Page 2-Wednesday, March 22, 1978-The Michigan Daily
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Positions held; cease fire begins
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(Continued from Page 1)
where Israeli troops declared a cease-
fire after a final artillery barrage on a
BUT THE Palestine Liberation
Organization (PLO) said Israel's
unilateral decision to stop the fighting
was "not enough."
Observers from Sidon, Lebanon,
provincial capital of the south, said
three hours after the cease-fire was an-
nounced that all seemed quiet except
for an isolated report of machine gun
fire near the Litani River bridge on the
Israel controlled an area up to the
Litani River, 18 miles north of the bor-
der, excluding the port city of Tyre. The
line extends east along the river from
the Mediterranean for about 17 miles
and then curves north with the river to
the village of Hasbaya, about 12 miles
from the Israeli border, and east again
to Cheba, near the Syrian border.
ISRAELI ARTILLERY battered the
Kasayma bridge over the Litani River
near Tyre until just before the cease-
fire, and Israeli infantry then dug in
their armored personnel carriers
behind earth bulwarks along the river
and relaxed, their invasion apparently
The artillery occasionally lobbed
shells into suspected guerrilla nests
around Tyre, but no return fire could be
observed by correspondents there.
The declaration of the cease-fire, ef-
fective at 6 p.m. - 11 a.m. EST, came
as Prime Minister Menachem Begin
began his talks with President Carter in
Washington. Carter was expected to
press Begin for a withdrawal from
southern Lebanon and for concessions
in the peace talks with Egypt.
"THE MINiSTER of defense has in-
structed the chief of general staff to ef-
fect a cease-fire along the entire front
in Lebanon as of 1800 hours today," said
the brief announcement issued by a
"Israel's declaration of a cease-fire is
not enough," said Mahmoud Labadi, of-
ficial PLO spokesperson in Lebanon.
"What is needed is an unconditional
total withdrawal by Israel from the
whole of south Lebanon."
Bassam abu Sharif, a spokesperson
for Dr. George Habash's radical
Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine (PLFP), called the Israeli
decision "absolutely ridiculous" and
vowed to wage "a relentless war of at-
trition until the last Israeli invader is
kicked out of south Lebanon."
HE ALSO suggested that PFLP
fighters would not let. U.N.
peacekeeping forces stand in the way of
raids on Israeli position.s
In Jerusalem, Defense Minister Ezer
Weizman said if the Palestinians fired
on Israeli positions, Israel might break
the cease-fire. He told members of
Parliament that Israel would review its
presence in south Lebanon in the next
24 hours, and perhaps call a meeting of
The PLO earlier had brushed aside
Israeli talk of a cease-fire, but obser-
vers in Beirut believed the final respon-
se would depend on the outcome of
Syrian-Lebanese talks underway in
DURING THE 1975-76 Lebanese civil.
war, the Israelis had declared the
Litani Rivek a "red line" beyond which
Syrian troops were not to venture. The
Syrians make up the bulk of the 30,000-
man Arab League peacekeeping force
sent in to end the civil war.
But Israel's hold over the 500-square-
mile area, about 10 per cent of Lebanon,
seemed tenuous as determined
guerrillas fought rear guard battles and
world pressure mounted for Israel to
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Begin receives cool
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(CQntinued from Page ll
Begin's visit, against a backdrop of
strained U.S.-Israeli relations, gives
Carter a chance to press Begin for con-;
cessions in the lagging negotiations
with Egypt and for a prompt Israeli
withdrawal from southern Lebanon. l
In his remarks, Carter suggested that
Israel was secure enough militarily to j
give ground to the Arabs-a point Begin
and his government contest.
"ISRAEL IS NOW militarily and in
many other ways strong-stronger than
ever before in history," Carter said.
"With the strength in physical terms
and with the strength of the leadership
of Israel rests the prospects of
resolution of the difficulties that have
so long divided the people of the Middle
One of the principal points Carter is
taking up with Begin is the prime
minister's view that Israel is not com-
mitted to a withdrawl from the West
Bank of the Jordan River under 1967
and 1973 U.N. Security Council
"For 10 years the search for peace
has been going on under 1967 resolution
242," Carter said, alluding to the U.S.
position that Israel was committed to
withdrawal on this front.-
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316 S. State
HIS SPEECH reflected the tur-
naround from the U.S. optimism
created by Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat's visit to Jerusalem last Novem-
"The bright days of new opportunity
have now been clouded over," Carter
and Begin conferred for more than two
hours, parted with a handshake, and
made no statements afterwards.
The president saw his guest to a
waiting black limousine and waved
goodbye to him. They will meet again
BEGIN LATER lunched with mem-
bers of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee. One senior Senate aide,
who did not wish to be identified, said
afterwards, "It was no love feast. He
(Begin) was tough."
Sen. James Abourezk (D-S.D.), the
only member of the Senate who is of
Arab extraction and who is a frequent
critic of Israeli policy, said Begin "did
not deviate one inch from his hard
The subdued welcome for Begin con-
trasted with Carter's courting of Sadat
when the Egyptian leader visited here
last month. Those talks were held in a
relaxed mood, beginning in the quibt of
snow-blanketed Camp David, Md., with
Sadat surrounded by members of his
and Carter's family.
They concluded with Carter's ac-
colade to Sadat as being "the world's
Over the last several months Carter's
Mideast policy has caused concern
among many of Israsel's supporters, in
Congress and elsewhere. He has
proposed selling to Saudi Arabia and
Egypt their first batches of U.S. war-
planes and has pushed Israsel for con-
cessions outside the direct negotiations
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Iranian People's struggle for Independence and
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