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October 08, 1972 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1972-10-08

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sVe £aidtman aIL
Eighty-one years of editorial freedom
Edited Td managed by students at the University of Michigan

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.

News Phone: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1972

The abortion ruling

Will bo
ByTOM WIEDER
BY A COMBINATION of g o o d
public relations, disenchant-
ment with the two major parties
and quirks of state election 1 a w ,
the Human Rights Party has suc-
cessfully promulgated a number
of myths about its political purity.
Chief among these myths has
been the assertion that HRP has
mechanisms to insure democratic,
representation of its constituency
and disciplined candidate adher-
ence to party principles and plat-
form. The first part of this as-
sertion was brought into question
this summer when HRP nominated
candidates for fall races.
Candidates were picked in a con-
vention on August 24th where only
48 votes were enough to give Steve
Burghardt the State Representa-
tive nomination. By contrast,
Democrat Perry Bullard received
2700 votes in the August 8th pri-
mary. HRP counters this criticism
by saying that "state law forbids
the Human Rights Party from hold-
ing primary elections."
THIS IS not quite true. State law
does not allow "minor parties" to
appear on the primary ballot. But
HRP could have run its own elec-
tion, exactly like unions do. They
have complete voter registration

WAYNE COUNTY Circuit Judge Charles
Kaufman gave pro-abortion activ-
ists cause to rejoice Thursday with his
N oiding of the state's abortion laws as
unconstitutional, but he also managed
to build several confusing questions into
an already complex issue.
While Kaufman's ruling that the
abortion laws violate a woman's right to
privacy is a victory for women in this
state who feel the control of their bodies
should be their own, it throws into doubt
the status of the already pending action
on abortion-the upcoming Nov. 7 abor-
tion referendum.
What Kaufman basically did is legal-
ize any and all abortions in the state, as
long as they are performed in accordance
with State Board of Health regulations.
The pending referendum, if passed,
would broaden the present law to allow
abortions by physicians on women up to
their 20th week of pregnancy.
BUT HOW CAN a referendum reform a
law that has been struck down and
therefore doesn't really exist?
Legal opinions vary. Some observers
hold that the referendum would replace
the now non-existent laws with new
standards for abortion.
Pro-abortion activists, quite wisely, are
urging passage of'the referendum in case
Kaufman's ruling is struck down by a
higher court.
But perhaps right-to-lifers would also
vote for the referendum, in case Kauf-
man's ruling stands. Their votes would

be based on arguments that the referen-
dum would at least stop abortions after
the fifth month, which, * in their view
would be better than the present "noth-
ing.
THE FATE OF the abortion reform
referendum is not the only question
Kaufman's ruling brings up. Another is
the issue of what's going to happen un-
til the ruling is tested.
At least one official, Wayne County
Prosecutor William Cahalan, says he will
appeal the ruling to the State Supreme
Court and promises to enforce the old
law in the meantime.
Although there are questions as to
whether the ruling actually is effective
state-wide, as Kaufman's order stated,
it seems likely that other judges will rule
in accordance with his precedent, if
abortion cases are brought before them.
Still, the potential for harassment by
public officials, such as Cahalan, who re-
fuse to recognize the court's ruling, is
great.
At this point then, the best bet for
those who believe abortion should be a
decision between a woman and her doc-
tor is to support Kaufman's decision, but
vote for the reform referendum as a
back-up.
Hopefully, the conflicts will be cleared
up, the ruling will stand, and the ques-
tion of abortion will become a personal
one, as it should be.
-TAMMY JACOBS
Managing Editor

lists, a headquarters to serve as
a polling plac and ample resources
to publicize the voting.
Further, if they could have come
up with $500.00, they could have
even mailed absentee ballots to
every absent voter. The lists are a
matter of public record.
Instead, they selected candidates
in a manner guaranteed to result
in poor representation. Prospective
candidates could announce t h e i r
desire to run at any time, even on
convention night. Burghardt him-
self announced only a few days be-
for. This hardly* gives voters a
chance to thoroughly investigate
the candidates.
If you wanted to vote, you had
to declare membership in the par-
ty (an oath not even required to
vote in the major party primaries)
and sit through several hours of
tedious debate. If you happen to
work evenings or were busy that
night, you could not be assured of
any voice in candidate selection.
BUT THIS will happen no more,
at least not in city elections. Be-
cause of city election law, HRP
will be on the primary ballot for
the first time in February's mayor-
ality and city council elections,
which raises many interesting ques-
tions about HRP's procedures.
HRP claims that by voting for

'ssism

replace HRP's

'discipline'?

its candidates, you know w h a t
you're getting, because its candi-
dates are bound by "party dis-
cipline" to support the entire plat-
form and decisions of open party
meetings. HRP primaries will
make such discipline impossible to
guarantee.
Anyone with a handful of signa-
tures can get on a primary ballot
whether they are party faithful or
not, and sometimes "autside:s"
win. Jack Garris got the Repub-
lican mayorality nomination in
1971 and Perry Bullard won h i s
party's nomination without t h e
support of most "party regulars."
There is also the prolemn of
crossover voting. George Walace
got huge numbers of Republican
votes in his Michigan Democratic
Presidential Primary win. She:iff
Douglas Harvey won renomninatibn.
in 1968 perhaps only because of
Republican crossovers. Similar
things might well happen to HRP.
WHAT WILL HRP do to irsure
the primary nomination of "discip-
lined" candidates? Perhaps t h e
party organization will oficially
endorse a candidate in *he pri-
mary. But, of course, when Demo-
cratic and Republican organizations
do this they are labelled "ma-
chines" or accused of bossism.
The Ann Rrbor Democratic Par-

ty has for years used an o p e a
primary system. No primary can-
didate receives an organizatou en-
dorsement. All candidates flak e
equal assess to the party's regis-
tration lists and voter 'files. e v e n
its bulk mailing permit. Party of-
ficeholders may work for any can-
didate but may not, acting in their
official capacities, endorse any-
one.
This system, of course, s o m e-
times paves the way for the vac-
tory of candidates who aren't sup-
ported by the "regulars. It is a
price that must be paid for "open
politics." It is the means McGov-
ern used to get the nomination
without much regular party sup-
port.
WHICH ROUTE will HRP take?
Will they choose bossism and a
closed primary or will they v! e
open primaries, ending the ques-
tionable promise of party disci-
pline?
The vision of an HRP candidate
going his own way, ignoring a mass
meeting or differing from an ele-
ment of the HRP platform contra-
dicts HRP's stated rules but the
possibility of it is very real.
Actually, we don't have to awzit
the next primary to see the fal-
lacy of HRP's "party discipline '
claim. We already have a startling

violation of it. Zolton Ferenc, one
of HRP's founders and HRP can-
didate for Michigan Supreme
Court, apparently gave S!0O to
Perry Bullard's campaign, violat-
ing HRP's own rules.
Tammy Jacobs, editorializing on
this page earlier this week, said
this admitted boo-boo should not
be held against other HRP candi-
dates. On the contrary, if a candi-
date selected by the very control-
led convention process can acci-
dentally or deliberately ignore par-
ty discipline, what guarantee does
the voter have that other HRP
candidates won't do the same, es-
pecially those selected in regular
primaries, beyond the' control of
party regulars?
PARTY DISCIPLINE is only as
strong as the individual candidate's
desire to accept it, an acceptance
that is in no way insured. It is
a promise that no party, including
HRP, can fulfill and remain open.
It is 'just one of many of the "dif-
ferent" things about HRP that
evaporate when the party is placed
on an equal footing with the two
major parties.
It seems there is a very fine line
between revolutionary politics and
traditional bossism.
Tom XVJrde? is an active local
Democrat.

:t

Thoughts on receiving a

playgirl'calendar

By SARA FITZGERALD
A FEW YEARS back, the President's Commission
on Obscenity and Pornography concluded that
women could be considered "deprived" when con-
sidering the amount of erotic materials designed
for their tastes.'
But now Evelyn Carter, a University alumna and
founder of HDS (to "Heck with Double Standards")
Publishing Company has given women what she calls
"equal time."
Her answer? "Eve's/12"-a $2 calendar graced
with color pictures of 12 nude males.
It includes just about everything the doctor could
have ordered for female sexual fantasies-the milk-
man, the athlete, the gangster and the construction
worked. In fact, it even includes the doctor himself-
in the form of Mr. March, a pale, graying, grinning
gynecologist.
They're snapped in bedrooms, living rooms, and
locker rooms, smiling, leering, meditating, conjur-
ing up their own image of what that next sexual en-
counter with you is going to be.
Mind you, the photos are all highly tasteful. Wine
bottles, lassos, shovels ,and hands block the you-
know-whats in every case (and enable Carter to send
the thing out through the U.S. mail.)
NOW WHEN THE calendar arrived in the office, I
took Carter's words to heart. Having associated with
a number of males who would gleefully and teasingly
ogle over photos of nude or at least provocative-
looking women, I brazenly hung my calendar to 'get
back.
Their reaction was predictable: They teasingly
called me a "sexist," riffled through the pictures

themselves,, then the office en masse concluded that
Mr. June - the hippy motorcyclist parked by a
country stream -- was the sexiest.
I kept the calendar up for about a week. I'd glance
up at pensive Mr. January, confetti in his hair and
champagne bottle in his hand, all ready to celebrate
New Year's Eve with me. I looked at him off and on
for about a week, then got bored and took the calen-
dar down.
When I did, I noticed that there was a little "pro-
mo" message on the cover, that read: "Throw off
the 'tyrannous yoke of oppression.' Buy Eve's/12 and
know for sure what the rest of the world is talking
about."
THEN I REALIZED that despite the "fun" of hav-
ing a nude calendar of my own, it wasn't going to
do anything to solve the problems of sexploitation--
using bodies to sell calendars, bodies to sell maga-
zines, bodies to sell everything from cars to whiskey.
Carter's answer is to meet the exploiter on his own
ground-by exploiting the male body.
But that only increases exploitation rather than re-
moving it.
Nor is theanswer found inta return to Victorian-
ism-squelching talk and pictures of the body, in-
creasing inhibition.
Rather the solution is in humanism-for both men
and women.
For it is far healthier to think of the body as a
body and the amazing creation that it is, rather than
as a sexual object, symbolizing the 30 days that Sep-
tember hath.
Sara Fizge-ald is Editor of The Daily.

Herom hotline' fails

I

PRESIDENT NIXON, in lauding the
"success" of his anti-drug crusade,
seems to have overlooked an immense
failure; the Heroin Hot-Line.
Launched six months ago amid a wave
of great expectations, the government
actually relieved they could turn the
public Ito a giant "nare squad." A toll-
free number was announced through
which anyone in the United States could
call in their "hot" tips. These tips were
to subseqtiently lead to an immense
round up of narcotics and heroin push-
ers.
Editorial Staff
SARA FITZGERALD
Editor
PAT BAUER ..............Associate Managing Editor
LINDSAY CHANEY...............Editorial Director
MARK DILLEN...........Magazine Editor
LINDA DREEBEN .......Associate Managing Editor
TAMMY JACOBS ................... Managing Editor
LORIN LABARDEE ................Personnel Director
ARTHUR LERNER.............. .Editorial Director
JONATHAN MILLER...............Feature Editor
ROBERT SCHREINER ..............Editorial Director
GLORIA SMITH .......................Arts Editor
ED SUROVELL .........................Books Editor
PAUL TRAVIS...........Associate Managing Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Robert Barkin, Jan Benedetti,
Chris Parks, Gene Robinson, Zachary Schiller, Ted
Stein.
COPY EDITORS: Diane Levick, Jim O'Brien, Charles
Stein, Marcia Zoslaw.
DAY EDITORS: Dave Burhenn, Daniel Jacobs, Jim
Kentch, Marilyn Riley, Nancy Rosenbaum, Judy
Ruskin, Paul Ruskin, Sue Stephenson, Karen Tink-
lenberg, Becky Warner.
ASSISTANT NIGHT EDITORS: Susan Brown, Jim
Frisinger, Matt Gerson, Nancy Hackmeter, Cindy
Hill, John Marston, Linda Rosenthal, Eric Schoch,
Marty Stern, David Stoll, Doris Waltz.
Photography Staff
TERRY McCARTHY.............Chief Photographer
ROLFE TESSEM ..................Picture Editor
DENNY GAINER...............Staff Photographer
TOM GOTTLIEB ..................Staff Photographer
DAVID MARGOLICK............Staff Photographer

So, 27,003 calls and hundreds of thou-
sands of tederal dollars later, the pro-
gram has successfully netted two grams
of heroin plus a small quantity of mari-
juana. Ironic, considering that anyone
in Ann Arbor could, do the same with
only one or two phone calls and less than
twenty-five bucks.
MOREOVER, this waste of government
funds only serve to highlight another
government fault; a displaced sense of
priority. With public agencies like Con-
gress becoming more and more inacces-
sible, even persons willing to foot the
expense of a long distance call to Wash-
ington find it difficult to contact their
representatives. But if they wish to turn
in a junkie, their participation in govern-
ment is heartily encouraged.
It is also lamentable that Nixon de-
lights in using this program for its cam-
paign propaganda value. Again Nixon's
rhetoric overtakes the reality.
Seizing upon the frantic fervor of an
anxious public, the President seduces
them with promises of an all-out drug
battle, with an "action hot-line" leading
the charge. The facts say otherwise.
The sad fact is that heroin usage in
this country is on the increase, and no
gimmick is . going to, stop it. If Nixon
could only understand the realities of the
drug problem, then he might be able to
better handle the situation.
-MARTIN STERN
Today's staff:
News: Sara Fitzgerald, Eric Schoch,
Charles Stein, Rebecca Warner
Editorial Page: Mark Dillen
Photo technician: Karen Kosmauski

'Mr. June'

Nixon s years of emp promise

4

By WILLIAM FULBRIGHT
DURING FOUR years in office,
President Nixon has been pre-
occupied with summits and con-
frontations, with the bombing of
North Vietnam and with fear for
the defeat of his protege, President
Thieu.
He has had little time or ener-
f gy to spare for the domestic con-
cerns of American society. He
has allowed problems to fester and
grow worse.
Because of this neglect, many
Americans have become disillus-
ioned and have come to believe our
society is in anvirreversible de-
cline. My own view is that our
society is basically healthy a n d
capable of self-renewal. We might
all be surprised to see how read-
ily renewal could take place with
an end to the war and with a new,
more responsible national leader-
ship under George McGovern.
Since the end of World War II,
the United States has spent more
than one trillion, four hundred bil-
lion dollars for military purposes.
Despite the rhetoric about reduc-
ing foreign commitments and alter-
ing our national priorities under the

"Nixon Doctrine," the Administra-
tion continues to place primary em-
phasis on military expenditures.
Although Mr. Nixon said that his
1972 and 1973 budgets would allo-
cate more for "human resources '
than for military purposes, the mil-
itary budget is increasing, inflat-
ed by the costs of the massive
bombing campaign in Vietnam. As-
suming a continuation of present
policies, the Brookings Institution
has forecast a continuing increase
in defense spending which could
reach about $100 billion in 1977.
The fact that we are living be-
yond our means - primarily be-
cause of extravagant military costs
- is obfuscated by glowing refer-
ences to the GNP (gross national
product) and our so-called "trillion
dollar economy." Swept under the
rug are such salient but uncom-
fortable facts as that inflation and
'the Federal budget deficits -
amounting to about $125 billion
during the four Nixon years - are
prime contributors to the overall
GNP. Nor does the GNP take
account of an international balance-
of-payments deficit of more than
$30 billion in 1972.

The GNP is not a true measure
of useful productivity; it is only a
crude compilation of money spent
for purposes ranging from steel
production to the publication of
pornography, from education to
gambling. Even the increase in
crime is a stimulus to the GNP,
since we have to spend more on
law enforcement. On the other
hand, the costs of pollution and a
deteriorated environment are not
reflected in the GNP. The National
Urban Coalition estimates air pol-
lution costs at $13.5 billion an-
nually and water pollution costs at
$12 billion annually. These are in-
cluded in the GNP only insofar
as we try to combat them and then
they appear as part of the "trillion
dollar economy."
COMING DOWN to earth, we
encounter a society deficient in ed-
ucation, transportation, housing,
health care, and community de-
velopment. During the same de-

cade in which our GNP has more
than doubled, our cities have de-
teriorated rapidly while Federal
programs designed to aid urban
areas have been starved for funds.
At the same time, the Nixon
Administration insists we can well
afford its rising military expendi-
tures. It is a travesty and an out-
rage that here in the land of the
"trillion dollar economy" millions
of our citizens cannot afford and
do not receive adequate health
care; millions of our children are
denied adequate education; millions
of Americans are forced to live
blighted lives in urban and rural
slums; and some Americans even
go hungry.
A reordering of our national
priorities is long overdue.
William Fulirght is a Demo-
cratic senator from Arkansas and
chairman of the Senate Foreign Re-
la/ions Committee.

0

Sen. Fulb right

Letters to The Da~ily

NJ

-. .,;

NATE.

Zr HATE.

1

:C HATE' MC1.

dove:
: C ? I , !!lIIL

HRP responds
To the Daily:
THE RECENT controversy sur-
rounding an alleged contribution of
HRP candidate Zolton Ferency
(transmitted before he was an
HRP nominee) to Democratic can-
d;date Perry Bullard raises ques-
tions as to the integrity of HRP,
Ferency, and Bullard.
It is unfortunate to say the least
that an office-seeker like Perry
Bullard finds it somehow in his in-
terest to falsely claim the personal
support of Ferency.
The fact that Bullard chose to
distort the nature of the gratuity
only points, however, to the gross
mistake Ferency has made in en-
gaging in this kind of act in a sys-
tem that expects the worst from its
politicians. Needless to say, Zolton
Ferency now realizes and admits

In addition, Perry Bullard should
also not be excused for shielding
the true donors of the funds. He
knew, from a letter and a phone
call from Ferency, that the money
was from others.
What this whole episode points
up to is the genuine need for op-
enness in politics, especially in its
financing. It points also to the need
for *a political party that is not
afraid to reproach and criticize its
leaders. This we have attempted
to do in a fair and firm way. For
criticism is essential to real sup-
port in an era marked by charis-
matic white-knights immune from
popular questioning. Our criticism
is an essential part of our support
for Zolton Ferency, for he has the
integrity to admit a mistake and
to know that it is the role of a par-
ty to criticize its candidates as it.
supports them.

$200 for out-of-state abortions. This
benefit was hidden in the policy
and students were not even aware
of its existence until Student Gov-
ernment officers began publicizing
the fact.
The reasons for such a benefit
are numerous. Briefly, a girl in
college could possibly forfeit her
chance for an education because of
an unplanned pregnancy. Where
are college students suppose to
find a quick $200 for an out-of-state
abortion?
Curiously, many administrators
are in favor of an abortion provi-
sion in student insurance policies.
George Safford, Assistant Dean of
Student Affairs of University of
Illinois, felt' that it was a legiti-
mate medical expense. In his
words, it is ". . . a just provision
in a student policy."
I would hope that students on

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