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November 22, 1972 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1972-11-22

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Eighty-two years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

SGC could accomplish something--Jacobs

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.

News Phone: 764-0552 1

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in oil reprints.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1972

Conspiracy and justice

FTER FOUR YEARS, justice has tri-
umphed in the Chicago Conspiracy
case, but hopefully the lessons learned
about the government's law enforcement
programs during that time will not be
dropped along with the defendants' con-
victions.
When a federal appeals court yesterday
overturned the convictions of the five
of the Chicago 7 found guilty of crossing
state lines to incite a riot, it was the last
in a string of reversals that more than
point out the ludicrous aspects of Judge
Julius Hoffman's circus of '69.
In this most recent action, Rennie
Davis, Tom Hayden, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry

THE JUDGES IN THE federal appeals
court which reversed the convictions
did so because of "errors" in Hoffman's
handling of the trial, concluding "that
the demeanor of the judge and prosecu-
tor would require reversal if other errors
did not."
No court ruling, however, could possibly,
explain the half of what went on in the
court of the man critics have called
"Mr. Magoo." Americans know, though,
whenever they can see in their minds a
picture of a bound and gagged Bobby
Seale, glaring at Hoffman and many
Americans realize, too, that the charges
were by their nature repressive-the jury
knew that when it acquitted the men of
conspiracy charges.
Thus, the most important point Ameri-
cans need to remember from the whole
four-year experience is not that light
triumphed over darkness with the vindi-
cation of the Chicago defendants-but
that there never should have been any
defendants in the first place. And that
they, as Americans, must never allow
such a travesty as the Hoffman handling
of the trial to take place again.
-TAMMY JACOBS
Managing Editor
A belated
Thanksgiving
IT IS APPROPRIATt at this time of the
season that we extend a Happy
Thanksgiving to all our well-wishers and
maligners. There is one group, however,
that we take pains not to wish a happy
thanksgiving tomorrow, but only a be-
lated one.
That group is the Michigan football
team.
It is sincerely hoped that the entire
Michigan squad will delay its Thanks-
giving festivities long enough to make
mince meat and squash out of the hap-
less Buckeyes from Columbus.
-R.S.

I
r

O t".1
I.j
t R~f/CJ /'A

By BILL JACOBS
SINCE THE recent Student Government Council
elections, much has been said positively and
negatively concerning the potential of Student
Government Council to viably represent the stu-
dent body and enact programs to their benefit.
As (Daily Assoc. Managing Editor) Paul Travis
has said, if members "vote their politics rather
than their emotions" SGC will have a successful
year.
During this coming year, a number of import-
ant issues will come before the Council for con-
sideration:
9 Grocery Co-op: The issue in this case is a
basic one of self-government. The Regents have
said that the student body does not have the right
to determine how the student government may
spend money. We affirm that the students have
their right and will propose actions for Council to
take to safeguard this right.
# Child Care: We believe that the University
has a definite obligation to provide adequate child
care facilities for the University Community and
will be asking for Council's support.
0 Dormitory control: Last year dormitory stu-
dents elected a new University Housing C o u n c i 1
which represents all dorm students. We are de-
manding that UHC have sole authority over the
dormitory system and will be taking actions to
enforce this demand.
. 0 Legal Advocate Program: The student body
voted to support a full time SGC lawyer 1 a s t
spring. One of the purposes for which this law-
yer was intended to be used was suing the Uni-
versity on behalf of the student body if necessary
on such issues as open Regents meetings. The
Regents have ruled that SGC may not do so:
We intend to fight this ruling.
OROTC-Research: For many years students have

voiced the opinion that there is no place for ROTC,
clasified research or military research on campus,
yet all these institutions remain on campus. In the
coming year, we will be bringing proposals to the
University via SGC such as turning the North
Hall ROTC facilities into a child care center.
There are many other issues and programs that
will come before Council this year that will be
similar to those listed above in that they are clear
cut issues of student power. A "yes" vote will mean
that you support student power and a "no" vote
will mean you oppose student power and student
self-government.
However, it must be noted thdt no single, indeed
no two parties combined have a majority on S.G.C.
At present there are five political parties repre-
sented on S.G.C. in addition to the two independ-
ents. If any of the above programs are to be sup-
ported by S.G.C. they must be supported by radi-
cal-left coalition.
FOR SOMEONE to urge persons to vote against
these proposals, as Bob Black (a losing candidate
in the SGC election) has done is to urge a vote
against student power and such urgings must not
be construed in any other manner.
As the elected representative of the student body,
and as a member of the GROUP party I will be
supporting these and other programs. I would
hope that the other members of Council elected
on radical platforms will support student power
and vote accordingly.
Last year, the GROUP party was elected on a
platform urging a lot less politics and a lot more
action. Perhaps a more appropriate slogan this
year would be a lot less "political infighting" and
a lot more action.
Bill Jacobs is president of Student Government
Council.

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,.

"The overage American is just like
the child in a family... !"

ROTC

"

Worthwhile

function at the U'?

THE HOFFMAN'S: ABBIE AND MR. McGOO
Rubin and David Dellinger were cleared
of the remaining convictions against
them. This summer, contempt charges
levied by Mr. Hoffman were dropped, al-
though the government plans to retry
the defendants for contempt of court.
Two of the original defendants, Lee
Weiner and John Froines, were acquitted
in the first place; and Bobby Seale, whose
case was severed from the rest, 'will not
be tried again after being set free on a
ruling of 'mistrial.'
Basically, none of the convictions
against the Chicago defendants has
stuck. What sticks is the impression of a
government trying to put the screws to
those who dissent against it, with Judge
Hoffman acting as a willing tool for the
job.

Send them to Washington

AMERICA IS celebrating Thanksgiving
A for the 350th straight year tomorrow
and we're taking a break until Tuesday
morning. In Plymouth, Massachusetts,
"Pilgrims" are re-creating the first
Thanksgiving, offering 17th Century food
and decor to all visitors.
"Visiting" will be a group of Wam-
panoag, Narragansett, Passamaquoddy,
Today's staff:
News: Prakash Aswani, Jan Benedetti,
David Burhenn, Linda Dreeben, Cin-
dy Hill, Paul Travis
Editorial Page: Robert Schreiner
Arts Page: Debbie Pastoria, Gloria Jane
Smith
Photo technician: David Margolick

and Rappahannock Indians "mourning
the loss of Indian life, land and culture,
which .. . began with the arrival of the
Pilgrims."
David Freeman, director of the Ply-
mouth Plantation which is sponsoring:the
Pilgrim Thanksgiving Day Feast, is none
too happy. -'I think it's a most unfortun-
ate turn of things . . . This sort of thing
is very disruptive. . . . It should be in
Washington. Focusing attention on a
little place like this doesn't seem to be
of much value."
The Indians, whose ancestors were at
peace with the Pilgrims from 1620 until
1670, plan to fast tomorrow.
-A.L.

By BILL HEENAN
THE CONTROVERSY over the
presence of at officer education
program on campus seems to de-
monstrate a widespread self-im-
posed ignorance of the true issue
involved. Of course, ROTC is a
convenient scapegoat for the hated
war - a war initiated by politic-
ians, not the army. But whatever
ROTC represents, that is not the
issue at stake.
In order, to penetrate the bil-
lowing cloud of misinformation, it
is necessary to discuss the back-
ground and the role of ROTC here
at Michigan. In 1917 the Board of
Regents requested a program for
commissioning officers into t h e
army. A military science depart-
ment, led by professor of that sci-
ence was created and accredited.
The status of this organization re-
mained relatively unchanged, ex-
cept for additions of Navy and Air
force programs, until 1969. De-
monstrations and damage to ROTC
"forced" the University to take a
second look at ROTC.
Without even a glance at ROTC
course material, the University
"softened" to anti-ROTC demands.
The name of this department was
officially changed to Officer Edu-
cation as the professor of military
science suddenly became a chair-
man. Hardest hit were the assist-
ant professors who lost all their
former status. In addition, the lit-
erary college in May, 1970 term-
inated its recognition of credit for
ROTC courses.
Meanwhile, the University quiet-
ly repaired most of the $20,000 da-
mage sustained by North Hall dur-
ing the demonstrations.hWhere did
Letter
To The Daily:
I, LIKE an Ann Landers corre-
spondent, never thought I would be
writing to The Daily. However, the
feature article on prostitution by
Michael Castleman in Sunday's
Daily (Nov. 19) compelled me to
write. The article itself is such
an extended exercise in contradic-
tion and hyperbole that any at-
tempt to unravel it would be a
thankless, if not impossible task.
I wish only to present a few se-
lect passages, representing Mr.
Castleman's most serious sins
against common sense and the
English language.
Early on, Mr. Castleman wishes
to prove that our attitudes toward
prostitution are "sexist". To do so,
he draws a fantastic analogy be-
tween prostitutes and professional
football players. The author ar-
gues that because these athletes
take steroids (drugs that might
cause impotence) they are prosti-
tuting themselves. The comparison
left me less than convinced but the
author offered a solution to my
confusion. He counseled, "check
your guts now: do you react this
way to female prostitutes?" Un-
certain as to the exact way of
"checking my guts", I glanced in
desperation at may navel hoping to
be enlightened. Alas! my navel
stared blankly back at me offering
no clarification.
The article continues with such
pronouncements as "in this light,
prostitution appears as a liberat-
ing alternative to the forcible rape
called "marriage", and "prostitu-
tion may very well be a form of
sexual liberation for some wo-
men." But perhaps the most vic-
ious of Mr. Castleman's sentiments
is his decision that "in one sense
courtship is more insidious than
prostitution." One is left feeling
a little sad for the women whom

this repair money come from?
Think about it.
WHO ARE these short-haired fel-
lows among us? ROTC has several
advantages that cannot be over-
looked:
-A competitive four-year schol-
arship that pays for tuition, text-
books, plus a $50 monthly allow-
ance. The student is not commit-
ted until his junior year;
-Upon enrolling, a 1-D draft
classification is automatic;
-The course material is con-
tinually being revised in a closer
relationship with academic s u b-
jects. The officers are more than
qualified by University standards
to instruct. Four of the five of-
ficers have master degrees;
-After graduation (BS or BA
of his choice) and a commission,
the new officer serves two years
of active duty and six years in the
reserve. If an honor graduate, the
individual may pursue a graduate
degree; and
-Many large business organiza-
tions appreciate the management
training received in ROTC.
Let us return to the true issue
in this controversy. ROTC consists
of real people who chose by their
own free will to be involved in this
program. Therefore, the question
is whether these people should be
permitted to pursue the curricula
of their choice, and if the Univer-
sity has the right to deny any of
its members an education.
Bill Heenan is a staff writer
for The Daily.

Black, march defended

By EUGENE ROBINSON
N MONDAY, several hundred
students and community mem-
bers demonstrated their outrage
at the killing of two black students
at Louisiana's Southern University.
The protest was small and not
very vocal, and in most respects a
bit disappointing.
An editorial in The Daily yester-
day, however, lamented the fact
that blacks at the demonstration
began a senarate march to the Ann
Arbor Community Center. In truth,
the blacks' march was one of the
few rays of hone shinging through
an otherwise dismal display.
The role of Southern University,
is first as a black institution, and
only secondly as a university. The
major thrust of black politics over
the past few years has been black
control of black institutions, a far,
cry from the integration movement
of the Sixties. Blacks, after be-
ing offered token influence through
traditionally white institutions,
have begun to realize the potential
impact of institutions of their own.
The Editorial Page of The
Michigan Daily is open to any-
one who w i s h e s to submit
articles. Generally speaking, all
articles should be less than 1,000
words.

THIS REALIZATION lay at the
center of the disturbances at Sou-
thern. The school was originally a
Jim Crow measure, a bone thrown
to blacks who wanted an educa-
tion; but it grew to become t h e
largest black college in the nation.
With over 9,000 students, Southern
is potentially one of the most effec-
tive black institutions in the coun-
try.
As speaker 'Lee Calhoun said at
yesterday's demonstration, t h e
students "threatened the founda-
tion of the university" by attempt-
ing to make it totally responsive
to the needs of black people. And
just as black students were killed
over similar demands in Orange-
burg, S.C. in 1968 and Jackson,
Miss. in 1970, so were they killed
in Baton Rouge. Southern black col-
leges were founded by whites and
placed in a subservient role to white
schools; and any threat to' this
subservience has historically been
met swiftly and strongly. South-
ern whites believe they must keep
these universities in their place.
It was in the spirit of black con-
trol of black institution that blacks
staged their own march on Mon-
day. Black students here rightfully
see the killings at Southern as a
threat to their own existence; and
more importantly as a warning to
those who seek to increase black

influence and power.
THE BLACKS' separate march
was a sign of desire to form soli-
darity among black, institutions
around the world, a desire, for self-
determination. Thus it was a hope-
ful, rather than despairing, 'sign.
It indicated not separatism, but in-
volvement with the lives of blacks
world-wide.
The march's depressing side was
in -the small black turnout. It
seems that though some black in-
dividuals recognized the need to
demonstrate outrage and kinship
for those killed, the campus' larg-
est black institutions - such as
black fraternities, for example -
exhibit a sorry lack of awareness.
Every member of every black
group on campus should have
marched on Monday; not in an
effort to segregate themselves from
concerned whites, but to show
awareness that racism still exists,
that blacks in this country are still
discriminated against, that what we
are told about the black struggle
for freedom being a thing of the
past cannot -and must not be true.
It is this concept that most whites
cannot understand: that blacks
have finally decided that they are
the only ones who can properly
determine their destiny.
Gene Robinson is a staff writer
for The Daily.

-1

fi

'Prostitution'

1-
i 's.
b S
- I

.;
;
.

to this point, he is rewarded by
what is certainly Mr. Castleman's
most thought-provoking remark.
In a true rhetorical question, the
author queries "Furthermore,
what's the difference between pros-
titution and cutting your hair or
donning a bra and shaving your
legs . . ." I would like to answer
that question with a question.
Who says The Daily does not
have a comics page?
-John Barron, '73
Nov. 20
Layman's terms
To The Daily:
WE HAD a good laugh Sunday
night, and we wanted to share it
with you. You see, we read Mich-
ael Castleman's feature article on
prostitution in the Sunday Daily.
In lay-man's terms, we found it
one of the most whore-ible pieces of
garbage ever printed.
First, relying on the statistics of
prostitution, Castleman proceeds
to show that every member of the
American work force is being ex-
ploited. Second, he characterizes
all marriage as "forcible rape."
Third, he calls ours "a culture of
sexually imprisoned women;" we
ask him to define his terms, and
then to prove that women are more
sexually imprisoned - whatever
that means - than men. He closes
by linking prostitution to capital-
ism. Certainly, we need only to
convert to socialism to solve our
problem. Note that Castleman's
argument assumes prostitution in
America to be undesirable.
But most striking are Castle-
man's nonsequiturs. Somehow, Cas-
tleman finds the issue of prostitu-
tion tied to football players, secre-
taries, housewives, advertising, and
term papers. We compliment Cas-
tleman for his imagination, but
certainly not for his argumentative

man's long panegyric on prosti-
tution was written seriously in hon-
or of "Mrs. Warren's Profession"
or is merely a Shavion satire on
capitalism and Victorian domestic-
ity, designed to bring out of their
holes some elderly men of the Es-
tablishment. If the latter, he has
succeeded in my case.,
The great error of the article,
however motivated, was that it
ignores the fact that millions upon
millions of husbands and wives
really love each other, enjoy sex
just because they love each other,
and are partners parentally, social-
ly, economically, and intellectually
as well as sexually. I have person-
ally known of scores of such cases.
Of course purely mercenary mar-
riages deserve to be called "legal-
ized prostitution", though, even in
such cases, the woman drives a
better bargain, getting lifelong se-
curity (or, anyhow, a divorce plus
alimony) than in retail self-sale.
But in most, marriages there is
some element of mutual attraction
and mutual regard.
As to Mr. Castleman's argument
that all employment is self-sale,
that is mere word juggling. Now
that the independent farm is the
exception, practically everybody is
employed by someone else, and if
(as in socialist and communist
countries) the someone else is the
State, the public official can ex-
ploit as mercilessly as any private
emnloyer. But most people would
prefer to sell eight hours a day of
their time for some useful work
rather than sell their bodies for
the pleasure of casual strangers.
Really, people do make that dis-
tinction, Mr. Castleman!
To take my own sixty years of
employment: I figure roughly that
I have worked for pay for the
United States government, for
three state governments, for twelve
--,,,,a .,,ta.- n r y-re~i- n

feature
SGC blue4
To The Daily:
I AM writing in dismay at ya
totally subjective and insensiti,
reporting which came to my atte
tion as a result of the S t u d e
Government Council meeting
November 16th, 1972. It is ever
important that objectivity stan
out in these days of uncertain ph'
osophy and rhetoric. Newspape
stand out as a means of gettii
at the truth and the facts, ai
then as a way of sensing moo
and interpretations of those fac
The Michigan Daily, as the closi
newspaper to the students, fac
the challenge of "telling it like
is". Indeed, as a result of Thui
day's meeting, I am convinc
that this is even so important wi
this student ,body is being reps
sented in the inefficient manner
is.

blasted

The last meeting was particularly
crucial, in that the majority party
used storm trooper tactics to rail-'
road its proposals through SGC.
Parliamentary procedure was writ-
ten and rewritten in an effort to
harass the oppositionr and bring
proposals to a quick vote.
("Bleeding heart" liberals v o t e d
"yes" because they were afraid
that their reasoning would be ex-
amined otherwise. They did not
want to stand out in a crowd, be-
cause their policies could not stand
the strain of public examination.)
When Bill Jacobs was in the room
at all (it wasn't often!), he was
seen making open threats against
those SGC members who did not
vote with him. Later he declared
that if SGC passed one motion
(specifically $1000 for the Jewish
newspaper Emmet) without follow-
ing what he considered a legal pro-
cedure (taking the bill to the Spon-
sorship Committee (something nev-

would have no trouble persuading
them. (Jacobs is one who never
lets justice stand; in the Way of
his opinion!)
THIS IS not a partisan issue, lib-
erals and conservatives alike have
expressed a dislike for dictatorial
methods in government, for those
methods bring delusions, apathy
and a total lack of credibility to the
system at large. It is time to start
with every student and tell him
or her that students still have the
right to say how they feel about
their government.
In short, there were only 3,000
voters at the polls for the last
SGC election (approximate figure).
The reasons are many; Igive just
two, because they all point the
same wav: to the manipulation of
SGC by Bill Jacobs and his party.
First of all, apathy is encouraged
by Jacob's failure to bring SGC
out of its ivory tower of emotion
to talk with the student body. Not
all students can arrange to come
to the meetings, and the publica-
tions of SGC are subjective and
poorly arranged. Secondly, elec-
tion orocedures, designed to pre-
vent fraud (which, in fact, they did
not do) made student participation
a test of endurance rather than
the rewarding experience it should
be. This shows the power the Pres-
ident of SGC has; his party picks
the election director, and look who
wins the elections!
It is time to bring pressure to bear
upon all those who think they are
doing fine when their opposition is
silent. Just the opposite should be
the case. The American system of
government provides for an airing
of all views and all facts, in the
opinion that misconceptions will be
eliminated or modified for the bet-
.terment of all. If a prejudice is
desired, then it should be a pre-

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