The Michigan Daily-Sunday, September 11, 1977-Page5
ROSEMONT, Ill [AP] - A biolo-.
gist claimed yesterday to have cured
breast cancer in mice by using the
controversial substance Laetrile
along with nutritional compounds.
The claim was made by Harold
Manner, who heads the biology
department at Loyola University in
MANNER presented a paper about
his research at a meeting of the
National Health Federation, which
describes itself as the nation's "larg-
est, organized, noncommercial con-
Manner has been criticized by
officials of the American Cancer
Society because he has not presented
his research at meetings of scientists
where it might be evaluated, or
published his results in scientific
Scientific authorities have said
that Laetrile is ineffective in treat-
ment of cancer and experiments at
the National Cancer Institute and
Sloan-Kettering Institute have found
it ineffective. The Food and Drug
Administration has banned inter-
state shipment of the substance, al-
though many Americans have gone
to Mexico or other foreign countries
to obtain treatment or have obtained
it illegally in the United States.
DESPITE THE FDA ban on the
substance, a number of judges have
approved requests from individual
cancer patients that they be allowed
to use Laetrile.n
And in Oklahoma City, U.S. Dis-
trict Judge Luther Bohanon has ruled
that any terminally ill cancer patient
in the United States can import
Laetrile for his own use as long as he
has an affidavit from his doctor
attesting to his condition. The judge
has issued an injunction against the
FDA and customs officials from
interfering with importation under
Laetrile is the name given to
amygdalin, which is derived from
apricot and peach pits. lima beans
and certain other sources.
MANNER said he and his graduate
assistants used 105 mice which had
developed spontaneous breast can-
cer. Twenty-one were given no treat-
ment. The rest were treated with a
combination of Laetrile, Vitamin A
He reported that in all of the 21
non-treated mice, the tumor contin-
ued to grow. In the treated group, the
pancer disappeared completely in 75
and partially in nine.
However, he said during question-
ing at a news.conference that he did
not check the animals for evidence of
the spread of cancer to other organs
nor did he do microscopic cell
studies. The evidence, he said, was
only that the tumor could no longer
be seen or felt.
MANNER said he made no claims
for Laetrile therapy programs in
regard to other types of cancer, nor
would he say his regimen might be
suitable for treatment of human
And he said: "I am violently
opposed to self-diagnosis and self-
treatment. There is a lot of trouble in
the Laetrile issue.just because of that
"A person would be foolish to try
and diagnose and treat himself."
Manner added, "I don't think Lae-
trile is the total answer."
NEW YORK (AP) - Henry Wink-
ler, better known as television's
"Fonzie," will star in the Paramount
Pictures-First Artists comedy about
a wild and zany young man who
leaves college to pursue his dream of
stardom. The film, as yet untitled,
will be produced by Steve Gordon
from his original screenplay, and
directed by Carl Reiner.
Subs cr1 ption
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Auditorium B, Angell Hall
information on course planning and Medical
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Study: Parent no longer have
control over kids' upbringing
NEW YORK (AP) - Parents have
been "dethroned" and no longer control
their children's development, a Carne-
gie Corp. research team concluded af-
ter a five-year study of the way children
grow up in America.
The Carnegie Council on Children, in
a report released yesterday, urged
sweeping changes in domestic policy to
put parents back in control, including a
full employment economy and a credit
income tax system to redistribute per-
"MOST AMERICAN parents are
competing on unequal terms with insti
tutions on which they must depend or
which have taken over their traditional
functions," the study says.
"We have been using a faulty lens for
looking At children," said Dr. Kenneth
Keniston, a psychologist who headed
the study. "What . ' thavewbeen trying
to do with our progi s for children is,
to patch up individuals who are dam-
aged, without doing anything about the
forces that are damaging them."
The study, "All Our Children: The
American Family Under Pressure,"
recommends returning control to par-
ents by asuring them influence, em-
ployment and a minimum income of
about $7,800 a year.
"The goal is to make it possible for
parents to make the choices," Keniston
said in an interview yesterday. "Public
policy should be neutral. It shouldn't,
for instance, encourage a mother to
work. But it should make it possible for
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A GROUP FROM the council will
meet with Secretary of Health,
Education and Welfare Joseph
Califano, White House staff, and a
group of House members in two weeks
to discuss their findings, he said.
The study recommends reduction of
unemployment for heads of households
to no more than 1 per cent; more vig-
orous action to protect minorities
against employment discrimination;
flexible working schedules and expan-
ded pregnancy leave.
A key recommendation is a guaran-
teed minimum income to all families
with children, Keniston said. The goal
is that no four-member family would
have an income of less than about $7,800
THE CARNEGIE GROUP urged a
system of direct income supports to
supplement low wages and to give
single parents the option of caring for
their young children full time if they
As an example, they proposed a
credit income tax to redistribute in-
come from those in the upper quarter of
the income brackets to those near the
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Keniston concedes the report
recommends "sweeping changes in
both policy and attitudes," that "won't
be easy to come by, or cheap."
But, he said, "We have to start
thinking differently. We are proposing
radical changes for a conservative
reason - it's time to pay more than lip
service to the notion that the family is
the building block of our society."
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