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January 25, 1972 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1972-01-25

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See Editorial Page




Colder, cloudy,
possible snow flurries

Vol. LXXXII, No. 88 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, January 25, 1972 Ten Cents

Ten Pages























threaten some

PESC classes

Rhodes releases guidelines
on review of course credits
Literary college Dean Frank Rhodes last night released
a set of course review guidelines which may threaten the
continued existence of the "community courses" being taught
under the auspices of the Program for Educational and So-
cial Change (PESC).
The guidelines are intended to be used by literary col-
lege departments in a general review of the credit standing
of PESC courses initiated last week.
The community courses-"Community Control" taught
by Charles Thomas and Hank Bryant of the Black Economic
Development League (BEDL) and "Community Control of

Research committee
plan amended slightly
Senate Assembly approved a report calling for restric-
tions on University research yesterday, as the year-long con-
troversy over classified research seemed near an end.
The assembly approved by a vote of 33-3, its Research
Policies Committee report on proprietary research. The report
thus becomes the faculty's final position on Universityre-
search, and will be presented to the Regents next month for
their consideration.

porations. But
publication oft

research is research done for industrial cor-
like federally-sponsored classified research,
the results of proprietary research is often

Prisons" taught by Rainbow
Mans field
seeks wider
Paris talks
From Wire Service Reports
Senate Democratic leader Mik
Mansfield called Sunday for the
Paris peace talks to be expander
to include delegations from Lao
and Cambodia.
Mansfield said that the Vietnanr
conflict "has become three war
sealed into one" and that the
Paris talks "hive outlived them
Meanwhile, yesterday the U.S
command reported that U.S. war.
planes carried out four "protec-

People's Party leader John Sin-
clair - have been the object
of controversy because they
are taught by non-University
Under the PESC program, stu-
dents desiring University credit
for these courses may elect them
as special sections of classes
taught by PESC professors.
Guidelines set forward in Rhodes'
statement, however, call into ques-
e tion whether these practices will
e be allowed to continue.
d The guidelines point out literary
s college regulations against the use
of "guest lecturers" as "substitute
faculty for the whole or a substan-
s tial part of a course."
e In addition, it states that dele-
r gation of teaching responsibility
without departmental permission,
. and use of independent study ro-
pro jects for "introducing new courses
- without reference to the curriculum
committee" is against the college's
Certain PESC courses, Rhodes'
statement points out, were estab-
lished without being subjected to
the mandatory review process by
the college curriculum committee.
"Accordingly," t h e statement
reads, "we would be remiss in our
responsibilities if, as a first step,
we did not direct that new 'courses'
advertised for credit under the,
proposed PESC format, be sent to
the departments from which they
originate for evaluation and clari-
While Rhodes maintained yester-
day that the statement contained
only "general guidelines," it seem-
ed apparent these guidelines have
special implications for the com-
munity courses which employ non-
t University personnel as instruc-
tors and which are the only PESC
courses established by the group
without approval through the lit-
erary college curriculum commit-
Two PESC professors - history
Prof. Samuel Warner and political
science Prof. Cedric Robinson -
who are sponsoring the community
control offerings through special
sections of their own classes, ex-
pressed uncertainty last night over
what effect the guidelines might
Warner said he "didn't see any
problem" with the use of his his-
tory course to grant credits for
the community course.
See PESC, Page 10

The report considered classified'
research as a sub-unit of proprie-
tary research, and its restrictions,
if adopted by the Regents, will ap-1
ply to both types of University
The report calls for the Univer-
sity not to "enter into or renew
any agreement or contract, or ac-
cept any granththat limits open
publication of the results of re-
search beyond approximately one

trial starts

year. HARRISBURG, Pa. (P) - The
The report is the second set of Rev. Philip Berrigan and six oth-
restrictions approved by the as- ers went on trial yesterday on
sembly. The first limitations, pass- charges they conspired to kidnap
ed last fall, contained similar pro- Henry Kissinger as part of an
visions, but made no mention at antiwar plot.
all of proprietary research. U.S. District.Court Judge Dixon
The prior assembly proposal was Herman outlined the charges to
slated to be voted on by the Re- a panel of 144 men and women
gents last December. and told them not to discuss the
The proposal called for basically case or read about it.
the same restrictions as the cur- "This trial will probably last
rent plan, but dealt with only class- several months and very likely the
ified research. It also did not pro-
vide for the one-year grace period jury will have to be sequestered,
- . which means you will not be al-
fn la cfipr mtpra toh wihr h

-Daily-Terry McCarthy
Economics Prof. Fredrick Scherer addresses a tired Senate Assembly yesterday at the conclusion of a lengthy session in which the
faculty representatives approved a proposal to restrict both proprietary and classified research at the University. The proposal will
be considered by the Regents at their meeting next month.








Sen. Mansfield
tive reaction" strikes against anti-
aircraft sites inside North Viet-
4 Speaking during a television in-
terview, Mansfield suggested that
future talks be held in Burma or
another Asian point.
Mansfield also urged that Cam-
bodian Prince Norodom Sihanouk
--who fled to Peking after being
deposed in a military coup - be
*returned to power, and that the
little known king of Laos, Savang
Vatthana, take over leadership of
his country.
"It's important to bring in Laos
and Cambodia in any talks be-
cause we can't settle the Vietnam
war without these two," Mansfield
,said, adding that the United States
has a moral commitment to the
small nations to help them re-
build themselves after the war.

Daily News Analysis
The University research policy
approved by Senate Assembly
yesterday will likely eliminate
most military classified research
from campus despite differences
from an earlier proposal passed
by the faculty representatives.
The policy passed yesterday,
which still must be approved by
the Regents, regulates all Uni-
versity research. The earlier pro-
posal, which was accepted last
September restricted only feder-
ally-classified research.
Several wording changes were
made in the policy to broaden its
coverage to all University re-
search. While one change does
seem to offer a possible loop-
hole for at least a few secret
projects, the overall effect will
still be to rid the University of

most of its controversial secret
projects for the military.
The first section of the policy
states that the University will
generally not enter into any
contract "that limits open pub-
lication of the results of re-
search beyond approximately
one year."
Originally the policy did not
include the "one year" clause,
prohibiting all research that
limits open publication of re-
sults. The one year provision
was added to govern proprietary
research-projects done for in-
dustry the results of which
are oftens kept secret.
The net effect of the first
section will probably be to al-
low most proprietary research
to continue while greatly limit-
ing federally-classified research.

Generally proprietaryr
is kept secret to allow fi
review of results by th
sor of the research and
sponsor to file for paten
"On the average, the(
publication of unclassifi
prietary) research is a
months to one year," a
to a report of the as
Research Policies Comm
Thus, most of the $3.4
irr proprietary researc
formed on campus woul
ceptable under this secti
This would not appea
the case, however, wit]
fied research.
Federal contracts for
fied research do not spe
long research results
held secret under pres
tional security regulatio
Since a researcher c

research be sure that open publication
for prior would be allowed within one
e spon- year, the provision effectively
for the bars classified projects from
ts. campus.
delay in "As far as I understand, I
ed (pro- don't think the one year provi-
bout six sion will affect classified re-
ccording search at all because no classi-
sembly's fied research projects are writ-
mittee. ten that permissively. It affects
million only proprietary research," says
:h per- sociology Prof. William Gamson,
d be ac- a member of the assembly's
oon. Classified Research Committee,
o to be which reviews proposals for
h toassb- classified projects.
h classi- Not all classified projects
classi- would be eliminated, however,
r cfy hw because the policy, as did the
cify how proposal passed last September,
will be allows classified research if it
sent na- is "likely to contribute so sig-
ns. nificantly to the advancement of
uld not knowledge as to justify the in-
fringement of the freedom to
publish openly."
The assembly added another
loophole yesterday when it said
it would also exempt research
it contracts that restrict only the
publication of "numerical con-
stants or equipment parameters
or settings" that are inessential
for the open publication of the
It is unclear how big a loop-
hole this exemption might prove
to be, but the best guess is that
only a small portion of the Uni-
versity's present classified con-
tracts fit this description.
Government forms 1 i s t only
general areas of classified pro-
jects which are to be kept secret.
For example, with some projects
only part of the data or part of
the results are classified and the
rpfmay noxhp niihliehPa

or ciassI d materiatL ooe0 pup-
Under the newly-approved report,
however, it appears that the one-
year grace period will not seriously
weaken the former restrictions on
federal classified research, since
federal research is classified for
indefinite periods of tim e.
According to Senate Assembly
Chairman Warren Norman, there
are no current University federal
research projects which would re-
strict publication of the results of
research only for a definite
amount of time.
The chairman of the research
committee, chemistry Prof. I. A.
Bernstein, said that the one-year
period is merely a way of includ-
ing proprietary research in the
proposal without severely weaken-
ing the assembly's former position
on classified research.
Bernstein explained that the per-
iod would allow companies time
to secure patents and other legal
rights before the results of the re-
search are made public.
Also, the report does not ban
projects which restrict only the
publication of numerical constants
or parameters deemed inessential
for publication by the Classified
Research Committee (CRC).
The CRC is designed to pass
judgment on any research contract
being considered by the Univer-
sity. Committee members have in-
dicated they do not think that the
provision will allow a significant
amount of research to remain
classified, but were not certain.
Last fall's assembly proposal
became stalled as several of the
Regents and President Robben
Fleming indicated an unwillingness
to deal with the classified re-
See SENATE, Page 10

lowed to go home," he said. "I
know many of you felt you want-
ed to get out of it, but this is part
of your obligation of citizenship.
The courtroom is one of the few
places where laymen can partici-
pate in the administration of jus-
Jury selection was scheduled for
the afternoon session.
;During a recess in the final pre-
liminary maneuvering before court
was convened at 11:16 a.m., re-
porters were invited to tali with
Father Berrigan, Who has been
held in prison on a previous con-
The other defendants have been
accessible and able to talk freely
and they held a news conference,
before the trial opened.
Asked about the charges, Berri-
gan said, "It's a catch all, highly
fabricated, utterly untrue. Every-
thing we've done we've acknowl-
edged publicly. We don't need the
government to issue an indictment
to, tell us that we've donedcertain
things that we've admitted."
Berrigan, who calls himself a
revolutionarywpriest, is accused of
writing a letter while at the fed-
eral penitentiary at Lewisburg, Pa.,
that outlined a plot to kidnap Kis-
singer, who is President Nixon's
national security adviser. The plot
included plans to blow up heating
tunnels in federal buildings in
Washington and to vandalize draft
board offices across the nation,
the government charges.
Berrigan was serving a six-year
term for burning draft board rec-
ords and pouring blood on files
in Baltimore and Catonsville, Md.
The letter apparently was smug-
gled out by an inmate-informer
attending classes at nearby Buck-
nell University.

Court rules against intern uni

'U' Cellar workers
distribute agent list

The Michigan Court of Appeals yes-
terday reversed a Michigan Employ-
ment Relations Commission (MERC)
decision which ruled that the Regents
recognize the Interns and Residents As-
sociation (IRA) as a collective bargain-
ing unit.
The 2-1 decision stated that the Re-
gents need not bargain with the IRA
because its members - interns, resi-
dents, and post-doctoral graduates -
are not "public employes" under the
ma nnr n n f-A 4ant ofa ., I E ht/n

MERC said at that time that although
the services performed by interns and
residents were "directly related to their
professional goals," this could not de-
tract from the "employment relation-
ship" between the IRA and the Univer-
Since the MERC ruling, the Univer-
sity has refused to bargain with the
IRA, maintaining that its members were
involved in a training program with a
status similar to students and were
therefore not employes.

employes, he continued, they could not
be considered a proper union under that
Van Valkenburg also said that such.
a collective bargaining unit "impinges
on the constitutional authority" of the
Regents to determine the course of edu-
In further clarifying this point, Van
Valkenburg wrote that if other depart-
mnts demanded collective bargaining
representatives, it "could wreak havoc
upon the very ability of the Regents to

University C e 11 a r employes
yesterday distributed a stolen
list of over 200 undercover police
agents from v a r i o u s state
Earlier in the month, Student
Government Council had planned
to sponsor publishing the list,
which was stolen from State
Police Headquarters in Lansing
and circulated in pamphlet form
on the Michigan State University

names available at their own
Asked about the reasons be-
hind their decision to sponsor
the printing of the list, Cellar
employes generally agreed on
several major points.
First, many were upset, as
employe Bruce Wilson put it,
that organizations usually in-
volved in sponsoring such pro-
jects such as SGC and The Daily
had been "cowed out of it."

_ ,

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