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TO THE EDITOR:
Draw More Comment
hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
:RSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: NAN MARKEL
Khrushchev's American Visit
And- Reasonable Discourtesy
A FEW THINGS need to be cleared up about
the comments relating to Khrushchev's
recently-ended American visit.
In inviting the Red boss, the government ap-
parently had two objectives in mind: personal
conversations between him and the President
could lead to a lessening of world tensions; and
a personal look at the United States might
give Khrushchev a direct impression of Amen-
can strength and determination.
Apparently, the first objective has been at-
tained-the leaders parted expressing a desire
to continue talks; and later, at his post-tour
press conference, President Eisenhower strongly
hinted that, contingent to allied agreement, a
summit conference is in the offing. Further,
Khrushchev himself just agreed to take all
time limits off Berlin talks.
TO SAY however that this objective was
formulated and carried out with the pri-
mary objective of gaining a partisan advantage
for the Republican party seems absurd. True,
peace would be an important platform element
in the next Presidential race, but it is hard to.
believe that anyone would work for peace
merely to have a campaign slogan. No one said.
that President Roosevelt was trying to win the
war to win elections.
Only Khrushchev knows if he .got a new
impression of American might, and he is not
likely to say anything about it.
In order to give him what it thought was a
true impression of the- American people, the
Administration advised that he be treated with
the respect due the head of a major foreign
government; it called for no show of love for
him, only respect. The anti-Russia propaganda
campaign which has gone on since World War
II would have been too much to overcome, not-
withstanding the fact that there is little reason
for Americans to love Khrushchev or what he
THIS WAS the gist of Vice-President Nixon's
remarks about questioning Khrushchev
about his views. Americans, in other words,'
should not let him mistake good maniers for
agreement. The labor leaders who met with
him in San Francisco seemed to follow the
policy to the letter, and probably gave him a
time he will not soon forget. The objective of
the tour was to impress him with exactly this
American solidarity. ;
The Administration itself seemed to maintain
a consistent attitude of courtesy, but its ex-
ample was not followed. It could not order Los
Angeles' Mayor Poulson, or any other American
for that matter, to 'do anything like that.
Besides, that some Americans were discourteous
when they should not have been only shows
that we are not a totalitarian people, having
to obey such orders from the government. It
is men like Khrushchev who can produce
cheering crowds when the occasion demands.
Though we can be ashamed of the fact of
the discourtesy, we should not be ashamed that
Americans have the right, within reasonable
limits, to be discourteous.
KHRUSHCHEV, EISENHOWER'AND MRS. KHRUSHCHEV RIDE INTO WASHINGTON
CAMP DAVID TALKS:
Khrushchev Visit Causes Optimism
By JUDITH DONER
Daly Staff Writer
MANY political experts and lay-
men who forecast that only
bad could result from Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev's visit
here have now altered somewhat
their line. of thinking.
Since some of the results of the
Camp David negotiations between
Khrushchev and President Eisen-
hower were announced, a quiet
note of optimism has crept into
the opinions of those who were
wholly pessimistic before and dur-
ing Khrushchev's tour.
*And the quiet note rang some-
what louder after the Soviet
chief's Tuesday pronouncement,
agreeing with Eisenhower that
any time limit previously set on
the Berlin question was no longer
* *' *
BUT THOSE who are dyed-in-
the-wool fact listers may find all
this somewhat hard to swallow.
They will point out that the two
specific issues major to the United
States remain unchanged:
1) The problem of a divided
Germany remains. Khrushchev
believes that the Big Three have
no right to remain in Berlin. He
requests that they withdraw,
leaving Berlin a free city, and sign
a peace treaty with two separate
Germanys. The United States and
the West reject the plan. They re-
fuse to leave Berlin until Ger-
many's fate is settled. They do not
want Germany divided between
East and West.
2) The problem of disarmament
and inspection remains. Both
sides agree that disarmament
would be wise. They cannot agree
on methd or degree of inspection.
The Soviet Union will not accept
the West's position that inspec-
tion methods must precede dis-
armament. In his United Nations'
speech, Khrushchev seemed to re-
iterate his "cart before the horse"
ONLY THOSE. who refuse to
face facts, which fact-listers by
their very nature cannot be, could
deceive themselves into believing
that a mere 'three-day meeting'
between Khrushchev and Eisen-
hower could immediately solve
these major conflicts.
And although the facts of these
two issues have not been altered,
the atmosphere surrounding them
very definitely has:
1) New talks on Berlin will be
held either at a foreign ministers
or lower level conference and pos-
sibly at a summit meeting.
2) The prograi of exchanges of
all kinds between the United
States and the Soviet Union will
be broadened. The two nations
U and Fire Protection.
WITHIN the past week there have been two
fires in University residence halls of suf l-
ciently serious nature to warrant calling the.
In Stockwell Mall, a candle tipped over,
igniting a tissue box, setting the curtains on
fire. Students turned in the alarm and put out
the fire with an extinguisher before the Fire
A grease fire that developed in the deep fat
frier at West ,Quad was extinguished by the
Neither fire, fortunately, did serious damage.
ONLOOXERS at the Stockwell fire remarked
how lucky it was that the girls knew what
to do and commended them for "great presence
of mind." And this they undoubtedly had.
But it is somehow appalling that a matter of
truly life and death importance should be left
to luck and presence of mind.
University fire drills emphasize closing win-
dows, wearing shoes, keeping order, and assem-
bling rapidly outside. Fear of a large fire is
evident in the seriousness with which drills
are conducted. But all the students questioned
in an admittedly small but representative sur-
vey reported that they had never been shown
the location of their dorms' fire alarms or
extinguishers. The one person who knew how
to work an extinguisher had learned how in.
a chemistry lab.
Such negligence of basic safety education on
the part of those entrusted with the physical
well being of University students is inexcus-
It is high time the University took advantage
of the city fire department's annual offer to
talk about fire prevention to the students of all
have also agreed to begin explora-
tions of trade questions.
3) The two heads of state
agreed, issuing a statement to'the
effect that "all outstanding inter-
national questions should be
settled not by the application of
force but by peaceful means
4) THE always-present, never-.
settled, World War II Lend-Lease
question will be reopened, Khrush-
chev and Eisenhower decided. The
people of the United States and
the Premier of the Soviet Union
have met one another
* * *
THIS LAST fact may, in the
last analysis, prove the most im-
portant. To most Americans Nikita
Khrushchev is no longer a 'label
attached to an abstract figure. He.
is a very definite personality, ca-
pable of shaking hands, accepting
cigars, blowing his top, cracking
jokes, speaking powerfully and
well, and hitting back at his op-
ponents with beautifully, sarcastic
He, in turn, undoubtedly has a
newer, broader and more accurate
conception of the American people,
their environment and personal-
ity. He has found that the Voice
of America, which his subordinates
try vainly to muffle, speaks the
truth about conditions in the
Certainly his visit visibly re-
laxed the tensions existing be-
tween the Soviet Union and the
United States. Although what
comes next is anybody's guess, it
would seem that both sides would
be happy to proceed slowly and
cautiously with the negotiations
which have been proposed.,.
Admittedly, our guard is'down.
We have been taken in, to a de-
gree, by the peace proposals of
the Soviet premier. Perhaps he
was affected similarly.
New Books at Library,
Leautaud, Paul-The Child of
Montmartre; N.Y., Random House,
Lipton, Lawrence-Holy Bar-
barians; N.Y. Julian Messner,
Niebuhr, Reinhold-The Struc-
ture of Nations and Empires; N.Y.,
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1959.
To the Editor:
HAVING SEEN repeated men--
tion in The Michigan Daily of
the "book store" situation and be-
ing not a little disappointed with
what we found on coming to the
campus this fall, we would like to
describe a campus book store with
which we are familiar.
This book store is owned and
operated by the Associated Stu-
dents of the University of Wash-
ington at Seattle. Physically, it
has two full floors and a balcony.
The floor space of either of the
floors is roughly twice that of a
Michigan type book store (Fol-
lett's, Urich's). The lower floor
-is given over mainly to a well-or-
ganized, complete, self-service text
book department. Besides having
all of the required and suggested
books for courses there are in this
section, shelf after shelf of relat-
ed books. On the. second floor
there is a book department which
handles paper backs and no-text
book hardbounds. There is, of
course, a large section devoted to
student, engineering, artist, etc.
There are also the following: a
sporting goods and clothing de-
partment which features ski ren-
tals; a photography department;
a typewriter sales and service de-
partment; a men's clothing de-
partment; a women's clothing de-
partment; and a gift shop. Each
of these departments is, compar-
able to a store handling its spe-
TO INDICATE the profitability
of this bookstore, it remodeled last
year, doubling to its present size,
and completely modernized in-
cluding a three-story glass and
aluminum front. Also, at the end
of each year students receive a
chases except clothing and gifts,
10 per cent rebate on all pur-
but including all books, typewrit-
ers, records and supplies.
This bookstore runs in compe-
tition with two other large book-
stores which are privately owned.
The first of these bookstores is
similar to Follett's except that it
has a larger, more convenient, and
more complete text book depart-
.ment. The other bookstore is a
modern, non-text book store spe-
cializing in paper backs, reference
books, best sellers, rare collectors'
books, and prints. Conservatively,
its display of paper backs is
roughly five times that of Bob
Marshall's. It also has a rental
library. This book store is at least
twice as large as any Ann Arbor
These book stores serve the
university district near the- Uni-
versity of Washington almost ex-
clusively. Downtown Seattle is
served by many metropolitan book
stores. Although the student body
of the University of Washington
is only about two-thirds that of
the University of Michigan, the'
university district is about the
-same size as Ann Arbor.
If anyone on this campus is in.-
terested, we are sure that the ad-
ministration of the University of
Washington or the management
of the University Book Store (4326
University Way, Seattle 5 Wash-
ington) would be glad to furnish
its annual financial reports'or any
It is rather unfortunate that the
University of Michigan, with all
its many advantages over nearly
any. other American campus, does
not have a first-rate bookstore.
To the Editor:
YOU FIGURE it out.. .he
ironies of life never cease to
amaze a perceptive observer. The
SOC bike auction, tehind the Stu-
dent Publications Building, was
one of those ironies which de-
serves a few frst-hand comments.
SGC should be given credit fodr
their attempt to ease the students
mobile and financial plight. Un-
fortunately, this morning's fiasco
benefited few in either respect and
virtually none in both objectives.
There were many students who
had sincere hopes of getting a
"Bargain." By the time the rains
came, and the auction was moved
inside, many bikes had been sold
and only a few at or below their
appraised price. The crowning
glory of the aggressive auctioneer
was the sale of a piece of appara-
tus for $45, which was valued
what free bidding in a free econ-
around $20. Isn't it wonderful
omy can do for the poor, finan-
Tied Cohnt, '$g
To the Editor:
T HE CARTOONIST for The
Michigan Daily has done slme
interesting and provocative car-
toons thus far. It is unfortunate
that two of them contradict each
In one, he complains about Stu-
dent Government Counel, which '
he implies is an organization 'at
is about as successful as a mis-
launched Vanguard missile. In the
other, he laments classroom over-
crowding and the resulting lack of
It is too bad The Daily cartoon-
ist was too busy at his drawing
board to notice that Student Gov-
ernment Council is sponsoring 1
Summer. Reading and Discussio
program, the chief object of which
is to extend the atmosphere of
intellectual curiosity beyond the
crowded confines of the classroom.
OPERATING under the hypo-
thesisthat a student can be
cramped intellectually, as well as
physically, this program is offer-
ing discussions between students
and faculty in seven reading
areas.- Participants come from all
ranges of university life; they even
include people living In Ann Ar-
bor but not attending the Univer-
Thus far, there have been three
initial meetings of these- discus-
sion groups. With the exception of,-
one, all have been planned as fair-
ly small groups. Because of exces-
sive demand, one was atence4-
by over one hundred interested
THE SGC Summer Reading and
Discussion project has actively In-
volved a large part of the student'.
body. On the basis of seminars -al-
'ready held, at least tiree hundred
students will take advantage of
But numbers in such a program
mean very little. What. is import-
ant is not that a large nuinbe,r-at'of
students are taking part but, rath-
er, thanl interested and intellec-
tually alert students ai'e involved
It is too bad that Daily cartoon-
ists do not notice such things.
EUROPE VS. U.S.:
What's To Be Done
In the Academies?
TODAY AND TOMORROW
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE FIRST ROUND being concluded, one can
say, L think, that the President's initiative
has prqspered. His main purpose in proposing
the exchange of visits was to reopen the clogged
and frozen channels of' diplomatic communica-
tion between the Western alliance and the'
Soviet Union. This he has done, and this is the
meaning and the significance of the conversa-
tions at Camp David.
There are to be exchanges through normal
diplomatic channels. When our allies have been
consulted about the place, the time, and the
agenda, there will be a Foreign Ministers'
meeting and a summit meeting. There are to be
continuing multi-lateral negotiations about
disarmament. There are to be bi-lateral nego-
tiations about cultural exchanges and also
about a settlement of the lend-lease debts.
And beyond all these, there is to be in the'
spring a visit/by the President and his family
to the Soviet Union.
This much is on the record. How far there
was a meeting of minds off the record on the
specific issues, we do not now know. But Mr.
K. in his press conference on Sunday implied
that there had been more understandings than
the omicial communique reveals.
Having been one of those who were filled
with misgivings about the venture in personal
diplomacy, and also about the risks of accidents
and incidents in Mr. K's public tour, the results
of Round One is a pleasant surprise.
I CAN SEE NOW that I had failed to realize
how mighty are the compulsions which are
working on both the President and on Mr. K.
They are compulsions to find ways by which,
as the communique said, "all outstanding inter-
national questions" can "be settled not by the
application of force but by peaceful means
through negotiations." For neither of the heads
of governments is there, to use the memorable
sentence spoken by Mr. Eisenhower some years
ago, "any alternative to peace."
The source of these compulsions is the race
of armaments. As between the USSR and the
total war. Each of the two governments is able
to inflict intolerable and unacceptable losses
upon the other's country, and neither could
"win" a war which caused such widespread,
such long lasting, and such irreparable devas-
tation. Although the balance of power may
fluctuate, there is at present no prospect what-
ever of the kind of scientific breakthrough
which would give one or the other of the
governments a safe and reliable supremacy.
This exerts a mighty compulsion upon them
to respect the status quo, whether it be that
of the Western presence in West Berlin or that
of the Soviet presence in Eastern Europe. The
agreement to open up a series of negotiations
rests upon the applied assumption that while
diplomacy cannot change importantly the
status quo, it can make it more acceptable and
In both governments the compulsion to At-
tempt to do this springs from two great con-
The first consideration, which is widely rec-
ognized, is that the cost of armaments, forty
billions here and twenty-five billions in the
Soviet Union, is a very heavy mortgage on
social and economic development. One of the
most interesting little disclosures made by Mr.
K. was his personal impatience with the bur-
dens of his own military establishment.
MR. EISENHOWER is very conscious 'indeed
of what it means to spend forty billions a
year. And undoubtedly he is aware of the fact
that after the tax reduction made by his Ad-
ministration, the pressure on the budget from
the Pentagon on the one hand, from the civil
needs of our people on the other, constitute a
permanent threat to inflation. Moreover, the
pressure on the dollar, which is no joke, comes
in some part from our enormous military
expenditures abroad both for our allies and for
But there is a second consideration which
exerts great compulsion on the heads of gov-
ernments. It is that if the situation does not
_--SL n. L. .. .il _ 4 - _ ..... * L
By AL YOUNG
A FRIEND recently complained,
"Why should I have to go to
class everyday?" A legitimate
enough question, and one that is
probably asked daily by half the
Students of art, technical sub-
jects or languages would answer,
for obvious reasons, "Because you
won't learn anything if you don't."
My friend is an English major in
his third year. Having satisfied
his distribution recluirements for
the School of Literature, most of
his courses are English courses.
"All my courses are reading
courses. I read t the material at
home, go to class, and sit for an
hour and listen to inane discus-
sions. I think it's ridiculous." He
made me think back to courses I
have taken that made me feel
much the same way.
I'VE TAKEN several courses re-
quiring comprehensive textbooks.
What did the lecturers do? They
talk for an hour, lecturing, it
would seem, page per page out
of the book. On such occasions, I
hear unoriginal, uninspired lec-
tures offering nothing that could
not have been culled from read-
ing the text. Examinations in such
courses are inevitably geared to
the book used in the course.
' English. History. Sociology. Bot-
any (lab sessions excepted). All
*' * *
ISN'T IT conceivable that a stu-
dent could get along quite well
reading assigned and suggested
texts for courses such as these, at-
tendingran occasionally scheduled
How many professors have tak-
en the trouble to conduct original
research and present fresh, in-
teresting material on the lecture
podium or in the classroom?
"In Europe, it's different," a
f o r e i g n studenthinforms me.
"There the student has to look out
for himself. The professor pre-
sents a list of material that the
course will cover; and the student
spends his days devouring li-
any difficulties the student might
encounter during the course of his
This kind of, procedure may
seem lax and informal but ac-
tually it is quite challenging. The
student must rigidly discipline
himself If he is to master the ma
terial and adequately prepare
himself for examinations.
THE PROFESSOR is freed from
the duties of baby-sitter which he
is expected to carry out in Amer-
ica; and, not having to keep a
hawk's eye out for "delinquent"
students, he may then spend his-
valuable time attending to aca-
The poor student will fall by
the wayside 'through his own lack
The European system of higher
education is often attacked by
American educators because it
'defeats" the purpose of a liberal
education. Europeans say that
Americans try to produce college
graduates in the same way as they
do automobiles and television sets.
Both of these conflicting views
of the problem are extreme, of
course, but important enough to
reflect the fact that allis not well
in the American academies.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Dailyaassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1959
VOL. LXX,. NO. 9
Regents Meeting: Fri., Oct. 23. Com-
minications for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than Oct. 13.
"Say, Who's Besieging Who Around Here?"