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Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
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VOL. LXX, No. 25 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1959 FIVE CENTS
Turkey Leads Poland in New Vote;
Two-Thirds Majority Still Lacking
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (MP)-Turkey, the West's candidate. for
a seat on the United Nations Security Council, went into a slight
lead over Communist Poland yesterday in a new round of voting.
But the Turks were well short of a two-thirds majority, and the
East-West deadlock persisted.
Balloting in the General Assembly was suspended for two weeks
after a see-saw race developed. Turkey's three-vote edge, its best
showing so far, gave the West new bargaining strength in the intense
diplomatic maneuvering for the seat on the 11-nation Council.
Prestige at Stake
At stake is the prestige of the West, as well as a vote in the
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Bert Sugar, a
senior in law school, won $8,500 on
Tic Tac Dough's afternoon edition,
to become the second highest
money winner on daytime television
at that time. In addition, he inter-
viewed for 1121," and "The $64,000
By BERT R. SUGAR
IN JUNE, 1955, a new era in pro-
gramming for television came
Following the pattern of previous
successful quiz shows, "$64,000
Question," produced by Louis Co-
wan, emerged as the summer sea-
son's newst rage. The game of
finding out who knows the an-
swers had been a flourishing social
institution ever since Eve made
Adam guess in which hand she '
held the apple.
However, never had the previous
quizzes, like "Information Please,"
"Pot O' Gold," "Quiz Kids," "Take
It or Leave It," or "Stop the Mu-
sic," ever used the dramatic em-
bellishment of having a vice-presi-
dent of a prominent New York
bank step towards the camera and
announce, "From this point on all
questions come from the locked
vaults of the Manufacturers Trust
Co. The Manufacturers Trust Co.
guarantees that only authorized
members of the bank have the.
keys and combinations of the
vault, and except for the editors,
no one has seen these questions,
j Yet even Mr. (Hal) March, not
even my self (Ben Feit)."
* * *
THUS, WHEN Reed O'Hanlon
won $16,000 as an expert on the
subject of Shakespeare, Revlon
struck the advertising jackpot, in-
creasing its sales 500%, and other
producers and advertisers jumped
onto the quiz-show bandwagon.
Quickly following in the wake of
"$64,000 Question" came "21,"
"$64,000 Challenge," "High-Low,"
"The Big Surprise," "Tic Tac
Dough," "Dotto," and many others,
geared to the viewer's vicarious
emotional responses to being asked
questions, and in one way or an-
other eliciting the answers from
The national heroes spawned
from the quiz show era included.
Gino Prado, Myrtle Powers, Joyce
Brothers, Richard McCutcheon,
Charles Van Doren, Teddy Nad-
ler, Elfreda Van Nordorf, Harold
Craig and Leonard Ross.
Prior to the emergence of Van
Doren as a national hero, there
had existed a distrust of all erudite
individuals, but the amassing of
$129,000 by Van Doren gave the
country its first "Egghead" idol, to
the point where he appeared on
the February 11, 1957, cover of
Time magazine, a magazine at-
tuned to the sensitive opinion of
For the past two weeks a House
Investigating Committee, under
the guidance of Rep. Oren Harris
of Arkansas has been delving iiuo'
the pithy subject of the answers
elicited from the contestants, in
order to discover any way of com-
batting the rigging of quiz shows
through future legislation. There-
fore, one must initially understand
the objectives of the people behind
quiz shows and secondarily, the
methods used to "rig" the shows.
In this way the investigations now
underway can be viewed in their
S * *
HAVING AN opportunity to
view the intricate workings of the
Barry - Enright Enterprises and
EPC by being on Tic Tac Dough
and interviewing 'for "Twenty-
One," and "464,000 Question," I
saw two methods of hand-picking
the winners of quiz shows that are
available to those in charge of the
operation of the show. These two
methods are the direct and in-
direct manner of knowing your
winner beforehand, and using his
sustained appeal for higher audi-
The direct methods exist in
forthrightly giving the contestant
selected to win the answer to a
future question, or giving him
simply the questions and leaving
him to his own ingenuity to seek
out the answers.
A more subtle method of fixing
See QUIZ, Page 4
UN body primarily reponsible
CHICAGO ()-The anticipa
Nixon-Rockefeller contest for
Republican Presidential nomi
tion opened unofficially yester
in this city where a GOP can
date will be chosen at the pa
convention next summer.
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller f
in for a two-day whirlwind v
which may test his ability to
support in the strategic midw
now heavily in favor of Vice-Pr
The 51-year-old New York G
ernor, Nixon's only serious ch
lenger for the nomination, lined
meetings with Midwest Republi
leaders, including Gov. William
Stratton of Illinois, who has
drsed no presidential nomirx
Stratton has been mentioned a
possible vice-presidential can
Rockefeller hinted he wo
meet with a representative fr
Wisconsin, site of a key presid
tial primary next year.
He declined at a news con
ence to name the various polit
figures he would meet.
Newsmen were unable to obt
from Rockefeller a formal decla
tion going beyond his oft-repea
statement-that he has not
made up his mind whether to r
On the other hand, Rockefe
would not remove himself 'a
He declared that a GOP no
nee could win in 1960 with
"forthright and courageous" ca
paign. Asked if Nixon could c
duct this kind of campaign Roc
feller "expected he would." But
declined to make an unqualif
prediction that Nixon wouldv
:x if nominated.
An interim report from the s
cial County Public Works Co
mittee was presented at 1
night's City Council meeting.
The committee was created l
in the summer to "keep up to d
with the proposals" for a cou
Department of Public Works.
The committee report didr
favor the formation of a cou
public works department. It qu
tioned the advisability of grant:
to the county such wide powers
it would have if it controlled I
sewer and water services of 1
entire county and expressed cc
cern with the amount of mox
which would be involved.
The report further stated tI
Ann Arbor already has pl
which will enable it to handle :
dustrial expansion 'and increa
need for sewer and water servic
The committee and the Coun
however, do not oppose the stu
committee for the problem a
- proved by the County Board
Council approval was also giv
to the formation of a three-m
Council committee to work w:
the city's Off-Street Parking Co
mittee and to report back to t
Mayor Makes Appointments
Councilmen Russell J. Bur
Lloyd Ives, and Henry V. Aquir
were appointed by Mayor Cecil
Creal to the new committee.
They will study the general r
for dealing with international disputes.
-Recently the West has resorted to
procedural maneuvers in the
Council to frustrate the threat of
Soviet vetoes. One recent example
is the dispatch of a Council sub-
committee to investigate charges
of Communist aggression in Laos.
Seven votes were needed. With
the possibility of more neutralist
nations taking Council seats in the
future, every pro-Western vote will
ted Meets Three Times
the Yesterday's voting marked the
na- third time the Assembly has met
day to choose a successor for the two-
i- year term in the Council seat now
rty held by Japan. The winner takes
flew over Jan. 1.
isit The balloting began with Poland
win a shade ahead at 41-39. After
s, three more secret ballots, the
est- totals were exactly reversed. Then
the Poles went back into the lead,.
rv- 41-4U. But on the next ballot, the
al- sixth and final one for the day, the
iup Turks regained the lead, 42-39.
can This was the highest number of
a G.votes for Turkey during any of the
G. 31 ballots. At one time during the
en start of voting last Monday the
s a Poles had been ahead 48-33, only
adi six votes short of victory.
Call Off Voting-
uld The Assembly held more incon-
om clusive ballots on Tuesday, then
en- called off the voting until yester-
fer- In the interim, both Communist
ical and Western 'diplomats worked to
round up new votes. The United
ain States led the behind-the-scenes
ra- campaign for the Turks, and U.S.
ted diplomats were believed to have
yet persuaded two or three Latin
un. Americans to shift from Poland to
s a Talk of a compromise candidate
had centered on Yugoslavia, as it
mi- often has in past deadlocks. But
a the Yugoslavs declared themselves
Lm- out of the race unless Poland and
on- Turkey both agreed to stand aside
ke- in their favor.
he Vote Only for Two
fied There was no sign this had hap-
win pened. In yesterday's voting dele-
gates had a chance to vote for any
other country, but only the name
of Turkey and Poland appeared on
the ballot papers.
Normally the West could be ex-
pected to line up enough votes..
But this year Poland began cam-
t paigning early and signed up sup-
port before Turkey entered the
pe- The Turks came in late because
im- Greece, a North Atlantic Treaty
ast ally like Turkey, at first considered
campaigning as the Western can-
ate didate and then decided not to.
ate The present situation, then, in-
nty dicates that neither the Commu-
nist or the United States diplomat-
not ic forces have been outstandingly
nty successful in creating a major
es- change of position within the
ing United Nations countries.
Crisler Ready T o Leave
A fter 21 Years at U'
By FRED KATZ
Associate Sports Editor
Athletic Director H. 0. "Fritz" Crisler yesterday appeared set to
sever relations with Michigan that date back to 1938, when he first
became head football coach.
The Associated Press quoted a reliable source as saying that Cris-
ler would accept a $60,000 long-term offer from the American Foot-
ball League to become its commissioner.
The source said Crisler would make public his decision Friday.,
However, the validity of this report was questioned because Cris-
ler is expected to be in Minneapolis beginning Friday for a reunion
Petitioning for the Nov. 3 and 4
Student Government Council elec-
tions has been extended until
Thursday, Roger Seasonwein, '61,
Elections Director, announced yes-
Although petitioning was origi-
nally scheduled to close yesterday,
Seasonwein explained that, five
potential candidates requested the
extension because of "immediately
pressing academic responsibilities."
Two people took out petitions
yesterday. They are John Doty, 61,
and Henry Brewster, '63. r
Others who have not yet reurned
petitions are Richard Wagner, '61;
James Stevenson, '60; Conrad
Batchelder, '60; and Dennis Sha-
Those who have completed peti-
tioning are Nancy Adams, '60; Ron
Bassey, '60; Charles Franzblau,
'61; John Garland, '60; Al Haber,
'60; Jeff Jenks, '61; Chuck Kline,
'61, and Elliott Tepper, '62.
Haber and Bassey are the only
incumbents who have thus far
taken out petitions.
with former Minnesota football;
Crisler refused to deny or con-
firm this latest speculation con-
cerning his immediate future.
Owners of the new professional
league also declined comment.
The 60-year-old Crisler has en-
gaged in negotiations with AFL
officials continually the past three
weeks, and several persons close
to the scene feel he has been seri-
ously interested for a couple of
Last week Crisler flew to Bev-
erly Hills, Calif., and spent two
days with Lamar Hunt, Barron
Hilton and H. P. Skoglund, own-
ers of three of the six league fran-
The AP's source said that the
league was prepared to meet Cris-
ler's demands for a five-year con-
tract, and fringe benefits that in-
clude an insurance policy as high
as a million dollars.
Crisler admitted that he
planned to take a physical exam-
ination this week, although he
called it an "annual checkup," and
said it had been planned for a
Crisler's latest official state-
ment, released Saturday, says he
is studying the league's constitu-
tion and bylaws.
limitations of the commissioner.
With Crisler appearing to be on
the way out, many prominent
See CRISLER, Page 6
STEEL TALKS-Arthur J. Goldberg, general counsel for the striking
fact-finding panel that the Kaiser Steel Corp. had helped the Un
proposed strike settlement offer which was rejected by industry.
steel industry turned down the proposal Oct. 17 in New York.
Ends Record Strike
For at Least 80-Day
WASHINGTON M - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, calling it a
° ; "sad day for the nation," yester-
day ordered government lawyers
to ask a federal court to send 500,-
000 striking steelworkers back to
the mills for 80 days..
Eisenhower issued his instrue-
tions to Attorney General William
P. Rogers about three and a half
hours after his special fact finding
panel reported to him that "we
see no prospects for an early cessa-
,ttion of the strike" which already
has lasted a record 97 days.
The White Houserannounced
~ the back - to- work order wil be'
sought in federal district court in
Pittsburgh this afternoon. Pitts-
steelworkers, tells the presidential burgh is headquarters of the steel
nited Steelworkers Union draft a union. The bid will be made by
The Chief executives of major George C. Doub, Assistant Attor
ney General in charge of the de-
partment's civil division.
Sources Make Estimate
Industry sources estimate it will
e c " take six to 10 days to get good pro-
Ies of Poison duction of high quality iron after
an injunction is issued. If furnaces
are not too badly damaged, large
. . - ,du quantity shipment of steel can
Georgi Lenik, Bandera s deputy come in two weeks. They estimate
at the exile newspaper "The Road it will be at least five weeks before
to Freedom," told a reporter: top production is reached.
"We are convinced he was killed Before the President acted, the
by the Bolsheviks. Bandera would union pledged to fight any strike-
buave glay di ont e b t ending injunction to the Supreme
btnever thought of suicide. But
the question remains: How was Court, if necessary.
he made to take the poison?" "We will fight its issuance with
Lennik said as late as two weeks might and main," said union Pres-
agoBandsareceivedawarnigident David J. McDonald. "But if
ago Bandera received a warning it is issued, we will live up to the
Sthat an attempt was planned on itwisfisuw ilnvry."
his life. As a result, the numberlw of our country."
of his bodyguards was increased. Receives Report
Emigre Leaders Agree Eisenhower received the three-
Leaders of the Russian Emigre man Fact Finding Board's report
Organization N.T.S. who oppose yesterday morning after the panel
Bander's plans for Ukrainian in- acknowledged defeat in its effort
dependence but shared his anti- to mediate the dispute. He took
Communist views said they, too, the 37-page document with him to
were certain he was assassinated, the White House living quarters'
as was his predecessor, to study while he ,ate lunch..
Col. Eugene Konovalets, first After consulting with various
head of the Organization of legal, labor and other advisers, the
Ukrainian Nationalists, was killed President made public his letter
by a bomb in Rotterdam, Holland, to Rogers, saying:
in 1938. Bandera took over in 1941 "It is essential to the national
after Nazi troops freed him from interest that production be re-
a Polish jail where he was serving sumed immediately in the steel
a life sentence, commuted from industry.
death. Free Bargaining Fails
The legends around Bandera "Free collective bargaining has
are legion. German biographical not worked in this dispute despite
sources say he led a Ukrainian the dedicated efforts of the federal
outfit into Lvov in German uni- government and the Fact Finding
form. Later, however, he refused Board of Inquiry...
to collaborate and two of his "In order to protect the inter-
brothers are said to have been ests of all the American people,
killed in a concentration camp. this leaves me with no alternative
ArmyBatt es claim except to seek an injunction under
His, associates claim that at the existing law.
times his guerrilla army totaledthexsiglw
200,000.hbattling Soviet and Polish "America's hopes for a voluntary
forces during and after World War responsible settlement have not
111ces d._r_ _ t r been fulfilled. T is As ada no.
MUNICH, Germany (R)-Investi-
gators established yesterday that
cyanide poison killed Stepan Ban-
dera, the legendary anti-Com-
munist guerrilla chief from the
But the mystery that surrounded
his life continued in death.
His associates charge he was the
victim of a Moscow-directed mur-
der plot. Police say he seems to
have committed suicide but "we
are completely in the dark as to
The body of the 50-year-old
Bandera was found Thursday noon
in the staircase hall of his secluded
Munich home, one of the many
hideouts from which he directed
an estimated million nationalist
Initially, he was believed to have
died in a fall but doctors perform-
ing the autopsy found traces of
cyanide in his stomach. A police-
man said the fact he swallowed
the poison pointed to a suicide.
He said he doubted an assassin
would dare force a man to take
poison in a crowded apartment
DISGUSTED WITH SCHOOL:
Southbound Student To Peddle Streets of Laredo
By NORMA SUE WOLFE
A small but energetic University student has. given up pouring
over textbooks for maps and bicycling to class for what he considers
Five-foot-five Douglass Morgan, '61E,/left yesterday for the only
pedal-less part of his journey to Rio De Janiero, approximately a
10,000-mile ride from his point of takeoff at Laredo, Tex. He and his.
English bike, equipped only with six speeds and two saddlebags, will
arrive in Laredo by train.
From there on, the trip will require a lot of legwork, with at least
two major gaps in the Pan American Highway, plus a lot of moun-
"The highway just dies out in some spots," Morgan said. "I may
have to boat around the areas from Costa Rica to Northern Panama
and Panama to Colombia.
"As for the gap between Mexico and Guatemala, I may be able to
get through there. I can always walk," he added.
Morgan was confident he could make the trin in a little over six
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