THE MICHIGAN DAILY
1, 1959 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Prof. Haber Speaks to Reading Group
By JAN RAHM
John Galbraith's "The Affluent
Society" Is important as a predic-
tion of possible future abolition of
poverty, Prof., William Haber of
the economics department said
Speaking to a group of 30 as
part of the summer reading pro-
gram on social security and its
relationship to a free economy,
Prof. Haber contended that our
modern society cannot be called
affluent since there are still many
unmet wants, often even in food,;
clothing and housing.
"This is. especially true of un-
derdeveloped countries," he said
Sun Ech se
Early birds with astronomical
aspirations may be in for a treat
About one-quarter of the sun's
surface will be blotted out by the
moon when the solar globe emerges
from the horizon at 6:32 a.m.;
Prof. Hazel Losh of the astronomy
department announced yesterday.
Providing the weather is clear
and the viewer, equipped with dark
glasses, can find an unobstructed
patch of horizon in the east, the
partial eclipse will be visible for
about 16 minutes, she explained.
By then, the moon's shadow will
have retreated and the sun's
image wil be back to normal.
Although "not important, as-
itronomicaily speaking," the par-
tial eclipse, Prof. Losh advised, "is
,most interesting to observe, and
% abould not be missed, even if one
must be up at sunrise to see it."
The solar phenomenon, seen
oMly during new moon phases, oc-
curs when the "moon passes di-
rectly between the sun and the
earth, and one can see the dark
moon projected against the bright
background of the sun," Prof. Losh
The sun will be completely over-
ahadowed by the moon at dawn
in the Boston area, she noted. The
belt in which viewers may witness
tomorrow's total eclipse will ex-
tend from the United States'
northeast border in a southeast-
ern direction across Africa, she,
Petitions for committee mem-
bership and chairmanships will be
available in the Undergraduate
Office of the League until Wednes-
Positions open for committee
Onembership are Women's Judi-
cAary, Interviewing and Nominat-
ing, and the House' Committee.
Chairmanships are available for
the Public Relations and Univer-
sity Services committees.
Interviewing will take place
from 3-5 pm. Wed., Oct. 7, Fri-
day, Oct. 9.
Sophomores, juniors, and seniors
"but is also valid for many in the
Prof. Haber pointed out that in
Galbraith's view, much of presept-
day economic theory was devel-
oped when society was radically
different from what it is today.
Such men as Adam Smith, Ri-
cardo, Malthus and Mill wrote at
a time of widespread poverty when
there was barely enough to supply
the wants of life.
Our society, Galbraith claims,
does not have such problems in
getting the basic necessities. His
thesis, Prof. Haber continued, is
that trouble comes because our
ideas on what should be done are
based' on old principles which do
not hold true in our modern "afflu-
Galbraith contends that we are
so overwhelmed with production
possibilities that a whole industry,
advertising, has grown up to create
wants through such devices as
planned obsolesence. The author
feels this is ridiculous, Prof. Haber
said, since we have neglected the
public sector of our life-schools,
highways, hospitals, research and
the like-because of our emphasis
on the private economy.
"This would, of course, be con-
sidered by many as a radical idea,"
Prof. , Haber commented, "and
counter to what Galbraith calls
the 'conventional wisdom', which
says among other. things that
taxes must always be low and
that the best government governs
These are among the "sacred
cows" that Galbraith seeks to de-
molish. He believes that taxes are
not morally wrong and that none
of us are paying enough taxes for
the purpose of improving our pub-
lic economy, Prof. Haber contin-
Galbraith goes against both the
conservatives and the liberals in
advocating high income taxes and
high sales taxes, the professor of
Prices vs. Employment
Another major part of Gal-
braith's philosophy is that we
cannot have both full employment
and stable prices. "This does not
bother him, though," Prof. Haber
added. He would sacrifice full em-
ployment to keep down inflation."
Prof. Haber was critical of Gal-
braith's oversimplification of the
problem of inflation growing out
of full employment. He considers
Galbrait's conclusion that we
should aim for stable prices and
accommodate ourselves to as much
unemployment as necessary to
'achieve this as a dangerous idea.
Continuing the Summer Read-
ing Program with seminars today
will be Prof. Frank Grace and
Prof. Marston Bates. At 4:00 p.m.
in the Honors Lounge of the Un-
dergradpate Library, Prof. Grace
will lead the discussion on "The
Individual Within Mass Society,"
using David Reisman's "The
Lonely Crowd" as 'the primary
Prof. Bates will deal with Rich-
ard Hofstadter's "Social Darwin-
ism in America" at 7:30 p.m. in
a seminar on "Darwin's Influence
on Culture." .
At 4:00 p.m. tomorrow in the
same room, Prof. Leslie White will
speak on "An Analysis of the Sci-
ence of Culture." Saturday morn-
ing Prof. Kenneth Boulding will
lead the seminar on "An Analysis
of the Image."
Petitions for the 1960 J-Hop
committee chairmanships will
These positions are open to all
interested sophomores and juniors.
The petitions -are available in Rm.
2534 of the Student Activities
The J-Hop is the only all-cam-
pus formal dance of the year. A
between-semester occasion, it oc-
c u r s b e f o r e registration' and
classes begin; and women's per-
mission for that night will be 4
a.m., the latest of the year.
A big name band will play for
the event, and "new and differ-
ent" plans for this year's J-Hop
are being made by the central
Due to the financial success of
last year's dance, the 1960 J-Hop
likewise will be held in the League.
Panhel Honor Code Seeks
Full View of College Life
"The purpose of the new Pan-
h e-l e n i c Association pre-rush
honor code is to encourage newly
enrolled women to obtain an over-
all view of every aspect of college
life," Panhel rush chairman Bar-
bara Greneberg, '61, said recently.
The code, unanimously passed
by- the individual rushing chair-
men, removes former restrictions
on personal relationships between
affiliated and independent women.
"Panhel feels that this will help
erase unnecessary social tension
during the pre-rush period," Miss
"The code should bring about a
de-emphasis of rushing," she con-
tinued. "The best preparation for
rush is when it comes. Meanwhile,
new women shoul4 see and ab-
sorb as much as possible and get
to know people, which is very im-
A further purpose of the code is
to encourage newly-enrolled wo-
KAPPA SIG'S BEST FRIEND-Watson, mascot of the Kappa
Sigma fraternity, has been kidnapped. The house received a
ransom note Tuesday signed by "The Bloomer Girls." The boys
are angry. The dog offered no comment.
Bloomer Girls' Kidnap
Kappa Sigma's- Mascot
men to view sorority life as a
whole and to enter formal rush
with an open mind about all
houses, Miss Greenberg added.
One restriction, however, has
been placed on sororities at the
house level. Any first or second
semester freshmen women or
transfer students, e x c lu d i n g
seniors, who have not had the op-
portunity to go through formal
rush will not be invited to visit
any sorority house, except where
their attendance has been ap-
proved by Panhel.
"The code is, in essence, a phil-
osophy," Miss Greenberg said,
"rather than a list of regulations
"Panhellenic feels that this ap-
proach will do the most to en-
courage the prospective rushee
toward a well-rounded view of
college life and of the sorority
system as well," she concluded.
Things are not elementary for
the Kappa Sigs.
Someone has kidnapped Wat-
son, the fraternity's mascot, and
a look at- the ransom note reveals
it'll take more than Sherlock
Holmes to find him.
' Watson is a brown and white
Saint Bernard who has been with
the house for three years.
"But he didn't show up for
breakfast Sunday' morning. In
fact, the guys remembered the last
time we'd seen him was Saturday
night when he was walking down
Tappan St.," house president
Chuck Cnudde, '60, said.
Fire Journalists Discuss Problem
Of Press .Coverage of Racial Issue'
Tuesday the fraternity received
a ransom note. Signed by "The
Bloomer Girls," it read: "Your
dog is safe and sound.
"If you want him back, walk
carefully to the corner of E. Uni-
versity and S. University alone.
(Do not contact the authorities or
you will witness dreadful repris-
The note continued with in-
structions for the boys to yell
"May I.' at the corner and take
a number of giant steps.
"We figure they don't really
want us to go - they didn't list
any specific time," Cnudde ex-3
SomeKappa Sigs are contem-
plating a search party. They want
their dog back.
Invited To Join:
Anyone interested in joining
Alpha Phi Omega, the University's
service fraternity, who missed the
open meeting last Thursday night,
is invited to come to the Student
Activities Building at 7. p.m. Mon-
day, Paul Nida, '6OBAd., the fra-
ternity president announced yes-
At that time, the service, frater-
nity will hold its semi-annual
The fraternity's program con-
sists of service projects and social
activities. Among its functions are
the operation of a mimeograph
and duplicating service, maintain-
ing poster distribution routes, and
assisting at registration and " 'U'
GARGOYLE, an old Indian recipe. Be bothered
no more by "midnight discomfort." GARGOYLE
positively, cures everything. If still no results,
come to Editor for laying on of hands.
Mrs. C. S. says: "I buy GARGOYLE when-
ever I get enough money, and eat the copies.
Taste real good except for the staples." GAR-
GOYLE-on sale everywhere-rejoice!
By ANITA FELDMAN
"Although som newspapers
have done a better job than oth-
ers, we wouldn't be in the dilemma
we are in today if the press had
told the people all the facts about
race relations 20 to 25 years ago,"
Carl T. Rowan, Pulitzer Prize-
winning reporter of the Minne-
apolis Star-Tribune said Tuesday
Shedding his views on, the sub-
Press," Rowan added that al-
though the press devotes full cov-
erage to the segregation issue, "a
great many aspects of life. In-
volving race relations is only cov-
Along 'with Rowan, four other
journalists also commented on
this subject Tuesday night when
they were interviewed on the ra-
dio program "News in 20th Cen-
This program is a documentary
series produced by WUOM, the
University's radio station, and
broadcast by .a network of 59 ra-
dio stations throughout the coun-
Mark Ethridge, publisher of the
Louisville Courier-Journal, Harry
Ashmore, executive editor of the
"Arkansas Gazette," Sig Mickel-
son, CBS vice-president in charge
of news and Frank Ahlgren, edi-
tor of the "Memphis Commercial
Appeal" expressed their feelings
on the subject.
When asked "What is the job
of the news disseminator in this
race relations crisis?", Mickelson
answered: "To maintain objectiv-
ity, honesty and fairness, some-
thing which most newspapers
have finally accomplished in the
past decade or so."
Ethridge maintained that "we
need a straight reportorial job of
what's going on," and he trusts
the common sense of the public if
it knows the truth about the situ-
On the other hand, Ahlgren in-
sisted that the responsibility of
the news disseminator was to
"maintain the tranquility of his
community by showing rationally
that the South must learn to live
with the Supreme Court's deci-
sion, and that anarchy in any
form must not be permitted there."
Ethridge also lamented the fact
that many papers have used their
news columns to disseminate edi-
"This is a forfeiture of the press'
responsibilities under the Consti-
tution," he said, "for it is doing
what the totalitarian presses do
Commenting further 'on his be-
lief that the press has not devot-
ed a full enough coverage to all
aspects of the race relations prob-
lem, Rowan added that, "It is a
big thing, and it shouldn't be,
when a Negro social event, such
as a wedding, is announced on a
newspaper's society page. It's no
wonder that the Negro press is
still so popular."
A Negro himself, Rowan feels,
however, that the Negro can also
help himself considerably by^"do-
ing a better job of public rela-
A big problem for papers today
is the question of whether or not
racial identification is necessary
in a news story.
Rowan insists that "in ordinary
crime stories, unless race plays a
particular role, it should never be
mentioned. A paper never says
"white gunman," so why should
it then label a man as a "Negro
gunman?", he asked.
Such reporting creates a great
emotional reaction in -the white
reader, causing him to condemn
all Negroes as gunmen, he added,
and the paper which makes these
unnecessary identifications is
helping to create the race dilem-
Harry Ashmore's "Arkansas Ga-
zette" in Little Rock is the only
paper in the area which has
"stood firm against Governor Fau-
bus,"" he said.
"Ourhpape believes we have
no choice but to uphold the Su-
preme Court's decision, and de-
spite Faubus' insistence to the
contrary, we have upheld our
massive resistance towards him,"
He added that "a paper's re-
sponsibility must remain con-
stant: to present -to the people a
coherent picture of what's hap-
pening in terms they can under-
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