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February 26, 1974 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1974-02-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

I uesday, February 26, 1914 1

Wh d
wydoes a-man
join ,Maryknoll?
There are probably as many answers and power to an excessive degree.
as there are individual Maryknoll Oathers look to learn from peoples
priests and Brothers. Some men are who have grown up with a different
deeply moved',-when they hear of mentality than that which is theirs.
babies dying in their mother's arms All feel that the only solution to the
because of hunger or disease. Others crises that threaten to split men
are distressed by the growing antag- asunder is the love of God as shown
onism and separation between the in the life of His Son, Jesos Christ.
rich and the poor nations. More are This love of God urges men to go;
concerned about the great injustices forward and be missioners so men
that have been inflicted upon the can love one another. What could be
poor by those who possess wealth your reason for joining Maryknoll?
If you keep saying you want to do something
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South African

dissidents hit

'repressive' laws

By JEREMY TOYE
JOHANNESBURG (Reuter) -
Plans to give South African of-
ficials even wider powers to con-
trol dissident groups have
brought renewed charges of in-
creasing government totalitarian-
ism here.
A "typical totalitarian mea-
sure" was how Professor A.S.
Mathews, of the law faculty at
Natal University, described the
government's plan to widen the
scope of the Riotous Assemblies
act to cover banning any meet-
ing, no matter how small, in any
place, no matter how private.
The other measure now before
Parliament would allow the au-
thorities to stop the influx of
funds from abroad to any "poli-
tical" organization which the
state president judges is sup-
ported or influenced by a for-
eign group.
ALMOST by definition, these
organizations will be those cri-
tical of the all-white govern-
Michigan Union
OPEN
REGULAR HOURS
DURING BREAK

ment's apartheid policies.
The amendments to the riot
act also appeared aimed at what
state President Jim Fouche de-
scribed recently as groups "bent
upon radical, even revolutionary,
political activities."
Though the bills probably will
be criticized by the white oppo-
sition in Parliament - Helen
Suzman of the small Progres-
sive Party says she will do so
"bitterly" - they will undoubt-
edly become law, adding to the
already impressive armory avail-
able to the authorities.
AT ONE END of the scale are
the heavy weapons of the :Ter-
rorism and Suppression of
Communism Acts, measures
which permit indefinite deten-
tion without trial, arbitrary ban-
nings and long-term house ar-
rests without any recourse to the
courts.
At the other end are a host of
minor regulations embodied in
many acts, which enable the po-
lice to take immediate action
against individuals, and which
circumscribe political activities.
For example, political parties
may not receive funds from
abroad and may not be multirac-
ial.
The laws governing apartheid
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

("separate development") itself
were seen by an expert legal
commission set up by the Study
Project on Christianity in an
apartheid Society (SPRO-CAS)
as encroachments on "personal
liberty, family life, freedom of
movement, speech and associa-
tion."
On top of this, it said, the "so-
called security laws," such as
the two now being consideredin
parliament, "build upon an au-
thoritarian legal tradition quite
foreign to modern western socie-
ties."
ANOTHER legal academic,
Professor John Dugard of the
University of the Witwatersrand,
compared it instead "with the:
Communist regimes in Eastern
Europe or the fascist system of
Nazi Germany."
The Christian Institute, which
because of its stand against
apartheid and its consequent
support from abroad, will be on
the firing line, anticipated the
publication of the acts by de-
claring: "This proposed legis-
lation now removes all doubt
that South Africa is a police
state."
Another target for the amend-
ments to the Riot Act in particu-
lar is the National Union of
South African Students, many
of whose members were involv-
ed in violent clashes with police
in May and June 1972, and
eight of whose leaders are now
banned.
THE LIMITATIONS of the pre-
sent Riotous Assemblies Act,
which only allows the prohibition
of a public meeting of 12 or more
people, prevented police action

against some of the student dem-
onstrations, as they took place
on campus.
Observers thus see the amend-
ments as a method of closing
this loophole which the students
say they will fight to keep open.
But by removing any refer-
ence to "public" and allowing
any magistrate to stop even a
meeting of two people, its theo-
retical powers extend far beyond
student demonstrations.
In addition, the minister of jus-

AS WITH other security legis-
lation, the role of the courts is
largely confined to judging
breaches of the acts. They can-
not consider the validity of min-
isterial acts themselves.
South Africa prides itself on
its independent judiciary. Yet it
is being called upon to consider
laws which even the minister of
justice himself, Petrus Pelser,
admits do not always conform
to the rule of law.
But Pelser told a meeting in
July last year that South Africa
was under threat from numer-
ous lines of attack.
"It is a situation which, with-
out a doubt, qualifies as an
emergencyssituation and it sure-
ly justifies the provision and
implementation of the so-called
rule of law," he said.
The minister was roundly con-
demned for this, with some cri-
tics saying it was the govern-
ment's own fault that the situ-
ation was not, as he said, "nor-
mal."
OCCASIONALLY, judges indi-
cate their disapproval of the
laws, and in 1969, a protest by
the judiciary over a law which
allowed certain evidence to be

excluded from the courts led to
its significant modification.
Yet in respect of the security
legislation, there are many mem-
bers of the leg31 fraternity who
apparently agree with Pelser
that the country is under attack
and impose penalties according-
ly.
A group of parliamentarians
from both sides of the house who
constitutehthe much - criticized
Schlebusch commission took the
same view after examining the
activities of the National Union
of South African Students. They
recommended the appointment of
a permanent security commis-
sion.
AGAIN, Schlebusch , which is
currently examining the Christ-
ian Institute and, the Institute
of Race- Relations, is not ans-
werable to any court and reports
only to parliament.
Suzman warned that the des-
tiny of South Africans was be-
ing increasingly controlled by "a
secret body of men taking sec-
ret decisions."
And the Rand Daily Mail said
the regulations resulted from
the government's "naked lust for
power.

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Fouche
tice can ban a specified person
from attending a meeting if he
feels his or her presence might
stir up "racial friction".
Similarly, under the provisions
of the other bill, he can order
an investigation of any organiza-
tion if he suspects foreign in-
volvement, even if it has not
been proclaimed "affected" in
terms of the act.

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764-0557 10-4 p.m. daily

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Sunday,

Feb. 24-2-5, 7-10

Monday, Feb. 25-7-10
Tuesday, Feb. 26-7-10
Please come at the beginning of one of the
above sessions.
201 MULHOLLAND
Between W. Washington and W. Liberty
662-9405

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DIRECTION: GARY KLINSKY
MUSICAL DIRECTION: BARBARA BORN
CHOREOGRAPHY: JENNIFER MARTIN

INCLUDING BEST PICTU

Julie
Andrews

Chris
Plur

MLB AUD. 3
7 and 10 p.m.

Filing Open for Rackham
Student Government Positions
POSITIONS OPEN: President, Vice President (must run as slate)
15 Executive Board representatives-2 from Biological and
Health Sciences, 3 from Physical Sciences and Engineering,
3 from Social Sciences, 3 from Humanities, 4 from Education

LENGTH OF TERM: One Year from Election

SAT., SUN., & WED. at
1, 3, 5, 7, & 9
MON., TUES. at 7 & 9 ONLY

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ELIGIBLE: Any student now enrolled in Rackham School of Gradu-
ate Studies.
FILING DEADLINE: 4:00 P.M. Thursday, March 21, 1974.
How to File: Simply write down your name, address, phone
number, Department or Program, and the office for which
you wish to run. Mail this information to: RSG, 2006 Rackham
Building, University of Michigan OR bring the information to
2006 Rackham during office hours (noon to 4:00 P.M, Mon.-
Fri.) before the filing deadline.
PLATFORM: A SHORT platform statement (100 word limit) is
OPTIONAL and may be submitted at the same time.
Date of Election: Mon., March 25 thru Fri., April 5, 1974.
For additional information, call 763-0109 afternoons Mon.-
Fri.

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