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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WHY DO THEY COME?
Women's Reasons Vary
For Attending College
AY, NOVEMBER 1, 1959
NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH McELDOWNEY
THE FIELD of 12 candidates for Tuesday's
and Wednesday's Student Government
.Council election does not seem to include eight
qu lified to sit on the Council. Nonetheles,
eight will be elected, and it's up to the voters
~to make the best ofr it.
NANCY ADAMS is a senior in the literary
college. A transfer from Albion' College, she
Is a member of Zeta Tau Alpha sorority.
Since Aprilshe has put in considerable time
on SGC's administrative wing. As chairman of
the Student Activities Committee, she did a
line job with the bicycle auction, and is cur-
rently planning a student-opinion poll to guide
SGC'3n future projects.
Miss Adams has proposed some curious ideas
in the course of this campaign: the Board of
Student Health, for example. Her notion that
traveling nurses should be available -to supple-
ment health-service facilities is probably valid,
but she should be proposng an investigation
of the area of student health, to determine just
rhat the inadequacies of the.present setup are.
V Miss Adams has perhaps tried too hard to
come up with original ideas. But she has shown
concern with student problems and a willing-
ness to work hard for SGC which would make
her a valuable Council member.
* *. -
LYNN BARTLETT; a pledge of Phi Kappa
Psi fraternity,.is only a first-semester fresh-
man. His knowledge of the University is rather
spotty, but since deciding to;become a candi-
date, he his applied himself diligently to fill-
ing the gaps in his knowledge by reading SGC
minutes and other materials.
The ideas ,Bartlett presents are none too
thoughtful or original: increased parking fa-
cilities, expansion of Student Book Exchange,
expansion of Bicycle Auction, promotion of
Spring Registration and "Planning of Long-
Range programs." But he presents them intel-
ligently, and there is reason. to expect him to
sharpen up, since he's only a freshman..
* . *
RON BASSEY Is an incumbent, one of two'
seeking ;e-election. He is a junior, and a mem.
ber of Tau Delta Phi fraternity.
A year ago Bassey told constituents that as
SOC's public-relations chairman he came to
the Council meetings every week, was called
to the. table and asked to participate in dis-
oussion, and should therefore be given a vote.
He was elected..6
Since that time, Bassey has told open-houses
this year, he has served "conscientiously"
though he is the type that "takes an idea and
builds on it" rather than developing original
ideas.' He is being somewhat unfair to himself,
since two of Bassey's original ideas come clear-
ly to mind: buying an "SGC car," and stamp-
ing all the examsx in the Exam File in the Un- .
dergraduate Library "This is a service of your
Student Government Council."
He gave evidence of his conscientiousness
several weeks ago when he became the first
SOC member in recent years to pass ten min-
ates of neeting time asleep in his chair. More-
Dyer, he was out campaigning last Wednesday,
Instead of coming to SGC..
Bassey has done some work on the driving
problem, but his performance in general 'has
been more routine than original, and he has
shown little concern about doing more than
seming to fill his job adequately. In general,
de has given little reason why he should be
eturned to the Council.
CHARLES FRANZBLAU is a junior transfer
rom Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a
science school back East."
He has been on campus onhly since Septem-
er, and admits unfamiliarity with all Tni-
Nonetheless, he has proposed "that the Stu-
lent Government Council petition the Board
>f Regents for lowering of the student driving
e from 21 to 19."
"Michigan University's (sic) present driving-
4ge is clearly inconsistent with the policy of
nost American colleges and Universities," he
ontinues, listing 18 institutions of higher edu-1
ation in various parts of the country.
He seems not to realize that crowded streets
nd parking lots in Ann Arbor prevent a sub-
tantial increase in the number of cars per-
nitted, and that while investigating what the'
Jniversity is doing with the thousands of dol-
ars accumulated from driving permits and'
ines is a -relevant action for .SGC, petitioning '
hie Regents is not.l
Franzblau has taken most of the. space al-Z
otted him in SGC's Daily supplement to dis-,
iss lowering the driving age. He does not ap-
ear to understand that, this is but one small
oint in the totalarea of SGC's problems.
JOHN GARLAND is a literary-college senior,t
member of the Political Issues Club.
SGC's only value, he has said, lies in stim-C
lating, encouraging and evaluating student
pinion on the one hand, and providing "a line
' communication with the Administration"p
ni the other.
"To date," he continues, "this line of com-f
iunication has been blurred by the dual eno-
erns of the Council, trying to legislate and
;ate student npnin."
seems to have a fair amount of ability, it is
hard to imagine what contribution he could
make within the context of his idea of the
* * *
AL HABER, the other incumbent seeking re-
election, is the only candidate of 'the 12 who
has the qualifications to really deserve a place
in the student government of a university as
fine as this.'
He has consistently demonstrated a wide-
ranging, imaginative view of SGC's position in
the University community, and has backed this
up with a great deal of very solid preparatory
work for his motions. Last year, his tendency
to talk almost entirely in abstractions made
his communication with some difficult. He ap-
pears to have solved the communication prob-
lem this year, and has developed a political
sense hitherto lacking.
* * *
JEFF JENKS is a. junior and a member of
Pi Lambda Phi. He has had extensive experi-
ence in student activities prior to his candi-
dacy, having served as a personnel director of
the Union, co-chairman of the Michigras bands
committee, co-chairman of the Homecoming
tickets committee, co-chairman of the Spring
Weekend tickets committee,. chairman of this
year's MSU pep rally committee and Wolver-
ine Club pep rally co-chairman.
Jenks pointed out at Adelia Cheever that
there are currently 120 campus events sched-
uled per semester, and that SGC should cul
down on this number so that worthwhile events
will be really successful. He told Chi Omega
that there are 120 events per year, or60 per
semester, but that this still represented too
many. At; Sigma Phi Epsilon he said SGC
shouldn't interfere with groups wanting to
Asked twice at Chi Omega what academic
areas SC should consider Jenks mentioned
only increased communication with the ad-
ministration and continuing the Reading and
Discussion program. Now that it's successful,
Roger Seasonwein's Reading and Discussion
Program seems, to 'have been adopted by a
number'6f candidates as an "idea" in the aca-
The note of "sincerity" in Jenks' voice hard-
ly makes up for his obvious confusion and lack
CHARLES KLINE, a junior, i a member of
Delta Kappa Epsilon.
"The most important role of the Council is
in the regulation and coordination of the in-
terests of the many different student groups
and organizations on campus," he said in his
platform statement. Throughout the platform
Kline stressed giving each segment of the Uni-
versity community a fair shake. He has dwelt
on this point to the 'extent that one wonders
if it might not be a rationalization to cover
lack of dynamism.
BABS MLLER is a senior; she transferred
from Cedar Crest College to the University a
Miss Miller ran for election last spring, con-
tributing the phrase "Stu G to. the campus
dialect. She has another this time, "S.B." for
suggestion box. She thinks SGC should have
Miss Miller's platform lists a great number
of ideas, some of which might be helpful here.
These include language-houses (for example,
a F;ench House, in' which only French may
be spoken on the first floor), a junior year
abroad, a program to make students aware of
cultural opportunities here, and more outside
While none too profound, Miss Miller has
done some good work for SGC committees, and
would probably make a conscientious Council
M. A. HYDER SHAH is a graduate student
from Pakistan, president of the International
Student Association: If he is elected, he will be1
elected because he is a foreign student. There
has always been some sentiment for including
the ISA president as an ex-officio Councils
member; now, with the sympathy his organi-
zation gained from the calendaring disputek
with Hillelzapoppin', his election seems likely.
Shah is conscientious, though lacking knowl-
edge of campus affairs.
ELLIOTT TEPPER, a sophomore, began his
platform statement as follows: "As brevity en-
hances any formal 'document, I will try to
make this statement as concise as possible."
Three pages later, he had made no specific pro-1
posals of ,any sort.1
Sample Tepper discussions, include: "Off-
campus housing - SGC has made a fine start7
in this area. I'd like to see this work con-
tinued and expanded." "Rushing -- Another
area which is pertinent to the campus. Not
only rushing time, but method should be dis- a
cussed and debated openly."
Speaking in open-houses, Tepper committed
himself no more than this, even when asked
direct questions. His glibness is no substitute s
for well-informed opinions.
BILL WARNOCK is a junior in the business,
(Continued from Page 1)
marriage in their near future
Several planned' marriage im-
mediately upon graduation and
many said it would probably hap-
pen after working for a few years
or going to graduate school. The
surveyors linked this reaction to
the woman's internal desire for
security . . . and probably rightly
But what about the minority
who don't use college as a hunting
ground? What are they to derive
from college and what .can they
contribute to the sphere of higher
The women students who want
to extract a purely practical edu-
cation-such as nursing--strive to
gain a skill to be used the rest of
their lives, whether married or not.
Education students gain essen-
tially 'this same type of skill.
* * *
THE LIBERAL arts student's
gains are difficult to define in such
concrete terms. A liberal arts edu-
cation provides one with a broad
knowledge of several fields which,
even if not used in future jobs,
gives the student an awareness of
the world and culture in which he
or she lives.
The woman student can use
this education in a career as a
mother or as a 9-to-5 worker. In
this day of improving education
on elementary and secondary lev-
els, she will be raising children
whoserknowledge and learning will
be far more complex than that
which she received at the same
Consequently, an ability to keep
abreast of events around her will
help her intelligently raise a fam-
ily. Many will scorn and laugh at
this idea, but psychologytexts and,.
others continually underline the
need for mothers to be adequately
prepared to answer all their chil-
Still, not all liberal arts women.
students plan to use their educa-
tion in raising a family. Some will
probably achieve fame in their
field of endeavor-be it creative
writing or historian.
* * '*.
WOMEN ARE fast invading all
areas of formerly "men's work." To
dio so they must have an equal, if
not superior, education to compete
with them. These, then, are rea-
sons why a minority of women are.
The contribution of women to
.he college atmosphere, and par-
ticularly to the University of Mich-
igan, is widespread.
In the classroom many women
are far better students than the
men, contributing a great deal
to' class discussions.
SPONSORED BY LEAGI
AND SOCIALLY, too, the wom-
en's contribution has been positive
rather than negative. Some call
women a distraction, but many
will admit that the social situa-
tion found in the campus com-
munity provides the student with
a good idea of social pressures out-
side of college. And the sharing of
campus positions by both male and
female gives each some practical
experience in administration which
will be used in later life.
Perhaps all these reasons ad-
vanced by the industrious woman
college student as to why she is
here are really masks for the goal
of a Mrs. degree .. . but who but
the woman 'student herself can
judge this? Not her female col-
leagues and certainly not the male
students around her.
The tone of - comment has
changed ... the woman at college
is no longer considered an unwise,
rash thing. Today, she is the butt
of many jokes and sarcastic com-
ments to which she has no really
complete and adequate answer.. .
unless it lies in what she does
women Increase Independence
By JEAN HARTWIG
Daily Staff Writer
WOMEN all over the world are
becoming more independent.
Maithili Raghayan, Grad., a na-
tive of India, explained that the
status of women in the United
States and her country are diffi-
cult to compare because they are
based on two entirely different
While the opportunities avail-
able to Indian women may ap-
pear fewer than those for men,
women are regarded as separate,
not inferior to men and enjoy cer-
tain privileges that men don't
"In India we feel that if you
let women go out;and work in the
services, such as nursing, you deny
her the special privilegs of wo-
'men," she said.
Adding that this increases men's
respect for women, she said that
the women themselves enjoy'the
position'of "protection and hon-
or" accorded them.
*' * *
SHE CONTINUED that women
have equal opportunities with men"
to reach high offices in govern-
ment and the professions. As ex-
amples, she cited Madame V. Pan-
dit, who was Indian ambassador to
the United States and a well-
known early Indian Queen, Lani of
Although women have equal op-
portunities for jobs and education,
most upper middle class women
would not consider working in an
office as a career. Miss Raghavan
explained this feeling is "one of
the sad features of Indian so-;
ciety-the dignity of labor is not
"I could never conceive of be-
coming a nurse," she said. "It
would never be accepted by either
my family '.or my society."
Because of this "lopsided view of
values," upper middle class wo-
men become doctors, university in-
structors or white collar positions
in the government. She noted,'
however, that many lower middle
class women are entering, the busi-
* * *
ASKED IF INDIAN women con-
tinue their careers after mar-
riage, she answered "no," ex-
plaining that India's principal dif-
ficulty today is an abundance of
manpower and a shortage of jobs.
Usually a male applicant will be
chosen before a woman of similar
'"i'or instance, I applied for a
very good job at home. My quali-
fications were the best, but the
man asked me if I didn't think the
man should get the job because he
had so many mouths to, feed. Nat-'
urally, I thought this was fair,"
She explained that approximate-
ly 90 per cent of Indian marriages
are arranged by parents, adding
that "it is an absolute oddity to see
an Indian girl of 16 or 20 years
old who is not married."
Young Indian women cannot
understand the' American dating
system. They feel that arranged
marriages protect them from the
"embarrassment" of attracting a
husband. In contrast to our sys-
tem of competition, the Indian,,
system assures even the most timid,
girl that she will not be left out.
MISS RAGHAVAN attributed
the success of most Indian mar-
riages to the fact that Indian wo-
men enter marriage with the idea
that it will last. Until two .years
ago, when divorce was legalized,
marriage was permanent. Even.
now divorces are frowned on by
society and remarriage is not pos-,
She added that Indian women
have a spirit of resignation that
is not acceptable to American wo-
men. As a result of this, many
women who experience unhappy
marriages suffer in silence to pro-
tect the honor of the home.
Since Indian women are now
taking advantage of their increas-
ed opportunities, they are provid-
ing more competition for men.
E This has led, to the difficult prob-
lem of a double set of values pull-
' fng women in opposite directions.
"Even though more Indian wo-
men are being educated, the val-
ues. of our old society still have
a strong hold on us," Miss Ragha-
van said. "We want to break
through, but we just don't think
it's right to break with tradition."
* * ,,.
CARMENZA MEJIA, '63, ,who
came to this country from Pereira,
Columbia, two and a half years,
ago, said that most young wo-
men from the upper and middle
classes attend either college or
specialized business schools in her
While the older people follow
the traditional custom that the
woman should remain in the home,
she predicted that in 50 years con-
ditions will be the same as in the'
Asked about marriage customs,
" she said that arranged marriages
have never been prevalent in Co-
lumbia, although the choice of
marriage partners was "very re-
stricted" in the past.
. * * * -
'THE ONLY RESTRICTION now
is that girls don't go out on single
dates," she explained, noting that
the young people go to night clubs
in large groups and sometimes
dance until 5 a.m.
Miss Mejia also noted that Co-
.lumbian women never consider
leaving their parents' home uh-
less they are married.
A native of a suburb of Manila
in the Philippines, Rosario Santos,
Grad., thinks women in her coun-
try "could do with a little more in-
dependence. We are sort of tied to'
Explaining that educational op-
portunities are equal for both men
and women, ,she continued that
people .in her country also be-
lieve in the "courtship method" of
choosing a marriage partner, al-
though the rules are stricter than
in the United States.
"For example, in our family
none of thegirls are allowed to go
out alone. They must go either on
a group basis or with somebody
older or a younger member of the
family,'" she said, admitting that
this is "sometimes uncomfortable."
Economically, politically and so-
cially, women are taking their
rightful place in the world.
(Continued from Page 1)
the "overwhelming majority'" of
This must prove that one of the
four goals is more predominantly
in the foreground at one time or
another, Dean Bacon attested. She
described academic responsibility
as "typical" of University women.
"Anyway I don't see the birth
rate of America slackening."
There is a subject "rarely
brought up by men which is true
throughout America," she con-
tinued: the fact that for 50 years,
women have consistently shown a
higher academic average than
AS EVIDENCE, Dean Bacon
opened her top drawer, reached
into a well-organized file, and re-
vealed the University's officially
published facts: a July, 1959, re-
port from the Office of Registra-
tion and Records lists a 2.73 as
the over-all average for independ-
ent women-.58 for independent
Freshmen women maintained a
2.38, with freshmen men five hun-
dredths of a point behind. And in
a listing which trended from high-
est to lowest overall grade-point
averages, married women in
apartments topped the sheet with
a 2.99 while the word "men" did
not even appear until half-way
down the list.
Women make their mark in the
Scampusand world communities
too, Dean Bacon asserted. Of
course, there has only been one
female managing editor of The
Daily and never a woman presi-
dent of Student Government
Council, but "All ladders are emp-
ty at the top."
* * *
"LOOK AT the queens and em-
presses across the centuries be-
ginning with Cleopatra, who, in-
cidentally, .was a more successful
administrator than a lover," Dean
Bacon said. "You rarely find a
mediocre one; they're usually
either outstandingly brilliant' or
Whether or not their reigns
were the cause of it, Dean Bacon
pointed out that the ;three high,
spots of British history were
reached under Queens Elizabeth I,
Anne, and Victoria.
Women are "very good" in im-
mediate, practical, and local mat-
ters, but "not so effective" on a
continental, interplanetary scale,
Whether a coed is affiliated may
or m'ay not affect the student's
extracurricular life, Dean Bacon
"Remember, gold is where you
During the ten years she has
been with the University, Dean
Bacon counted up a total of six
affiliated and four independent
League presidents. Six were bi-
netted, one blonde, one redhead,
and one half-and-half, she in-
"It's like throwing dice. If you
throw enough times, eventually it
will come out even."
With Women's Week approach-
ing and the coed, having the pre-
rogative to ask out d'ates for the
weekend, would Dean Bacon agree
that it is a sound policy for wo-
men to be aggressive?
She smiled again.
"Are women's withdrawal and
passivity forms of aggession? In
judo, what is aggression and how
is it achieved?"
To, Be Held-
By STEPHANIE ROUMELL
Daily Staff Writer
"WOMEN'S WEEK" extending.
from Monday through Fri-
day, is an experimental attempt to
create an awareness of a problem,
rather than a week of special and
"The program is new this year,"
Sue Deo, '61,League chairman of
special projects, said recently. "It
is being sponsored by the Women's
League and thereby, all under-
"It is not a turn about week
where girls ask boys for dates,"
she continued. "Rather the main
objective of Women's Week is to
create an awareness and provoke.
thought about the problem of the
women's place in today's techno-
logical and constantly changing
"It is a chance to look at our-
selves and see how we fit into the
current pattern. The image of wo-
men has always been in the home,
but now education and vocation
leads her to other areas."
THE PROGRAM. planned by the
League is one emphasizing the
conflicting goals of marriage and
career of today's college women.
Hyde Park, the event that met
with good response last year, will
take place on the diag.
A discussion and book review of
the "Second Sex," liy Simone de
Beauvoir, will be held at the
A ,panel discussion, "A Looking
Glass of Conflicting Goals," will
also be held at the League. Those
participating will be President
Harlan Hatcher, Dean of Women
Deborah Bacon, Dean of the liter-
ary school, Roger Heyns, and As-
sistant Dean of Nursing, Mrs. Nor-
And a group discussion, "A
World of Women," will be led by
Anne O'Neal, '60, chairman of
League inter-national committee
fore be interesting to hear about
their culture pattern for women as
contrasted to ours."
"We can. better understand our
problems when contrasting our
culture with others, since certain
elements of society that we feel are
international in scope, are found
by contrast to be unique and lim-.
Although the purpose of Wo-'
men's Week is primarily to en-
courage reflection- on. a problem,
many coeds will also repay the
men for social courtesies at this
time. Various women's housing
units have planned parties Fri-
day night for their dates.
"Naming the week and plan-
ning a program merely provides
definite time and space to look at
a problem more thoroughly," Miss
Deo explained. "It is a chance to
elow down from the academic
surge and think about something
we very rarely do."
"Frankly, I feel that a similar
program could prove valuable to
EVALUATION OF PRACTICE:
President A ngelli Disc uss es Co-Education
(Continued from Page 1)
IT IS NO LONGER the case, as in a large degree it was twenty
years ago, that nearly all of the women in college were preparing
themselves for teaching or some form of professional life. A consider-
able proportion of them are studying merely for the sake of culture
which may enrich and adorn their lives. Whatever may prove to be'
their sphere of activity, it seems not improbable that before many
years the number of college bred women in this country will equal that
of college bred men.
Thus far the theory that women ought to have or would desire an
intellectual training essentially different from that usually prescribed
for men has found but slender support.
The elasticity afforded by the modern elective system, introduced
into most American colleges and universities seems to furnish a suf-,
ficient range for a wide diversity of choice. When left to themselves,
It is clear that a good number of women achieve success in the
practice of medicine' and a few in surgery. We could point to some ex-
cellent illustrations among our graduates. They have in this country
generally overcome the opposition of medical societies to their entrance
into the profession and often take a creditable part in the proceedings
of such bodies.
A certain number of women have also succeeded well in the pro-
fession of dentistry both in this country and in Germany.
SOME WOMEN have beengraduated from the school of pharmacy
and have found a congenial and remunerative career as pharmacists,
but 'whether, owing to the disinclination of men in the business to
employ women, or to the fatigue of the continuous labor in the office,
not many remain in the occupation.
The number.of women in the law school is always small. Of those
wh ',n A'n 4'a on'd ,_yra *n,., _' __r'n m .m _ .' Gin + .- _ , _. 4. ,._.in 4 O,' nma