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January 12, 1979 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1979-01-12

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Page 4-Friday, January 12, 1979-The Michigan Daily

t4'c M c ga n tg 4 'a t
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Eighty-Nine Years of Editorial Freedom

A place for students

Vol. LXXXIX, No. 85

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

The recognition of China

T HE "COLD WAR" which developed
after World War II and reached its
peak in the fifties, had a devastating
effect on all Americans. It caused
American journalists to overlook the
fact that their government, through
the CIA, was overthrowing gover-
nments in Iran and Guatemala and
fixing elections throughout Europe. It
caused many Americans to follow in
fear Sen. Joseph McCarthy as he
loked under almost every bed for
communists. They were all soldiers in
a ;very serious psychological conflict
which threatened to blossom into a full
scale war at any moment.
New "Cold Wars" have arisen in
recent years as the old international
economic and political order began to
crumble in the late sixties and early
seventies. But one of the last vestiges
of the old Cold War was destroyed on
the first day of this year and one of the
new and most significant symbols of
the new international order was
born-the United States and the
People's Republic of China formally
recognized each other.
:When discussing either the United
States' old alliance to Taiwan or the
neyv relationship with the true leaders
of.2China, it is difficult not to speak in
crinpletely practical terms. It was
piActical for the United States to sup-
peit Taiwan during the Cold War.
China was allied with the Soviet Union,
the bitter enemy of the United States.
Itvas essential for this country to have
a rilitary presence in Asia. Even after
the ties between the Soviet Union and
Cina dissolved, Americans still
fered the danger of a Chinese led,
communists domination over all of
Asia. The Vietnam war was an attempt
to ;thwart what some Americans felt
was Chinese hegemony in Asia-the
domino theory.
The Cold War was big business for
the United States and other western
industrialized nations. American
hegemony was strong for several
reasons. Partly because western
Europe feared an invasion from the
Soviet Union and relied heavily on the
United States for its defense. With
Japan, the United States and Western
Elope formed an economic and
political alliance which brought a
prosprity which had never been
realized before.
The international order which
brought that prosperity has broken
down. American hegemony, although
still strong, is not what it used to be. A
new order is being forged. This time it
is practical for the United States to
recognize and deal with China rather
than Taiwan. Each countries' interest
can be served best by an alliance. The

United States needs the raw materials
and the huge market China has to of-
fer. China, in its drive to modernize,
needs American technology. The
United States could use China as a foil
against the Soviet Union. China's
desire to modernize may be a way of
building their military capability to
defend itself against the Soviet Union.
But what of Taiwan? Has the United
States, as some suggest, sold its closest
ally down the river? Did we not have a
moral responsbility to Taiwan? The
Taiwan predicament can be viewed in
two ways. First, and foremost, on the
practical level the United States has
always done what was expedient in
Asia. It was practical, for the reasons
stated earlier, for the United States to
form an economic, political, or rather
military, alliance with Taiwan. Prac-
ticality dictated the United States'
decision to recognize Chiang Kai-shek
as the true leader of China. It has now
become more practical for the United
States to recognize government of the
People's Republic of China As the sole
legal government of China.
On a moral level, the mutal defense
treaty made with a government which
the United States recognized as the
true representative of the Chinese
people. The mutual defense treaty was
morally wrong from the beginning.
Because the treaty has lasted 25 years
does not mean it has become morally
correct. Those who argue that the
United States has forsaken the people
of Taiwan seem to forget that in 1949,
when Chaing Kai-shek was forced to
retreat from the mainland, the
Kuomintang military invaded the
island of Taiwan and killed thousands
of Taiwanese. How moral was the
United States' decision to support that
Regardless, the United States has
not completely forgotten Taiwan. The
agreement with China does not
preclude the sale of arms to Taiwan.
And there is no reason to believe that
China will invade the island. China at
this point does not have the military
capability for such an invasion.
Although the technology which the
mainland may receive from the United
States may at some point enable China
to invade Taiwan, it would seem that
the United States is now in the position
to at long last settle the dispute bet-
ween the opposing governments to the
satisfaction of all.
What effect the resumption of
diplomatic relations between China
and the United States will have on the
North-South conflict and even on the
people of China is difficult to assess.
We can only hope that everyone will
benefit from the new relationship.

The issue of student space at
the 'niversity of Michigan is not
a new one. It began with Barbour-
Waterman Gymnasium razing
and now is centered around the
Michigan Union.
As the Chairperson of the UAC,
Union Programming Committee,
I feel strongly about improving
the Union. For the last year and a
half, our committee has been
working diligently to do so. We
feel that the recent Sturgis
Report will do much to alleviate
many problems we currently
facerat the Michigan Union.
There is one part of the report,
however, that seems to be
causing some controversy - the
issue of the Union hotel rooms.
My impression of the report is
that it's tone is to gear the
building toward students. The
authors of the report realize
(after hearing students say for
years) that there is no building at
the University that is specifically
designed for students. At one
time, we had the Student
Activities Building, built with
Student money. It 'now houses
administrative offices with only
WCBN left as a student activity.
The time has come for students
to get a place of their own - the
Michigan Union. The Sturgis
Report is the first time I have
seen this documented; it appears
that a solid committment is
finally being made by the
Administration for a student
This attitude was apparent

By Jeff Lebow
throughout the report. When no
firm recommendation was made
on the hotel issue, I was shocked.
It seems there are two ideas on
the future of the hotel. One
proposal advocates makingeall
but twelve of the 105 rooms a new
dormitory. The second plan
would spend $539,000 of student's
money to renovate the hotel and
turn it into a viable conference
center. This alternative would
hurt the concept of a student
center that the- Sturgis
Committee recommends. If the
Union hotels were used for
conferences, the people at the
conference would be using
meeting rooms at the Union at
the exclusion of the students! The
Union would much rather rent
out meeting rooms to conferences
than allow student organizations
to use them for free. When it
came down to conflicts, I feel the
students would get the short end
of the stick and be denied rooms
to accommodate conferences.
This has already happened at the
Union during the past few years.
Student groups have
beenswitched from rooms they
reserved so that groups like the
Rotary could get space.
If we had ample space to allow
more groups to use the facilities,
we would be more than happy to
share the space we have with
other groups. The fact is, the
Michigan Union is not presently
large enough to meet the needs of
the campus. Room usage this
year is up 40 per cent which

makes it difficult to get meeting
rooms. Offices take up most of
the third floor, and some of the
primedareas on the second and
ground floors. Even though some
of these offices serve students,
like Community Services, they
are not meeting rooms or student
organization office space. In the
unions I have visited, (Wisconsin,
UCLA, Minnesota, Illinois,
Northwestern, Youngstown
State) I've never seen so many
administrative offices. We need
every square foot we can get for
The students of the University
of Michigan are assessed $7.54
per year to the Union. Students
are not interested in financing a
fiteen year mortgage on a hotel
they don't want. Over the past
few years, the Alumni have
shown little financial support for
the Union; I have been told by
representatives of the Alumni
Association that they can't afford
to pay for the hotel remodeling. If
the students are going to pay for
the Union, they should at least get
what they want.
The University Conference
Office has not utilized the hotel in
the past. With three new hotels
being built now in the Ann Arbor
area, it seems odd that they want
to keep these 105 rooms as a hotel
space. If s decision is made to
keep the hotel, it will mean the
hiring of staff to run it, as well as
extra problems for the manager.
Considering we have been
wothout a Union professional

program staff, we would rather
see our resources allocated along
those lines which will better
serve student needs rather than
those which would run a hotel.
Another advantage of turning
the hotel into a dorm, is that it
will help us turn the Union into
a lively, active building. The
Union Programming Committee
has already showni this is
possible. With a strong
committment from - a
management that supports this
idea, we can provide a large
varietywof quality programming.
Alumni who want to see the,"life
of the campus", will be able to
walk into the Union and feel the
vitality of students. The students
who are here now, who will have
a student union, will come back to
the Union as alumni and feel at
The critical need for student
housing in Ann Arbor is another
reason why we would like the
hotel turned into a dorm. The
University has said it won't build
any new dorms because it's too
expensive. Here is a way to help
ease the housing situation with
the lowest possible cost. The-
Alumni Association
representatives to the Union
Board have said, "If the student
housing needs are that critical,
then by all means, turn the hotel
into a dorm." However, we are
saying this need is critical. The
housing supply is still very tight,
regardless of the fact that next
year's enrollment may not rise.
During the summer, when
students leave themdorms, we
could use the Union rooms as a
conference center and get
maximum utilization.
My last point is that it comes
down to a question of priorities.
Who should get top priority? We
feel students should. We endorse
the vote of the Michigan Union
Board of Directors to recommend
turning the Union hotel into dorm
space. The plan we favor would
leave us with twelve VIP rooms
for special guests and residents
of the Union.
We hope that the Regents will
recognize the rights of the
students, and will support the
recommendations of the Sturgis
Report and the Michigan Union
Board of Directors.
Jeff Lebow is the Michigan
Student Assembly (MSA)
representative on the Michigan
Union Board of Directors and
chairman of the UA C-Union
Programming Committee.


4o comment department
A guide for more efficient study

Submitted by Thomas R. Volkman

1. Study outside the classroom 2 hours per
each class hour.
2. Each day set yourself some task or tasks
to be accomplished - and then do it.
3. No television.
4. No more than 1 sporting event per month.
5. Avoid reading most newspapers - they
are mostly vulgar, biased, unintellectual,
gossipy, and debasing.
6. Avoid bad companions - the lazy, the
vulgar, the degenerate, the crude, the im-
olite, the irreligious.
7. Be chaste in mind and body - in thought,
word, desire, and action. Chasity is absolutely
essential for strength and vigour of mind and
character. Nothing leads quicker to
intellectual incompetence, laziness, and
failure than impurity and unchasity. One
cannot be truly manly or truly womanly
without chasity. It is a priceless treasure.
8. Think constantly of beautiful and noble
thoughts. Avoid chatter, triteness, chit-chat,
vulgar displays of emotion, crudity, and
wishy-washy fantasy.
9. Practice at least a half hour or prayer
and meditation a day.
10. Love, to the point of passion, everything
that is noble, fine, and inspiring.
11. There are two kinds of things - things
which concern us, and things which do not.
Most of our disappointments and sufferings
arise from persuing the things that do not
concern us.
12. Do not stock the mind - make it glow
with creative energy. Forge the mind, not
furnish it.
13. When a favorable sentiment passes
through consciousness, we must prevent it
from disappearing too quickly; we must fix
the attention on it and make it waken all the
ideas and sentiments which it can arouse,
cause it to become as prolific as possible and
the yield everything it has to give.

mind, so that all its attractive, delightful, or
useful aspects may be brought boldly into
relief. We can increase this power by placing
ourselves in an environment favorable to the
development of certain feelings.
18. Intellectual work demands of us two
opposing attitudes: a struggle against
distraction or dispersion of effort, which we
can avoid only through concentration; and, at
the same time, a detachment in relation to
our work, since the mind must rise and be
held above the level of its immediate task.
19. Mental power cannot be aeparated from
spiritual strength. We have lost any sense of
the relationship between the intelligence and
the soul, and suffer today from the separation
that we have allowed to develop between
technique and spirit.
20. Learn how to derive intellectual and
spiritual nourishment from everything which
chance (or rather providence) brings our
_ 21. As attention is mobilized and fixes on a
given thing, it becomes stronger.
22. The golden rule of intellectual work:
tolerate neither half-work nor half-rest. Give
yourself totally.
23. Work means total mobilization of your
being. Never mislead yourself into calling

effort that which is only a caricature of effort,,
or preparation for it, or the trail toward it. t
24. The thing that should arrest your
attention is a fact illuminated by an idea':
incarnated in a fact. A law must synthesize a
multitude of facts.
25. Write down your own ideas. This
encourages concentration by providing an
accompaniment that keeps your attention,
from wandering. The very act of putting them
down in words forces you to externalize what
would otherwise remain inside and vague. It
allows you to summarize your ideasand find
your own direction.
26. To try to understand is to move toward
what is true. To express yourself is to draw
near to the beautiful. These two actions are
carried out in unison; for beauty is a way of 2
advancing toward truth, just as truth
naturally radiates from the beautiful.
27. Keep at peace with God, your neighbor,
and yourself.
28. Perform a daily examination of
conscience - to discover one's sins,
misdirections, laziness, and other deviations
from one's trus path.s
29. Beseech God to point out your path,
direct your progress, and complete your


Managing Editor
Editorial Director

BOB MILLER ................................... Sports Edito
PAUL CAMPBELL,...............Executive Sports Edito
ERNIE DUNBAR ..................... Executive Sports Edito
HENRY ENGELHARDT ......... Executive Sports Editoi
RICK MADDOCK .......... Executive Sports Edito
CUB SCHWARTZ .................. Executive Sports Edito

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