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January 10, 1974 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1974-01-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Israelis: Fed

up long before the war

Eighty-three years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

News Phone: 764-0552


Alienable rights?

UESDAY TE supreme Court se t a
precedent that further erodes the
Fourth Amendment's principle of Amer-
icans' "persons, houses, papers, and ef-
fects, against unreasonable searches and
By a 6-3 vote the justices decided evi-
dence gathered illegally may now be used
for grand jury probes, thus decreasing
the procedural safeguards citizens enjoy
in the pre-trial stage.
This decision seems to rest on expedi-
ency at the expense of principle. True,
there is a tremendous backlog of cases
awaiting adjudication all over the coun-
try. And true, the practice of stringently
upholding certain rights for the suspect
undoubtedly has let some guilty people
go free.
The majority wrote of concern over
suspects invoking the "exclusionary rule,"
a procedure they feel would "delay and
disrupt grand jury proceedings." But even
in purely practical terms it is doubtful
to what extent foregoing the "exclusion-
ary rule" will speed up the hearing of
AND IT IS preferable to insure the in-
violacy of people, their possessions
and their privacy, even if sanctions for
privacy mean an occasional offender is
not caught, tried, and sentenced.
By keeping safeguards for the defend-
ant at trial level but declaring these same
safeguards no longer instrumental at the
grand jury level, the court is tugging on
both ends of the rope.
Allowing the use of illegally obtained
evidence in grand jury proceedings, the
Supreme Court is In effect encouraging
law enforcement agencies pushing for in-
dictments to use illegal means. Also, it is
impossible to see the logic that allows
evidence to be used in one judicial pro-
ceeding and not in another.
Associate Justice Powell, who wrote for
1 f+I di+ g auaty
Sports Staff
Sports Editor
Managing Sports Editor
BOB MCGINN..............Executive Sports Editor
CUCK BLOOM ......Assocate Sports Editor
JOEL GREER...............Associate Sports Editor
RICH STUCK.............Contributing Sports Editor
BOB UEUER............ Contributing Sports Editor
Editorial Staff
Co-Editors in Chief
DIANS LEVICK........................ Arts Editor
MARTIN PORTER.....................Sunday Editor
MARILYN RILEY........Associate Managing Editor
ZACHARY SCHILLER ............. Editorial Director
ERIC SCHOCH..................Editorial Director
TONY SCHWARTZ .................... Sunday Editor
CHARLES STEIN .....:................... City Editor
TED STEIN..... ................ Executive Editor
ROLFE TESSEM .. Managing Editor
Wilbur, David Yalowitz
News: Gordon Atcheson, J. Fraley Jr., Eu-
gene Robinson, Judy Ruskin, Stephen
Selbst, Rolfe Tessem
Editorial Page: Ted Hartze lMarnie
Heyn, Eric Schoch
Arts Page: Diane Levick
Photo Technician: Ken Fink

the majority, sees the system as self-cor-
recting: Those quick indictments result-
ing from illegal evidence will be "ne-
gated by the inadmissibility of the illeg-
ally seized evidence in a subsequent
criminal prosecution of the search vic-
tim," and so the Fourth Amendment is
method at best, when cases contain-
ing illegal evidence can be kept from the
courts in the first place. To even count
on courts discarding cases is tenuous, and
the decision implies the desirability of
creating indictments as well, disregard-
ing the social stigmas involved.
Yet if the result of yesterday's ruling
seems contradictory, the direction in
which it steers is evident. Following on
the heels of last month's decision allow-
ing searches of suspects without war-
rants or probable cause, the trend is to-
ward a whittling away at Fourth Amend-
ment protections.
Without becoming hysterical, it is nec-
essary to question exactly how far this
process may go under the "Nixon Court."
Each precedent that reduces the rights
of American citizens only legitimizes con-
sideration of further reductions.
Hopefully this process will end before
suspects have no rights during arrest and
trial and police have no restrictions on
evidence-gathering procedures. At this
point, however, that end does not appear
to be in sight.
AS THE AMERICAN people and media
focus their attention on the fire-
works of government scandal and ener-
gy belt-tightening, an economic brushfire
is spreading in this country, of a magni-
tude not generally experienced since the
The wholesale price index for Decem.
ber 1973 outstripped all upward gains
since the economic chaos following the
end of World War II. Food, fuel, clothing,
tools and appliances will now cost more
than they ever have in the memories of
most living Americans.
There is no end in sight for this mas-
sive rise in the cost of necessary goods,
which will be increasingly be too expen-
sive for ordinary people to afford.
At the same time, the unemployment
rate inches upward month by month.
Nearly a quarter million people in
Michigan alone are out of work and ac-
tively seeking jobs. No economic system
yet devised can long survive with mas-
sive numbers of its population unable to
participate in production and consump-
GOVERNMENT officials seem to be. able
to do nothing but wring their hands
and grumble about how the economy
may soon go from bad to worse. Next we
may hear the President urging Aieri-
cans to "turn aside" from the muck of
inflation and unemployment, to some
issue yet unexploited.

been held last August or Sep-
tember the results of the Parlia-
mentary elections held a week ago
would have been essentially t h e
same. Coincidence, maybe. B u t
most likely not.
While the final tally of absentee
and military ballots still remain to
be counted, preliminary results
show the Labour Alignment nead-
ed by Prime Minister Meir with
50 seats in the Israeli Knesset (Par-
liament) out of a possible 120 seat's.
The recently formed Likud op-
position received 39 seats and the
National Religious Party 11 seats.
In the former seventh Knesset the
Labour Alignment held 56 seats,
the Likud 32 seats and the Na-
tional Religious Party 12 seats.
The late summer survey research
carried out for the Israeli d a i l y
Haharets and published on the
26th of September ishvirtually iden-
tical to the results for the eighth
Knesset to be convened in two
weeks time. Why?
soothsayers have jumped to the
conclusion that the Labour Align-
ment's loss of 6 seats from the
previous Knesset is a conclusive
barometer of the Israeli public's
"tough" stance vis-a-vis the peace
(more precisely settlement) confer-
ence now going on at Geneva.
That most Israelis had decide
before the October war that they
were disillusioned with their ag-
ing gerontocracy has been missed
by most. The war seems to have
catalyzed those notions of di-..
affection for Mrs. Meir's leader-
ship and other septuagenarians st:ll
on the Israeli political scene.
The obvious manifestation of a

feet on potential Israeli voting be-
havior. Had elections been held
in mid-November, wv:h the emo-
tional wounds of war stil urband-
aged by the Syrian prisoner-of-war
issue and the positive prospects of
Geneva, both major political blocks
probably would have come out with
approximately equal mandates.
Such a result woul. have neces-
sitated the calling rf new elections
to solve the deadloaL of who would
form a government coahitioa. While
the prisoner-of-wir issue is still
not solved, the Lanour Alignment's
astute use of the Geneva talks per-
mitted them the chance to form
Israeli's next government.
When the crun-h came and Is-
raelis were forced to choose their
party preference in Israel's si Zgle
member constituency system each
party receives seats in the Knes-
set according to the percentages
cast in its favor), the large unde-
cided block of voters seer to have
cast their lot with their previous
allegiances. This despite feelngs
fraught with misgivings over up-
per-echelon party leadership.
THE RESULTS of this war are
numerous, but most substantive on
the political scene. Yount former
military generals will now find a
placefor themselves in Israel's
next cabinet.
Names like Yariv, Amit, Herzog,
Bar-Lev, Sharon, and Rabin wall
be names to be reckoned with in
future political constellations of
Israeli politics, not because they
have had good performances on
the military field, but because they
are hard thinkers, not willing to !nt
the status quo and the meantime
A shot in the arm has been given
to the formation of a potential op-

Gen. Aharon Yariv

position coalition whien now has to
prove itself as a -iab lealternative
to the Labour Alignment.
Israeli democracy will face a
tough test should negotiations get
down to discussions about the West
Bank of Jordan. The National Re'.
ligious Party has a strong attach-
ment to it.
SHOULD THE coming Labour-
dominated coaliti3n governinert
reach a crisis over this issue, the
likelihood of new elections being
called is not out of the realm of
possibility. Having such a refer-
endum and its attendant lesults
might only then tell us the t r u e
meaning of this war's aftermath on
the Israeli public.
Kenneth Stein is a Ph. D. candi-
date in Modern Near Eastern His-
tory at the University.

Golda Meir eyes election returns

fed-up attitude, in however small
form, appears with the presence
of a new Civil Rights party head-
ed by a feminist-lawyer Shulamit
Aloni. The three seats her party
will be allocated in the nex_ Knes-
set probably best personify t h e

solution to the cosmic oy-vey that
has permeated the Israeli psyche
since October. Her party did not
even appear in the poll taken in
THE WAR HAD a transitory e'-

Fighting exploitation of waitresses

T HE STUDENT labor situation in
Ann Arbor's restaurants is a
vicious circle with the student
caughtiin the squeeze of what is
essentially smalltime business.
In the owner's interest, waiaress-
es may be denied adequate break
time in order to give a semblance
of busy-ness to the place, hopefuly
drawing customers.
It may mean dismissing a sched-
uled waitress at the start or mid-
way througheher shift in order
to cut overhead when business is
slow, paying waitresses without
vouchers of deductions made for
tax and social security or record
of hours worked.
The student proletariat's partici-
pation in this vicious circle arises
from short-run committments for
the money it provides -- of the 40
waitresses surveyed half of them
stated self-support as their reason
for working-and finally, to quit
when conditions become insuffcr-
The student waitress in the mo-
bile Ann Arbor community senses
herself as doubly transient; 'in-
committed, she accepts such ad-
verse circumstances as well as
smiling to the tune of the-custom-
er-is-always-right because too of-
ten she concedes fatalisdcally Lo
her role and the inevitably of such
hazards in a "shit job."
SHE DOES NOT consider it in
her interest to seek reform in this
area because to her the waitress
job is an aberration, not her ca-
reer. Relief is to be found outside

of it once she quits the job, re-
ceives her degree and ascends up
the job hierarchy where supposed-
ly conditions are more civilized.
Situated in Ann Arbor, "c~taciel
of reason," it remains for the stu-
dent worker to take advantage of
her foothold in the worKing class
world, to bring her ideals to the
job and demand that human dignity
be recognized in the community
The cult of spontaneity ham been
proclaimed, yet ironicailv t h e s e
valid moments spent working, part
time though the work nay be, are
often repressed rather than dealt
with, as if the waiter wai'ress is
not truly present at her situation.
With over half of the waitresses
surveyed stating that they work
at least sixteen hours a week, it
seems that they are indeed putting
in much bona fide time in their
lives. It behooves them to insure
that the time is passed at least de-
cently, with job security, negotia-
tion procedures for grievance3, pay
recognition of time worked after
the supposed end of a shift, and
so forth.
WHAT CAN BE done is to con-
front managers with deaiands to
correct the inequities of a "low
class job," using the threat of un-
ionization to force issues, if ne-
Much of the management disi e-
gard for waitresses is rooted in the
feeling that the "students don't
care, that "this is not their busi-
ness" as one restaurant manager
put it, even though they work at
the business themselves. It re-

mains for students to disute this,
to show that they are intelligent
and engaged enough to humanize
their situation.
Secondly, when a wai'.:ess is
treated in an insulting mo he:-maid
fashion, "hassled and proposition-
ed," as if her, serving and smiling
connotes she's "available," s h e
should make clear that she is a
dignified legitimate wo-ker a n d
above such demeaning treatment.
This swallowing of prid? for the
sake of tips renders her liable
again and again to the taditional
game for the eating pub'ic.
THUS IT MAY be necessary to
scrap the tipping custon that now
supplements a below m nmnum
wage for a decent salary of ap-
proximately $2.50 an hoax. The wo-
man may, in the words )f a Crack-
ed Crab waitress, be "somethino
nice up front," and receive tips
because of that, but the exploitive
stereotype of her job may also
serve to her detriment. The tips
re unofficial, paternalistic ap-
proval, purely "gratituous," often
hidden under a plate or napkin;
the waitress would be *oo embar-
rassed to ask for her tio outright
if after having given good serv-
ice, she perceives that a cuistomnr
has "ignored" or forgotten to tip.
Too often the respect supposed to
be paid is not.
Rather their resigning themselves
to the "sad situation" of the local
glorified hamburger joints as be-
yond change, waitresses and wai-
ters should raise their 5,iching. to
the levels of protest, be;-er their
image to customers, management

and finally to themselves by de-
manding full human dignity in the
work they do.
Marcia Zoslaw is a former staff

DailyPhoto by STEVE KAGAN
writer for The Daily who investi-
gated the ins and outs of being a
waitress in Ann Arbor last semes-

0 1



Public campaign


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To The Daily:
. WE MUST HAVE public financ-
ing of all presidential and con-
gressional campaigns, and we must
have it now. It is a shame that af-
ter all of the "court room" Water-
gate coverage this summer that the
people have lost interest in a very
important part of the Nixon scan-
dals, the financing of the Re-elect
the President Committee.
Richard Nixon spent more money
in his campaign than anyone else
has in the history of this nation.
Recent testimony has proven the
large part that corporate donations
played in his campaign. Corpora-
tions were pressured for money,
or just gave out of the fear of
what would happen to their govern-
ment contracts if they didn't give.
While Nixon was condeming the
Democrats for instituting a "quota
system" that allowed more wo-
men, blacks, and young people in-
to the Democratic National Con-
vention, his agents were enforcing
a quota for corporate donations.
The American government was
up for sale, and the American peo-
ple were not entitled to' enter a
bid. Public financing is the only
way that the American people can
get our government back from the
Public financing alone, though,
will not solve this problem. The
existing penalties for illegal cor-
porate donations must be made to
fit the crime. Phillips Petroleum

twenty per cent of the year's pro-
fits, or at least a $500,000 fine, plus
the immediate removal of all of-
ficers involved in the donation as
a possible answer. I know that
seems drastic, but remember that
when they buy a part of the gov-
ernment, they are buying a piece
of each of us. We must not al-
low our government to be bought
any longer!
Public financing of congress onal
campaigns would also make th
Congress much more respon-ive to
the needs of the peone. By provid-
ing both candidates with equal
amounts of money, and equal mass
media coverage a candidate would
no longer be able to buy a Seat in
Congress. This would lead :o in-
creased competition, a highe- turn
over of members, and should al-
low the better pers on to win. it
would also allow a much more di-
verse representation from the dif-
ferent socio-economic groups.
It is for these very reasons that
many representatives' are against
public financing. With the increas-
ed competition, not being able to
spend twice as much money as
their opponent, many of these men
would not be returned to Wash-
ington in their next election.
So let us take the power of
government away from the cor-
porations and give it back to the
American people, a right guaran-
teed to us by our Constitution.
-Guy Cavallo '75

We have been active over t h e
years in the struggle to force the
costs of housing to tenants down.
Precipitous rent raises, such as the
one the University made during
President Nixon's Rent Freeze, and
which led to the Tenants Union's
lawsuit in Federal Court challeng-
ing the University's rent raise, are
no longer justified in our eyes.
Hopefully, with Students making
dorm rate decisions, the costs to
tenants for housing can be kept
within reasonable limits.
We strongly urge that the dorm
rate decision making power be put
into the hands of the Housing
Policy Committee, with the an-
propriate limitations on the Re-
gents' powers to decide against the
HPC, as quickly as possible.
In a similar vein we urge people
to support the effort in the Ann
Arbor Community to implement an
effective system of rent control.
We would like also to point with
disappointment at the stagnation
of the efforts to build new 1 o w
cost housing, as planned by many
people over the past several years.
It is agreed by many people in and
out of the Univeristy that the Uni-
versity could and should be doing
more than it is to provide a better
housing market for tenants, many
of whom are attracted by the Uni-
versity, in Ann Arbor.
-David H. Raaflaul)
for others and with others
in the Tenants Union

print my letter in your campus
student newspaper.
I am doing a 20 to 40 year sent-
ence for marijuana with 10 years
(1982) to serve before I see the
Parole Board in the hopes of
making a parole.
I would appreciate any help
anyone can assist me with in help-
ing me obtain my freedom so as I
may continue my college educa-
I am asking anyone that iny
wish to help me for donations of
any kind to be sent NOT to be but
to my legal advisor, by money
orders only, and if anyone should
wish to write to me for more de-
tails I would be more than .iappy
to answer any questions you moy
have. My address is:
P.O. BOX 787
The address of my legal advisor
Please help me if you caa by
printing this letter in your paper.
I have no one to turn to, and I
can only hope and pray that some
of you will at levit try to under-
stand my situation.
Thank you very much for your
time and considerariop. I am and

newspaper. I really dont know
what to say.
I would like to correspond with
people on the outside. I am 29
years old, five feet eleven inches
tall, 175 pounds, and iave black
hair and hazel eyes.
Thank you for any help you may
give me.
-~Elmo Jacobs
No. 136865
PO Box 57
Marion, Ohio 43302
To The Daily:
PLEASE MAKE known t} your
readers the upcoming "Bikecen-
tennial 76." It is a proposed bike
trail, to be completed in 1916,bex-
tending from Oregon to Virginia.
The organization is non-proilt, is
in muich need of publicity a n d
support. Seeing as the University
has so many bike riders, is al-
ways in want of new bike trails
besides Huron River Drive, you'd
be doing them a great service by
informing them.
For more information write the
organization: 317 Beverly Ave.,
Missonla, Montana 59801. Do not
delay, please! All students and
non-students will certainly apprec-
iate this long-awaited happening.
Thank you.
-Not signed

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