ment.
ment. But who, after all, are these
REPUBLICANS favor a "city people? What kind of person-
manager" form of government; alities control our taxes and
one in which an appointed pro- sewers, our bus fares and dope
fesslonal C i[t y' Administrator fines?

Mayor Albert Wheeler - This
soft - spoken b u t hardhejaded
black Democrat was elected last
year in a storm of controversy,
ending the flambouyant regimeI
of Republican James Stephen-I
son. For a year, he and a five-I
member council coalition had
things pretty much their own.
way. Now the Republicans have{
a six-man majority, but Wheeler
still holds the veto power that
keeps them in check. He hasn't{
been afraid to use it in the last
few months, either.
Wendell Allen (R-1st Ward)-
This slender black Republican'
was elected in April, handing
the Council majority to his
party. Though he has said, "Be-
ing a young black in the Repub-
lican Party is as radical as be-
ing an Abbie Hoffman," he has
consistently toed the Republican
line on every issue, and is about
as radical as a bowl of oatmeal.
On the other hand, the vicious
arguments between Allen and
Democratic Councilwoman Liz
Keogh are not to be missed-
they're perhaps the finest en-
tertainment available in a City
Council session.I
Liz Keogh (D-1st Ward) - A
little on the spacey side, Keogh
is personable and bright, withl
plenty of moxie. She's been loud
in supporting her working-class
First Ward constituents, and in
defending city social services.I
As an energetic fighter, Keogh
is the most radical member on
Council. As half of the comedy
team of Allen and Keogh, she
is incredible.
Earl Greene (D-2nd Ward)-
A quiet Democrat, Greene rare-
ly takes up much Council time
with oratory. He is a voting
councilman, and his voting rec-
ord is traditionally Democratic.
Greene is a model of the re-I
sponsible and intelligent liberal
He isn't much of a show, but
there are other reasons for
watching him work.t
Carol Jones (D-2nd Ward)-
Usually a well-prepared, vocal
councilwoman, Jones has her1
moments of stubbornness and
tenacity-some of which have
to be seen to be believed. A re-
cent University graduate, shef
still carries a great deal ofI
sympathy for the student popu-
Robert Henry (R-3rd Ward)- r
The Grand Old Man of the Re- 1

A mixed legislative ba
By PHILIP BOKOVOY Senate and quite a bit of his time ing the .traditionally liberal Ann
f Ann Arbor's state and nation- ever since has been spent cam- Arbor. He is a quick to "int out
al legislators are a mixed bag- paigning for that seat. that he is a "moderate to lib-
as pohically diverse as the city Esch's- constituency,. the se- eral" Republican and that he
itself. cond congressional district, ex- has been a strong supporter of
Democraic State Representa- tends way beyond the c i t y higher education.
ive Perry Bullard is a flamboy- limits. As a result, the state
anly liberal lawyer. The state's senator answers to an odd mix HE MENTIONS that he was
Republican representative in the of local academia, Detroit blue on the forefront of the fight for
U.S. Senate, Marvin Esch, is a collar, suburbia, and outlying the new student loan program
smooth-talking moderate with a rural areas. and is very proud of the so-
Ph.D. And Republican St a t e The district has been primar- called "Bursley plan". This plan,
Senator Gilbert Bursley is a re- ily Democratic since it was re- now in use in many other states,
tired Army Colonel. Together drawn by a Democratic S t a t e adjusts state school aid p a y-
these three men comprise t h e Legislature in 1972. But Esch has ments to fluctuations in school
city's ties to the outside legisla- held on, painting himself a millage rates and changes in
tive world. "moderate" Republican, and do- property tax assessments.
I ing surprisingly well in t h e As a member of the state leg-
BULLARD first made his student wards of Ann Arbor. islature, Bursley is involved in
mark in the local history books Esch explains, "Well, I was the funding of the higher educa-
by attending - and participat- one of the first Republicans to tional institutions in the state.
ing in - the Third Annual Hash fight to end the draft back in These schools have been the vic-
Bash three years ago. He was 1967. I've always tried to work tims of numerous cuts in state
photographed smoking mari- to know student views . . . I feel aid over the last few years.
juana thatnafternoonnandifound.Bursfeyl
Juana that afternoon and found strongly that the nation should Bursley maintains, "It is ne-
those photos splashed across the support education ... (the pre-
fnt aof local newspapers sident and I) disagree on that.
fron pe n

Val P-hoto by L TVE KA(AN
Councelmen Jamies Kenworthy (D-Fourth Ward), left, and
Earl Greene (D-Second Ward) whooping it up following their
victories in last April's city elections.

x+ mr g.
Bullard was first elected to the
1 Htt Rie of R amanaiva



6 jtttfuhhed Iltena
prepared with pride, taste, and eye appeal


publican side of Council, Henry
holds the title of Mayor Pro
Tem, which means he would
become mayor in the event that
Wheeler were to become inca-
pacitated. He can be said to
represent the essence of Repub-
licanism in Ann Arbor: moder-
ate, progressive, and willing to
deal with the Democrats. The
confrontations between Henry
and Wheeler are on a higher
plane than the Allen-Keogh.
battles-they smack more of
statesmanship and diplomacy-
but there is much to be learned
of day-to-day politics from
Roger Bertoia (R-3rd Ward)-
Bertoia is an unknown quantity
sometimes; a silky-voiced, lei-
sure-suited Republican, he has
deserted the GOP ranks from
time to time to vote on his
own. On the law-and-order is-
sues, however, he reflects the
interests of the well-to-do, con-
servative residential area he!
R o n a l d Trowbridge (R-4th
Ward)-This bizarre Republicanj
is an example of what Ann
Arbor can do to ordinary po-
litical loyalties. Trowbridge is
running for the U.S. House seat
being vacated by Marvin Esch,
and his positions have been
said to vary from ultra-nice tol
Nazi, depending on where he's
speaking. During Council meet-
ings he presents a dour, tongue-
in-cheek image to the public-
but he votes the party line, too.
J a m i e Kenworthy (D - 4th
Ward)-Next to Wheeler, this
frizzy-headed University doc-
toral student could be called
the mastermind of Democratic
strategy. Kenworthy's wit is
sometimes questionable and def-
nitely pitiless. He is an excel-
ent bitsofacid satire onvthe
entire system of city govern-
nent,aand interesting to watch.
Gerald Bell (R-5th Ward) -!
An extremely low-key Republi-
can, Bell sometimes betrays
roa-studentlsympathies in spite
of himself. On most issues

though, he faithfully follows the Mate mouse of xepresentative
path his fellow Republicans in 1972. He characterizes him
have charted for him. self as a student oriented repre
Louis Belcher (R-5th Ward)- sentative.
Belcher is an old face on City I've worked very hard to
Council; second only to Henry change the marijuana laws ..
in terms of stature among the I've been very concerned with
Republicans, he packs a pretty extensive addition to financia
big political punch. He has push- assistance and have sponsored
ed for money to be spent on four tenants' rights bills," h
public improvements, such as says.
street repair and modernization
of the fire department. BUT BULLARD doesn't always
The end result of this unlikely live up to his liberal image. Ir
mixture of sincerity and snake- 1974 he drew fire from local
oil may be frustrating and noisy feminists when he showed the
1-it may not be dignified, it )ornagraphic 'movie "D e e p
may not even be democracy- Throat as a fund-raiser.
but there are times wien it's Still, Bullard's style seems to
the best show in town. have mellowed a bit since he
---- first smoked that joint at the
Hash Bash. Reminiscing on that
incident he remarks, "I regret
the style of that publicity but
(continues from Page 2) the laws are pretty outrageous."
(Contsnd Rereom Pagerms Bullard is currently campaign-
Parks and Recreation terms ing for re-election to the state
"undeveloped." They areexact- House. But in the long run his
ly that, and offer a fresherstime sights seem set somewhat high-
than most of the city's others. er. He contemplated running. for
One such is Bird Hills, close to Esch's soon tobe vacant U.S.
Delhi on Newport Rd. You drive Ese seat t decide U.i.s
up and say, "Where's the House seat but decided against
park?" but it's there. The only it because, There's no way
entrance I can find is an un- nolitically to get the votes (at
assuming little foot path right this time)."
next to the fork-in-the-road sign. ESCH decided last year that
It leads through a dense, dark E
forest to a rolling field beyond.,he wanted to move up to the
When the city says "undevel--,
oped" they mean it-no swing-
sets, no picnic tables, nothing;
but scrub rush, quiet woods,
and a tiny little stream that
picks its way through the trees,.
silent and almost hidden as one
passes. More a refuge than a
park, it's a fine place to run a"
dog and view the prettiness of
Michigan past.
You'll most likely spend some'
time at Island Park, squeezed
between North Campus and the
medical complex on Fuller Rd.
Island Park really isn't an>
island at all, but it seems sort"
of like one and the illusion is
pleasant. The Huron borders it'
on two sides, and although it's ~ '
busy it is nice. Much heavy
soccer and rugby on weekends. Bursley

Snails with Garlic Butter..:.. . . .
Blue Point Ovsters on Half Shell
Stuffed Graveleaves (served cold)
Tarama (Cod fish caviar mousse)
Hot Cheese Pie ..............



ESCH CITES other examples
of his awareness and respon-
siveness to student concerns.
He is opposed to S-1, the con-
troversial proposed criminal
code revision), and would op-
pose a constitutional amend-
ment to prohibit abortion but is
"leading the fight against" the
Humphrey-Hawkins full employ-
ment bill.
He also voted against bills pro-
viding for the break-up of the
oil companies and was an op-.
ponent of am easure toslimit oil
company profits after the en-
ergy crisis of '73-74.
Esch has narrowly won his


cessary that funding (to Uni-
vrsities) be increased," adding
that the legislature should use
the state's expected rate of pop-
ulation increase as one guide-
line along which increased funds
are allocated to the universities.
BURSLEY POINTS to his ear-
ly pro-abortion stand and his
activity in environmental issues
to substantiate his claim that he
has been responsive to student
concerns, regardless of.his Re-
publican party affiliationr.
Yet during his 1974 campaign,
Bursley publicly came out in
favor of campaign spending re-
forms, while his past record
showed that he had voted against
contribution limits, disclosure of
group's campaign contributions,
and gift ceilings.

Shish Kebab (les of lamb) ..............5.95
Eaa Plant Mousaka.....................4:95
Couilles St. Jacques ................. 5.50
Crobmeat Jainettes.. .................5.95
Red Snaoper..................... 5.95
Fried Shrimp ........................6.25
Sweet & Sour Shrimp .............. 6.95
Alaska Kina Crab................. 6.95
Beef & Crab.........................8.95
Tournedoes Forestier7...................725
(beef tenerloin)
London Broil. ..................... 5.75
Hawaiian Chicken 5.25
Chateaubriand For Two 19.95
Prime Ribs of Beef 7.75
Filet Mianon .. . ,. .. . .. . .8.95
New York Sirloin Steak9................9.95
An Exotic and Versatile Salad Bar Included with Above


last two elections and after he
has gone it is a virtual cer-
tainty that his seat will be lost
to the Republicans because there

is no other Republican that can MINNEAPOLIS (P) -- The
draw any substantial student tribal council of the White
support. Earth Reservation in Minnesota
has unanimously passed a reso-
THE ONE thing Bursley hash lution offering to enter negotia-
in common with the two other tions with the state and city of-
lawmakers from Ann Arbor can ficials of New York to buy back
be summed up in a single word Manhattan Island on behalf of
- ambition. American Indians.
Bursley, like Bullard, only at The council made one stipu-
the last minute decided not to lation.. Compensating for in-
run for Esch's seat. flation, top offer would be
This is Bursley's twelfth year $74.63 to be paid in ornamental
in the State Senate, represent- beads.




SMORGASBORD ($4.95) Wed. and ($5.95) Sat.

r~v;. : ....;"";.4.:.".'::'"""{:... :":.. :...c:"""::.::-; 5"i-:vr.,:}: ~~. .. xy: i

F e Greek Food
SPECIALTY Gyros is a lean blend of specially selected
portions of beef and lamb. It is lightly seasoned and
cooked to sear the outside so that the juicerand flavor
are sealed inside. The meat is cooked to order on the
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Served with Raw Onions, Tomatoes on Greek Pita
SHISH-KA-BOB SANDWICH Succulent, marinated
Greek "Ka-Bobs" broiled to perfection and nestled
between thick wedoes of our own special Greek Pita
Bread. Served with Onions and Tomatoes.
GYROS PLATE A fine meal in itself, served on a plate
with a generous portion of meat. Raw Onions and
MOUSAKA Sauteed ena plant and potatoes covered
with a aenerous laver of pure ground beef and our
special seasonina, then topped with special cream
PASTITSIO A hefty portion of pure ground beef and
tender macaroni, slowly baked with a delicate cream
sauce toppina.
ground beef, mixed with rice, wrapped in grape leaves
and topped with a special lemon sauce.
SPINACH PIE - Fresh Spinach mixed with Greek
COMBINATION PLATE - Pastitsio, Mousaka, Dol-
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Many students of the sixties
fondly remember the days when
Ann Arbor was synonomous
with radical politics, sit-ins and
demonstrations. SDS (Students
for a Democratic Society) was
founded here in 1961 and as late
as 1970 the Student BAM (Black
Action Movement) strike suc-
cessfully shut down the Univer-
sity for three weeks.
Although many of those fam-
ous acronyms have now disap-
peared from campus vocabu-
lary, and the tumultuous but
glamorous Strawberry State-
ment days are now history, a
few of the old standbys, as well

A c tivism live butno tkicking

-- --- _ i


as several new groups, are cur-
rently in operation.
S ONE OF THE most recentar-
rivals is the People's Bicenten-
nial Commission (PBC). The
PBC, unlike the official bicen-
tennial committees which are
famous for their endorsements
of commercial products ranging
from toilet paper to t-shirts, is
interested in educating the pub-
lic in the principles of 'he
Declaration of Independence.
Applying the principles of de-
mocracy to the U.S. economic
system is the key to the organi-
zation, says local PBC activist
Matthew Levine. "We want to
start a movement of people try-
ing to achieve worker control of
"We want companies to be re-
sponsive to the community,"
Levine adds, pointing out that a
community w o u ld not allow
abuses by industry if the com-
pany was controlled by its lo-
cal citizens.
TOWARD this end PBC en-
gages in research of such things
as "the corporate structure in
Michigan, natural resources,
and University ties to big busi-
ness." Since PBC is a national
organization, the emphasis of
various chapters corresponds tol
the needs of individual com-
Ann Arbor's PBC chapter co- 1
ordinated midwest regional ac-
tivities. It has organized fund-

raisers in the past year that
have included a film series,
speeches, a rummage sale and
Oneof the more established
political groups in the city is
the Revolutionary StudentBri-
gade (RSB). This group was
visible at many of the campus
demonstrations last year pro-
testing CIA recruitment on cam-
"THE BRIGADE is the stu-
dent group of the Communist
Party USA," said Maura Greg-
ory, an RSB member. "We up-
hold what they stand for-revo-
lution in the United States by
the working class."
The reason for this, Gregory
explains is, "If production were
owned by those that did the pro-
ducing, we could wipe out pov-
erty and pollution" by termin-
ating the profit drive.
The activities of RSB in the
past year have included a bi-
centennial campaign under the
slogan, "We've carried the rich
for 200 years, let's get them off
our back." Along with working
against CIA recruitment on
campus, RSB also conducts
study groups on Marxism, Len-
inism and Mao.
A SECOND group with simi-
lar goals is the Spartacus Youth
League (SYL), which seeks to
sway students to the Trotskyite
program of the worker revolu-
"We recognize that students
are not a revolutionary social

h _/
-e1ll i .

group," said SYL m e m b e r
Crystal Colby. "We aim to link
students to the real social power
of the working class."
The SYL engages in activities
to fight tuition hikes, cutbacks
in minority programs and lay-
offs of campus workers, view-
ing them as attacks by the ad-
ministration on students and
IN RECENT years perhaps
the most prominent alternative
city political organization has
been the Human Rights Party,
recently renamed the Socialist
Human Rights Party (SHRP).
Working as an alternative to the
two-party system, the SHRP
successfully ran three candi-
dates for City Council over a
five year period. In addition,
the party was responsible for
sponsoring the city's now-fam-
ous $5 marijuana fine. At its
peak four years ago the SHRP
was a power to contend with in
city politics.
While the SHRP still exists,
its mass meetings, once attend-
ed by hundreds, now fail to
attract more than a dozen fol-
lowers, and its representation
on council has disappeared.
Food co-ops
(Continued from Page 2)
gion separate and transport
their region's ordered amount
back to a distribution point.
IF YOU'VE just got to sink
your pearly-whites into some
red meat, you might want to
check out Consumer's Beef and


r 5:00 p.m. Sundays &F
"n..., n . -.n.r

Holidays after 12:00 noon

[ ~ l~ the meeting Place I



I i I

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