"Boy, Have You Got It Soft!"
EDrrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSTY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
AT THE CAMPUS:
'Look Back in Anger'
Leads to Nausea
"wheu Opinions Are Free
Truth Wll Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. Tbis must be noted in all reprints,
iY, DECEMBER 1, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS HAYDEN
Integration in the South:
Two Differing Views
" IVE US another 50 years,...you can't
legislate morals " .our fault lies in not
providing .equal as well as separate facilities
. ." And with a string of cliches and some
disconcertingly logical arguments, a Georgia
legislator launched a "soft sell" campaign to
convince a couple of northerners that segrega-
tion in the South is justifiable.
The Georgia delegate to the Young Demo-
crats national convention was distinctly patern-
alistic in his views on the Southern Negro. He
seemed to feel a definite responsibility toward
the colored population in the South, as long
as it could be kept isolated from his own sociey.
Provide the Negro with the chance to gain
an education-in a segregated school; respect
him as a human being-wait until the colored
maid has finished serving you dinner to declare
yourself a behement segregationist; and at all
costs protect him from himself by refusing to
grant him the full rights and powers that a,
white citizen enjoys.
THE NEGRO is hampered by a background of
centuries of illiteracy, he rationalized, which
the "white fathers" can partially remedy by
improving his educational facilities, but to give
every colored person full voting rights could
only confuse them-to their own and the white
population's detriment. Just how he did not say.
So Georgia retains the literacy test to deter-
mine who is capable of voting-with the Negro
version made deliberately harder to pass, he
explained. After this lengthy discussion, our
legislator admitted he comes 'from a county
where 52 per cent of the population is colored
and is flatly against full Negro suffrage in any
The sheer outnumbering of the whites by the
Negroes is something completely foreign to
northern advocates of integration, he pointed
out, and constitutes one of his numerous rea-
sons for opposing outside intervention in the
South's racial headaches. He even insisted the
1954 Supreme Court kdecision to integrate had
actually blocked progress in that direction by
forcing southerners to accept all at once a
policy they had slowly grown accustomed to
in the last 50 years.
But here his logic seemed to fail a bit. All one
has to do is glance at the roster of border
states, like Tennessee, that have been prodded
into speeding up desegregation to see the
worth of the mandate. Even Georgia's great
city of Atlanta, he has to admit, has made
great gains in the area of integration in the
last five years-the whole idea is slowing seep-
ing down through the South.
HE OBJECTS to this mixing of races, claim-
ing it is forced and superficial-both in the
South and in the North. And his point stands.
There are too many instances, in liberal strong-
holds of the North, of Negroes barred from
better restaurants and shops, treated as merely
court jesters in the schools, given less pay for
the same assembly-line job a white has and
even directed to "integrated" churches for any
northerner to complacently believe all integra-
tion problems are located below the Mason-
The nation is still struggling with how to
reconcile the drastically opposite, but neither
unprejudiced, attitudes of North and South. If
any progress is to be made, the South must
continue to be gently prodded into at .least
superficial integration, and the North, in its
turn, must pay a little less attenion to the dis-
tant problems of the South and a little more to
its own immediate ones.
Integration rarely reaches below surface ap-
pearances now, but it is the first step toward
assimilation of the Negro into the American
culture. After all, despite views of the Georgia
legislators, there is a qualitative difference
between growing to love and respect a family
retainer and learning to think of a colored
joke-cracker in high school science class as a
classmate who may know more about physics
than the husky blonde next to him.
"LOOK BACK in Anger" left this
viewer with a vast feeling of
nausea. If the movie's makers
have intended their product to be
one gigantic advertisement for the
mass emigration from the British
Isles in addition to the complete
anhialation of the middle class,.
they have succeeded admirably..
The main character of this
dreary picture is an "angry young
man," Jimmy Porter (Richard
Burton). Most of his problems
could be remedied by a good swift
kick in the pants. He has been
graduated from some university
and now is unable to put his edu-
cation to any use other than to
shout multi-syllabled words at his
wife and snarl at the world in
JIMMY feels that he should be
the object of pity because he has
been reduced to running a sweets
stall in the local outdoor market.
However it is straining the imagi-
nation to expect anyone to feel
pity for someone who is never
shown doing anything the least bit
The main release in Jimmy's life
is his jazz trumpeting, which he
does extremely well. I wonder why
he never tried his hand at becom-
ing a professional musician. Oh
well, that would have been a dif-
Alison, Jimmy's long-suffering
wife-very ably acted by Mary
Ure-was a member of the middle
class that her husband so intense-
ly despises. '
Following the laws of electricity,
opposites attracted, and they were
married. The .movie covers their
second year of unblissful life to-
* * *
THE STORY is rather short
and simple when it is divested* of
snarls, pouts, and tremendous
scowls. Alison's friend, an actress
named Helena, moves in with
them. Helena takes over the con-
jugal duties when Alison no longer
can take living with Jimmy. Ali-
son loses her baby and patches
everything up with her husband so
they can be at it tooth and fang
in a week or two.
Burton as Jimmy screams, de-
nounces, and is all around ob-r
noxious in a thoroughly realistic
manner. He sometimes approaches
Marion Brando for mumbling,
squirming, and sweatiness.
* * *
CLAIRE BLOOM as Helena is
unbelievably beautiful. Her char-
acterization is a triumph over
some rather obscure motives. Are
we to believe that she persuaded
Alison to leave Jimmy for motives
other than Alison's own protection
because she succumbs to Jimnyy
almost instantaneously after her
Anyone looking for an excursion
into the depths should not pass up
"Democratic National Chairman
Paul Butler has come up with a
new way to harass the South. He
is going to make southern dele-
gates- sit in the corner - like
naughty little scl3Qol children -
at the 1960 Democratic convention
in Los Angeles, That's the reaction
in Washington to Butler's plan for
giving preferred housing and the
best convention seats to delegates
from the states which have given
the best financial support to the
treasury of the national party."
"It is no secret that Southern
states have been purposely holding
back their contributions to the
Democratic national headquarters
in hopes of forcing the 'liberal'
Butler; from office. As a result,
delegates from nine of the twelve
Southern states may find them-
selves viewing convention proceed-
ings from penalty boxes in the
rafters of the L.A. Sports Arena."
-The National Review
reu Books at Library
Blum, John Morton -From the
Morganthau Diaries: Years of
Crisis; Boston, Houghton Miffin,
11er block is awoay due to nee opweW Latsa o~-o ? a
USSR Education Unbalanced
The New Great Powers
BARODA, INDIA-We have all been so busy
looking closely at particular events, like the
journeys of statesmen, the border troubles of
India and the press conference statements of
diplomats, that we are in danger of losing sight
of, the broader movement of events.
What, for example, is happening to the old
idea of a bi-polar world? For years we have
been expecting that the Big Powers will get
progressively bigger, the little nations will get
littler, and that everything' will get whittled
down to the U.S. versus Russia. The only quali-
fication sometimes made to this view was that
a third "neutralist" or "non-aligned" bloc
might emerge, perhaps under the leadership of
Well, look around you and what do you see?
Russia is getting bigger, trying to catch up with
American production and living standards.
America is getting bigger, trying to catch up
with Russian rockets' and missiles. But Great
Britain and France, for example, are not get-
ting smaller or- weaker, but axe .doing pretty
well. So is West Germany. And so, decidedly, is
AND AS FOR the non-aligned bloc, despite
everything that Nehru may say about stick-
ing to non-alignment, the aggressions at Long-
ju and Ladakh and the Chinese road and
reported airfield at Aksa Chin in Indian terri-
tory, have blown non-alignment into non-
Actually we have been witness to the emer-
gence -of a different constellation of Great.
Powers from the one that seemed to be shaping
up flve years ago, say right after Suez, when
the British and French stock was so low, and
when both Washington and Taiwan were still
dreaming of the n collapse of the mainland
The case of China is instructive, especially
if you study it from New Delhi. The length of
the Great Leap Forward has had to be scaled
down a bit by the new Chinese statistics, yet
its reality cannot be doubted. Its ruthlessness is
also a reality. China is a massive expanding
Power, which has absorbed a formerly auto-
nomous Tibet, and is now knocking at the
border gates of India and threatening Kashmir,
Bhutan, Nepal, and Sikkim, with a hard insis-
tence that is not lessened by the occasional
offers to negotiate-on Chinese terms.
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
P HIIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
Editorial Director City Editor
JOAN KAlATZ-------------------...Magazine Editor
NEHRU is doubtless a great democratic leader
but he does not act like the leader of a
Great Po er. For better or worse his role is
that of reacting to a train of events that the
Chinese keep setting in motion. He is an event-'
reacting leader, while Mao-Tse Tung is an
event-creating leader. In the Asian situation
the dynamism, alas, is on the side of the
Chinese, even if law and morality are clearly
on the side of the Indians. Nehru has not yet
managed to create a democratic dynamism to
match the totalitarian dynamism of the Chi-
It is on this score that the case of France
is even more instructive than that of China.
DeGaulle had a far narrower base of population
and resources to build on, and he has had to do
whatever he has done in a beleaguered and
bedevilled nation-beleaguered by the Algerian'
war, bedevilled by the traditional internal and
party strife of the French Republics.
Yet this same DeGaulle, on that narrow base
and within that tortured frame of French con-
flict, has managed to bring France to the point
where once more she must be reckoned with as
a first-class Great Power. If you doubt it, look
at how he has bulldozed his Allied partners into
accepting his conditions for the summit con-
ference-his date in late Spring, and his in-
sistence on having a second Allied summit after
the Khrushchev visit to Paris.
F YOU ASK what his reasons are, it will
provide an insight into what is behind the
new importance of France. First, he is aiming
to get an Algerian cease-fire by late Spring,
and have the Algerian question outof the way.
Second, he is making a bid not only to bring
France into the Nuclear Club in a token way,
but to fit it out as a modern nuclear Power
The two are related. DeGaulle must get peace
in Algeria so that the French will have normal
and continuing access to the oil and mineral
deposits ot the Sahara, on which the new
French economy will be built. And one reason
why DeGaulle has thus far been able to keep
the loyalty of his Army officers in Algeria is
that he held out to them the vision of a France
which has regained a Great Power status by
fitting itself out with the most modern weapons
and by playing a swaggering-even arrogant--
role in -the Great Power councils.
CHINA AND FRANCE are thus emerging as
thfe newer Great Powers, to take their place
alongside of America, Russia, and Great Bri-
tain. What the two new ones have in common
is daring and dynamism, and the knowledge of
where they want to go and how they mean to
get there. Aside from that, of course, they
differ. China is aggressive and expansionist in
its empire, while France is trying to hold on
to what it can salvage out of Africa. China is
By M. A. HYDER SHAH
AMERICANS have made it a
tradition to review from time
to time their educational system.
The main theme of this year's
American Education Week (ended
on Saturday, Nov. 14), is "Praise
and Appraise Your Schools," giv-
ing Americans a special opportun-
ity to learn what their schools and
colleges are doing for them and
"for their children.
Since 1920 when the American
Education Week was first observed,
the American educational system.
has grown and developed to its
present heights. Today there is
perhaps a greater public concern
about the schools, colleges and
institutions of higher education
than ever before in United States
history. Education in a democracy
such as America is a true refiec-
tion of American society. It mir-
rors the desires of all citizens for
lives of satisfaction and happiness
in communities that are prosper-
ous and progressive in a nation
that is strong and respected in the
There has been a considerable
belief in the United States that
Russian children get much more
mathematics, science and foreign
language training than do stu-
dents in the United States. An
appraisal of the American educa-
tional system with that of Russia
is inevitable. Dr. Harold Swayze
of the political science department
in a recent lecture pointed out
certain quantity and quality fac-
tors of the Russian educational
system. The Russian educational
system has been unbalanced, deal-
ing mainly with science and
mathematics, he implied.
Its rigorous character and quanti-
tative achievement are demon-
strated in the number of engi-
neers and technicians prepared.
AN EXAMINATION of the Rus-
sian and American systems of
education comes from two points
of view: (1) over-all goals and
methods; (2) their achievements
and performances. This would lead
one to ask whether or not these
two systems of education can serve
the purposes of a free society.
The purpose of Russian educa-
tional system is to develop the
conforming, unquestioning Russian
citizen with loyalty to Communism
strong enough to endure any
changes within that system. In
view of this objective, Russian
education consists of a state mon-
opoly over educational practices.
Designed to serve the state, Rus-
sian education is geared to pri-
orities in science and technology.
On the other hand, American edu-
cation rests on a philosophy that
stresses the worth and dignity of
the individual. It is opposed to
authoritarianism or dogmatism,
and cannot accept restriction on
knowledge. In methods and goals
consistent with this philosophy,
American education stresses free-
dom to choose, a program bal-
anced between the humanities and
science, and learning through par-
ticipation. In the American system
a student is taught to make his
tion, one might find four principal
ones. One is that Russians are
out-producing America in techni-
cally trained men. During the past
50 years the outstanding achieve-
ment of Russian education has
been the production of scientists
and technicians. Again according
to the Russian statistics, the So-
viet Union out - produced the
United States approximately two
to one in training scientists and
engineers in the last decade.
One must be very careful, how-
ever, in interpreting Russian sta-
tistics. Many of the engineers
counted in Russian ' figures are
graduates of Russian semi-profes-
sional schools, which correspond
to the last two years of American
secondary schools. These schools
prepare laboratory technicians in
engineering, agriculture and other
fields. The United States has no
comparable figures because many
American secondary school grad-
uates are trained on the job for
this work, and do not show up in
statistics as trained engineers,
This is a big difference.
*' * *
THE SECOND point about Rus-
sian professional education is that
comparisons usually are limited to
scientists, engineers and similar
technologists. No country which
bases its economy on a modern
complex technology within a free
society can afford to concentrate
its education on one occupational
area, ignoring emphasis on hu-
manities, social sciences and fine
arts which are as important to a
free society as technology.
Today American colleges and
universities have prepared over
1,000,000 citizens in the social
sciences and - humanities while
Russian schools have produced
only 10,000 professionals in the
socio - economic sciences. This
forms an obvious basis for further
Russian advances in science and
technology may not be due pri-
marily to the achievement of the
present Russian educational sys-
tem. Many of the advances made
by the Russians were made by the
scientists who were educated long
before the present Russian system
of education came into existence.
IT IS CERTAINLY true that
there has been a considerable
growth of interest in mathematics
and science as well as in foreign
languages recently in American
schools. There is a marked simi-
larity in certain American and
Russian school curricula. Yet it is
an acknowledged fact that Rus-
sian schools put great emphasis
in science and mathematics and
require all students to take them.
But it is interesting to .note
the Russian student in the age
group 14 to 17 drops out of school
at a much higher rate than those
in the United States. There is,
however, no "positive evidence"
that Russian school children are
better prepared than American
students, Going into such factors
as textbooks, attendance and at-
tention in the classroom, it seems
pertinent to refer to Prof. Swayze's
observation of Russian schools. He
noted that textbooks used in Rus-
sian schools generally are com-
munist in content and that all
the humanities have been greatly
influenced by the political beliefs
of the regime and have suffered
from it. Attendance and atten-
tion in classroom ar'e absolutely
incredible. Students talk loudly,
write letters in the classroom and
.are generally not of the highest
Regardless of the specific
achievements of the two school
systems, Russian methods cannot
be used in a free society without
destroying the values of that soci-
(Continued from Page 2)
Social Work-Social Science Collo-
quium: Mon.,Dec. 7, at 9:15 p.m., Aud.
No. 20654, Frieze Bldg. Dr. Eugene Lit-
wak, Assoc. Prof., Social .Welfare Re-
search, School of Social Work wil speak-
on "Inter-Organigatlonai Analysis: The
Case of Community Organization and
Grad. Roundtable: Prof. Morris Born-
stein of the Economics Dept. will speak
at the Dec. session of the Political ci-
ence Graduate Round Table. His sub-
,ect will be: "Some Problems of Soviet
Economic Planning." wed., Dec. 2, 8:00
p.m., Rackham Bldg., Assembly Hall.
Mathematics Colloquium: Prof. Don-
ald Darling, University of Mich., will
speak on "Probabalistic solutions to
certain functional equations," Tues.,
Dec. 1, at 940 p.m. in Rin. 3011 Angell
Hail. Refreshments at 3:30 in Rm. 3212
Sociology Colloquium: "Biological
and Social Concepts of the Comrau-
nity," Dr. Marston Bates, Dept. of Zo-
ology, Wed., Dec. 2, 4:15 p.m., E. Conf.
Rm., Rackham Bldg.
Doctoral Examination for John Mil-
ton Sullivan, Chemistry; thesis: "Cy-
clization of N-Allylthioamides and
Their Homologs with Particular Atten-
tion to Thiazoline Synthesis," Wed.,
Dec. 2, 3003 Chem. Bldg., at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, P. A. S. Smith.
The following schools have listed im-
mediate teaching vacancies.
East Detroit, Mich.'-- Industrial Art.
Hazel Park, Mich. -- JHS Librarian,
Speech Correction, Physically Handi-
Urbana, Il. ~- Speech Correction.
The following schools have listed
teaching vacancies for Feb., 19860.
Fort Lee, N. J. - HS Librarian, Home
Milan, Mich. -- English and Speech.
Urbana, Ill. - Elem. Consultant for
the gifted, Elem. Arithmetfi and Sci-
ence Consultant, Educable Mentaly
For any additional information con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments, 3528
Admin. Bldg., NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
The following. schools have listed
teaching vacancies for Feb., 1960 and
Garden City, Mich. - JES Spanish,
Speech Correction, visiting Teacher,.
Elem., Educable Mentally Handicapped.
Will also see those interested in a Sept,
Detroit, Mich. -- All fields, especially
Math, Science, spec. Ed., Elem., Girls
Phys. Ed., and English. will also see
those interested in a Sept. position.
Grand Rapids, Mich. - Elem., Eng-
lish, Spanish/English, Latin/English,
JHS vocal Music.
For any additional information and
appointments contact the Bureau of
Appointments, 3528 Admin. Bldg., NO
3-1511, Ext. 489.
Summer Placement Service:
The Summer Placement Service open
today. A few of the jobs that have
already come in are:
Resorts: Waiter, bartenders, wait-
.resses, bellhops, handymen, children's
counselors, boatmen, life guards, maids,
cooks, short order cooks, salad girls,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
5:00 p.m. on Tues. and Thurs. and from
8:30 to 12:00 Fri. mornings. Rm. D528
in the Student Activities Bldg.
' ThYe following companies will inter-.
,view at the Engrg. Piacement Bureau,
128H W. Engrg.'
General Mtors Corp., PhD7: Please
check Placement Office-desk for spec-
General Telephone Co. of Mich., Mu.-
kegon, Mich. BS: CE, EE, and ME. Feb.
and June grads. Must be male U.S.
International Harvester Co.: Motor
trucks, farm tractors, farm imple-
ments. construction~ equipment. Wis-
consin Steel engrg. and mfg. operations
located in Ill., Ind. and Ohio. BS and
MS: ChE, C, EE, E Math, EM, E Phys-
ics, IE, ME and Met. Feb. and June
grads.. Must 'be male..UC citizen.
Libby, McNeil & Libby, General Of-
fice, Chicago w/assignment to various
plant locations. B: EE, IE and ME.
Feb. grads. Men only.
(a.m.) Metal & Thermit Corp., Rah-
way, N. 3. BC: ChE, EE, ME and Met.
Nordberg Manufacturing Ca., Mil-
Waukee, Wis. BS: ME.dJune and Aug. .,
grads. Men w/no immediate military
Westinghouse Electric Corp., Open-
ings in Res. and Dev. and Operating
Divisions. MS andgPhD: EE, Physics
and Nuclear. Feb. graduates.
U.S. Gov't., Bureau of Public Roads,
National. BS and Ms: CE and Con-
struction. Feb. and June grads. Must
be male U.S. citizen.
U.S. Gov't., N.Y. Naval Shipyard,
Brooklyn, N.Y. BS and MS: CE, EE,
Mat'ls. MB, Met., N. A. ,and Marine.
Feb., June and Aug. grads. Citizenship
The following companies will inter-
view at the Bureau of Appointments,
4001 Admin. Bldg. Call Ext. 3371 or 509
for an interview appointment.
Tues., Dec. 1:.
Harris Trust and Savings Bank, Chi-
cago, Ill. Location of Work: Chicago,
Ill. Graduates: Feb. Complete. banking
services, Est. 1882. Employs- 1,200., Men
and women with degrees in Econ-
omics or Business Administration for
Banking, or Management Training Pro-
gram. Man with PhD in EconomIcs for
Associate Economic Analyst. Men with
a degree in Law for Trust Dept.
John Hancock Mutual Life Insur-
anee Co., Detroit, Mich. Location of
work: Detroit-Ann Arbor-Monroe-Lan-
sing. Graduates: Feb., June, Aug. In-
dividual life insurance and annuities;
Glroup insurance and annuities. est.
1862. Employs 16,300. Men, 22 years old
and over, with a degree in Liberal Arts
or Business Administration for Insur-
ance Sales and Territory Sales.
Wed., Dec. °:
The University of Chicago, Graduate
School of Business, Chicago, Ill. Inter-
views for men and women interested
in attending the graduate school of
Aeroquip Corp., Jackson, Mich. Loca-
tion of work: Jackson, Michigan; Mid-
west, and East. Graduates: Feb., June
or Aug. Products: Flexible hose lines,
. detachable, re-usable fittings and self-
seaing couplings. Employs 2,500. Men
with a degree in Liberal Arts or Busi-
ness Administration for Production or
Sales Training Program. Aeroquip sales
were $6 million in 1951, and in 1959
they were $50 million and they hope to
have $100 million by 1968.
Thurs., Dec. 3:
Harvard University - See Friday's