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March 19, 1975 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1975-03-19

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Eliex Diigaaily
Eighty-four years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Wednesday, March 19, 1975

News Phone: 764-0552

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mi. 48104

Food
By MICHAEL SHAPIRO
STOP THE killing now. Stop
the killing now. One hundred
thousand voices roar it out as
they march through the streets
of Washington D.C. Police on
every corner smile nervously at
the crowd. They don't under-
stand this thing. They were pre-
pared for food riots in the sup-
ermarkets. They had been se-
cretly trained to help reposess
cars as more and more out of
work people resist when they
can no longer pay their bills.
Over a hundred people a r e
fasting at the Lincoln Memorial.
Several of the fasters said that
the President visited them last
night. "He was just confused,"
one of the fasters said. "He

HRP displays shoddy tactics

Crisis: Guns over

book, "The Food and People
Dilemma." That wouldn't mean
much if the world were wailow-
ing in food. But Borgstrom says
that "If all the food in the
world were equally distributed
we would all be malnourished."
Some people think the well-fed
world is in part feeding t h e
hungry world. Borgstrom tells
us the reverse is true. Through
oilseeds, oilseed products (like
peanut and other oils for chok-
ing) and fish meal, Borgstrom
figures the well-fed countries
get about a million more tons
of protein from the hungry
world than they returned.
WHY SHOULD the most ag-

TN THE WAKE of Richard (The Fool)
Ankli's bizarre upset victory over
Frank Shoichet in last month's Hu-
man Rights Party primary in the
city's second ward, the HRP has been
hard at work in an attempt to cover
up for its own sloppiness during the
campaign.
Last week, the HRP and Republi-
cans on City Council passed an ordi-
nance that would allow candidates for
Council or the Mayor to withdraw
from elections and be replaced by
new hopefuls selected by their par-
ties - thus allowing Ankli to be re-
placed by Shoichet in the April elec-
tions.
However, there seems to be little
doubt that the replacement of Ankli
by Shoichet on the April ballot can-
not be legally accomplished by an or-
dinance: a change in the city char-
ter is called for. In fact, the charter
does not specify whether candidates
can withdraw but does say that the
state election laws apply to those
cases which the city charter doesn't
cover. And the state law rules that
candidates must serve written notice
of withdrawal to the city clerk, "in
the afternoon of the third lay after
the last day for filing petitions."
EVEN THOUGH SHOICHET may in-
deed have been victim of a Demo-
cratic cross-over vote, it seems that
no law was violated in the process.
Whenever a state's election laws al-
low for crossover voting, it's difficult
to make a case for illegal activities, or
even for "unethical" activities on the
part of the Democrats. The crossover-
vote is simply a political reality at
present, and if the crossover is used
to defeat a ,candidate, there is little
the loser can do but swallow his or her
pride and admit that he or she was
defeated.
Basically, the HRP was caught
making a very lackadaisical effort to

back Shoichet in the primary. Most
party members apparently felt that
Shoichet had the election won ahead
of time and didn't bother to cam-
paign. If the HRP had put in a little
bit of time campaigning in Febru-
ary, they could have easily avoided
the massive effort they've spent in
trying to get Shoichet's name on the
ballot in place of Ankli.
AT THE SAME time, the Democrats
may well have been caught en-
gaging in activities of a questionable
nature themselves. If the Dems, as
have been charged, did encourage
democratic voters to cast their ballots
for The Fool, they were certainly act-
ing in a manner that's less than con-
ducive to true representative govern-
ment.
Nevertheless, although the present
system that forbids candidates to
withdraw after the primary does have
its drawbacks, we feel that any
changes along the lines of the HRP-
Republican ordinance would be bad
for the city. If candidates could with-
draw, this would open up the possi-
bility of hopefuls often reaching the
April ballot without ever receiving
any sort of support from their con-
stituents.
For example, the Republicans could
run a proxy candidate in the third,
fourth, or fifth ward primaries, only
to replace the candidate with another
hopeful, hand-picked by the republi-
can caucus, just before the election.
Such a system of withdrawals would
leave wide open the possibility of
massive misuses of the system.
WE RECOMMEND THAT the HRP
would better serve its constitu-
ents by putting efforts into making
sure that situations like the recent
second ward fiasco are not repeated
in the future, rather than trying to
change the rules of electoral politics
after the game has been played.

One third of the world's people use three
quarters of the world's food ... I can't thinkl
of a moral issue that could be more clear.
There is more to being human than grabbing
everything you can get your hands on. To do
nothing is unthinkable.
^,:r":?M:" 1}1:"?n4"e 4: "fm y Vis S '1v ysm e H}.tr"'S "rly.;: ;}}ot :"r"::n.vv:ry.;r::..,!f. ,."}:

IN THE United States a n d
Canada the average person uses
about 2,200 pounds of grain per
year. All but 150 pounds of that
is fed to livestock, accor ling
to Meyer.
The countries of the well-fed
world can outbid poorer people
for grain to feed our livestock.
We also outbid poorer coun-
tries for fertilizer which we then
use on golf courses and lawns.
We use more fertilizer for orna-
mental purposes than India uses
to grow crops.
A remnant of colonialism or
imperialism gives the problem
another dimension. Borgstrom
points out that much of the best
agricultural land in the poor
world is used for cash crops.
That is, crops grown specifically
for export.
The bananas, coffee and sugar
that we get from South Amer-
ica and the tea from India are
grown on land that could be
used for staple crops. These
cash crops earn foreign ex-
change for the producing coun-
tries involved to finance "de-
velopment". This is a losing
battle. Borgstrom points out,
since 1952 the hungry nations
have increased the volume of
their agricultural exports by a
third with only a four per cent
gain in foreign exchange.
THE PRODUCTION of these
cash crops is often controlled
by multinational corporation.
They arrange for much of the
capital from the sale of these
crops to remain in the wealthy
countries.
Jean Meyer cited a Gallop
poll that said 75 per cent of the
American people want a change
in our government's food policy
as long as it is made clear what
the American people will have
to do to end world hunger. The
people are willing to help.
Just before Meyer spoke last
week, a local politician present-
ed the Food Action Coalition with
a resolution signed by the gov-
ernor declaring Food Week.
It was one of dozens of such
recognition resolutions cranked
out each month to help fellow
state legislators give the voters
at home a sense that someone

is paying attention to the
cerns. It is clear that th
need the voters to gover
politicians would prefer,
stituency that is satisfie
meaningless gestures. T
what we will get if we d
ing.
I agree that the solutio
unclear. Some people sa
ing Food Week that work
talism must be crushed
we can feed the world
Whether or not we agre
that analysis, we must
nize that our goals a
same. Without unity of p
the world's resources wi
tinue to be used for thee
ment of a few.
AS YOU READ this,
are dying directly and ind
from insufficient food in
ladesh. Children in lndi
Africa are permanently

butter
ir con- damaged because they didn't
ey ;Mill have enough food available at
n. The a critical stage in their develop-
a con- ment.
hd with Down the street from where I
Chat is am standing people eat thick
o noh- steaks dripping with fat, broil-
ed over an open fire. " Thous-
rns are ands of miles away a baby with
id dur- shrunken arms and legs and a
d capi- stomach strangely swollen with
before the lack of food coughs and is
justly. quiet. They know nothing of
e with each other.
recog- And I stand and watch t h e
re the people in the ballroom dancing.
rurpose They have done a good job. A
ill on-few hundred people are no
ill .on- nger ignorant. I can't think of
enrich- a clearer moral issue. There is
more to being human than
grabbing everything you can get
people your hands on. To do nothing is
directly unthinkable.
Bang-
a a n d Mike Shapiro is a graduate
brain- student in Journalism.

MI6hN DOE'S NOT'LtVE 0t4 $art'4&Ca O~c 4

didn't know what the hell was
going on. He asked us why were
we doing this, then started
mumbling that he couldn't do
anything about all those people
starving. He wasn't making
much sense," the faster a ided.
As the marchers pass the Ag-
riculture Department, the chant-
ing grows to a frenzy. One of
the windows above opeas and
Earl Butz appears for a mo-
ment. He looks puzzled.
* * *
THERE WAS a time when
thousands of people took to the
streets over a moral issue; the
war that killed peasants with
American bullets and bombed
their once pastoral land into a
bomb cratered moonscape.
We are still killing peasants
but we must now ask whether
we are killing more with the bul-
lets we supply or by stealing
their food.
One third of the world's peo-
ple use three quarters of the
world's crops, according to
George Borgstrom, a professor
of Food Science and Human Nu-
trition and the author of the

riculturally productive countries
in the world import protein? The
answer is partly steaks, bacon,
and lamb chops.
Cows and pigs and sheep can
eat a lot of things that humans
can't or won't eat, like garbage
or grass, and convert them to
protein.
Remember the enormous sur-
pluses of grain that the United
States was so proud of just a
few years ago. Instead of feed-
ing it to people, farmers found
that this cheap grain could be
used to make their livestock
fatter quicker. More than SO per-
cent of the corn, barley nd
oats produced in this cuntry
and more than 90 per cent of
the sovbeans are used as live-
stock feed.
Livestock are not particular-
ly efficient in converting this
grain into protein. A grain-fed
cow must consume more than
ten pounds of protein in t h e
form of grain to produce one
pound of meat protein according
to Jean Meyer, a Harvard pro-
fessor of nutrition.

1 o rrr n r i . nr r u I r s '

CIA setback people's gain

THE CIA HAS recently come under
heavy attack for its exploits both
here and abroad. The agency's du-
bious designs came into even sharper
focus last week during an abortive
coup attempt by Portuguese rightists.
The Portuguese incident spurred the
usual anti-C.I.A. allegations on the
part of the young officers who run
the leftist regime. American inter-
vention has been a standard feature
of European politics for the past
TODAY'S STAFF:
News Page: Gordon Atcheson, Barb
Cornell, Jay Levin, Cheryl Pilate,
Cathy Reutter, Sara Rimer, C u r t
Smith
Editorial Page: Paul Haskins, Mara
Letica, Steve Ross, Jeff Sorensen,
Steve Stojic.
Arts Page: David Weinberg
Photo Technician: Stu Hollander

thirty years, and any time that a
leftist group is defeated at the polls
or in the street someone points an
accusing finger at the U.S.
However, criticism of the intelli-
gence agency has not been limited in
origin to foreigners.
ONE WOULD HOPE that the newly
enlightened American p u b 1 i c
would look with approval on the al-
leged CIA failure in Portugal, viewing
it as a victory for self-determination,
a right that must not be denied even
if it results in a social system dif-
ferent from America's.
It is possible but improbable that
the C.I.A. had nothing to do with the
attempted coup. What sounds more
plausible is that the people of Por-
tugal are content with their leftist
government and willing to fight for
its survival, regardless of how the
world power brokers respond.

dorms
To The Daily:
IN RESPONSE to the housing
lottery currently taking place in
the dorms, the following peti-
tion was circulated over t h e
past weekend. In less than
forty-eight hours, over 800 dorm
residents had signed their nam-
es to it:
"We, the undersigned s t u-
dents of the University of Mich-
igan, demand a meeting with
John Feldkamp and R o b b e n
Fleming. At this meeting, we re-
quire:
1. An explanation of why we
were not notified earlier that a
lottery was to decide who would
be allowed to return to the dorm
next year;
2. An explanation of why the
University is permitting more
students than it can house to
be admitted;
3. An explanation of what the

Letters
University plans to do in the
future to prevent repetition of
this outrage.
Moreover, we wish to express
our great displeasure in the
fact that the University has so
little regard for us, the stu-
dents, that it waited until the
middle of the second term to
inform us of this procedure. It
is apparent that the University
has not taken the matters of
academic studies, off-campus
housing availability, and stu-
dent time into consideration
when this policy was made.
WE DEMAND this meeting be
held no later than March 28th,
and that the above items be
published in the "University Re-
cord."
(Signed by 830 residents of
Mosher-Jordan, Alice Lloyd,
Markley, Couzens, Stock-
well, East Quad, West Quad,

to T
and South Quad)."
The petition was not sponsor-
ed by any organization; rather,
it was an entirely individual ef-
fort. The enormous response to
it indicates the amount of stu-
dent discontent which exists
with regard to the lottery meth-
od of assigning space in the
dorms.
Copies of the petition and sig-
natures have been delivered to
the offices of John Feldkamp,
Director of Housing, and Robben
Fleming, President of the Uni-
versity.
Rumors of gross freshman
over-admittance, intentional de-
lay of the lottery until after the
GEO strike, and general lack
of regard on the part of the
University toward the students
are currently circulating on
campus. If these rumors are
based on fact, we want to know!
It is to the University's advant-

The souring of deterrence

By STEVE STOJIC
THE CAUSES of conflict have fascinated poli-
tical analysts for years. In order to under-
stand their arguments, you should have an
understanding of such popular terms as provo-
cation, act of aggression, retaliation, and escala-
tion. It's funny how silly little incidents in every-
day life can make these concepts very clear.
Take last Friday night for instance. I'm
standing hunched over my customary sink, vig-
orously scrubbing my lower molars with my
favorite brand of fluoridated toothpaste, as I
invariably do every night after dinner. Suddenly,
I realize that a friend and fellow dormitory
resident has entered the local lavatory facility.
Seconds later, I am the victim of an unpro-
voked, surprise aerial bombardment with dried,
salted soybeans. Mouth full of toothpaste foam, I
blubberingly plea for a cessation to hostilities -
all to no avail. The projectiles rebound off my
head with even greater frequency.
STUNNED AND astounded at the amazing ac-
curacy of the barrage, I decide that ignoring the
aggressor will cause him to become bored
and leave me in peace. After I turn my back, I
am assaulted by the bombardier turned wrestler.
The scuffle lasts for a few minutes and then
the attacker leaves.
Shrugging this off as a trivial incident, I
head back to my room. On the way, I witness
another unprovoked act of aggression. The soy-
bean freak is now scuffling with a small, defense-
less guy who lives 6,000 millimeters down the hall
from my room.
Suddenly, visions of dominos begin to dance
in my head. If that guy falls victim to aggression,

man nature being what it is, one small act us-
ually leads to something greater and that to
something even greater. A good retaliator strikes
back with equal force, plus a little more punch
for good measure. Mastery of this art is known
as escalation and I'm an escalator first class.
Being bigger than the attacker, and presum-
ably stronger, I proposed to the victim that we
ally and soundly defeat the villan. Defeat in hall
terms means getting thrown in the shower -
clearly a devious, calculated act of escala-
tion on my part.
I foresaw easy victory with little risk to my-
self. Soon the hall would once again be safe
for democracy, Cadillacs, and apple pie. After
moderate struggle, our mission was accomplish-
ed. My ally beat a hasty retreat while I leisure-
ly strolled to my cubicle.
The attacker turned attackee soon recovered,
however, and raced toward me with the half-
gallon of milk that had sat unrefrigerated in
the lavatory for the last six days. A jerk of his
arm caused a torrent of sour milk to cascade
over my head, face, shirt, vest, just pressed
corduroy pants, and shoes. I stood frozen mut-
tering, "Yuck . . . sour milk" as the foul fluid
dripped down my nose.
SPEAKING FROM experience, sour mi 1 k has
a most disagreeable, putrid smell which worsens
with quantity. As I stood there wiping the egg
. er, sour milk from my face, trying to
breathe, I realized the error of my ways. The
only rational course was to cut my losses, pull
out, and become uninvolved in something which
wasn't my business in the first place.
Never again would I get involved where I
couldn't win, where the losses far outweigh any

e"
e Daily
age to keep communication lines
open and working. We are con-
cerned and we want to know.
-Doug Kim
March 17
puerile
To The Daily:
YOUR. EDITORIAL IN to-
day's Daily on "a time to for-
give and forget" for the GEO
and the university administra-
tion is one of the most puerile
attempts at editorial advice that
we've ever read. A few quotes:
"...GEO backers must re-
cognize the difficulties which
the administration encountered
throughout the disputes . . . Ev-
ery move the administration
made was greeted with suspi-
cion or anger."
and
. . . due respect must be giv-
en to all those who chose not to
strike . . . The label 'scab' can
now be dropped from the Uni-
versity vocabulary."
The implication of the first
statement is that the GEO did
not act out of fairness or a
sense of concern for segments
of this university community
but that the administration did.
In contradiction to this, it is.
clear that the administration
did not often act out of a sense
of fairness or caring for anyone
- undergraduates and gradu-
ates alike. One can go back to
the very origins of the strike
to look for a sense of fairness
and one only finds the admin-
istration's arbitrary decision to
reduce teaching fellow salaries
by 30 per cent by removing the
in-state tuition provision of the
"appointment." Moving the
time frame up a year and a
half, one finds that Robben
Fleming claims not to have
even looked at the non-reprisal
statement until the people
struck an extra two days to
get it approved. Fairness?
That's ridiculous.
THE OTHER STATEMENT
was trite and also offensive.
How do you believe, boys and
girls of The Daily, that strikes
are won? By having all the
campus liberals agonize over
whose comfort or short-run
goals will be hurt the most by
a strike while those with any
sense of duty to a right cause
are foregoing salary and com-
fort for themselves and for the
agonizers? A scab is a scab,

but need not remain one. If
that term doesn't remain a very
significant four letter word in
all of our vocabularies, we
haven't learned anything in the
past month.
Finally, it is grossly inac-
curate to suggest that the GEO
constituency was "totally un-
familiar with the machinations
of negotiations and unable to
see any justification for the
compromises leadership was
forced to make." Indeed, the
opposite is much more nearly
the case. It was, for example,
the faculty and administration
who extended the strike for a
full 10 days by their refusal to
consider CEO's agency shop
proposal. In doing so, they con-
veniently overlooked the wide-
spread application of agency
shop provision both within the
university and in teachers un-
ions throughout the state, as
well as its solid basis in public
sector labor law. Only when
the fact-finder pointed these
things out did the university
agree to an agency shop pro-
posal far stronger than the one
they had rejected ten days ear-
lier.
THERE ARE MORE import-
ant things to do now than to
cover our trail, and it's too bad
that we have to convince even
The Dailythat this is only the
beginning. We have to fight for
a new plan to finance this uni-
versity that involves no tuition
raises for anyone and no added
burden on the middle class of
this state (such plans exist else-
where, like the "Yale plan,"
and are very easy to imple-
ment). We also have to fight in
the future for a real class-size
clause, greater control over
course material, and changes in
admissions policies. These are
all things that very much affect
the "working conditions" of
teaching fellows and other grad-
uate students assistants.
It will require more fighting
to accomplish these things, and
less "foreiving and forgetting."
Michael Conte, Saul
Hoffman, (Department
of Economics), Gene
Borgida, Tim Wilson,
(Department of Psy-
chology). David Rich-
ardson, Sally Ann Ce-
tola, Linda Temoshok,
Beth Shinn.
March 13

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