Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
Partly cloudy with
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1959
.a..rr uyt, rnui
Seen at New High;
All Problems Erased
NEW DELHI (P) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru held
private talks last night on a range
of pressing world problems.
Early today the President and
Nehru flew from New Delhi to
Agra to visit the Taj Mahal and
continue their discussions.
Met by long-waiting crowds,
Eisenhower and Nehru set off on
scheduled tours of an agricultural
center and a farming village near
the ancient city.
Last night's meeting came after
a dinner Eisenhower gave for
Nehru at the United States am-
bassador's residence. There was no
official announcement on the
ground covered, but reliable in-
formants said the talks centered
on issues ranging from India's
border troubles with Red China to
The stage for their latest meet-
ing on this fourth day of Eisen-
. bower's visit to India was set by a
glowing tribute from Nehru to
Eisenhower's "pilgrimage in quest
A United States official said the
three hours of discussions Eisen-
,hower and the leader of the
world's most populous democracy
have had previously were "exceed-
ingly cordial." He declared United
States-Indian relations at the
moment were at the highest peak
since India became independent.
M. C. Chagla, Indian ambassa-
dor to Washington, said Eisen-
hower's visit to India will open "a
new chapter in world history."
One major result of the Eisen-
hower - Nehru meetings so far
seems to be an easing of tension
betveen Pakistan and India-long
at loggerheads over boundaries,
water rights and the princely state
of Kashmir claimed by both na-
The Indians are reported to have
been assured that United States
military aid to Pakistan is granted
as an ally in the anti-Communist
SEATO pact and not a menace to
This seemed implicit in Nehru's
repeated statements that there are
no problems between India and
the United States. /
Discussing his visit next year to
Moscow, Eisenhower is said to
have told Nehru he believes Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev is also
searching for a formula for an
To Issue Communique
A communique the two will issue
before Eisenhower's departure is
expected to dwell on the principle
of negotiation rather than force to
settle disputes. It also is expected
to declare that disarmament is the
only means of warding off the an-
nihilation of humanity.
The unprecedented outpouring
of affection for Eisenhower from
the masses the past three days was
S matched by 8,000 of New Delhi's
elite this afternoon. They nearly
mobbed the United States presi-
dent at a garden party given in his
honor by President Rajendra Pra-
About 100 Indian security men
and United States secret service
agents, shielding Eisenhower, al-
most had to fight their way
through the eager crowd pressing
around the famous visitor.
Student Government Council
has announced the opening of
petitioning for two positions, of-
flice manager and calendaring com-
The office manager will serve
as secretary to the Executive Com-
Anal st Cites
To US. Side
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
NEW DELHI (R -It took Com-
munist China to start the tide of
free Asia turning toward the
But it took President Dwight D.
Eisenhower and the impact of his
personality to demonstrate dra-
matically that the tide is really
running strong in American favor
at this moment.
United States troubles are far
from over in Asia. But United
States fortunes are, enormously
improved since the time America's
motives were greeted with wide-
spread suspicion among nervous
governments struggling out of the
cAs Prime Minister Jawaharlal
Nehru pointed out Friday, the
timing of Eisenhower's visit is
most important. Nehru hints at
this by referring constantly to the
visit "at this hour."
The reason for this insistent
reference to timing seems obvious.
Eisenhower's visit follows a series
of events which made the sub-
continent and the rest of south
and southeast Asia highly ner-
vous - the Communist Chinese
suffocation of Tibetan freedom,
truculent gestures against Bhu-
tan, Nepal and other border areas,
belligerent incursions into Indian
territory and even nastiness to
once friendly Indonesia.
But Nehru knows the Eisen-
hower visit somehow has got
across to the men in the street-
as well as to the educated public
-that India has a big and power-
ful friend ready to come to their
aid against the huge northern
neighbor apparently restless for
There is little question but that
the Communist Chinese are
watching closely what is going on
in New Delhi even though Eisen-
Red China or the Communists by
The Communist Chinese are
undoubtedly aware that the Eisen-
hower trip is a means of serving
notice that India is far too im-
portant to be permitted to fall I
before Red conquest.
Up to the time of Communist a
thrusts from the north, India's
leadership had been unwilling to t
acknowledge it might need pro-
tection from the Red Chinese. lI
PRESIDENT EISENHOWERt i
. .. eases tensionsi
By SUSAN FARRELL
Planning, someone once said, is intelligent cooperation with th
For Ann Arbor's city planners the question is what is inevitabl
nd what should be done about it.
Since the end of World War II, Ann Arbor has been faced witl
remendous growth which, from all indications, will continue.
The city has increased in area by 119 per cent since 1946. Popu
ation is expected to reach 90,000 (including students) by 1970. Th
ssessed valuation of city property is 56 per cent higher than it was
In 1946-approximately $100 million.
It is the function of the City Council, the Planning Commission
nd the city's administrative departments to recognize, encourage
nd guide this growth, Robert M. Leary, city planning director, said
Why is Ann Arbor growing?
Primarily because the University, the main economic base of th
ity, is constantly expanding.
State Support Determinant
There are, of course, different projections of growth for thf
University. And the first variable in any projection is the amount o:
tate support, which determines the capacity of the University ti
ccommodate students while maintaining high-quality instruction.
"But an average increase of 600 students each year to a total o:
2,000 is possible and foreseeable," John McKevitt, assistant to the
Jniversity vice-president in charge of business and finance, said.
"The most desirable level of enrollment is a matter of question,'
e added, "but 32,000 is an adequate basis for planning, although tho
ntensity of University operations is not based solely on enrollment.'
The University and the city naturally have many commor
Maintenance and development of streets, sewers and other utilities
n the campus area is a basic concern. The rapidly increasing numbei
f married students has heightened joint city-University interest i
University, City Cooperate
The University has Worked with the city on a survey of traffi
.onditlons and offstreet parking, a matter of increasing concern tc
)th. And the projected boulevard from, the University to Nortl
ampus, which will benefit both the city and the University, necessi-
sates close cooperation.
A CRITICAL PROBLEM
-Associated Press Wirephoto
GREET IKE - Beaming and waving flowers, people of New Delhi
crowd along the streets during President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
motorcade bringing him into the Indian capital. The enthusiasm
' of the Indian populus was later echoed in Nehru's cordiality.
Exile Invasion of Paraguay
Halted at Argentine Border
ASUNCION, Paraguay 04) - The government of President Alfred
Stroessner announced yesterday that armed "political delinquents"
from outside the country tried to invade Paraguay yesterday but
A communique said one group of Paraguayan political exiles tried
to cross the Parana River from Posadas, Argentina, but was inter-
Drug Prices Called'
cepted by a Paraguayan naval 1<
The American Rheumatism As-
sociation yesterday honored Prof.
Cyrus C. Sturgis of the medical
school as one . of the original
founding members of the associa-
The association is presently
celebrating its 25th anniversary
with a weekend celebration meet-
ing in Detroit.
Dr.,Phillip Hench of the Mayo
Clinic presented the recognition
awards to the founders at the De-
troit conference. However, Prof.
Sturgis was unable to attend the
meeting and arrangements were
made to present his award here..
The presentation to Prof. Sturgis
took place in his office in the
Simpson Memorial Institute. It
was made by Dr. Charley J. Smyth,
association president, yester day
Prof. Sturgis first came to the
University in 1927 as a professor
of internal medicine. He is a
former director of the Simpson
Memorial Institute and ex-chair-
man of the internal medicine de-
partment of the medical school.
He's a co-author of a book on
aunch and the rebels threw their
>arms into the water before sur-
rendering without a fight.
The communique charged a
plane from Posadas dropped a
bomb on a military installation at
Encarnacion but it failed to ex-
The invaders were seeking to
overthrow Stroessner's five-year-
The communique, issued by in-
terior Minister Edgar Insfran,
pinpointed the attempted upris-
ing at Encarnacion, across the
river from Argentina.
It said several rebels were in-
jured and that a mopping up op-
eration was being carried out.
"The .civil population, and in
particular the Colorado Party
(Stroessner's ruling p o 1 i t i c a 1
group), is lending its fervent sup-
port to the civil and military
authorities," the communique said.
"They are proceeding with the
work of cleaning up, with inflex-
ible determination to repress with
maximum severity the -criminal
"The rest of the country re-
This is to remind you there
are five of them left before the
WASHINGTON (I)-Sen. Estesi
Kefauver (D-Tenn.) said yester- in tablet form at a price 1,410 per
day public hearings had demon- cent above its bulk sale price.
strated that antiartritic drug Rand Dixon, the committee's
prices are "clearly too high." chief counsel, referred to this as a
Kefauver is chairman of a Sen- "1,410 per cent markup." But Up-
ate antimonopoly subcommittee john said Dixon was failing to
which has devoted the week to take into account a great many
testimony about prices, profits and
costs in the manufacture and dis-<
tribution of steroid hormone drugs,
largely used by persons suffering
Kefauver said the testimony .
demonstrated that large manufac- ' '
turers selling these same drugs to m
the government and to foreign_
sales outlets at prices far below
those charged retail druggists and
:fie said that over the past three >
years the major drug manufac- - ;:
turers had enjoyed the highest
profit rate of any industry in the>
Senate investigators figured yes-
terday that the Upjohn Co. of_
Kalamazoo sells a female sex hor-
mone to druggists at 10,000 per ;
cent more than it pays for it.
But E. Gifford Upjohn, president
of the drug firm, protested that_
the comparison was between the-
cost of a raw material and the
sale of the finished product at-
"The cost of the raw material -
is but a fraction of the cost," he'
told the Senate antitrust and-
Earlier the committee, investi- ='='
gating drug prices, said the Up- E. GIFFORD UPJOHN
john Co. sells the anti-arthritis, offersprotest
drug Prednisolene to pharmacists
costs involved in selling the drug "The University has a great deal at stake in the well-being c
in tablet form for the retail trade. Ann Arbor," Mc2evitt, who is also a member of the Ann Arbor Cit
With respect to the female sex Planning Commission, said. "And with the development of the plan
hormone, known as Progesterone, ning department staff, we have been improving and extending oppor
Dixon said that last year Upjohn tunities for joint action."
bought three million dollars worth Ann Arbor is also growing because of the impact of the Detrol
of it at 13/a cents to 14 cents a metropolitan area, and has become in part what William Bott, secre
gram for use in making one of itstary of the Ann Arbor Chamber of Commerce, termed a "bedroor
drug .products.community"--one composed of people who live in the city because c
Notes Difference its scenic and cultural attractions but don't wdrk here.
Dixon said Upjohn sells Proges-'Technical Industries Attracted
terone, also used for treatment ofTs
female disorders, to druggists at The last few years have also seen a very rapid increase in th
$15 a gram compared to the price number of scientific and technical industries attracted to Ann Arba
of about 14 cents it paid for it. by its opportunities for research and by cultural opportunities anc
Upjohn said Progesterone sells pleasant living conditions for employes. The University's proposes
only in very small amounts and Institute for Science and Technology is expected to be a magnet- fo
that other pharmaceutical houses more industries and an addition to Ann Arbor's growing prestige a
sell it at approximately the same the research center of the Midwest, Leary said.
price. Trying to determine how fast, when and where this growth is t
Dixon, however, cited smaller take place-and how much it will cost-is the job of the city's plan
firms that he said sell it to drug-
gists for as little as $2 and $2.98 ning department which, under Learysa direction, assembles the ifor
a gram compared to Upjohn's $15 mation and data needed by the Planning Commission and give
price. advice and assistance when it is needed.
Profits High The nine-member Commission, appointed by the mayor anc
John Blair, the committee's chief including one Council member, recommends zonings, approves subdi
economist, presented a chart show- vision plats, is required to present to the Council an annual capital
ing that Upjohn's profits for the improvement program, and frequently submits plans for the use
years 1949-1958 totaled about land and buildings, transportation, housing, conservation, publi
three times the firm's net worth a facilities and other elements of Ann Arbor's growth and developmeni
Kefauver asked Upjohn if "you Need Council Approval
don't think that is going pretty The City Council must give final approval to all planning pro
fast-a pretty high profit picture." grams.
"It shows it is a successful busi- "Planning is a series of value decisions, all of which ultimater
ness, yes." Upjohn replied. But he relate to people," Leary said. "We must constantly weigh the publ
said "this is a growth industry" good, yet not destroy private rights."
and that it takes a lot of invest- At present, the planning department is formulating a new zoning
ment for research and develop- ordinance, a comprehensive revision of the original zoning ordinanc
ment. of 1923 which has been repeatedly patched and amended.
"It also is a basic need industry," "We are also doing a fringe-area study to ascertain what An1
Kefauver said, adding that for a Arbor's area of city services could be in a reasonable length of time,
company to pay for itself in four
years is "pretty remarkable." Leary said.
"It's a record of success, yes," "The conclusions of this study will outline a set of priorities to
Upjohn repeated. the annexation of new land to the city," he continued. "The cost a
-development of utilities, street
and other community facilities to
the various segments of the fring
; /rtearea around .Ann Arbor will b+
calculated.n his will make possibl
a more informed policy decisio.
on new areas for expansion.
"Another area of concern is th
' ->- commercial activity of the centre
business district vs. that of th
outlying shopping areas," Lear
; added. "And we are also devisin
a thoroughfare plan in coordina
'r <:tion with the University, the town
ships and the country."
<- "Our problems don't stop at th
city limits," he explained,
::Among Ann Arbor's most ur
- .gently needed capital improve
ments are road construction anc
improvements, fire stations for th
newer areas of town, parks ane
., recreation facilities for the con
- stantly growing young populatior
a new city hall to house the man
city departments now scattered it
three locations, and expansion a
sewer and water treatment plan
.'4. facilities-"which are as inevitabi
as death and taxes."
Wolverine Tankers Lead AA U Pai
Two thousand fans began a trip
"Around the World in 80 Minutes"
and emerged more than two hours
later after a laugh-filled, but also
tragic journey at the Michigan
Swim Gala last night.
The crowd, absorbed in the pre-
vading atmosphere of levity which
always prevails at the Gala, was
stunned into silence midway
through the evening when Michi-
gan diver Bob Webster struck his
head against the three meter div-.
ing board while attempting an
inward two-and-one-half sommer-
Kn7ocked unconscious by the
blow, Webster was hauled from the1
water by his teammates and at- I
By HAL APPLEBAUM
Frank Legacki and Fred Wolf
winning three events each paced
a strong field of AAU swimmers in
the Michigan swim Gala yester-
day at the Varsity Exhibition Pool.
Legacki, a Michigan junior, won
the 50- and 100-yard freestyle as
well as the 100-yard butterfly,
while his sophomore teammate
Wolf won the 100- and 220-yard
backstroke and the 100-yard in-
The only records to fall in the
day long swim festival which
started at 11 a.m. and was con-
cluded nearly 12 hours later were
the pool marks which were bet-
tered in both the 440-yard free-
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