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October 10, 1973 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-10-10

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9

Mental patients
fight prejudice

S
.

4

By JOHN NORTON
"GOING INSANE" in the spring
of 1967 was one of the heal-
thiest decisions I feel I made. Since
then I've been in and out of local
mental institutions, spending ap-
proximately three years of time
at Ypsilanti State Hospital, Merc v-
wood, and the University Hos-
pital's Neuro-psychiatric Institute.
My decision was good because no
matter how medicated, brutalized
and conditioned to reject my feel-
ings I had become, I now know
that the oppression which first
drove me into a mental hospital
was and is real. And I know that
the institutions which exist to deal
with "crazies" like myself serve
only to perpetuate this oppreession.
of the largest unorganized minority
group in the world.
Mental and ex-mental patients
know what I'm talking about. We
live with the knowledge that to
many of those around us, once
crazy is always crazy. We suffer
discrimination in jobs, housing,
school, and most importantly, in
personal relationships.
HOW LONG do we travel into
"No matter how medi-
cated, brutalized and
conditioned to reject
my feelings I had be-
come, I know now that
the oppression which
first drove me into a

i

Eighty-three years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

stitution and chemical straight
jackets when released. For very
good reasons I am belligerent, hos-
tile, paranoid and mad, and so are
increasing numbers of neop'e like
myself.
IN MANY PLACES la the Unit-
ed Stats and Canada, however,
mental and ex-mental patients are
starting to get it together to op-
pose and expose their oppression.
In Ann Arbor we can learn from
groups who have already organ-
ized in New York City, Baltimore,
Philadelphia, Washington D.C.,
Harrisburg, Syracuse, Cleveland,
Richmond and Vancouver. Various-
ly political and apolitical, these
groups are working to help them-
selves get along in the outside
world, defend the legal rights of
patients and, end abuses in institu-
tional psychiatry, end disorimina-
tion against ex-mental natients and
establish revolutionary alternatives
to the psychiatric industry.
The real problems is not how
to organize, but to choose what it
is that we want to do firs! out
of the great number of things
whicheneed to be done.
PEOPLE WHO ARE thinking of
going into a metal hospinl for the
first time need counseling, n o t
from their prospective ka-lpers but
from ex-mental patients who can
tell them what to expect and what
not to expect. A non-professional
analysis of the medications, doc-
tors, institutions and comianity
services available in Ann Arbor
needs to be made availabla !o the
general public.
People locked inside mental hos-
pitals need information about their
rights and legal help when these
rights are violated.
People released from institutions
need help in getting started again,
not from professionals but from
equals who have faced the same
problems. Besides he'a in satisfy-
ing basic needs of food, shelter,
clothing, money and job skills, ex-
mental patients aeei helpin 'iht-
ing discrimination in housing, jobs,
school and personal c mtacts.
IN THIS TObN the Ani Arbor
Mental Patients Proiect is organiz-
ing to allow mental and ex-mental
patients to share their experienc-
es, help each other and offer al-
ternatives to other people whosare
thinking of going into mental hos-
pitals. Though we have Already
signed up "consultants who are
not ex-mental patients, we; want to
limit membership to those who
have spent time, even if only a
short time, in institutions.bThere
are only six of us so far, bit the
proliferation and growthof groups
elsewhere proves that people like
ourselves are perfectly capabl3 of
organizing.
John Norton is a former
mental patient and a mem-
ber of the Ann Arbor Mental
Patients Project.

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

News Phone: 764-0552

AP Photo
One man's long search for
justice in Kent State killings

mental

hospital

was

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1973

and is real."

New impetus for shield law

A BALTIMORE Federal Court will be
crawling with representatives of the
national news media this morning; jour-
nalists from the New York Times, the
Washington Post, Time, Newsweek, CBS
and several other media will be having
their day in court.
The reporters, however, will not be
coming to report. Rather, they have been
subpoenaed to testify.
The journalists were subpoenaed last
week by lawyers for Vice President Ag-
new, who, through court order, were
given power of subpoena to look into news
leaks in the Justice Department. The Vice
President has called the leaks about his
case, currently under investigation by a
grand jury, a "malicious, immoral and il-
legal" attack on him.
Whether the journalists will discuss
thegnews'leaks is an open question,
though preliminary indications are that
they will refuse to do so.
Editorial Staff
CHRISTOPHER PARKS and EUGENE ROBINSON
Co-Editors in Chief
DIANE LEVICK.........................Arts Editor
MARTIN PORTER ..................... Sunday Editor
MARILYN RILEY.........Associate Managing Editor
ZACHARY SCHILLER ..............Editorial Director
ERIC SCHOCH .'...................Editorial Director
TONY SCHWARTZ....................Sunday Editor
CHARLES STEIN........ ................ City Editor
TED STEIN........................Executive Editor
ROLFE TESSEM....................Managing Editor
STAFF WRITERS: Prakash Aswani, Gordon Atcheson,
Dan Biddle, Penny Blank, Dan Blugerman, Howard
Brick, Dave Burhenn, Bonnie Carnes, Charles Cole-
man, Mike Duweck, Ted Evanoff, Deborah Good,
William Heenan, Cindy Hill, Pack Krost, jean Love,
Josephine Marcotty,dCheryl Pilate, Judy Ruskin,
Ann Rauma. Bob Seidenstein, Stephen Selbst, Jeff
Sorensen, Sue Stephenson, David Stoll, Rebecca
Warnxer
DAILY WEATHER BUREAU: William Marino and
Dennis Dismacheck (forecasters)
Sports Staff
DAN BORUS
Sports Editor
FRANK LONGO
Managing Sports Editor
BOB McGINN ..,.............Executive Sports Editor
CHUCK BLOOM ...............Associate Sports Editor
JOEL GREER.................Associate Sports Editor
RICH STUCK ......... ;....Contributing Sports Editor
BOB HEUER .............Contributing Sports Editor
NIGHT EDITORS: Jeff Chown, Brian Deming, Jim
Ecker, Marc Feldman, G e o r g e Hastings, Marcia
Merker, Roger Rossiter, Theresa Swedo
STAFF: Barry Argenbright, Bill Crane, Richard Fla-
herty, Cary Fotias, Andy Glazer, Leba Hertz, John
Kahler, Mike Lisuil. Jeffrey Milgrom, Tom Pyden,
Leslie Riester, Jeff Schiller, Bill Stieg, Fred Upton
Business Staff
BIILL BLACKFORD
Business Manager
RAY CATALINOO.............Operations Manager
SHERRY CASTLE ..Advertising Manager
SANDY FIENBERG ............ Finance Manager
DAVE BURLESON .... .. ..... ..... Sales Manager
DEPT. MGRS.: Steve LeMire, Jane Dunning, Paula
Schwach
ASSOC. MGRS.: Joan Ades. Chantal Bancilhon, Linda

FAR MORE IMPORTANT than this spe-
cific instance of bringing the press to
heel, however, is the trend which these
subpoenas represent.
Reporters who witnessed prison rebel-
lions have been subpoenaed to testify, as
have others with confidential informa-
tion 'of political dissidents.
New York Times reporter Earl Caldwell
lost a Supreme Court case over his right
to withhold notes and tapes of his inter-
views with Black Panthers.
The editor of a Madison, Wisc., under-
ground paper was jailed for six months
for refusing to tell a grand jury the
source of a statement by a radical group
that said it was responsible for bombing
the Army Mathematics Research Bldg. at
the University of Wisconsin.
THESE AND OTHER incidents of press
intimidation led to growing concern
on the part of journalists themselves as
well as some political figures. Sen. Sam
Ervin (D-N.C.), among others, said that
"The passage of some type of statutory
privilege for newsmen is compelling."
Investigative reporting, unearthing
otherwise secret or unknown information,
is something of a rarity already. The un-
covering of Watergate, President Nixon's
housing maintenance costs and the ITT
intervention in the 1970 Chilean election
stand out as exceptions to the norm of
general journalistic docility.
With this in mind, there is no question
that a law protecting the journalist from
overt governmental pressure is both jus-
tifiable and necessary.
Endorsements
Residence Hall: Thomas Lounsbury
Undergraduate; Daniel Fishman, - Jeff
Schiller
LSA: Marcia Fishman, Rosanne Lapinski
Law: Ed Hall
Engineering: Doug Reith
WE FEEL THE above candidates are the
best choices in the three day all-
campus SGC election which continues to-
day and tomorrow.
Voters in this election will note the
new representation plan adopted by SGC
for this years election. The representa-
tion scheme, known as the 10-10-10 plan,
will create a council of 42 members with
individuals elected from various schools,
divisional and recreational constituen-

an intimate relationship before "4e
tell the other person that we've
spent time in a mental institution?
Or do we just lie andnever re-
veal that part of our past, multi-
plying hidden shame, guii* and
fear of exposure? This happens to
human beings on all levels f
wealth and influence. It happened
to Thomas Eagleton; much more
frequently and without any public-
ity it happens to ordinary men and
women, gays, and blacks and poor
people whoare starved into de-
pression and psychosis.
I've been told that I am "belli-
gerent. . . hostile. . . paranoid .. .
MAD!" When dealing with profes-
sionals in thedmental health field;
poor, a mixed-up, 'crazy" should
of course be cool, restrained, pas-
sive and respectful as she is put
into behavior modification pro-
grams, isolation "therapy," and
straight jackets while inythe in-

By JAMES WECHSLER
T'O THE CYNICAL and the cold-
blooded, Peter Davies must
have appeared a man fatally ob-
sessed during much of the last
three and a half years. Almost
from the moment when he read
and heard about the National
Guard killings of four students on
the Kent State campus on May
1, 1970, this slightly-built, 40-year-
old British-born insurance sales-
man began dedicating countless
hours to a lonely, ceaseless quest
for truth and justice. Time a n d
again he was told that he was
Squandering his energies in a
doomed cause. But he refused to
desist.
Now he can glimpsetat .least
the portenits of vindication. The
new Justice Dept. regime has re-
opened the case that John Mitchell.
and Richard Kleindienst had bur-
ied so long. A book by Davies
called "The Truth About Kent
State: A Challenge to the Amer-
ican Conscience" (Farrar Straus
Giroux) has received widely fav-
orable recognition, a first printing
of 15,000 has been ,quickly s o 1 d
and a new one issued.
Then, the other day, Davies
elatedly noted a Harris poll show-
ing a dramatic transformation in
the public view of the Kent S t a t e
tragedy.
BACK IN 1970 a survey h a d
showed that the public condoned
the Kent State deaths as "neces-
sary and justified"; the vote was
40 to 39 per cent, with the remaind-
er undecided. Now the same poll-
sters report that Americans, by a
margin of 55 to 31 per cent, feel
the shootings were "unjustified and
repressive."
Peter Davies, working tirelessly

with Arthur Krause, father of one
of the slain students, Rev. John
Adams of the United Methodist
Church, and a handful of others,
was a decisive if long unheralded
figure in achieving that revelu-
tion of attitude.
What makes Davies' role so dis-
tinctive is that he seemed so un-
likely to be the man to playr it.
He was not an agitator or pamph-
leteer by profession or tempera-
ment. He had no previous relation-
ship with the victims or their fam-
ilies. He was emphatically free of
any leftist biases; quite the're-
verse. He and his wife had emi;-
grated to the U.S. in 1957 because
he fell the British government
was going too Socialistic." In
1960 he warmly favored the can-
didacy of Richard Nixon and he
subsequently revered Barry Gold-
water.
WHAT IMPELLED him, then, to
invest so much energy and devo-
tion in the battle against official
whitewash of the Kent State night-
mare?
"I suppose I felt that if th's had
happened to my -family I would
expect others to do what I did,"
he said quietly yesterday.
"I have three boys - 6, 8 and
11 - and I couldn't help thinking
that one day this could happ-n
to them.
"To me, being a conservative
meant above all the protection of
individual rights. My greatest dis-
appointment was the reaction of
the Goldwaters, theyBuckleys and
others. I thought they'd be making
the, most forceful statements de-
manding a full grand jury inquiry
by the government. Instead they
were making stupid statements
hat just seemed to miss the point."

ON THE DAY after the shoot-
ings, Davies took this first step
in what was to become a mission-
ary pilgrimage. He wrote a lengthy
letter to President Nixon, recall-
ing his pledge to "bring us to-
gether" 'and contrasting it wit his
aloof reaction to the shootings. He
received a printed acknowledga-
ment from the White House. But a
copy of the letter which he sent
to Arthur Krause elicited warm ie-
snonse and opened the way for his
close relationship with the families
of the dead students.
Now Davies is optimistic about
the probe being led by Robert Mur-
phy of the Justice Dept's. Criminal
Section.
"Perhaps I was naive for, a
long time, but I always' believed
we would break through," he said.
"I suppose one had to believe that
to keep going: I admit there were
some very dark moments."
HE AGkEES that Watergate
hastened the new developments,
bringing the shakeup at the Justice
Dept. and banishing many of the
men - Kleindienst, John Ehrlich-
man, John Dean and others - who
had thwarted a federal proceeding.
He believes the latest polls will
help avert another retreat.
So, it might be., added, will his
book. It is a comorehensive, docu-
inented, thoughtfully spirited chron-
icle, accompanied by strong evi-
dential photographs of that dlay of
horror. It makes an overwhalming
case for a federal confrontation
with truth too long evaded and jus-
tice too long delayed.
James Wechsler is editorial
page editor of the New York
Post. Copyright 19'73 - The
New York Post Corporation.

T dAr4b WS

In validating the

UHC election.

To The Daily:
HAVING READ both the article
on the Central Student Judiciary
in the Oct. 2 issue of the Daily,
and Mathew Hoffman's letter to the
editor concerning that article, I
am hereby replying in order to set
the record straight.
Contrary to the Daily article and
Mr. Hoffman's belief, the Univer-
sity Housing Council election was
not voided on the grounds of mas-
sive ballot fraud. It was invalidat-
ed on the grounds that it was im-
properly administered. Although
the Mad Hatters Tea Party con-
tended that the UHC meeting at
which he, Hoffman, was appointed
election director was illegal, the
court did not rule on that conten-
tion. Therefore, Mr. Hoffman's
point that six of nine members
were present at the UHC meeting,
is unconsequential.

M!

It was proven in the course of
the hearing that the election code
was violated twice. The first and
most important instance was that
the election director, Hoffman, was
partisan. Under the fair election
standards act, an election director
cannot be affiliated with any can-
didate running in the election. A
S.T.O.P. candidate was vying fir
office in the UHC election, which
Hoffman was overseeing. Conse-
quently, UHC's appointment of
Hoffman an election director vio-
lated this act, since Hoffman was
a S.T.O.P. candidate in the SGC
election.
In the second instance, witnes-
ses testified that the ballots were
kept in Mr. Hoffman's apartment.
Under the same fair election' stan-
dards act, this was another viola-
tion. Under these circumstances,
could the results of this election

be deemed "fair?" The count
found that the improper . appoint-
ment of a partisan election direct-
or and the fact that ballots were
kept in the election director's
apartment was sufficient cause for
the invalidation of this particular
election.
Further, all charges involving
alleged violations of election stan-
dards are to be tried before CSJ.
Granted that UHC Credentials
Court does have jurisdiction, this
case was an imstance where CSJis
jurisdiction supersedes the juri3-
diction of UHC's Credentials Court.
Thus despite Mr. Hoffmn n con-
tention CSJ's intervention was
bonafide. Nonetheless CSJ had ori-
ginal jurisdiction in this case.
I invite Mr. Hoffman to further
discuss this matter with me in or-

der to clarify his remainin
ances.
--Jay Brody
CSJ, chairperson
Oct.4
To The Daily:
IN THE MIDST of a
newsprint shortage The
has made numerous ar
ments explaining occasio
page editions.
Today (Oct. 5) we were
with eight pages, only to
that we would prefer si
principle object of our com
a crock of shit entitled "TI
of the Rampaging Squirr
We question your priori*
-Tim Galliford
Robert Wayne Sch
- Oct.5

ig griev-

(rave diggers

To The Daily:
TRUE TO THE editorial spirit
of the Michigan Daily, Robert bar-
kin has brought forth a subject
which characterizes the mediocrity
crock of your newspaper.eg
While students are fighting for
the right to have more control over
Dayrent their own education, while Con-
nu y gress and the President are wag-
nn ounce- ing a war of wills over tne right
onal six of one man to disobey the lais -of
this country, while gay people are
blessed being electroshocked to death in
discover this very county, while women are
x. The continually being oppressed every-
Lplaint is where in this University, The Daily
he Night sees fit to devote a three column
els."
i. editorial to the overwhelming prob-
ies. em of dogs on the sidewalk.
Right on Daily, keep on digging
olz your grave!
-Daniel P. Byrne

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