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January 15, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-01-15

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Gjhg 3i14gwu &dIly
Seventieth Year

Shavian Satire Sparkles
" 4AJOR BARBARA" by George Bernard Shaw, the third production
of the An Arbor Civic Theatre current season, is a stimulating
theatrical experience.
With a steady hand, Jerry Sandler, the production's director, fol-
lows Shaw's lead and has the play build slowly toward a brilliant
The play is a debate in dramatic form whose principle virtue is an
unbelievably witty dialogue. The Master Irish Imp takes on the middle

hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

.Y, JANUARY 15, 1960


Intellectual Dishonesty
And Exam Files

THE INSTRUCTOR gives the same old chest-
nut, year after year ... a neatly filled-in
and graded copy of the exam is within reach-
ing distance the night before. If you reach, are
you cheating? '
Many, including the literary college Admin-
istrative Board who last week expelled three
students, would agree that the answer is yes.
But ifthe copy is blank or is not an exact rep-
ica of last year's test - what then?
With each additional campus exam file and
every discovery of another "standard" test, the
confusion grows - how far can you go before
your actions can be considered illegal? If the
instructor is shortsighted enough to insist on
repeating examinations, or if a vague idea of
the test's scope will help in figuring out what
"extraneous' information you can ignore, there
seems little reason for not taking advantage of
the situation - if you happen to be operating
on the principle of "the grade's the thing."
FROM THE scores of students, regardless of
grade-point average or IQ, who openly ad-
here to and practice this principle, one is
tempted to picture the University as a giant
diploma mill, not an intellectually stimulating
environment. Of course, a diploma is import-
ant to your future employer and the student
who engages in some fringe-area cheating in
order to stay in school can perhaps only be
accused of acting o'ut of desperation - of tak-
ing the practical route toward that diploma.
But anyone who ,draws a defining line be-
tween cheating and, getting a little help from.
the exam file, shunning the former but in-
dulging in the latter, is simply being "intel-
lectually dishonest" (as the literary college's
assistant Dean Robertson has dubbed it).
I NTELLECTUAL dishonestfy is more subtle
than cheating, and there is little chance
that anyone will be expelled for organizing his
study habits around the kind of test the pro-
fessor gives. But both actions are directed
toward getting something for nothing. Per-
haps there's too much idealism in expecting
a student to take a course to learn, something
-to weed out not only facts (for objective
tests) or concepts (for essay ones) but to di-
Ethics and the
TYRONE GUTHRIE and company seem to be
playing both ends against the middle in a
drive to get community backing for their rep-
ertory theatre.
Guthrie's associate, Oliver Rea recently told
an Ann Arbor group that the University of
Minnesota had offered them a theatre site of
five acres on a hilltop overlooking the Mis-
sissippi river and financial backing if they
build there. Now the word is out they have indi-
cated to Minnesota that the University's ac-
tion in the fight-for-the-theatre drive has
been equally impressive.
Since Minnesota appears not to have made
such an offer, and doesn't seem to be planning
to do so in the immediate future, Rea's action
is hardly ethical, although the knowledge that
Minnesota isn't putting on as attractive a drive
as was believed does increase the University's
chances for getting the theatre.
SIMILAR LOBBYING and pressure practices
often go on in business and Rae, in ac-
ceptable producer form, will probably say that
his theatre is just another business venture
and must succeed as one, However, the ethic
of the entrepreneur should not be associated
with an educational institution.
- One hopes that criticism of their methods
will not influence the Guthrie group's selec-
tion of a location, and will not prejudice the
University's chances of being chosen-
However, if Guthrie and Rae want to do
something of value, as they say, they might
best consier that state universities should be
public trusts outside the realm of business poli-
The means employed to get subsidization
from local concerns - University or private
sources - do not become their objectives of
bringing theatrical excellence to the areas in-

gest and analyze both segments of the course
content and emerge with a few well-thought-
out opinions based on factual material.
But Prof. Jerome Ellison, in a gloomy Satur-
day Evening Post article entitled "American
Disgrace: College Cheating," attacks the prac-
tice of cheating (and cutting corners) more
pragmatically. The need for precision in the
modern world is growing, he maintains, sug-
gesting that the ''space age demands rockets
that will work, and these are not produced by
designers who won their A's in math by cheat-
ing. The surgeon at the operating table needs
knowledge, not just a grade."
C AN THE STUDENT who puts primary em-
phasis on getting a good grade by studying
only the subject matter that is positively go-
ing to appear on a certain professor's exam
have this precision which comes through mas-
tering information, thoroughly understanding
it? If so, more power to him - the campus is
crawling with exam files for his use.
If not, what has he got to lose, except maybe
the satisfaction of knowing the course content
so well he is able to second-guess the professor,
coming to an examination with a pretty good
idea of what will be covered merely from the
way in which the course has been presented.
OR MAYBE his self-confidence when he dis-
covers that the extraneous parts of his
courses, even the parts he managed to parrot
back efficiently, contain ideas he'd like to have
at his fingertips. Despite Prof. Ellison's argu-
ments for on the job precision, it seems un-
likely that the ex-student will find himself
jobless because of his corner-cutting practices
-they are evidently too prevalent these days
for anyone to be discovered, if that's any con-
Butthe fact remains: whether you are
bounced out on your ear for outright copying
or remain reassuringly near the exam file the
week before finals, you are intellectually dis-
The dividing line between cheating and in-
tellectual dishonesty remains fuzzy, but it rep-
resents most likely an abritrary, quantitative
difference and not a qualitative one.
New Theatre
G'UTIHRIE has indicated that he wants to
bring professional theatre to the middle
west in an effort to decentralize theatrical ac-
tivity from New York. Here he seems to be
working for something more than financial
Granted, the theatre has to make money.
No one expects Guthrie and Rea to undertake
the project at a loss, nor to personally back
their venture.
But their actions almost make one suspect
that they expect some university to take finan-
cial responsibility for one of their pet projects.
The idealism implicit in the project thus
suffers from questionable shenanigans. And,
rather than encouraging support, these tac-
tics just might have the opposite effect.
UNIVERSITY administrators, rather than
being motivated to support the venture,
might well be discouraged from offering sup-
port if they think they're being played off
against each other.
Furthermore, Guthrie's first interest in se-
lecting a location for the theatre was supposed
to have been its cultural suitability and not
promises of money and land, although their
importance cannot be denied. The educational
institutions in question are not in a position
to appropriate the money he needs.
A more mature course of action would be to
take more financial as well as artistic respon-
sibility for the theatre's suctess. There is no
reason why Guthrie and Rea can't seek - and
get - more money in grants from industries
and foundations which don't have more such
pressing financial obligations as the Univer-
sity's and which are only too familiar with
business methods.
New Books at the Library

Kinkead, Eugene-In Every War But One; NY,
W. W. Norton & Co., 1959.
Mydans, Carl-More Than Meets The Eye; NY,
Harper & Bros., 1959.
Myrivilis, Stratic-The Mermaid Madonna;
NY, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959.
Scholz, Hans-Through the Night, NY, Thomas
Y. Crowell, 1959.
Skinner, Cornelia Otis-Tlie Ape In Me; Bos-
ton, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1959.
Ustinov, Peter- Add a Dash of Pity; Boston,
Atlantic-Little, Brown, 1959.
purger, Nash K. and Bettersworth, John K.-
South of Appomattox; NY, Harcourt, Brace,
& Co.. 1959.

-Daily-James Warneka
CIVIC THEATRE-"Major Barbara," George Bernard Shaw's satire of good and evil, began its three
night run last night at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Comments on C ontrToversies

Brunch?.. .
To the Editor:
DON'T YOU think that there
should be a correction concern-
ing your article on "brunch" be-
ing served in the men's residence
halls? One usually associates the
term with a mid-morning meal
that serves both as breakfast and
lunch. One can hardly call one
roll and a glass of milk anything
of this sort.
Enthusiastically welcomed by
most of the men in the dormi-
tories, "brunch" has proved to be
just another of the disappoint-
ments frequently encountered in
the men's dorms: Your article,
moreover, did not mention that
the time for breakfast is short-
ened due to the extension of the
time allotted for "brunch."
In view of these facts, one feels
that the term "brunch" should be
abandoned for something more
appropriate, such as "Famine" or
"The New Method of Dieting."
The idea is, indeed, progressive
and was enthusiastically received.
It is unfortunate, therefore, that
it has proven to be such a disa-
pointment in actual practice.
--Raymond C. Weir
T'ave lii
"ARTLY A remembered land-
scape and partly the substance
of paint as a sensuous, synthetic,
pliable material. The problem of
the horizon with its conflicts, and
yet to maintain a surface peaceful
and lyrical. The fascinating diaga-
nal horizon with its shifting, faIl-
ing, drifting focus. The suspended
color, the arrested time, the un-
predictable perspective." These, in
Louis Tavelli's words, are some of
the things which concern him in
his painting. (In the current Rack-
ham Grant Exhibition of Tavelli
paintings at the Museum of Art
these words prove to be, an im-
peccably precise description of his
The. devices of Tavelli's paint-
ing are almost as conterminate as
those of Mondrian or Albers. With-
in a single canvas his colors are
often confined to a narrow por-
tion of the spectrum and applied
as pure, unmixed oils. Further, his
brush strokes are generally of
similar width.
But here the analogy ends. Ta-
velli's art explores the vast, elu-
sive depth of the abstract canvas
with a puissant flux not even at-s
tempted in the static language of
Mondrian or Albers.
* * *
BECAUSE ALL fifteen paint-
ings of this Rackham Grant Ex-
hibition involve and resolve similar
problems, a few weaknesses are
all too clearly apparent. The in-
active surfaces at the edges of the
canvas are occasionally uneven
and haphazard. In some of the
paintings the complex of shifting
perspectives is so intense that a
much larger canvas is demanded.
In a few paintings some of the
severe technical disciplines have
been relaxed. They .aredone with
a broad spectrum of color and the
brush strokes are applied with con-
siderable variation. Where one
color has been Laid over another
the result is not so much of mix-
ing as it is of a transparent coun-
terpoint of hue and texture.
Summing up: under most strin-
gent restrictions Tavelli has craft-
ed the fiat, simple surface of can-
vas into a coruscant and magical
-Gordon Mumma

Anti-Semitism .. .
To the Editor:
CONCERNING Mr. Kozoll's re-
marks in the January 12 issue
touching this newest rash of anti-
semitism in the world:
He glibly attributes the. causes
of anti-semitism to the social
withdrawal of many Jews and to
their maintaining ethnical and
cultural ties which he says should
properly be separated from their
religious bond, which would have
the effect of "assimilating" the
Jews and checking anti-semitism
at its fountainhead. But as with
all great problems that plague
nations and men, the "Jewish
problem" must be looked at as
something originated and moved
by the deeper nature of human re-
THE JEWS are generally aloof.
Undeniably. But the Jews' intense
loyalty and aloofness stems not
only from their religious identity
but from their ethnic identity as
well. It was, in fact, Moses' inten-
tion that this should be so when
he bequeathed the Egyptian cus-
tom of circumcision to the Jews
of the Exodus.
In the confines of the European
and Asian ghettos grew up a cul-
tural heritage which has long
made important contributions to
many societies. Now this cultural
and ethnic integrity is probably
the most important force that has
preserved the Jewish people at
all. It has had its rewards as well
as its obvious liabilities for the
* * *
AS FOR the cultural withdraw-
al of many American Jews, Mr.
Kozoll, may I humbly point out
that for many years (and even
today) Jews were not granted ad-
mission to the gentile country
clubs, fraternities, sororities, etc.,
of which you speak. Hence the es-
tablishment of Jewish counter-
parts. But with the decline of
Jewish orthodoxy in America, this
kind of thing is waning anyway.

Undoubtedly the Jews are being
"assimilated," as you put it.
But for the Jews to immediately
renounce their ethnic-cultural
identity (impossible anyway), Mr.
Kozoll, would be to flatly deny,
nay, peacefully forfeit, much to
which the Jews hol dso tenacious-
ly that they have submitted to
their own slaughter rather than
renounce that identity. This from
time immemorial. Do you remem-
ber seven and one-half million
Jewish corpses just fifteen years
ago? No, of course not. We young
Americans never saw them.
Charles P. Pollak
Most elcome..
To the Editor:.
CHARLES Kozoll's interpretation
of the Jewish role in anti-
Semitism is most welcome. The
Jewish community is happy to
learn that it may now enter those
fraternities, exclusive c o u n t r y
clubs, and restricted residential
areas which it has so ungraciously
snubbed in the past. For the fu-
ture, in order to eliminate the
difficulties caused by such minor-
ity groups, let us all utilize Al-
dous Huxley's method and have
future generations decanted free
from any cultural heritage and all
identity as well.
Sonya Pickus
Susan Rootberg
Hoary Notion* . .
To the Editor:
M R. KOZOLL'S recent "Senior
Column" discussion on anti-
semitism makes a fundamental.
error which becomes apparent
after one wades through the turgid
introductory paragraphs. Mr. Ko-
hoary notion that Jews have made
zoll's "Advice to the Jews" is the
the situations they find themselves
in and that it might be a good
idea if Jews would assimilate. In
this, he parrots disproved remarks
and furthers erroneous concep-
tions. Any Jew who follows Mr.
Kozoll's advice will eventually find
that he has provided unwitting
reinforcement to anti-semitism.
If I am correct, I infer from his
See LETTERS, Page 5

class, -the Ten Commandments,
socialism, love and salvation.
True to form, Shaw's principle
barbs are for the British - "Ev-
ery true Englishman detests the
-* , *
THE DRAGON that the crusad-
er Shaw sets out to slay in this
drama is the crime of poverty and
those who pity instead of help
those stricken with this "crime."
Poverty is a sin against society
because it robs men of the ability
to rise above the level of animals.
Shaw peoples his play with an
interesting assortment of charac-
ters. There is a munitions mag-
nate, Andrew J. Undershaft (Jim
Bob Stephenson); his daughter,
Barbara, who is a major in the'
Salvation Army (Raeburn Hirsh);
her fiance, a Greek professor
(Beverly Pooley); and various
caricatures of the British upper
classes and several low types from
the London slums.
s . *.
THE PLAY'S crisis arises out
of the fact that the Salvation
Army cannot continue its work
of soul saving because of lack of
worldly support i.e., there isn't
enough money. To the Army's
rescue, comes Undershaft, the
iprince of cannons and bloodlet-
Stingand Blodger, king of the dis-
tilling industry.
Barbara realizes that her fath-
er and this other "self-made
man" who have both bought the
world are now trying to purchase
This is an exceedingly tricky
dilemma - can good come from
evil. Shaw does slip in an an-
swer, "Cannons cannot go off by
themselves." The. hope of the
world lies in the elimination of
poverty through Undershaft's mil-
lions and the raising of man to
God through Barbara's soul sav-
* *
ALL THREE principle actors,
Pooley, an elastic delight, Ste-
phenson, an eloquent devil's ad-
vocate, and Miss Hirsch, a ra-
diant heroine, reach true Shavian
As a London tough, Fred Oue-
lette is outstanding. After a some-
what dreary first act, which could
easily stand a translation from
the British, Ouelette begins the
sparkle and humor that bubble
over for the rest of the evening.
Tom Jennings and Allan
Schreiber are delightful as two
silly young men. Schreiber has the
habit of scratching the entire
back of his head which might in-
dicate he is in need of a shampoo.
-Patrick Chester,

IF YOU'VE seen "Al Capone" or
"The FBI Story," or "The Un-
touchables" series on television,
there's little reason to see "The
Purple Gang," unless you're from
the Motor Capitol of the world.
Since you probably are, it then
becomes your civic duty, for the
gang in the title hailed from, and
terrorized that fair city during
And a good job they did, too,
until Barry Sullivan stepped in
and put them away, without even
any help from the Ford Founda-
tion. As for how the gang worked
--well, their lack of imagination is
enough to make you blush. Just
the old standard stuff is smug-
gling, gambling, narcotics, and
protection rackets.
Oh occasionally, in the begin-
ning, they held up candy stores
and rolled drunks, but they began
as petty delinquents, and what do
you expect from kids, anyway?
SO IT IS that life dizzily spirals
onward and upward, lacking only
experience and leadership, These
"The Purple Gang" get, and for
a while they make Sullivan's life
miserable. They stop at nothing in
a world in which not even young,
attractive social workers are safe.
'The one in question ends up ge&-
ting plugged between her pretty
Not even Sullivan's pregnant
wife is spared. She's visited one
night by the gang, is driven in
desperation to crash through a
French door, and dies presumably
of shock. Sullivan, a dedicated cop
if there ever was one, continues to
narrate the semi-documentary ap-
proach without even a catch in his
The gang, of course, is inevit-
ably captured, and athough it's
impossible to describe each and
every killing, there is a particu-
larly juicy one in which a member
of the gang, whose loyalty is sus
pect, ends up on the short end of
a cement mixer.
"The Purple Gang" could never
be called a dull picture, but it's
been done so often before. There
are, however, some technically in-
teresting moments in which the
montage effect is employed with
more skill than the picture itself
--3. L. Forsht

Petticoat Farcical

JUDGING from the crowds en-
tering the State Theater last.
night, the approaching exams
promise to be as big a farce as

Need. Organization in Appointment

Daily-Staff Writer
unavoidable part of the rou-
tine functions of Student Govern-
ment Council as an agent of, by
and for the student body.
When, however, three-fourths
of the Council's meeting time by
the clock, is devoted to commit-
tee reports and appointments ap-
proval, reconsideration is due. Of
six appointments motions, four
were met with strenuous objec-
tions and debated at some length
at last night's meeting. Since the-
oretically at least, this should be
limited. to rare occurrences, ap-
pointments procedure should be
subjected to a critical examina-
tion -- something is wrong.
Appointments are made through
two nominating bodies: the SGC
Executive Committee and the In-
terviewing and Nominating Coin-
mittee appointed by the executive
committee. The procedure entails
petitioning and interviewing or
selection according to special re-
quirements of the job to be filled.
Established procedure allows
ample opportunity for discussion,
suggestions and indications of
opinion before the Council meet-
ing in either case.
While constructive questioning
should be a normal adjunct to
to the process of getting an ap-

pointment approved, the amount
and character of debate which
has been taking place lately is
preposterous. ,
One of the causes of this red-
tape tangle is the scarcity of per-
sonnel both willing and compe-
tent to carry out administrative
committee work efficiently. The
question most frequently raised in
respect to a nomination is, "How
many petitioned for the position?"
More often than not, the answer
reveals a one-to-one ratio between
positions and applications.,
Recruitment should be a con-
stant concern of the Council, but
"new blood" for its own sake has
serious drawbacks. First, the re-
quirements . of any position in
terms of experience is vital in
picking a qualified person to fill it.
The thing most important and.
most difficult to attain in student
organizations and their members
is perspective - a sense of over-
all trends and the directions they
are taking within the context of
the University as a whole.
The student who comes into an
organization must gain this
through applied self-education.
He must study the background of
his activity - in this case, SGC-
its current and lasting concerns,
its influences and spheres of in-
fluence. Until this is accomplished
his potential contribution in
"fresh ideas" will lack depth.

These considerations should be
uppermost in the minds of Coun-
cil members as they review nom-
inations, and it is the duty and
privilege of each of them to re-
view all nominations.
The time and place for this,
however, is not the Wednesday
night meeting. If SGC is to be
meaningful as a guiding body for
students at the University, its op-
eration must be primarily chan-
neled into areas of policy and
idea, not routine detail.
If the Council understands and:
accepts the concept which origin-
ally led to the delegation of ap-
pointments nominations to com-
mittees, it will not defeat its own
ends by rehashing committee pro-
cedure at the Council table.
That the Council is aware of
this' area of concern and that
some of its members have done
constructive thought on the sub-
ject is commendable. Evidence of
this is the compilation of a list of
SGC appointments which, with a
short description of the duties of
each job and the committee un-
der which it falls, will be circu-
lated to the residence halls early
next semester.
This is a step in the direction
of educational progress on the
part of SGC and will create a val-
uable opportunity for expansion
not only for- the Council but for
the students.

"Operation Petticoat." Even so,
if the students are as proficient
in their studies as Tony Curtis
was in procuring goods and
goodies for the Sea Tiger, there
won't be one sad student in Ann
Arbor after exams.
From champagne to fuel pumps
and back the full circle to wo-
men, Tony is amazingly adept at
getting what he wants. Cary
Grant, strangely, is as inept as
Tony is skillful, And while a case
could. be made for the. necessity
of contrast, a pair of real troop-
ers working out in close quarters
would have been most ribald.
Cary Grant is in a hurry to get
his submarine into the war. It is
sunk in harbor and a few replace-
ments are needed. By a misplace-
ment of assignment, Tony Curtis
is pulled out of an admiral's wife's
boudoir and assigned to sea duty.
In a fortnight he has the ship
equipped with hard-to-get ma-
terial and his own quarters fur-
nished with the local colonel's
own private stock.
** *
THE BEST is yet to come. Just
after the Sea Tiger belches its
way into the first stop, Tony
rounds up five female officers to
escort on the cruise. Needless to
say, Cary Grant doesn't want
them aboard. He's still pursuing a
This.doesn't last long however,
It ends as soon as the fair sex'
begins to pursue the sailors. And
needless to say the lady with the
biggest bosom begins to pursue
Cary Grant. For at least the next
half hour, he sashays around Miss
(Joan O'Brien or Dna Merril?
Who cares, she has the biggest
bust in the movie.)
ANYWAY, a few: funny mis-
takes are made. With the help of
Cary's new girl friend, he man-
ages to sink a supply truck. Tony
manages to produce as well as
usual, but the only paint he can
find has to be mixed to nrovide


Editorial Staff
itorial Director City Editor -
LARLES KOZOLL ...........,. Personnel Director
AN KAATZ ..,.,...'........... Magazine Editor
RTON HUTHWAITE ...,....... Features Editor
M BENAGH.....................Sports Editor
MES BOW.,.... ,.«.......... Associate City .Editor
TER DAWSON...... .. ... Contributing Editor
WTEn TAT----..--.-.... ,-Asnoiate Snorts Editor



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