Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

October 30, 1959 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-10-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.




Oppose Compulsory ROTC



(Continued from Page 1)
It also said compulsory ROTC'
is a "negative factor in career mo-
tivation." The object 'of ROTC, it
averred, is to provide officers to fill
the regular army, and this is not
served by the compulsory program.
In this, many of State's ROTC
students disagree. Cadet Co.'Doug-
las W. Smith, USA-ROTC, claimed
he would never have become in-
terested in it were it not for the
compulsory program.
"During the first two years, I
Stel Strike
Still ontinue
PITTSBURGH (W) - Top-level
negotiations to end the 107-day
steel strike resumed yesterday with
government mediators ready to
step in immediately if the peace
talks collapse.
Four-man teams representing
the country's top 11 basic steel
producers started the negotiations
shortly after 2:30 p.m. (EST) at
a midtown hotel.
David J. McDonald, president of
the United Steelworkers, led the
union team. The industry group
was quarterbacked as usual by R.
Conrad. Cooper, a vice-president
of United States Steel Corp.
Joseph F. Finnegan, chief of
the Federal Mediation and Con-
ciliation Service, said bargaining
will switch to Washington next
Monday if nothing is accomplished
in Pittsburgh.
Meanwhile, the USW announced
indefinite extension of contracts
with Aluminum Co. of America,'
Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical
Corp. and Reynolds Metals Co.
Also, Bethlehem Steel Corp. said
it had dropped into the red ink
column with most other big steel
producers in the three months
ended Sept. 30.

came to like it, and I learned pa-,
triotism for my country."
Wouldn't Have Entered
The ROTC cadre commanders
agreed that 5 per cent of ad-
vanced cadets would never have
entered the military.
The committee cited two other
reasons for altering the program.
It said voluntary programs pro-
vide almost as many officers as
compulsory for the services, which
depend on ROTC as principal
source of officers. President Han-
nah has stressed need for officers
to meet United States commit-
ments as principle justification for
Costs High
The committee also listed the
high cost of ROTC as another
negative factor.
To substitute for the program,
the committee suggested a stu-
dent-faculty committee look into
a new voluntary approach to mili-
tary ,education.
A special concentration pro-
gram of equal weight to other aca-
demic areas would be established.
Students enrolling in ROTC would
take courses related to military
training, with possible require-
ments in languages, geography,
international relations and econ-
The ROTC situation at the Uni-
versity of California was recently
highlighted by the hunger strike
of 18-year-old freshman Freder-
ick L. Moore, Jr., against compul-
sory service.
In a referendum two years ago,
California students voted two to
one against compulsory ROTC, but
their vote has been ignored so far
by the University Regents.
A campus political party recent-
ly held a rally in which student
criticized compulsory ROTC from
several _viewpoints: one speaker
n o t e d conscientious objection,
while another cited Air Force Vice
Chief of Staff Curtis LeMay's
comments on the lack of worth of
"weekend warriors."
At privately endowed Lehigh, a
similar situation' exists.
Robert Walters, editor of the
"Brown and White," the student

paper, said there were six seniors
left in Air Force ROTC from a 350
man group that started three
years ago und'er the compulsory
He pointed to the justification
often used by upperclassmen: "I
know I'm going to have to go into
the Army sometime, and I'd rath-
er be a second lieutenant than a
buck private."
The Lehigh student government
is looking into the matter.
Wisconsin Acts
At the University of Wisconsin,
in contrast to the other attempts
at abolition, something concrete
has been done.
Last year, the Wisconsin Stu-
dent Association (most of the pro-
tests seem to arise in either stu-
dent government or newspapers)
asked the 17-year-old state 'law
for compulsory ROTC be repealed.
The university (faculty) commit-
tee agreed.
The WSA; in the meantime,
pushed a bill through the legisla-
ture abolishing ROTC at the Wis-
consin campuses, though the bill
was amended to be contingent on
faculty and regental approval.
The faculty has put off deciding
on the matter until December,
though rumors have been circulat-
ed that it will be decided Monday.
Raise Arguments
In the discussions of ROTC,
several points were raised at Wis-
consin: two-year ROTC was said
to be advantageous to students
who would later be drafted; money
saved from the smaller voluntary
program would be used for more
vigorous recruiting of ROTC ca-
The Wisconsin effort is, how-
ever, the exception, rather than
the rule.
But student pressure is building
up. Lehigh editor Walters editor-
ially asked a question sympto-
matic of-the present trend.
"Rather than take the typical
University Long Range Attitude
("we'll get around to it one of
these years"), would it not be pos-
sible to see the obvious inadequa-
cies and faults of a compulsory
ROTC program and remove it as
soon as possible?"

On Khrushchev

... Western meeting
Taxes Hit
H A V A N A (P) -Confusion
gripped Cuban mining and oil in-
dustries last night over their fu-
While petroleum men fretted.
about implications of a minerals
tax measure announced Tuesday
night, director Cesar Rodriguez of
the Cuban Department of Mines,
told inquiring newsmen a separate
law is being drafted to cover pe-
troleum concessions.
The first announcement from
President Osvaldo Dorticas' pal-
ace on the minerals law-whipped
out at a cabinet meeting which
rejected a United States protest at
rising anti-Americanism here -
said it covered both minerals and
U.S. Stake High

By de Gaulle
Asks Ike, Adenauer
To Meet in December
WASHINGTON () - President
Dwight D. Eisenohwer may fly to
Paris one week- before Christmas
for a Western summit conference
to weld a solid front for negotia-
tions next spring with Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
President.Charles de Gaulle of
France was reported to have writ-
ten Eisenhower, British Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan and
West German Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer suggesting that Western
consultations begin Dec. 19.
The talks would last three or
four days.
Eisenhower told a news confer-
ence Wednesday the Western
leaders had agreed they should
meet but that the timing was still
to be worked out.
He said de Gaulle's schedule
would permit a gathering in mid-
NATO Ministers Talk
However, foreign ministers of
the 15-nation North Atlantic
Treaty Council will confer in Paris
for three days beginning Dec. 15
and Eisenhower and other gov-
ernment heads want to meet sep-
arately from NATO .
Eisenhower apparently would
prefer an opening date for the
Western summit less close to the
Christmas season.
Some consideration has been
given tochanging the time of the
NATO meeting to make an earlier
s u m m i t session possible. The
NATO council's schedule could be
advanced, for example, by a week
or could be set back until after
Doesn't Want Haste
Eisenhower reportedly would
prefer not to be under heavy time
pressure when he meets with his
They face tremendously com-
plicated problems because not
only do they have policy differ-
ences, but they are not even in
agreenent on what they should
discuss with Khrushchev.
Macmillan believes it is possible
to make a deal with Russia for a
provisional arrangement on the
future of West Berlin.
Eisenhower Is very skeptical
about this and Adenauer has tak-
en the position it would be much
better to seek agreement in 'some
other field, particularly disarma-
Macmillan is reported by diplo-
mats here to believe the East-
West discussions next spring
should not be drastically limited
as to scope but should range over
all kinds of international prob-
lems. r
Favor Careful List
Eisenhower and de Gaulle, on
the other hand, are represented
as favoring a much more careful-
ly worked out list of topics to be
discussed with Khrushchev.
U. S. officials are concerned
that Macmillan may be willing to
make concessions to . the Soviet
government on the status of the
Western powers in Berlin - con-
cessions which would be unaccept-
able to Eisenhower, Adenauer and
de Gaulle. They want to get all
differences on this critical matter
ironed out in advance.

GOVERNOR, LEGISLATORS CONFER-All agreed money was needed at Tuesday's tax session,
but couldn't agree on a program. Facing Gov. G. Mennen Williams, left to right, are Reps. Russell
H. Stange (R-Clare), Albert R. Horrigan (D-Flint), Don R. Pears (R-Buchanan), Allison Green (R-

Z C1 P



Second Fron tPage
October 30, 1959

Page 3


k, ;G IFTS for
119.East Liberty
Hand nittipg
with 201

American investors have a heavy
stake in both.
It is believed the new petroleum
law will be similar to the one for
minerals. This confronts mine op-
erators with a tax of five per cent
on production, 25 per cent on ex-
ports, $20 per hectare (2.47 acres)
annually for mines not considered
adequately exploited and $10 per
hectare for those in full operation.
Before Rodriguez made his
statement, petroleum experts pre-
dicted the minerals law would
drive out dozens of oil firms big
!and small which, have been seek-
ing to expand the island's current
production of 600 to 700 barrels a
High in Crude Oil
Against this trickle of domestic
petroleum, of such low grade that
it cannot be processed in Cuban
refineries and is largely used for
!fuel oil, Cuba is estimated to con-
sume 50,000 barrels of crude oil
The latest list of oil exploration
firms active in Cuba shows 35
companies and four individuals,
most of them from the United
States and Canada.
"If the law means what it ap-
pears to," said a representative of
one company, "most of us will
pack up and go home."
In another economic field, the
American-owned Cuban Electric
Co., drew attention.
A group of workers headed by
Luis Simon Garcia circulated for
signatures a petition asking that
the government nationalize the
company or take over its direction.

-We've got it, got itl Don't dtalty, gats, 'cause everybody wants IN the bac-toced Iofl
Fleet, forward fashion with a collar flipped and stitched dow. .Lace it loose-or close-up

Read and Use Michigan Daily Classifieds

exceptional savings...
fall and winter wool dresses
for juniors
Two groups of designer originals from our leading makers of better junior
dresses-now at a fraction of their regular prices, just when you want
them the most. Choose several from a wide assortment of street and

l __.._.__..._ ._._.,_


Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan