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December 04, 1977 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1977-12-04

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Page 4-Sunday, December 4, 1977-The Michigan Daily

LOOKING BACK

THE WEEK IN REVIEW

nursing program tensions
TENSION IN THE graduate psy-
chiatric nursing program, which
some observers have labeled "racial,"
continues as faculty and students in the
department wait for a ruling from Nur-
sing School Dean Mary Lohr on dis-
putes between staff members in the
program.
Although Lohr had announced, after
the appearance in the press of reports
that faculty resignationsrwere occuring
because of tension eminating from act-
ing department chairwoman Betty
Davis, that she would attempt to re-
solve the situation Thursday, her deci-
sion was postponed. Lohr said only that
the concerns were being addressed at
this time.
The controversy primarily involves
Davis, who is black, and four of the
school's professors, all of whom are
white. The four professors involved
have all asked to be relieved of their
teaching duties.

None of the Daily's sources have been
specific about how the tension has
manifested itself, but according to one
student in the program, Assistant Nurs-
ing Dean Barbara Hansen spokes twice
to second-year students about the dis-
putes between the 'faculty members.
"(Hansen) said that there are many is-
sues, and that one very important ele-
ment to resolve the whole conflict
seems to be along racial lines."
Rackham Graduate School Dean Al-
fred Sussman confirmed the problem,
saying: "Allegations of that kind
(racial) have been leveled. There are
two sides to thematter - it has to do
with administrative style."
The only person who has addressed
Davis' administrative style has been a
former colleague of hers. EMU Direc-
tor of Nursing Education Gudrun Burtz
said while Davis was-employed by that
Nursing School before leaving for Ann
Arbor she was also a controversial
figure. "She was black, she had her
Ph.D., and she thought she would do no

wrong. She wanted to take over and 1
said 'no'."
Davis has refused comment.
Elect ons., rejections
and inflections
on S. Africa
A S EXPECTED, South African
Prime Minister John Vorster won
a huge reelection mandate earlier this
week. Voters showed a strong prefer-
ence for the hard-line racial policies of
Vorster by giving his National Party
more than 120 seats in the 165-seat Par-
liament.
In recent weeks, Vorster has staged
an all-out war on black rights, most
notably in October, when he outlawed
all pro-black organizations, and jailed
several moderate black and white lead-
ers. Liberals voiced hopes that this was
all a ploy by Vorster to win the election,
and that after a large victory, he would
then have the power to begin negotiat-
ing for more black input into govern-

ment. But two events that followed the
election have dashed those hopes:
Vorster announced Thursday that his
policies toward blacks would not
change, and that he did not foresee a
role for blacks in government in the
near future.
A South African court ruled that
black leader Stephen Biko - who died
in a South African prison cell in.,Sep-
tember from severe head injuries -
was not murdered by police, as many
had claimed. Biko's death sparked a
world-wide protest, when officials
claimed he had died from a hunger
strike. An autopsy later showed it was
the head injuries that were to blame.
The government chalked the death up
to suicide, but local and international
pressure (including the U.N.) forced an
inquiry into possible police abuse of
Biko.
In addition, Vorster exploited the
power of his huge mandate by jailing
Biko's brother, and several friends
shortly after the trial.

Meanwhile, half a world away, mem-
bers of Ann Arbor's Revolutionary
Communist Youth Brigade (RCYB)
picketed the offices of the National
Bank and Trust Company of Ann Arbor
and Merrill Lynch for selling the Krug-
errand - a gold coin minted by the
South African government.
The demonstrators claimed the Vor-
ster regime could not survive without
the profits it made by the sale of the
Krugerrand, and demanded that the
two companies stop selling the coin: Of-
ficials for, the bank and Merrill Lynch
listened to the demands, but refused to
halt the coin's sale.
Library of Science
M SA always seems to be enmeshed
in one earth-shaking crisis or an-
other, and last week was no exception.
The big question? Who was to represent
the School of Library Science (SLS).
Thursday, SLS Student Government
President Roger Tachuk appointed per-
sistent MSA candidate Thomas Danko

as the school's representative. There
was just one problem - Danko isn't in
the School of Library Science.
According to MSA's constitution,
"The Assembly shall have one voting
representative from each school or
college." But what is the meaning of the
word 'from'? Danko, who lost a bid for
an at-large MSA seat in last month's
election, contends that "from each
school" does not necessarily implyIN
that school. He further asserts that this
makes his appointment proper. MSA of-
ficials aren't too happy about the mat-
ter, but have agreed to let the appoint-
ment stand since the constitution is
vague.
We really don't know if someone who
represents a particular school should
be a member of that school or not. But
don't you think he ought to at least know
the name of the school he represents?
Apparently Danko doesn't think so, sin-
ce in a letter to the Daily this week, he
called it the "Library of Science"
school four times.

Atpw £ibii n kziI
Eighty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109*
Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 72
News Phone: 764-0552
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
To choose on sterilization

Letters to

The Daily

FEWER WOMEN will be coerced
into being sterilized with the strict
new standards issued by the Depart-
ment of Health, Education and Welfare
(HEW) last week.
The new regulations proposed by
HEW Secretary Joseph Califano
Thursday redress a long-absent con-
cern for women - especially poor
women - who are often persuaded to
undergo sterilization by doctors, social
workers and other counselors not al-
ways having the most honorable mo-
tives in mind. The regulations affect
all sterilizations paid for by federal
funding.
The new rules-require that the
patient sign a consentform, written in
their native tongue, which acknowl-
edges "the irreversible consequences"
of sterilization. The physician must in-
dicate in writing that they have in-
formed the patient of such consequen-
ces, as well as of the fact that welfare
funds and other benefits will not be lost
should the patient decide against
sterilization. A month-long waiting
period has replaced the previous 3-day
period required between the signing of
the forms and the time of surgery. The
guidelines also prohibit federal fun-
ding for sterilization of those under 21
years of age; they prohibit funding for

hysterectomies performed solely for
contraception; and they establish new
procedures to prevent those in prison
or mental institutions from being
sterilized without any say over the
matter.
In the past, Califano admitted,
HEW was not "nearly meticulous
enough" in preventing women from
being used as pawns in the federal fun-
ding maze.
Hundreds, perhaps thousands of
women have undergone sterilization
operations on the advice of their clinic
physicians, not aware that the opera-
tion was being performed simply to
qualify for additional HEW funds. In
many cases, uneducated women who
normally wouldn't have considered
sterilization, were-not* even told what
was being done to them.
Assuring that the patient is in-
formed and aware of what is hap-
pening to them, and providing a mod-
erately long waiting period for serious
reflection and consultation by the
patient, are effective ways to prevent
funding of ill-natured sterilizations.
The legitimacy of all federally-funded
sterilizations should have been unques-
tioningly provided for from their very
inception.

gay infringements
To The Daily:
Let no one be fooled by Craig
Wilder's letter of November 22.
In ordinances like Dade Coun-
ty's, homosexuals seek not a
shield but a sword, a sword with
which they mean to deprive you
of your freedom to choose
whether or not you (and your
children) will associate with
them, not to secure that right for
you.
In her Dade County campaign,
Anita Bryant did not ask her elec-
ted officials to pass laws which
would prevent landlords from
choosing to rent to homosexuals
or which would prevent em-
ployers from choosing to hire
homosexuals or which would
prevent parents from choosing to
entrust the education of their
young children to homosexuals.
She merely demanded the repeal
of an ordinance which severely
restricted the freedom of (1) lan-
dlords to choose not to invite
homosexuals into the neigh-
borhood, (2) of employers to
choose not to foist homosexuals
on the rest of their employees,
and (3) of patents to choose not to
entrust the education of their
young children to homosexuals.
You think these ordinances
may not be so bad in practice?
Think again. In Minneapolis, the
Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission, pursuant to such an
ordinance, forbade the Big
Brothers charitable organization
from so much as informing the
mothers of "little brothers" that
their prospective "big brother"
was a homosexual activist.
EEOC also ordered Big Brothers
to advertise for volunteers in gay
publications and to send its per-
sonnel to Gay House, Inc. for
seminar instructions on

homosexuality. (Editorial, Wall
Street Journal, 16 March 1977).
This should not alarm the
"straight" community? This is
"freedom of choice"? Balder-
dash.
I am willing, Mr. Wilder, to let
the individual-unfettered by
statute-decide whether to ac-
cept the advice and counsel of
Moses and Paul or of "modern"
psychology and "modern"
theology (though both seem to
have flourished in Sodom and
Gommorah). You are not.
But I am not willing to stand
mute while a thoroughly phony
civil rights argument is trumped
up by homosexuals, parrotted
mindlessly by a fashion-worship-
ping, intellectually-shallow
national media, and used to
depive me (and my children) of
our right to avoid those who
flaunt disgusting and perverted
sexual behavior. Sex perverts are
not racial or religious minorities.
The county has no interest what-
ever in preserving this sort of
"diversity" at the expense of my
freedom.
And for Mr. Arroyo and others
who may find insisting on such a
right unChristian, let -me say
this: sometimes the greatest act
of love is refusal to deceive the
beloved with respect to the
nature and natural consequences
of sinful behavior. I believe that
Paul understood Christ's
message better than the false
teachers (I Timothy 1 : 3-10;
Timothy 4:2-4) you are listening
to. He (and his Divine Master) do
indeed love homosexuals too
much to deceive them: too much
to pretend that homosexuality is
a mere foible to be overlooked
without comment. It is a major
perversion (Leviticus 18:22;
20:13; Romans 1:18, 26-28, 32). It
renders one totally unfit for the

presence of God (I Corinthians
6:9-10). And if shamelessly flaun-
ted by supposed Christian
brethren, it renders them unfit
for the company of those who
would truly serve the Lord (I
Corinthians 5:9-13; Timothy 3:1-
7). Undistorted human nature
shrinks from this perversion, and
all nature bears witness that it is
perversion.
As I hope that other sexual per-
verts (prostitutes, exhibitionist-
s, and sado-masochists) will
discover the odious nature of
what they are doing and repent,
so I hope homosexuals can be
brought to see the grotesque
horror in what they are doing.
(And I am certain that if Mr.
Wilder looks hard enough, he will
find remarkable prostitutes,
exhibitionists, sado-masochists,
and even rapists and murderers
in history.) Christ-and all who
serve Him-stand ever ready to
welcome back the sincerely
repentant and to work and
struggle with those who are sin-
cerely trying to repent.
That, incidentally, is precisely
what Anita Bryant was doing
when homosexuals plastered her
with a pie in the face a few weeks
ago. She was helping to open a
center which helps homosexuals
who have found Christ and who
now realize that they must set
straight their perverted, anti-
Christian sexual behavior.
I admire Anita. I admire what
she is, what she has done, and
what she is doing. I will not be
shouted, shamed, laughed,
jeered, or cajoled into silence. I
believe with all my heart that
there really is a silent majority
out there which agrees with us
and needs-to assert itself
decisively-only some intellec-
tual ammunition and some
leadership willing to face down
the sophistries perpetrated by
Arroyo, Wilder, et al. If I can
provide any part of that am-
munition or leadership, I intend
to do so, whatever the personal
consequences.
-Gregory S. Hill
governor 's race
To The Daily:
This writer was dismayed
when he learned of State Senator
Pat McCollough's intention to run
for Governor in1977.
It should be noted for the
record that he sponsored and had
enacted legislation which will re-
sult in the probably elimination of
all minority parties, the longes-
tablished SocialisteLabor Party
included, from the Michigan
ballot in 1978.
Until last year, minority par-
ties had to circulate petitions to
obtain a relatively large number
of signatures to get on the ballot,
a most arduous task at any time.
If the signatures were approved
at Lansing, then the minority
party was allowed to nominate
candidates and participate in the
General Election in November.
Withthe enactment of McCol-
lough's legislation, minority par-
ties not only have to gather signa-
tures, but they have to pass still
another hurdle. They have to par-
ticipate in a primary election
run-off in which sometimes only
25% of the electorate even care to
vote. If the minority party candi-

smoker's breath
To The Daily:
The last issue of the Daily be-
fore Thanksgiving carried an ar-
ticle in which the U-M Health Ser-
vice discusses common causes of
bad breath. Thank you; brushing
the tongue is a good idea.
Perhaps for reasons of deli-
cacy, the article is silent on the
most frequent cause of offensive
exhalation: a tar-coated mucous
lining is like a dirty ashtray in
muggy weather. Unfortunately,
most smokers prefer not to be-
lieve this. But while the individu-
al smoker may possess ad-
mirable social, moral, or intellec-
tual qualities, he seldom smells
good.
--George Piranian
r
student union
To The Daily: %
It is about time that the Regen-
ts are doing something about the
Michigan Union. Although they
have only set up a committee to
investigate the different ways
that the Union could be improved
for the students, it is atleast a
step in the right direction.
It is a shame that students do
not have a place to congregate. I
was recently at the University of
Iowa and was impressed by their
student union. That union had a
cafeteria that was open until
midnight, had a student lounge
with a huge television screen, had
a pinball room, had bridge, chess
and music rooms, had its own
"university cellar", had a
bowling alley with real alleys and
had conference rooms available
to the students. This is quite a dif-
ference from the student
facilities which are offered at the
Michigan Union.
The Michigan Union provides
other services to more than just
the students, which is good. But, I
feel that student facilities should
be increased. I hope that the 2
Regents will implement a
change. The students desire to
have a place that they cancall
their very own.
-Brian Tanenbaum
9F
undgehen blau!
To The Daily:
We are a bunch of four jolly
German alumnae of the U of M.
We just watched the big game on
screen, smuggled in by a com-
pany named AFN. Watching OSU
we became sick, but watching U
of M we became homesick.
It is a pleasure to report to you
the remarks of the AFN reported
on Woody (Purple) Hayes. Ad-
dressing Hayes, he said (more or
less literally):
"Well, Woody, you have an ad-
vantage over the Wolveripes. Af-
ter hitting the cameraman you
can relax and recuperate over
the holidays, because Bo is going
to the Rose Bowl-but you are
not!"
Since we are going to cross our
fingers until the Rose Bowl, we
have to stop writing.
Hals-und Beinbrach und
Gehen Blau!
-Christoph Hankel,
Heidelberg,

CARTER'S NEW ENERGY POLICY
The untold risks of coal usage

By STEVEN SCHNEIDER
President Carter's proposal to switch
to coal as a principal source of electric
power may lead to serious health prob-
lems, experts warn.
The President's plan to have coal re-
place natural gas and oil in power plan-
ts and industries has received the unan-
imous support of House and Senate con-
ferees.
THE COMPROMISE bill Congress
will now consider would prohibit new
plants from using oil or natural gas,
give the federal government power to
force existing plants to shift to coal, and
would outlaw most use of natural gas by
utilities after 1990.
Utilities serving large cities with
grave air pollution problems, like New
York and Los Angeles, will probably be
allowed to continue to use oil and
natural gas, but most others would be
required to switch to coal.
Critics fear that burning coal without
strict environmental safeguards could
lead to rising death rates among urban
dwellers.
Emissions from coal-burning plants,
health experts say, are among the
causes of bronchitis, emphysema, lung
cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
Dr. Bertram Carnow, director of en-
vironmental medicine at the University
of Illinois School of Public Health,
foresees a rise in "illness, disability
and death among urban dwellers, par-
ticularly those with heart and lung dis-

Vw..

phur compounds "could lead to death."
ALTHOUGH CONGRESS passed leg-
islation this summer that would require
coal-burning utilities to install "scrub-
bers" by 1983, these sulphur-cleansing
devices would not cut down on the total
amount of harmful sulphur emissions in
the atmosphere, if the Carter coal plan
is enacted.
Government energy officials esti-

mate that a 69 per cent increase in coal
use would result in a 5.2 per cent in-
crease in sulphur dioxide emissions by
1985, even with the scrubbers installed.
In addition, the scrubbers do not
capture oxides of nitrogen or other fine
particles released when coal is burned.
If coal usage increases, the levels of
these pollutants in the atmosphere will
rise too, some by as much as 18 per

Oil firms invest heavily in coal
President Carter found the oil companies turning from opponents into
allies when Congress moved from deliberation of Administration-proposed
natural gas price controls to increased use of coal.
The call to switch from costly imported oil and natural gas to cheap and
abundant domestic coal supplies had strong support from the oil companies
- for an obvious reason.. They own about one-third of the nation's proven
coal reserves.
THE OIL COMPANIES began their acquisitions of coal reserves in the
1960s when the demand for coal was low and reserves could be bought cheap-
ly.
4,n 1963, Gulf Oil bought Pittsburg and Midway Coal, and two years later,
Continental Oil purchased Consolidated Coal - the nation's largest coal
producer.
That same year, Exxon began leasing extensive coat reserves. Exxon's
reserves are now estimated at nine billion tons - 15 times the total amount
of coal produced in the U.S. last year.
In 1968, OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM acquired Island Creek, a major
enai nflnrne a ind anr,.oA f s in h v htw n cmnl l nnn-. m 1

cent.
The compulsory use of scrubbers
recently received a setback, however,
when a federal judge in Indiana ruled
that the Environmental Protection
Agency could not force a power com-
pany to install the anti-pollution devices
in two coal-fired generating stations.
Some scientists, such as biologist
Thomas Hayes of the Lawrence Berke-
ley Laboratory, a principal center of
government-funded anti-pollution re-
search, believe the dangers of coal use
may be exaggerated. "We're making
significant progress," Hayes says.
"The problems are real but not insur-
mountable because with coal we at
least know what we are dealing with.
It's not like nuclear power where the
problems are relatively new.''
There are, as Hayes points out, a
number of coal processes - including
one now in use in Britain - that either
chemically capture or "wash off" the
coal's sulphur and other toxic proper-
ties before combustion. Other
promising technologies which minimize
pollution problems are coal gasification
and liquification. But while these pro-
cesses are now being developed, all are
costly and none is commercially avail-
able today..
Nonetheless, the energy crunch has
generated substantial political support
for the switch to coal. Among those in
favor are the oil companies, which own

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