See Editorial Page
Yl r e
Vol. LXXXI, No. 40
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Sunday, October
By MARTIN HIRSCHMAN
Rifling ROTC files during the 33
hour takeover of North Hall las
May, some demonstrators came upon
an unpleasant surprise-a huge fil
The file, about two-feet thick, wa
filled mostly with newspaper clip
pings of the activities of Student
for a Democratic Society and othe
It also included dozens of glossy
photographs with the faces of many
radicals identified, and a series o
communications from military and
University officials on procedures fo
handling disruption of the military
officers trainng program.
The file was stolen by some of the
demonstrators and sources say mos
of its cQntents were destroyed when
it became known late in the summer
that the Federal Bureau of Investiga-
- tion was probing the May 7-8 take-
n But ROTC officers, who freely ad-
e mit they were keeping the file, say
they have again begun saving clip-
s pings and other information about
- anti-ROTC and left-wing activities.
s Navy ROTC Cmdr. Russell E. Hurd
r says the file is kept solely to keep
officers informed about and prepared
y for potential demonstrations and
f "It's just for our own information
d on which way SDS and other groups
r are going in regard to ROTC.' Hurd
y says. He denies that 4nforiation
from the file is being transmitted to
e Naval Intelligence or to the FBI.
t "We're not keeping an intelligence
n or subversives file," he says.
member Robert Parsons' alleged as- member Randall Clark, Marc Van
sault of a professor during a recruiter Der Hout, Parsons and Stephen
demonstration last February. Sporn. Other underlined names were
Another clipping was a two-para- Rennie Davis of the Chicago Seven
graph letter to the editor of The and the 12 Weathermen indicted on
riot conspiracy charges in Chicago.
Hurd explains pictures in the files
were taken both by ROTC personnel
an'd University officials. ROTC of-
ficers took pictures at the specific
request of the University, he says.
"The University asked us to take
some of those pictures," Hurd says.
"We did so for a while until we ran
out of film." He says. the University
request that pictures be taken was
made by Chief Security Officer Rol-
land Gainsley, and University Photo
Service cameraman Stuart Abbey,
who has testified against many-dem-
onstrators involved in the 1969 book-
store sit-in concerning his bodily
ejection from the LSA Bldg. by pro-
testers who did not want their pic-
In line with that he calls an at-
tempt to "know our enemy," Hurd
says clippings kept on file may in-
elude articles on University faculty
members who express opposition to
Hurd says one purpose of keeping
the file is to have a history of recent
problems ROTC has faced at the
University, a history that would, he
notes, be useful to officers who will
takeover the programs here in the
future. Maintenance of the file is al-
so helpful in compiling background
reports sent to higher level military
officials, he says.
While Hurd claims the main pur-
pose of the file is to keep up with
anti-ROTC actions, much of the
clipped material in parts of the file
removed in May had little to do with
military officers training program.
One folder labelled "SDS, etc."
contained no mention of ROTC at
all. Two articles concerned SDS
Daily from the Radicalu ollege, a
group of left-wing faculty members
and students which formed last year.
The letter argued that those in-
volved in disruptions during the
strike for increased black admissions
last spring should be granted am-
nesty. It made no mention of ROTC.
Another clipping was an advertise-
ment for an anti-war march spon-
sored by Student Mobilization Com-
mittee, the Ann Arbor Committee to
End the War and the New Democratic
In'many articles, names were un-
derlined including those of local SDS
Another folder in the ROTC file
was labelled "Student Demonstra-
tions (Guidance)," and contained a
series of communications with Uni-
versity and military officials.
One set of communications con-
cerns several meetings between ROTC
and University officials in Septem-
ber 1968. At these meetings, proce-
dures for dealing with disruptions
were agreed to- and it was decided
to increase off-hour security pre-
cautions for North Hall, the ROTC
classroom and office building.
Material in the folder from mili-
tary chiefs in the Pentagon urged
officers to avoid physical confron-
tations, but also to avoid newspaper
headlines like "Marines retreat."
One communique from Washington
distinguishes "peaceful" demonstra-
tors ("usually bearded or sandalled")
from "non-peaceful" protesters who
"want to create a disturbance" and
will challenge an officer to argue
about "Vietnam, Communism, Free
Love, Right to Kill and War is Hell."
One note in the file indicates that
military recruiters who plan to be
on campus may desire additional
briefing on the local political situ-
ation from ROTC commanding of-
ficers-undoubtedly one of the uses
the huge file removed from North
Hall last May has been put to in
KENT, Ohio (N) - The Kent State
University student government has set
defense machinery in motion for 25
persons indicted by a special g r a n d
jury that investigated the campus vio-
lence of last May.
A defense fund that organizers hope will
mushroom i n t o a nationwide effort has
been started. Attorney William Kunstler has
agreed to work for the defendants without
Meanwhile, the campus - where f o u r
students were, killed in a confrontation with
National Guardsmen during the rioting last
spring - was quiet yesterday.
The names of those indicted Friday -
none Guardsmen - were withheld pending
the serving of warrants. The nature of the
charges was not disclosed.
The student government announced it
would man its office around the clock to
help those arrested obtain legal assistance.
Sheriff Joseph C. Hegedus said yesterday
his office had received the indictments and
they were being processed, but that no ar-
rests were expected before tomorrow.
Morgan said Kunstler, defense attorney
in the Chicago 7 trial, has agreed to coor-
dinate a defense .program for those indicted.
He said he contacted Kunstler in Bermuda,
where the attorney is vacationing.
"Kunstler told me he would represent the
25 as a group and without a fee," he said.
Morgan was one of those subpoenaed by
the grand jury and could not comment on
contents of the jury's report because of a
court order, still in effect, preventing jur-
ors, lawyers; witnesses or anyone else con-
nected with the investigation from talking
td newsmen about any phase of the probe.
The jury's 18-page report prepared under
the direction of Foreman Robert Hastings,
a Ravenna, Ohio, insurance man, exonerat-
ed National Guard troops in the killing of
It said "major responsibility" for the dis-
orders "rests clearly" with the university ad-
Kent State President Robert I. White ask-
ed the students to take in stride the grand
"We have long known that the grand jury
report would create problems," he said Fri-
day on closed-circuit television a few hours
after the release of the report.
Of the May 4 confrontation, the report
said ". . . it is clear that from the time the
guard reached the practice football field
they were on the defensive and had every
reason to be concerned for their own wel-
It said the tragedy probably would have
been avoided if the students had heeded the
guard's orders to disperse.
The proposed new Inter-House Assembly
(IHA) constitution providing for direct elec-
tion of the IHA president, vice president and
student members of the residence halls
Board of Governors, was approved by voters
in Twn- T1TA c-lar+innn Thi' vot Ur
Taylor: Three yards . .. and three TD's
Michigan tailback Billy Taylor crashes into the center of the Michigan State line yes-
terday in the Wolverines' 34-20 victory. Taylor scored three touchdowns and led the
Wolverines in rushing. (See story, Page 9)
Newelrnrchi ma provie
exemptions for ministers
MONTREAL (R)-British Labor Com-
missioner James Cross and provincial
Labor Minister Pierre Laporte, the two
hostages held by the French-Canadian
separatists, were found dead shortly
after midnight last night.
Quebec Police said that Laporte's body
was found in the trunk of an abandoned
taxi in St. Hubert, a Montreal suburb.
Inspector J. L. Melancon said the blood-
covered body was found in the trunk of
the car in which he was abducted. He said
police found the body after Radio station
CKAC received an anonymous telephone
call that "a package" was located near
Cross was reportedly also found in an
abandoned car in Rodon, Quebec.
Earlier last night Quebec Premier Robert
Bourassa announced that the Cuban con-
sulate was cooperating with the govern-
ment of Quebec in a plan to gain freedom
for the two officials held hostage by French-
Under the plan the kidnapers, members
of the Quebec Liberation Front, were to
turn over their hostages to a consulate of-
ficial at a downtown Montreal bridge, Bour-
assa said. The kidnapers then would be
flown to Cuba, and the hostages released
when they arrived safely.
There had been no word from the FIQ
that the plan was acceptable.
Throughout yesterday thousands of police
yesterday in a hunt for French Canadian
and soldiers ranged across Quebec Province
separatists and the kidnapers of two of-
ficials. The number arrested in two days
rose to 225.
Two cells of the Quebec Liberation Front
had said if police raided their hideouts they
would shoot the two hostages they seized.
Invoking the War Measures Act Friday
to deal with the crisis, Prime Minister Pier-
re Elliott Trudeau warned the terrorists of
an "unceasing pursuit of those responsible"
if the hostages are harmed.
Trudeau told the House of Commons in
Ottawa yesterday that "I have no infor-
mationtat this time I can give" on the fate
of the two men.
Trudeau declined to answer a question as
to whether the government was negotiating
with the terrorists.
See CANADIAN, Page 7
Cholera graveyard in Isianbul
Grave diggers bury new victims of cholera epidemic in Istanbul, Turkey, yesterday.
Approximately 60 persons have been reported dead, while the official count is 25.
2,000 persons have been hospitalized. (See story, Page 3)
U.S. 'WAR MEASURE'
Security act rants owers
to. President in 'crises'
By STEPHEN CORNMAN -
For a $5 donation, the Church of the
Divinity of Man will ordain anyone a min-
ister, legally entitled to perform marriages,
baptisms, other clergical functions, and,
more importantly, to apply for a ministerial
In early 1970, the church was formed in
Ann Arbor with one of its expressed pur-
poses as providing a legal alternative to
The church issues an ordainment cer-
tificate and an identification card to its
ministers. For an extra $5 donation, it will
send a letter informing the minister's draft
board of his clerical status.
A ministerial exemption is generally
granted only to applicants who spend 100
hours per month in religious work. However,
there is no official definition of the term
"There is a group of people who have no
intention of getting a ministerial deferment
but are using this to go through a lengthy
process of appeals," says Rev. Paul Kanter,
who, with Gene Turpin and Richard Kuss-
man, founded Church of the Divinity of
"While, they're appealing they can't be
drafted. They hope that the draft law will
expire within a year or, if they're 25, they
know that when they turn 26 they will no
longer be eligible for the draft," Kanter
Kanter emphasizes neither he nor his
church advises men to avoid the draft. "A
ant of pr n lp ln o hpn usi nag the huinr +-
"Tremendous numbers of young peple
feel that the church is no longer theirs, re-
gardless of what church they bclong to,"
Kanter explains. "We wanted to establish a
church that wasn't just engaged with mean-
ingless ritual, but had a greater purpose
This belief is reflected in the church's
bulletin of information, which states, "We
encourage our ministers to examine and dis-
cuss the great moral and ethical questions
of our day in the light of their commitment
to the above ideals (freedom, reverence for
life, and brotherhood). We want our church
to be involved in these questions, to be
relevant to the people of our time, because
a religion that is ?rrelevant is dead."
WASHINGTON (/P)-The Internal Security
Act of 1950, the U.S. counterpart of Can-
ada's War Measures Act, was written in part
by a young California congressman named
Richard M. Nixon.
Although some 2'0 years later his admin-
istration has called for partial repeal of the
measure, which was enacted in response to
the Communist invasion of South Korea, it
remains on the books.
Under the act, President Nixon is ermpow-
NOV. 3 GOAL
ered in an "initial security emergency" to
round up potential saboteurs and spies for
incarceration in detention camps.
That section of the law, known as the
Emergency Detention Act, has never been
invoked, and seven camps established around
the country have been sold off or converted
to other uses by the federal government.
The Nixon administration, in seeking re-
peal of the Emergency Detention Act, re-
cently assured members of the House Com-
mittee on Internal Security that "there is
} considerable amount of statutory authority
to protect the internal security interests of
our country from sabotage and espionage
or other similar attack."
"Repeal of the act will not, of course,
lessen the inherentaauthority of the Presi-
dent under the war power to act to safe-
guard the national security in times of peril
from foreign aggression," .said Asst. Atty.
Gen. J. Walter Yeagley, head of the Justice
Department's internal security division.
The first step in applying the act is a
presidential declaration of an "internal
In such an emergency, however, the presi-
dent may order the attorney general to in-
carcerate "each person as to whom there is
reasonable ground to believe that such per-
Students work in campaigns
By HANNAH MORRISON
Though disillusionment surrounds student political groups
working toward the Nov. 3 election, their activities continue
much as in past campaigns. Despite disparities in focus, meth-
ods of campaigning and criteria for candidates, the pre-
election pace is hectic for all.
"I'm not sure that change will occur through the elec-
toral system, but as long as it's in existence, we might as well
try to get in a good candidate," says Arnie Braver, chairman
of Students to Support Austin. Richard Austin, black candi-
insists Bob Anderson, chairman of Students to Support Levin,
Sander Levin is the Democratic candidate for governor,.
Sue Lincoln, chairman of Students for. Hart, says she is
"not optimistic about political i-eform, but it depends on the
people you put in."
Criteria for candidates are issue-oriented in each group.
MNC's Semmel says, "It is mandatory that the people we back
be 'correct' on the war and related subjects, as well as domestic
issues such as civil rights, environment and consumer service.
"He's got to be a maverick, a challenger to party leader-
shin. somebody who's a bit crazy. We need. in short. more