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October 21, 1976 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-10-21

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mi iigau Daily
Eighty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Thursday, October 21, 1976

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Arms embargo should
have passed in U.N.
" "

WHEN BRITAIN, France and the
United States Tuesday vetoed in the
UN Security Council a resolution for
an arms embargo to South Africa,
they effectively made sure that re-
pression and bloody clashes would
continue to be a fact of life there.
The three countries concurred that a
ban on arms to South Africa could
upset Henry Kissinger's peace nego-
tiations with leaders there. Speaking
for the United States, William Scran-
ton said, "For the first time there
are prospects for results."
It is the results that we question.
It is obvious that shipping more
arms will not promote peace in a
country whose recipients will use
the arms to do as they like to the
people of the country.,
Editorial positions represent a
consensus of the Daily staff.

election occurs in two w
a likely unenthusiastic recept
ways, the American Electo
be increasingly and suggest
positioned largely through
imagery. It is not that we
comprehend issues, but that
to reward impressions (and
vite imagery). Then, too, m
will either not bother to vot
for McCarthy; thereby jus
viously voting for Ford or C
Carter has invoked a pope
- "the people" vs. "the big
special interests" - but mig
skewered on his studied vagu
the fear of the unknown. F
paigns on "peace, prospe
trust," all of which, but fort
have a hollow ring. Ford is,
else, trustworthy; but he mig
"trusted" to continue reacti
ordinated Presidential behavi
do not mean of the can't - w
chew - gum -at -the -same - ti
Where is leadership one mil
among a White House staff4
of more than enough Nixon h
And what of the issues? Ca
paigns on cutting the federa
cracy down from 1,900, agenc
(similar to what he "did"' in
with out emphasizing that h
not to cut down governmentt
ly rearrange it for increased
and responsiveness. In Ge
managed to get about half thl
cracy in a clumsy HumanI
Department-Medicaid beingA
example of its fruits. Then, to
adopted tax reform as a "go
but has yet to even make
proposal (which would, un
defuse that "goodness"). It
a year, he says. He alsof
cutting 5 to 7 billion dollars
Defense budget without stating
level. But then Carter has s
Presidency since 1966 andI
hate to lose now that he's so
Doug Tivmns is a student in
versity's MBA program.

sensed from the beginning that Amer
residential cans would vote above all else f
veeks with someone decent that could restore di
ion. As al- nity to our brand of nationalism. Wh
orate will cares about issues anyway? The smil
ively pro- the presence, that's the thing.
television Ford sits with his practical callou
can not ness - content with the impressi
we tend that in the long run the economy wi
hence in- advance itself and unemployment w
any of us fall. Someone tell him that we do n
e or vote live in the long run. He managedt
t as ob- all but destroy his fragile popularit
arter. at the outset with the Nixon pardo
ulist pitch He has finessed the question of his i
shots and volvement with the Patman Committ
ht well be and the availability of White Hou
eness and tapes of Nixon-Ford talks which migh
ord cam- free him. He has also satisfied himse
rity, and with his ill-favored overture to Vietna
the latter, objectors; has generally failed to fas
above all 'ion a coordinated energy policy; twit
ht also be has vetoed environmentally dispose
ve, unco- strip - mining bills; has appeared ev
for (and I more the puppet of Kissinger's foreig
alk - and- policy; and has taken with apparen
me type). duplicity a state's rights stance t
ght ask- ward abortion. Ford does know h
composed figures, however, having served man
holdovers? years on the House defense appropria
irter cam-tions committee; a concentratio
al bureau- which is not apt to produce very imag
ies to 200 inative domestic programs within th
Georgia) next four years.
he means But I do not want to belittle bot
but mere- candidates. Each has another . sid
efficiency Carter senses, perhaps rightly, th
'orgia he Americans are not as unhappy wit
e bureau- funding government as they are wit
Resources the product itself. Reorganization i
the worst it seems, warranted. He is likely 1
oo, he has start immediately with a new Depar
od issue," ment of Energy. Employment, too,'i
one solid likely to see more attention; not witl
doubtedly, full blown spending (ala the Humphrey
will take Hawkins bill) but with "rifle shots
advocates targeted at women, -,teenagers, an
from the minorities - or pockets of unemploy
g his base ment - along with subsidies to bus
ought the ness to hire the hardcore. He hope
he would to cut unemployment to 4.5 per cen
close. He by 1980 while balancing the budge
then and cutting inflation to 4 per cen
ithe Uni- (the latter also Ford's target). We ar
also likely to see: increased consume

.00 1
r- advocacy from him; amore of a moral
or tone to foreign policy along with troop
g- withdrawals from South Korea; more
ho concern with environmental protection;
e, rehabilitation and prison reform; a
push toward national health insurance;
s- more aid to the cities with counter-
on cyclical revenue sharing; perhaps
ill handgun registration; even tax reform
ill to an extent; but all at a higher cost
ot along with some antitrust and zero
to based budgeting nonsense. Carter
ty should prove to be a private individual,,
,n somewhat like Nixon, but with a strong
n- moral stance and inner conviction. The
ee influx of new people, if only for the
se media, might, as he, promises, wash
ht out a part of tired, old Washington.
m ON THE OTHER HAND, Ford, who
h- is gaining in economic understanding
ce after an embarrassing WIN program
ed at the outset, will likely see unemploy-
er ment, in fact, if not slowly, fall to 6
7n per cent in 1977. He has succeeded well
nt enough given an inherited situation in
o- this sphere, although it is doubtful that
is he deserves the complete credit. Ford
y will continue a largely "hands off" ap-
a- proach, hoping the market will respond
n to its curative process. What he lacks
g- in vision, he makes up for in sheer
he doggedness on issues as they arise. He
is likely to stress vocational education
th programs, aiming grants at the non-
college bound; 'attempt to scrap Medic-
ea aid and combine federal health meas-
S tires in block grants to states -- con-
th tinuing, he hopes, a return to more de-
centralized power; continue detente,
s, this time without inequity; guard fiscal
to integrity through more vetoes; push a
cs atastrophic illness program at much
less cost than national health insur-
h ance; favor rent subsidies to low in-
y- come groups rather than directly sub-
3 sidizing housing as Carter might do;
id encourage sustained growth in defense
- spending; perhaps end taxation of cor-
'-porate dividends; and seek more vig-
s orous control, if not therestriction, of
it busing. All in all, a slow, dust-our-
nt selves-off, gradual approach to govern-
e ing, but one that is unlikely to pro-
er duce any large mistakes. Ford is





Scr anton


Editorial Staff
Rob Meachum ...........

Bill Turque

Jeff Ristine .................... Managing Editor
Tim Schick .................. Executive Editor
Stephen Hersh ..... . Magazine Editor
Rob Meachum .............. Editorial Director
Lois Josimovich .ds.. Arts Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Susan Barry,
Dana Baumann, Michael Beckman, Philip Bo-
kovoy, Jodi Dimick, Chris Dyhdale, Elaine
Fletcher, Larry Friske, Debr Gale, Tom Go-
dell, Eric Gressman, Kurt Harju, Char Heeg,
James Hynes, Michael Jones, Lani Jordan,
Lois Josimovich, Joanne Kaufman, David
Keeps, Steve Kursman, Jay Levin, Ann Marie
Lipinski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lubens, Stu
CcConnell, Jennifer Miller, Michael Norton,
Jon Panslus, Ken Parsigian, Karen PA ',
Stephen Pickover, Christopher Potter, I on
Rose, Lucy Saunders, Annemarie Schiavi, Kar-
en Schulkins, Jeffrey Selbet, Jim Shahin, Rick
'Soble, Tom' Stevens, Jim Stimson, David
Strauss, Mike Taylor, Jim Tobin, Lora Walker,
Laurie Young, Barbara Zahs.
Photography Staff
Pauline Lubens .......:..... Chief Photographer
Brad Benjamin ............ Staff Photographer
Alan Bilinsky ............. Staff Photographer
Scott Eccker ............. Staff Photographer
Andy Freeberg .............Staff Photographer
Christina Schneider ..... ...Staff Photographer
Business Staff
Beth Friedman ........... Business Manager
Deborah Dreyfuss .......... Operations Manager
Kathleen Mulihern .. Assistant Adv. Coordinator
David Harlan................Finance Manager
Don Simpson ................. Sales Manager'
Pete Peterson ..........Advertising Coordinator
Cassle St. Clair .......... Circulation Manager
Beth Stratiord . Circulation Director
Sports Staff
Bill Stldg ........ ;........... ...Sports Editor
Rich Lerner...........Executive Sports Editor
Andy Glazer ...........Managing Sports Editor
Rick Bonino ..... .. ...Associate Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Tom Cameron; Enid Goldman,
Kathy Henneghan, Scott Lewis, Rick Maddock,
Bob Miller, John Niemeyer, Mark Whitney.
STAFF WiTERS: Leslie Brown, Paul Campbell.
Marybeth Dillon, Ernie Dunbar, Henry Engel-
hardt, Jeff Frank, Cindy Gatziolls, Don Mac-
Lachlan. Rich Ovshinsky, Jim Powers, Pat Rode,
Jonn Schwartz.'

We are aware that the United
States has something of a vested
interest in mineral-rich (chromium
for example) South Africa. This may
explain why our country vetoed the
arms embargo. Why Britain and
France joined in is anyone's guess.
It only takes one vote to veto a reso-
lution in the Security Council.
It is possible that these two other
countries also have vested interests
in South Africa, paricularly Britain
with its South African Prime Minis-
ter John Vorster. But that is as de-
bateable as exactly why the U. S.
voted to veto.
Central in the situation is the fact
that to send arms to a country to pro-
mote peace is not just warped logic,
it is symbolic of behind-the-scenes
chicanery. That such wheeling and
dealing exists is no obscure fact.
Kissinger is an experienced and
brilliant political manipulator. He
isn't in South Africa because of his
conscience; he's there because of
overriding interests.
Henry Kissinger and other Ameri-
can and world leaders owe it to us
and themselves to come clean on
South African politicking.
That arms embargo should have


also likely to continue his easygoing
but probably nondescript way.
So we have Carter and Ford. Plains,
Georgia and Grand Rapids, Michigan.
The Challenger vs. the Incumbent.
Through the looking glass? Vote.



News: Jeff Ristine,
Lani Jordan, Liz

Ken Parsigian,
Kaplan, Martha

Editorial Page: Rob Meachum, Tom
Stevens; Steve Kursman, Mark
Arts Page: Lois .Josimovich
Photo Technician: Pauline Lubens

QUESTION: I get sore throats
a lot. When is it serious? What
can I do about it?
ANSWER: One of our eminent
sore throat experts at Health
Service, Dr. Paul Wolfish, of-
fers these wise words:
The vast majority of sore
throats are probably caused by
viruses, and at present we have
no means of "curing" viral in-
fections. Usually, a sore throat
is only one of a constellation
of symptoms produced by the
virus, such as running nose,
congestion, watery or itching
eyes, ear pressure, sneezing,
coughing, fever and generalized
aches. These symptoms can
last from a few days to sev-
eral weeks and are almost al-
ways self-limited. Nevertheless,
the sore throat can 'be the pre-
dominant complaint or even
the only one. A combination of
the symptoms enumerated above
often appears in a condition
called, in highly technical term-
inology, the "common cold." Al-
though there is no "cure" for
it, there are treatments avail-
able to alleviate the symptom$
and help the patient feel bet-
ter while his own body defenses
work to fight the illness in their
own way. Consistentiwith out
philosophy that a patient should
participate more actively in his/
her own health care, Health Ser-
vice now has available a self-
care cold clinic for the primary
purpose of instructing people on
the care and feeding of their
cold. You will become part of
this clinic if you come in for
evaluation of any of the symp-
toms mentioned above, after it
is determined that there is noth-
ing more serious in your condi-
A particular virus, the E-B
virus, is responsible for the dis-
ease known as Infectious Mono-
nucleosis which is often associ-
ated with a severe sore throat.
Once again, except for the rar-
est cases, treatment consists of
alleviating symptoms plus
s t r o n g recommendations for
specific ways of caring for your
On occasion, a more serious
+1 ntin -innran - - it hic

a variety of protective mechan-
isms for dealing with bacterial
infection, antibody production
being one of them. Although
antibodies are usually bene-
ficial, the ones produced against
this specific beta variety of
strep also behave, for some in-
explicable reason, antagonisti-
cally to certain of one's own
body tissues such as the heart
and joints. One of the diseases
resulting from such action is
rheumatic fever which afflicts
many organs including the
heart and joints. It has also
been found that a certain va-
riety of kidney disease appears
to be related to the antibodies
formed against strep infection.
Thus, the important objective
in treating a strep throat as
quickly as possible is to pre-
vent the body from mounting
its normally protective immune
response to the beta streptococ-
ci. This is accomplished by pre-
scribing antibiotics to kill the
bacteria. Since one cannot dis-
tinguish between bacterial and
viral infections from their ap-
pearance, we consider throat
cultures essential in determin-
ing the cause of the sore throat.
Then, if the offending strep va-
rietv is found, antibiotic treat-
ment is administered.
QUESTION: I am consider-
ing having myself circumcised?
What are thebenefits and the
risks? Also where can. I go to
have it done and how much
-would it cost?
ANSWER: We have referred
your question to Dr. Robert E.
Anderson, the Director of our
Health Service and specialist
in urology. He. has noted the
The subject of circumcision
has long been one of controver-
sy. Without question it is recog-
nized that circumcision aids in
hygiene of the male genital
area. There is also fairly con-
vincing evidence that cancer of
the penis, while a rare entity,
occurs less in circumcized
males. It is also possible that
cancer of the cervix occurs less
frequently in wives of circum-
cised husbands. There is, how-
ever, strong controversy as to
whether this protective benefit
occurs in persons circumoised
oa infancv Aln ,irccnision

of the penis and cervix are not
recorded in these countries.
There has also been recent con-
cern about the decision for cir-
cumcision, being vested in the
parents rather than the male
In the Fall of 1975, the Amer-
ican Academy of Pediatrics pub-
lished a statement that routine
circumcision was not essential
of good personal hygiene were
used. It recommended a pro-

gram of education leading to
continuing good personal hy-
giene to offer all the advantages
of routine circumcision without
the attendant surgical risk.
Complications from surgery in
performing circumcision are un-
common but do occur.
While routine circumcision
can be done as an out-patient
procedure, it is usually done
in the hospital. The convales-
cent period is only a few days.

Kissinger's road show' is
assailed by student group

The most of the3 procedure may
range from seventy five dollars
as an out-patient procedure un-
der local anesthesia, to three
hundred dollars as a hospital
in-patient procedure under gen-
eral anesthesia. It is desirable
for uncircumcised persons who
have questions regarding this
procedure to be examined by
a physician and to discuss the
pros and cons of circumcision
on an individual basis.

kISSINGER'S latest "shuttle" in Africa
and his promise to end white minor-
ity rule in two years is hardly an act of
conscience. His travelling road show is'
working double time to keep millions of
Africans slaving for the profits of U.S. and
British bankers and corporation owners.
The system of white minority rule in
both Azania (South Africa) and Zimbabwe
(Rhodesia) has been taking a beating from
the' African people as they continue to
build their fight. In Zimbabwe, after a
six-year war of liberation, the liberation
fighters have opened up a fourth front,
spreading government troops thinner than
they are now. The only two rail lines link-
ing Rhodesia to its supply of arms in South
Africa have been cut seven times in the
last four months. The liberation forces
have gained more territory, more support
among the people and many new fighters
in recent months.
Meanwhile, just to the south, in South
Africa, student demonstrations which start-
ed in June have spread like wildfire. In
mid-September,hundreds of thousands of
workers in major cities, including Johan-
nesburg and Cape Town, held a massive
strike, calling for an end to the system
of white minority rule. Even the most
repressive actions of the government have
not only failed to stop these rebellions but
have showed 'more clearly why the fight
must be carried on. This !was shown dur-
ing the Kissinger negotiations when thou-
sands faced gas and bullets to march,
chanting and carrying signs proclaiming:
"Kissinger is a Murderer" and "Kissinger,
Go Home."
Kissinger is no travelling' country
preacher. He was sent to Africa by the

raw materials - especially chrome, which
is in plentiful supply there and much in
demand, throughout the world. Also, Kis-
singer is anxious to prevent the Soviets,
the U.S.'s chief rival, from getting a.foot-
hold there.
Kissinger's plan for peaceful transition
to majority rule calls for setting up a
state council. The council would have three
black and three white voting members and
a non-voting white chairman. With deci-
sions being made with two-thirds majori-
ty vote, the Smith regime could block
anything. The plan also leaves the Smith
regime in control of the army and po-
But all this nice talk about majority
rule in two years has not hidden the real
interests of the U.S. from the African
people. When the plan was turned down by
the heads of several African countries, the
people erupted in wild celebration in the
streets. The fighters of Zimbabwe are
clear that it is their struggle which has
gotten them this far and it is their strug-
gle that will bring down Smith. They are
determined to continue fighting until their
country is liberated, and it is this strug-
gle, not negotiations, that will put white
minority rule on the scrap heap and lib-
erate the people of southern Africa.
Here, in this country, there is a lot
we can do. One important thing we should
do is expose the Kissinger plan and mo-
bilize public opinion against it. Another
is to organize against University complici-
ty with apartheid. Thessame University
of Michigan which raises our tuition and
downgrades our education, also owns some
$40 million worth of stocks and bonds
invested in corporations doing business
with apartheid. As the Tanzanian ambas-
sador pointed out, in his recent visit here,
the prosperity of the colonial settler re-

f ; , .+ 1 0 , i '/ i 1 }:f .i.t 111/1 1 l . l '" ' / ' G\ y 5,f 1" 1 J .m

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