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Vol. LXXXIX, No. 139 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, March 25, 1979 Ten Cents Twelve Pages plus Supplements
Carter blasts business
for ignoring guidelines
From Reuter and AP
ELK CITY, Oklahoma-President
Carter last night accused the heads of
many large business firms of pushing
up prices by refusing to cooperate with
his anti-inflation guidelines.
Carter, voicing concern over soaring
inflation, warned he would expose
"irresponsible firms and individuals"
and identify them to the American
people unless they changed their
SPEAKING TWO days after the
government reported a 1.2 per cent in-
crease in the consumer price index for
February, the largest in four and one-
half years and equivalent to an annual
jump of more than 15 per cent, he
declared: "That inflation rate is
Business profits increased by 26 per
cent in 1978, the government announced
Carter said he was disappointed that
medium-size businesses are not
showing the same commitment to his
anti-inflation program as most large
"TOO MANY business leaders seem
to feel that the fight against inflation is
not their responsibility," he said. "I
will take firm steps to deal with this
problem in the days ahead,"
One step he mentioned was an order
to the Council on Wage and Price
Stability to obtain regular reports on
price increases from firms in "problem
Carter had left Washington in the
midst of a Saturday afternoon thunder-
storm for a weekend of political fence-
mending in Oklahoma and Texas.
AFTER SATURDAY night's "town
meeting" in Elk City, a town of about
10,000 persons, Carter planned to travel
to Dallas today for an address to a con-
vention of the National Association of
In Elk City he warned labor unions to
show restraint in wage demands, but
his harshest words were for American
He said companies that are identified
as breaking his administration's volun-
tary price-increase guidelines will be
askef for explanations. If he doesn't like
what he hears, he said, "I will not
hesitate to identify those irresponsible
firms and individuals to the people of
HE HAS SAID he feels such public
identification would be a good weapon
in gaining compliance.
Concerning the price monitors, White
House spokesman Rex Granum said the
143 employees of the Council of Wage
and Price Stability now includes 41
assigned to searching for violators on
wage or price guidelines. And that
compliance staff, already scheduled to
more than double to 88, will nowbe in-
creased to 126, he said.
In addition, he said as many as 105
other staffers would be lent to the com-
pliance effort from other agencies.
THE PRESIDENT, who will fly back
to, Washington Sunday for Monday's
signing of a Mideast peace treaty, com-
pared the difficulty of fighting inflation
with the difficulty of negotiating such a
Inflation, he said, like the issue of
peace or unrest, "is not beyond our
power to control."
He predicted that "in a few weeks we
will begin to see the results of this bat-
tle" against inflation.
IN BOTH ELK CITY and Dallas, the
president scheduled meetings with
state and local . Democratic leaders,
who could be helpful to him if he seeks
re-election in 1980 as widely expected.
More than 4,000 people sought tickets
for last night's town meeting and the
1,100 seats in the high school gym-
nasium were awarded by lot.
Carter was scheduled to spend last
nightat the home of Larry Wade, 40,
and his wife Mary Jane, 34. Wade is a
newspaper publisher who doubles as
Elk City's mayor.
MSU BASKETBALL stars Eartin Johnson (left) and Greg Kelser (right) were all smiles yesterday and the score-
board tells why. The Spartans handily defeated Pennsylvania 101-67 to advance to the finals of the NCAA champion-
ships. See story, Page 11.
U'Sour Grapes sweeten for MSU
By STEFANY COOPERMAN Dooley's, a popular watering hole for torn between their loyalties for MSU
MSU's victory over Penn in yester- sports fans of all devotions, was the site and the University. LSA junior John
day's NCAA semi-final match was a yesterday for what many staunch Bergmann of East Lansing said, "All
true test for Wolverine fans. Many Wolverine supporters would consider my life I've been an MSU fan, and I
Maize and Blue backers had developed traitgrous behavior. think today's victory was great."
a severe case of sour grapes as the "NOBODY WAS booing," said Scott Bergmann described his problems
Spartans steadily climbed towards the Lange, a University law student who at- during football season. "At football
coveted national championship. Now tended State as an undergraduate. games, I wear green, white, maize and
that MSU has made Monday's finals, "Everyone here was cheering for MSU blue. Either way, I always seem to
though, many students confess to except for a few Penn fans. Personally, aggravate somebody."
feeling pride for the group from East I thought the game was awesome." Bergmann watched the game at Baits
Lansing. STUDENTS FROM Lansing are often See BLUE, Page 12
support for boycott
By STEVE HOOK
Over fifty protesters, demanding bet-
ter working conditions and wages for
farmworkers in the tomato fields of
Ohio, demonstrated outside the
Westgate Kroger yesterday afternoon.
Carrying picket signs and chanting
slogans, the protesters marched at the
supermarket's entrance, appealing to
shoppers for support. Representing the
Farm Labor Organizing Committee,
(FLOC), they urged customers to
boycott Libby's and Campbell's
products, the major purchasers of the
A spokesman for Kroger
acknowledged that the picketers were
at the store, but refused to comment on
whether customers were complying
with the picketers' wishes by not
buying the specified products.
"WE HOPE to bring pressure against
the Libby's and Campbell's canneries,"
explained FLOC member Bob Rice.
"These canneries control essentially
everything the farmworker does."
According to Rice, the canneries
determine how many acres of tomatoes
the farmers will plant, and how much
the crops are worth. As a result, the
farmer has almost no control over the
workers' wages and must pay them the
wages dictated by the canneries. In ad-
dition, there is little money left to
finance improvements for the "cam-
ps", where the workers live.
"The canneries refuse to recognize
farmworkers as a bargaining unit,"
Rice said. "They are being underpaid,
there is no health insurance, and the
housing is substandard."
CLEMENTE Espericuetas, a 37-
year-old ex-worker in the Ohio fields,
-described the conditions in what he
called the housing "barracks", which
sometimes house one to two hundred
workers and their families.
"Everything is really bad," the
Spanish-speaking Mexican native said
through an interpreter, "with all the
people living so close together." He
See PICKETS, Page 12
SADA T ARRIVES IN WASHING TON:
Israel, U.S.,- clear tri
From AP and Reuter
Israeli and U.S. negotiators apparently swept
away all possible snags in the way of a Mideast
peace accord yesterday, as Egypt's President An-
war Sadat arrived in Washington. The Carter ad-
ministration prepared for a lavish treaty-signing
After meeting for 90 minutes with Secretary of
State. Cyrus Vance last night in New York, Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem Begin said, "On Mon-
day, with God's help, we'll sign."
BEGIN'S ANNOUNCEMENT allayed fears that
last-minute problems would postpone the treaty
signing. Those fears had arisen when Vance met
with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan yester-
day, then suddenly made his unschedulkd flight to
New York to meet Begin.
Begin would say nothing of their talks except,
"The only question is do we sign or don't we sign.
The answer is, we sign."
American officials had said earlier in Washington
that the meeting was necessary because Dayan,
who accompanied Vance, lacked authority to make
decisions that could have concluded the
UPON HIS ARRIVAL in Washington yesterday,
Sadat said he was happy to come to the United
States "in the holy pursuit of peace."
Concerning the issues Begin and Vance were
negotiating, a U.S. official, declining to be iden-
tified, said the memorandum of understanding
would omit any explicit U.S. commitment to Israel
to refuse to negotiate with the Palestine Liberation
But it would contain a reference to a 1975
agreement under which the United States promised
Israel that it would neither recognize the PLO nor
negotiate with it so long as the organization refused
to recognize the right of Israel to exist.
AS FOR ISRAELI forces in the Sinai Peninsula,
Israel says it wants to retain control of the oil fields
for nine months after the treaty is signed, and
Egypt has been holding out for Israeli withdrawal
within six or seven months of the signing.
American and Israeli sources, speaking privately
about the treaty, said the matter of setting a date
for Israel to withdraw its military forces from the
Sinai oil fields is potentially serious. Officials say
the withdrawal schedule, which is part of a military
annex to the treaty, must be settled before the ac-
cord can be signed.
The Cairo semi-official newspaper Al-Ahran says
Israel had started pulling military equipment out of
the Sinai Peninsula yesterday as a prelude to com-
plete evacuation under terms of its peace treaty
WITH THE TREATY due to be signed tomorrow
in Washington, the paper said yesterday Israeli for-
ces would begin withdrawing from the first sector of
the Sinai designated for evacuation.
The treaty calls for an interim Israeli withdrawal
covering most of the peninsula to be carried out
within nine months.
* Local Democrats are com-
plaining that the city should not
have to pay for court costs in-
curred by the Republican caucus
after it lost an open meetings suit
last year. See story, Page 2.
* President Carter is drawing
up contingency plans in
preparation for a possible
walkout by the Teamster's union.
See story, Page 2.
" More than 500 turned out for
the Engineering School's annual
Tech Day. See story, Page 2.
p Read the Today
column, Page 3
By AMY DIAMOND
One of the staunchest opponents of
the Equal Rights Amendment, the
homemaker, will benefit most from
ratification of the amendment,
National Organization for Women's
Michigan President said yesterday.
Addressing a small group in the Law
School's Hutchins Hall, Nan Frost-
Welmers said that through the ERA,
homemakers stand to gain social
security benefits, inheritance rights,
and retirement rights which they don't
FROST-WELMERS' address came
during the Women's Issues Seminar,
sponsored by the Americans for
Democratic Action (ADA).
Other speakers included Sandra
Guernsey of the Michigan Department
ferences focus on ERA, women's careers
Soutlined at seminar
By MARION HALBERG
University guidance counselor
Barbara Boyk looked across the
classroom at the 30 women facing
her-all with their eyes closed. "Where
will you be in ten years?" she asked.
"Will you wake up with someone? Will
you go to work? What do you do at
Those women were only a small por-
tion of the more than 500 who tried to
answer that last question by attending
the Women's Career Fair yesterday at
the MLB. Participants listened to
speakers-including Olympic medalist
Wilma Rudolph and state represen-
tative Barbara-Rose Collins-and at-
tended workshops at the day-long
SPONSORS SAID the fair's goals
were to provide information, provoke
thought and help build careerand job
search skills for the student, staff, and
community women who attended.
Alexis Herman, Director of the
Women's* Bureau of the U.S. I@epar-
tnmnt To ,hnr nnened the ,dv's
weren't expected to work for more than
six years, "the labor force attachment
is stronger today," with many women
working 25 years or more.
For women concerned about getting a
job, Herman said 46 million new job
openings have been established for the
period between 1976 and 1985. Seven-
teen million of these jobs will not be
replacements or "filling slots," but new
occupations created by scientific
Herman stressed that while many
openings exist in traditional fields,
women should venture beyond those
jobs. "I could tell you that in the '80s
there will be a demand for 85,000 nur-
ses," she said. "A non-traditional job is
one where there is not viable in-
volvement by women. A child never
becomes anything that she or he has
never heard of."
WOMEN WITH children were able to
take advantage of the free child-care
that was available at the fair. Some
participants were as young as 16, and
as old at 65.
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