Soviets Reverse Position,
Avert Conference Collapse
U.S. Says 1958 Scientific Data Outdated;
Underground Blasts Now Easier To Hide
Surround Van Doren
WASHINGTON (M) - The na-
tion was urged Saturday to launch
a billion dollar program to expand
and extend its medical schools -
or face a hazard to the public
The proposal came from a 22-
member group - mostly medical
doctors and educators - making
up the United States Surgeon
General's consultant group on
Under their proposal, the Feder-
al Government would be called on
for 500 million dollars over a 10-
year period while states, indus-
tries, private foundations and
philanthropies would furnish the
-Associated Press Wirephoto
FIRED-Charles Van Doren, shown here handing reporters who
surround him copies of the statement he read to the HouSe Legis-
lative Oversight Committee, was fired yesterday from his $50,000
a year job with the National Broadcasting Company after
admitting his TV quiz show performance was rigged.
RIOT IN PANAMA:
Mob Attacks Embassy;
Challenges Canal Control
P A N A M A (m - Panamanian
demonstrators attacked the United
States Embassy here yesterday
and stoned United States police-
men at the boundary of the Canal
Zone in a challenge to American
sovereignty over the canal.
The American flag was hauled
from the pole in front of the em-
bassy, ripped and torn. Flying
stones smashed windows in the
building. Panamanian national
guardsmen dispersed the throng.
Keep at Bay
The attack on the embassy
punctuated an hours-long struggle
between helmeted American po-
licemen and a rock-throwing Pan-
amanian mob along Fourth of
July Avenue, the unmarked fron-
tier between this capital and the
NEW YORK (R') - American
Telephone & Telegraph Co. will
start laying the deepest telephone
cable in the world today, linking
the continental United States and
Twin cables - about 20 to 30
miles apart - will be laid between
.West Palm Beach, Fla., and San
Juan, 1,250 miles away. About 751
miles northwest of Puerto Rico,
the cables will plunge five miles
down into the Milwaukee deep,
lowest point in the Atlantic Ocean.
The twin cables, -one for each
direction of speech ,will be able to
handle 48 simultaneous conversa-
The Americans kept the mob at
bay with fire hoses and tear gas.
Eight policemen were reported
injured. Four of the demonstrat-
ors, estimated to total 150, were"
A platoon of United States mili-
tary police stood by in reserve.
The fight started at an inter-'
section near Panama's legislative
palace as this nation of 960,000'
persons celebrated the 56th anni-
versary of the independence it
won from Colombia with the bless-
ing and support of the United
States in 1903.
Two Panamanian nationalists-
Ernesto Castillero Pimental and
former Foreign Minister Aquilino
Boyd - had called for a show of
their country's flags in the Canal
This zone, taking in the water-
way built by American engineers
(1904-1914), is a strip of land 10
miles wide and 40 miles long on
which the United States holds a
perpetual lease. The nationalists
consider Panama should take it
The day started quietly enough.
Castillero and Boyd set out on an
uneventful motor tour of the Ca-
nal Zone, carrying small Pana-
manian flags and posing for pho-
Then a group of about 10 youths
carrying a large Panamanian flag
headed into the Canal Zone across
Fourth of July Avenue, the un-
marked boundary. A 16-man Ca-
nal Zone police detail, with hel-
mets and long night sticks, pushed
For an hour the group paraded
back and fourth over a three-block
area on the Panama side.
The group declared there is an1
imperative need for immediate
and strenuous action to train more,
doctors to keep pace with an ever-
The report called for expanding
existing schools - and building 201
to 24 new schools, some of the
four-year variety, some in the
In a report to the Surgeon Gen-
eral of the Public Health Service,
prepared at his request, the con-
stltants said maintenance of the
present ratio of physicians to pop-
ulation is "a minimum essential to
protect the health of the people
of the United States."
Must Increase Number
And just to achieve this, they
said, the number of physicians
graduated annually by schools of
medicine and osteopathy must be
increased from the present 7,400 a
year to some 11,000 by 1975 - or
an increase of 3,600 graduates.
The report recommended new
medical schools in or for 20 states
-including seven of nine which
now have none at all.
Some specific proposals suggest-
1) New schools be built in Flori-
da, Indiana, Michigan, New Jer-
sey, Ohio, Texas and Washington.
2) Nine states with small popu-
lations might meet similar situ-
ations by the development of re-
gional schools. These states were
listed as Maine, New Hampshire,
Rhode Island, Arizona, Nevada,
New Mexico, Idaho, Montana and
3) In four other states - Cal-
ifornia, Connecticut, Minnesota
and New York - there is "prob-
ably a need for additional schools
on the basis of lack of opportunity,
although each of these states has
an above-average supply of physi-
Surgeon General Leroy Burney
said the school construction and
other recommendations of the re-
port were fine ones.
GENEVA (A)-The Russians un-
expectedly agreed to a Western
demand for reexamination of
methods to police undergroundf
This was a complete turnaboutt
from the previous Soviet position
in negotiations for a nuclear test
ban being carried on here by the
Ieke To See
WASHINGTON (A4) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower is reported
to be planning a tour to several'
countries in Europe and Asia
starting early next month.
The trip now shaping up is
likely to take the President out of
the United States for about three
weeks. The word is that he also
is contemplating visits to Italy,,
India, Pakistan, Turkey and
Greece. Other countries also are,
said to be under consideration.
'On official said yesterday the
tour will be by far the most exten-
sive trip abroad Eisenhower has
The longest time he has been
out of the country heretofore was
when he visited West Germany,'
England, France and Scotland for
13 days last August and Septem-
ber. He was enthusiastically re-
ceived on that trip.
The President is understood to
be planning to disclose his travel
plans, at least in part at his news
Thr White House already has
announced that Eisenhower will
attend a Western summit confer-
ence in Paris starting Dec. 19. He
still intends to be back home in
time for Christmas with his fam-
To Return for Christmas
As plans are now developing,
Eisenhower actually will have been
away from Washington for about
20 days when he returns from
Paris a day or so before Christ-
The goodwill tour he is arrang-
ing reportedly will take him first
to Italy for conferences in Rome,
probably Dec. 4-5.
The timing on the rest of the
tour still is being worked out.
The President is known to have
decided some time ago that he
would like to do a good bit of trav-
eling abroad before he leaves of-
fice in January 1961..
three nuclear nations-the United
States, Britain and Russia.
Since early this year the West-
ern powers had tried to persuade
the Soviet Union that much sci-
entific data the talks are based on
The scientific and technical
basis for the negotiations was set
by an East-West group of sci-
entists who met here in 1958.
An American scientific report
compiled later said that under-
ground explosions could be more
easily concealed than the scientists
had believed in 1958.
The United States and Britain
have repeatedly insisted that no
trustworthy system for control of
a nuclear test ban could be devised
unless information in the United
States report-including the data
on underground blasts-was taken
into consideration along with pos-
sible new Soviet data.
Secretary' of State Christian A.
Herter and British Foreign Min-
ister Selwyn Lloyd told Soviet For-
eign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko
here last July that a scientific re-
appraisal of underground blast
data was necessary for any further
progress in the test ban negotia-
The Soviet foreign minister re-
jected the Western demand, call-
ing it a device to delay agreement
on a test ban treaty.
Chief Soviet Delegate Semyon
'K. Tsarapkin unexpectedly noti-
fied the United States and British
delegates of the change in Rus-
sia's stand at yesterday's session
of the year-old conference.
Tsarapkin 'later told an im-
promptu news conference that
United States Delegate James J.
Wadsworth had threatened "to
bring about the collapse of the
negotiations" unless the Russians
agreed to the reexamination.
"In the fact of this threat, and
to save ,the conference from col-
lapse, we agreed," Tsarapkin said.
A spokesman for the United
States delegation said the Soviet
move was "a definite step forward
and quite a departure from the
previous Soviet position."
Tsarapkin submitted a resolu-
tion calling for the convening of
a new technical working group
by Nov. 16.
Wadsworth and British Delegate
Sir Michael Wright told Tsarap-
kin they would study the Russian
resolution and formally reply to-
While indications are the West
will accept the Soviet resolution,
it is doubtful the experts can. be
brought together by Nov. 16.
MEDIATOR-Joseph F. Finnegan, head of the federal mediation service, has been holding separate
meetings with David J. McDonald, left, president of the steelworkers union, and R. Conrad Cooper,
right, head of the industry bargaining group in an attempt to solve the 112-day-old steel strike.
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