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September 25, 1973 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1973-09-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Surveillance and burglaries:
Tradition, not an aberration?

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By ZACHARY SCHILLER
THERE ARE those who say
that law and order are just
code words for repression a n d
bigotry," said President Nixon last
March.. "That is dangerous non-
sense. Law and order are c o d e
words for goodness and decency in
America."
Since the President made t h a t
statement - the same one in which
he called for the reestablishment
of the death penalty - the Water-
gate dam has broken, and a deluge
of information linking Nixon and
his underlings to one unsavory
crime or another.flooded us.
Payoffs, laundering of m o n e y,
illegal contributioins, " the break-
in at the office of Daniel Ells-
berg's psychiatrist, tricks against
Democratic Presidential candidat-
es, the coverup of the Watergate
affair itself - one is left feeling
almost like a rat in a maze, un-
able to comprehend either the
scope or' the particulars of t h e
crimes themselves.
CONTAINED WITHIN this mass

of information and almost totally
obscured by the more lurid details
of President Nixon's home main-
tenance costs was the 1970 intelli-
gence plan of Presidential adviser
Charles Huston.
Among other things, the plan -
approved by the President and pur-
portedly abandoned because of the
objections of J. Edgar Hoover -
called for burglaries and the open-
ing of mail to obtain information.
After the initial hubbub over the,
plan's disclosure,, it has been men-
tioned infrequently, and will most
likely find a quiet grave where it
will be totally forgotten.
However, some developments
since the plans disclosure should
stir serious thought over whether
it should be forgotten so easily.
JUST LAST month, it was reveal-
ed that the Federal Bureau of
Investigation used burglary as a
common tactic for 30 years to
obtain information. e
Burglary, it seems, was a tech-
nique which according to one source

1

An .era ends with Say-hey kid

Eighty-three years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

News Phone: 764-0552

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1973

Grandjury should come first

By CHARLES STEIN
To NO ONE'S surprise, Willie
Mays -decided to hang up his
spikes last week after 22 years of
baseball.
Though his muscuar frame looks
remarkably similar to the one he
brought to the New York Giants
as a 19 year 'old rookie in 1951,
at 42, it no longer allows him to
perform the feats that nwade him
one of the game's superstars.
Students of the sport will re-
member Mays as a man who could
do it all. A power hitter w h o
could run bases with the best of
them - a centerfielder in a class
by himself.
And if not for the two missed sea-
sons during the Korean War and
the baffling winds of San Fran-
cisco's Candlestick Park, it night
be Mays rather than Henry Aaron
getting all this .year's headlines for
the pursuit of Babe Ruth's home
run mark.
Yet quite apart from his skills,
Mays came to occupy a special
niche in the world of baseball that
at times overshadowed the legend
he earned for himself on the field.
IT WAS THE PLACE reserved
for the Say-hey Kid.

The little boy, who according to
the writers, played baseball for
the sheer love of the game. The
crass financial motivation that af-
fected other professional athletes
was simply alien to this exuberant
young "an from Mobile, Alabama.
This was the Willie Mays who
delighted the fans in the P o 1 o
Grounds with the kind of antics one
simply didn't expect from your
average major leaguer.
The Willie Mays who would drop
his cap chasing. a fly ball, run back
and put it on and still manage to
snare the ball before it hit the
ground. He gave the game the
color it so desperately needed and
the writers were quick to. seize
on it.
While the Sey-hey image b'ecame
slightly embarassing to an aging
superstar earning $165,000 a year,
it stuck just the same.
AND MAYBE it was the little
boy in Mays that made him so
attractive to those of us who were
also little boys in Wilie's p e a k
years of the late 50s and early
60s.
To us, Mays was an essential
part of growing up and memories
of his influence come easily to
mind.

In New York, there were the
heated arguments on the bus ride
home from school about the rela-
tive merits of Mays and the town's
other superstar - Mickey Man-
tle. And there was of course the
ecstasy that greeted the lucky
kid who found Willie's card tuck-
ed neatly under his piece of Topps
bubble gum.
The local little league field or
sandlot was another natural place
for little boys to relate to Mays.
What small-time centerfielder did,
not once let his mind drift int a
fantasy that featured him in the
role of Willie Mays.
"At the crack of the bat you
were off, racing full s p e e d
toward right-center in pursuit of,
a screaming line drive. Your
legs churning, your heart pound-
ing, you lunge in desperation
and watch as the ball lands
squarely in your outstretched
glove.
The play, however, is far from
over.
The runner on third has tagged
up and confidently takes off for
the plate. He does not realize
that he is testing his speed
against the legendary right arm
of Willie Mays.

You pivot a full 180 degrees
and' in one sweeping motion you
launch a missile toward the in-
field. The stunned cut-off man
looks on in disbelief as the ball
sailshover his head, straight
for the catcher's glove.
The runner is out by a step.
You trot into the infield humbly
accepting the praise of your
teammates and tippinghyour cap
to acknowledge the thunderous
applause from the still-startled
gallety. Say hey.
The thought that Willie Mays
is no longer .a ball player is frank-
ly depressing. It's like turning
over a brand new 'baseball card
only to discover tfie ballplayer was
born in the sme year as you were.
Now everyone kpows that major
league ballplayers just aren't born
in 1952. They were born in years
like 1933 or 1941. Maybe an occas-
ional rookie will have a 46 or 47
birthdate, but not 52, it just can't
be.
So with the announced retire-
ment of Willie Mays, an era has
truly come to an end. Not just for
the world of baseball, but .for a
whole generation of American lit-
tle boys, who like Willie, have been
forced by the passage of time, to
reluctantly hang up their spikes.

has not been "limited to national
security affairs." He said: "It's
been done on criminal cases, too.
You can catch a fugitive m u c h'
quicker (that way) than by looking
for him for a year and a half."
The disclosure of FBI burglaries
spanning a 30-year period - dis-
continued, the President would
have us believe, in 1966 - c a m e
first in relation to the surrepti-
tious entry into foreign embassies
during that time.
ALL FBI agents before 1966 "had
the capability" to perform such
burglaries, but the agents u s e d
were more select group. "Just like
a man has a special talent for
playing the violin," one source ex-
plained.
William Turner, an FBI agent
from 1951 to 1961, said last month
he engaged in about a dozen eg-
al "black bag jobs" during his
career, adding that "burglary was
a common investigative techni-
que."
More recently, the Nixon Ad-
ministration ordered a high-rank-
ing FBI official to follow Joseph
Kraft, the syndicated columnist, to
Paris and arrange with the French
government to keep him under
electronic and physical surveil-
lance while he was there.
Kraft's phone was tapped and
he himself was followed around
the clock.
MEANWHILE, Presidential ad-
viser Henry Kissinger was naming
17 persons, 13 of whom were gov-
enmentrofficials, ontwhom wire-
taps were placed by the FBI. The
President himself was taping eve
conversation he held, as well °
those of his brother, who he ap-
parently feared - might scandalize
his Admiistration.
The Army has kept dossiers on
100,000 Americans, stored in more
than 350 record centeres around the
country.
While burglaries and wiretaps
have been and probably are in
wide use, we have seen the growth
also of less covert mechanisms for
gathering and quickly retrieving
data on criminal and political ac-
tivity.
Computer systems, such as t h e
Customs Authority Data Processing
Intelligence Network, have b e e n
set up to speed information on
criminal suspects, from one end of
the country to the other.
IT IS HARD to imagine that in-
telligence networks in operation do
not dwarf those .mentioned in this
space; records stolen from' t h e
Media, Pa., FBI office referred
to a list of several hundred thous-
and citizens who should be rounded
up in case of national emergency,
for instance.
In light of both the recent dis-
closures concerning FBI activities
and the long history of surveillance
the bureau and other government
agencies are known to have par-
taken in, the Huston plan should
not be lightly tossed aside as a
momentary aberration.
At this very moment, 50 differ-
ent federal agencies with in o r e
than 20,000 investigators are oper-
ating inside the U.S. Just what
they are doing is a question which
should concern us all.
Letters to The Daily should
be mailed to the Editorial Di-
rector or delivered to Mary
Rafferty in the Student, Pub-
lications business office in the
Michigan Daily building. Letters
should be typed, double-spaced
and normally should not exceed
250 words. The Editorial Direc-

tors reserve the right to edit
-ill letters submitted.

I

ANOTHER constitutional showdown ap-
pears to be in the making .over the
criminal investigation of the financial
affairs of Vice President Spiro Agnew.
Agnew's lawyers will soon go to court to
prevent federal prosecutors from present-
ing evidence against the Vice President,
and thus raise the constitutional ques-
tions of whether the Vice President (or
the President) can be indicted or pro-
secuted while in office.
There seems to be no precedent in
American legal history indicating if the
Vice President is subject to criminal in-
vestigation, prosecution or indictment
before resignation or impeachment and
conviction by Congress.
The question is simply: Are the Presi-
dent and Vice President above the law of
the land?
rVHE POSSIBILITY that the President
or the Vice President cannot be in-
dicted while in office, or that evidence
regarding them cannot even be presented
to a grand jury investigating possible
criminal action is certainly ominous.
If the courts ruled that such was the
case under the Constitution, then the
Congress would have to impeach and con-
vict a Vice President who had allegedly
TODAY'S STAFF:
News: Penny Blank, Josephine Marcotty,
Chris Parks, Marilyn Riley, Sue Steph-
enson
Editorial Page: Ted Hartzell, Zachary
Schiller, Eric Schoch, David Yalowitz
Arts Page: Diane Levick
Photo Technician: David Margolick

committed criminal acts before the evi-
dence could be presented to a grand jury.
The evidence would first go to the
House of Representatives, of course, who
would then determine if impeachment
was necessary.
If the Vice President were impeached,
then the Senate would hear the evidence
and deliver a verdict.
However, due to the political nature of
Congressional processes, 'political consid-
erations might play just as an important
role as any legal evidence.
CONGRESS might find it politically ex-
pedient to avoid the drastic step of
impeachment or conviction of a President
or Vice President, perhaps due to party
affiliation or fear of whom the succes-
sor might be.
But more importantly, in such a situa-
tion the President and the Vice President
would be beyond the reach of normal
criminal proceedings. Thus any investi-
gation of possible wrongdoing by one of
the two executives would become an ag-
onizing national issue impeding all other
Congressional activity.
As a result the difficulty of beginning
any such investigation and carrying- it
through with any sort of efficiency and
f a i r n e s s would be tremendously
increased.
Such difficulties would effectively
leave the President and the Vice Presi-
dent above the law far beyond what
could have been intended by the archi-
tects of the Constitution.
Clearly the courts must rule that the
Vice President does not have the power
to halt investigations of alleged past
criminal activities merely because he is
the Vice President.

Letters.
To The Editor:
YOUR EDITORIAL, "Long Aut-
umn for Woodcock" reflects the
kind of wishful fantasizing that
seems all too common among
would-be radicals - a fantasizing
built on the hope that workers will
reject the negotiated contract or
that somehow the established lead-
ership of the United Auto Workers
will be destroyed. To legitimate
this position, we are told that the
"workers would seem justified if
they feel that the union leadership
sold them down the river on" the
issues of voluntary overtime. The
logic explicitly suggested is t h a t
compromise equals sell-out. This
simplistic equation seems to iie
so much at the heart of student
radical conventional wisdom.
Yet, the hard questions of un-
der what circumstances and from
what perspectives this equation
holds or doesn't hold are seldom
asked. Certainly, the equation re-.
presents a total misreading of UAW

UAW

compromise not sell-out

It was won through the same sort
of incremental strategy over suz-
cessive contracts that has chara:-
terized so many other UAW
achievements. If that is what com-
promise is about, I see no reason
to be apologetic. There is every
reason to be confident that we will
see an expansion of the voluntary'
overtime protection in future con-
tracts.
One can point to such areas as
health and safety in the shop where
the UAW apears to have dragged
its feet - though my own work
experience suggests that in the
past when push came to shove,
workers ofter preferred wage in-
creases to health and safety ex-
penditures.
On balance, in any case, it strikes
me that the UAW has been a good
deal more responsive to its consti-
tuency than most other American
institutions. This.ought not to make
them immune from criticism but it

ing perhaps, hardly resolves t h e
problem.
-Robert E. Cole
Dept. of Sociology
Sept. 24
criminal
To The Daily:
AS I DROVE up to the stoplight
at Madison and Main and saw the
police car drive by, I could 'hear'
them talking: "What do you think,
Elbert? Should we get him?"
"Sure, C.B. Why not?"
As I crossed Main and saw the
car turn onto a sidestreet I 'knew'
that my time was limited. Need-
less to say, I was right. As I
peddled furiously up Madison, sud-.
denly, flashing red lights appeared
at my heels. I pulled over.
They had done it again - two
of Ann Arbor's finest had appre-
hended another daring nignttime

First, did he (the arresting of-
ficer) need any help and second,
what did I think was so funny? I
only laughed harder and the se-
cond car drove off. Finally the
cop handed me the ticket. I didn't
say thank you; I would rather
have spit in old Elbert's face.
Free at last, I was able to escape
the glare of the lights and the
curious stares of passersby and
continue on my merry way, secure
in the knowledge that with public
servants like that around, t h e
community was safe.
In a pig's eye.
-Jeff Daniels, grad
Sept. 21
salaries
To The Daily:
JUST IN CASE my colleagues
and students did not s3e the re-
traction buried in the Snday (Sept.
23) Ann Arbor News, I want ano-

operating salary disclosure pattern
in another state.
The correction stated I "took no
stand on the issue." This is true.
The first line of my memo stated
so. I did not take a side becaase
I don't think salary disclosure is
the answer to the real problem .f
salary insquity.
Rather than focusing on salary
disclosure, we should be devoting
as much attention and publicity to
finding an equitable way to estab-
lish salaries in all units. We need
a system which operates fron, an
easily understood standari b a s e
with known merit ;ncreases (per-
haps a point system) for rank, past
experience, teaching quantity and
quality, research commitment,
publication record, University a n d
community service, and, yes, even
for such variables as "wooing
away from another university.'
If each faculty member under-
stood how base salary and increas-

\"

I

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