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February 16, 1978 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1978-02-16

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Page 2-Thursday, February 16, 1978-The Michigan Daily
PRISON DOES MORE HARM THAN GOOD:
Judge says jail is no deterrent

By BETH ROSENBERG
Sending a young person to prison does
not deter crime and does more harm
than good, according to Detroit
Recorder's Court Judge Samuel Gar-
dner.
Gardner came to the Center for Afro-
American and African Studies yester-
day to speak on "The Criminal Justice
System and How it Affects Blacks" as
part of Black History Week.
PRISONS, GARDNER said, only
"warehouse little bodies for limited
periods of time and send them back to
society and the same environment.
Jail is supposed to teach convicts a
lesson, Gardner said. However, the
lesson it teaches is a lot different than
the one intended, he added.
"In jail, juveniles are exposed to
Transcontinental telephone dialing
was established in the United States in
1951.

other criminals. They get an education
there. Then they come out feeling they
know how to commit crime, better,"
Gardner said.
IMPRISONING someone is like
casting them aside, according to the
judge. "We had dungeons hundreds of
years ago. It didn't work then and it
doesn't work now."
Imposing sentence is the hardest job
a judge faces, Gardner said. "I
sometimes walked the floor at night if I
thought a sentence was wrong. If I
found that to be true, I called the person
back and gave him another trial."
Realistic alternatives to incar-
ceration are necessary, according to
Gardner.
IDENTIFYING the typical common
criminal is an important factor in
solving the crisis of high crime, Gar-
dner said. A typical defendant is 17 to 22
years old, male, black, a high school
drop-out or "push-out" and unem-

ployed or underemployed, he said.
Of the 12,000 cases heard in Recor-
ders Court last year, 11,000 involved
blacks, Gardner added.
For three months, Gardner has been
testing what he called a "pre-aversion"
program in his Detroit courtroom. Of-

'in jail, juveniles are ex-
posed to other criminals.
They get an education
there.,Tlhey come out feel-
ing they know how to comn-
mit crime better.'
--Detroit Recorder's
Court JI d ge
Sai nu el Gard ner

Drug dealers, however, are one group
the judge is likely to send up river. "I do
send drug pushers to prison. They get
big time. That's my big hang-up. Drug
dealers are dealt with harder than most
homicides."
Although he is against drugs, Gar-
dner said marijuana should be decrim-
inalized. "There is no evidence that
marijuana leads to crime. The same
isn't true for heroin. The cost factor is
so high that addicts are driven to com-
mit crimes."
GARDNER DOES not deal as harsh-
ly with addicts as with pushers because
he looks at addicts as victims.
"I had a case where a 17-year-old had
a $200-a-day drug habit. He had to steal,
but hadn't been caught for two years.
He was a bright boy, but somewhere
our system missed him. We miss a lot of
people in our system. They aren't born
criminals - it's not hereditary, -
they're forced to (crime) by society."
Studies show that crime decreases as
education increases, Gardner said. A
former Detroit Board of Education
member, he said the city's education
system is a disaster. "That's why all
the public school teachers send their
kids to private schools," Gardner
commented.
Detroit's crime situation will turn
around, he predicted. As blacks rise up
the economic- ladder, the dispropor-
tionate number that appear in court
will also decline, Gardner said.

-. mm

A careerin law-
without law school.
What can you do with only a bachelor's degree?
Now there is a way to bridge the gap between an
undergraduate'education and a challenging, responsible
career. The Lawyer's Assistant is able to do work tradi-
tionally done by lawyers.
Three months of intensive training can give you the
skills-the courses are taught by lawyers. You choose
one of the seven courses offered-choose the city in
which you want to work.
Since 1970, The Institute for Paralegal Training has
placed more than 2,000 graduates in law firms, banks,

fenders, instead of being sent to jail,
are put on probation and given guide-
lines to follow. If they comply with the
judge's rules, their criminal records
are erased at the end of the probation,
he explained.
"TURN LOOSE" Gardner is the
name the judge has developed among
some, but he said he takes great pride
in the nickname.

Doily Photo by ALAN BIUNSKY
Gardner: Jail fails

Regents .to discuss

By BRIAN BLANCHARD

and corporations in over 80 cities. The University will ask the Regents'
If you are a senior of high academic standing and are to support two proposals to increase
interested in a career as a Lawyer's Assistant, we'd like student activities space during this af-
to meet you. ternoon's meeting in the Ad-
Contact your placement office for an interview with our ministration Building. One calls for ad-
representative. ditional space in Crisler Arena and
renovation of the Student Activities
We will visit your campus on: Building (SAB) workshop. The other,
from 'University President. Robben
Wednesday, March 22 Fleming, requests Union
Thursday, March 23 reorganization.
In other action the Regents are ex-
pected to follow annual routine and ap-
The Institute for prove the University.Rate Study Com-
Paralegal Training mittee request for a 7.4 per cent room
and board hike.
235 South 17th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103 IT WILL COST about $150 more to
(215) 732-6600 live in University housing next year if
Operated by Para-Legal, Inc.
the Regents agree to the increase.
The committee recommendation
... calls for single room leases to cost
-,r
--.-. .. . ..--........
-..
......
....... s ecal
-
- LA
AI &
Tn T
-~ .........-.

$2,047.50; doubles to cost $1,759.50;
triples $1,552.50; triple suites the same
as doubles; economy doubles $1,478.25;
and economy triples $1,388.25.
The University currently ranks
second in the Big Ten only to private
Northwestern University in room-and-
board fees.
SPACE POSSIBILITIES before the
Regents during the first of this month's
two-day meeting include a recommen-
dation by Student Service Vice-
president Henry Johnson for more ac-
tivities space in plant facilities in
Crisler Arena and renovation of the
SAB workshop. The total proposal
would cost $360,000 plus another $24,000
for bus service expansion and in-
creased maintenance.
Unlike Johnson's proposal, there will
be no vote on Fleming's request that the
Regents relinquish control of the Union
so it can be reorganized to attract more
students.
The Union's ten-member Board of

Direct
Regen
rescind
some I
Unionv
preside
would'
a "rat
Union.'
four fl
wouldk

housi'ng space.
ors now reports directly to the rooms to help ease the housing squeeze.
ts. If the Regents agree to AT A SPECIAL 8-p.m. meeting
I one section of their by-laws at tonight, the Regents will listen to public
future meeting, control of the comment on a private consultant's
would shift to a University vice- report describing a University Hospital
ent, probably Johnson, who traffic accessplan.
then be responsible for bringing The University has threatened to
hskellar-type operation" to the move the Hospital if a significant
There is also a chance that the change isn't made in traffic patterns
ors of hotel space in the Union over the roads leading to the Hospital
be made into West quad dorm from the northeast.

Begin hits U.S.-Arab
warplanes deal

PLATIGNUM ITALIC SET
Contains afountainyen,five.
-talic bis andtinstructton
manuaf a((forony $6o.0...
At art materiaC&yen s5ioys,
codegc took.stores...orsen4
check to Tentafic Cory., 132
West 22 St., N.Y., N.Y. 10011
AddX50 cents for flanfhng-.

(Continued from Page 1)
Begin, who will be making his third
visit to Washington since taking office
last June, said he would hold three days
of talks with President Carter. No dates
for the visit were announced, but White
House spokesman Rex Granum said it
would probably be early in March.
Granum said it was important "to
have thorough discussions with Begin"
on the Middle East situation similar to
the conversations the President held
with Sadat during his U.S. visit earlier
this month.
BESIDES the issue of U.S. arms sup-
plies to the Arabs, Carter and Begin are
expected to discuss the question of
Israeli settlements in occupied Arab
lands. The Carter administration op-
poses the settlements as illegal under
international law.

NOON LUNCHEON
Homemade Soup and Sandwiches 50*
Friday, Feb. 17
Representatives from the
CHICANA SEMINAR will talk about
"The Women Prison Project"
at GUILD HOUSE
802 MONROE (corner of Oakland)

Under the $4.8 billion arms proposal,
the United States would sell Saudi
Arabia 60 F-15s, the premier U.S. war-
plane, and Egypt 50 of the less sophisti-
cated F-5E fighters. Israel would
receive 15 F-15s to augment the 25 it
began receiving 14 months ago, and 75
F-16s.
Selling the advanced F-15s to the
Saudis was clearly the more worrisome
element of the package to the Israelis,
despite Saudi Arabia's status as a
moderate state not in direct confron-
tation with Israel.
BEGIN claimed Saudi Arabia had
promised "a certain Arab nation" the
aircraft it received would be deployed
agains Israel in the event of renewed
warfare. He gave no' source for his
assertion, implying that it came from
an intelligence report.
Saudi Arabia sent small ex-
peditionary forces to help Syria against
Israel in both the 1967 and 1973 wars.
Begin said the F-15 would put Saudi
bases within 10 minutes' flying time of
the southern Israeli port of Eilat and a
few more minutes away from Israel's
population centers.
The Israelis are likely to lobby again-
st the proposed sale in Congress, which
has 56 days to veto the deal.
Congressional opposition to the
proposal is already building, but Israeli
newspapers were saying yesterday that
this country has lost its automatic
majority of supporters in Congress sin-
ce Sadat's U.S. visit. Also working
against the Israelis is the Carter admin-
istration decision to link the sale of
planes to Israel with the sale to the
Arabs.

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