"Well, Those are Outside the Country"
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. 0 ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
AT THE STATE:
Foundation of Gazel
hen Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Y, FEBRUARY 5, 1960
NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS KABAKER
AS I SEE IT' . By THOMAS TURNER
;TUDENTS ARE beginning to take stands on
significant issues,. Allan Brick of Dartmouth
otes in a recent "Nation"' article.
He mentions specifically the current furor
ver compulsory ROTC, dramatized by fresh-
aan Frederick Moore's hunger strike at the
niversity of California and now showing itself
i student petitions, demonstrations, front-
age editorials and other signs of protests by
aany young people on many campuses.
Concern with moral values lies behind the
gitation concerning ROTC, according to Brick.
What is perhaps more significant about
rick's statements, however, is not his obser-
ations on the rise of anti-ROTC, anti-military
eling, but his indictment of faculty members
and clergymen) for refusing to take stands
n moral questions.
Without leadership, the students who are
i Brick's opinion "ready to be challenged"
ill grope far more than is necessary in try-
ig to relate themselves and their ideas to the
orld around them.
On this camps, however, and on many oth-
s, a more fitting indictment would be of the
dministration, which - in such an enor-
ously complex institution - the only single
oup which could exercise moral leadership
the sort Brick is talking about.
There is, it must be noted, a paradox of
rts in- Brick's arguments. While students are
acting to the absence of moral leadership,
ey cannot do very effectively without some
Pointing out an alternate sources of moral
adership is essential if the reaction is not
be wasted energy.
"ONSIDERATION of "student issues" such as
compulsory ROTC and the National De-
nse Education Act loyalty oath and affidavit
esupposes a "student community," with com-
Give a seriet of student bodies across the
country, each beginning to overcome the leth-
argy and self-concern which has characterized
'the American campus of the past decade, most
of them lacking moral leadership from faculty
and administration, there is need for a feeling
of identity between these student bodies.
This is particularly the case since the ad-
ministrators and.faculty members with whom
the isolated student bodies come in contact
are themselves part of a tight little world.
Faculty members belong to the same societies
and read the same publications, administrators
are in contact with the counterparts on other
campuses regarding the ever-tighter teacher-
market, the problem of appropriations and so
on, and the result of all this Is the appearance
of a national academic climate. When condi-
tions become restrictive on one campus, this
spreads to other schools.
Faculties and administrations, bound up as
they are in a relatively tight national commu-
nity, have two other characteristics which
make group consciousness on the part of stu-
dents particularly desirable: this community
tends to be conservative and at the same time
extremely sensitive to publicity. The latter
characteristic ordinarily dovetails neatly with
the former, making change next to impossible
on many campuses. But if students protest ac-
tively, either through a national voice such
as the National Student Association, or
through a spontaneous wave of protest, or
both, the administrations and faculties of in-
dividual schools may be moved into action.
Congress may also heed a protest thus voiced.
THE MOVEMENTS to eliminate the oath and
affidavit, and to make all ROTC voluntary,
may serve to give students a sense of identity
which will serve them in good stead in the
future, and which will dramatize the extent
to whichfaculties, and particularly adminis-
trations, are derelict in their duty.
t. * / /
R I '+.1. .'t .t
YA f% rE~ e-y,47~-4
A GAZEBO is just what every,
well - dressed home should
have. But one with a corpse be-
neath its lacy metal exterior is
not in the best taste.
For those who, are not ac-
quainted with 18th century garden
furnishings (or previous reviews
of the film), a gazebo is a sum-
mer house. It is very handy for
giving summer teas - but not so
handy for hiding bodies.,
Possibly the most preposterous
premeditated crime in the history
of comic - mystery films, "The"
Gazebo" concerns a young, rather
nervous (average pulse rate, 105)
TV writer-producer who decides
to stop murdering people on tele-
vision long enough to kill just one
in his own living room.
* *' *
IT SEEMS the young man
(Glenn Ford) is being black-'
mailed which is inconvenient and
expensive-"you can't even take it
off your income tax." With the ex-
cellent advice of the New York
City District Attorney (Carl Rei-
ner) and, of all people, Alfred
Hitchcock, he deftly disposes of
one blackmailer - saving $25,000.
For a man "sentimental about
money," this is killing two birds
with one bullet.
And then the fun begins. The
District Attorney, ordinarily in-
quisitive only about the liquor.
cabinet, starts asking questions
like - where's your gun?, and
where were you last night; but
mostly what's wrapped up in the
shower curtains you buried under
your gazebo last night?
* * *
THE CAST of this curious
comedy agilely skips through some
of the most awkward moments a
flustered murderer and his frantic
accomplices could face. But
through it all, two characters re-
mnain calm-Debbie Reynolds, be-
cause she doesn't seem to know
any better, and Herman.
Herman is a pigeon whose
feathers remain serenely unruffled
despite the antics that surround
him. Ford brings Herman home
one night after his taxi hits the
pigeon-he was crossing against
Herman repays Ford's kindness
by perching on his shoulder dur-
ing a tender farewell with Miss
Reynolds, saving Ford from the
electric chair, and stealing % of
The other % of the film is
stolen by a dead-pan cement con-
tractor who appears at inoppor-
tune moments and says ratlher in-
opportune things-"yes, sir, there
was a hole out there about six
feet long - .-
GLENN FORD as the amateur
criminal is pricelessly neurotic.
First on his things to do before
the murder list--neatly typed-is
1) take tranquillizer.
For the first 30 minutes of "The
Gazebo," the audience might well
wonder if all concerned with the
film hadn't taken more than one
tranquillizer. But thereafter each
RUSSIAN STUDENTS WRITE:
You Ask In What We Believe'
t-W l"1 "M "9r "ryaL AM l1w*I. ,rte
EORGE ROMNEY discussed Citizens for
Michigan in Ann Arbor during the vaca-
n. Those who heard him thought he looked
ed, worried, but determined.
He had ample reason to feel all three emo-
ins. For at that time the Citizens movement,
ended by Romney, and probably the most
ginal and lofty of all attempts to solve
chigan's many financial and governmental
oblems, was facing the most severe crisis
its short history.
Newspaper speculation was rife that Rom-
' -would accept the Republican nomination
r the United States Senate, leaving the Citi-
is movement leaderless. And Romney's talk
Ann Arbor emphasized that unless the Citi-
is group could get many more members it
uld be in "grave jeopardy." I
OW, WITH Romney's refusal to accept any
nomination and 500 new members in the
t week, one hopes that the Citizens move-
nt is coming out of the woods.
tomney himself admits that all is not well.
e group has around 2500 members, out of a
jected 100,000, and has raised only $25,000
t of a goal of $75,000.
3ut on the other hand, Governor Williams,
al Bagwell and both state party organiza-
is have enthusiastically supported Citizens
Michigan as "another effective instrument
arousing citizens interest," and public in-
est seems to be rising.
IS TERRIBLY ironic that even now citizen
pathy and an excess of partisanship should
anger the success of the movement, for it
exactly to fight these evils that Romney
nded Citizens for Michigan.
'he premise of Citizens for Michigan is that'
;roup of citizens can organize outside of
ular parties, study complex problems and
ie up with rational, non-partisan sugges-
is. This is the classical, idealistic demo-
tic premise. Although some cynics assert
contrary, for all members of a democracy
lo so would be a political and psychological
.. ilip Power
But why is the Citizens movement having
so much trouble now?
The cynics might be right: apathy is nor-
mal; it has hurt Michigan politics; it could
kill the Citizens movement. But, practically, to
accept this position would be to throw in the
towel, give up hope about Michigan's future
and move to some other state. Emotionally, the
position is just as unacceptable.
SPECIFIC circumstances, rather than any
vast failure of the movement's essential
premise, may be responsible for its present
With the recent relaxation of the state's
crises, seen in the recent (if transitory) tax
settlement and progress toward a state Con-
stitutional convention, people may feel that
Michigan's problems are at last over and that
Citizens for Michigan has lost its usefulness.
This is, of course, completely unrealistic.
BUT BESIDES the question of apathy, un-
fortunate partisanship emerged when the
question of Romney's nomination for the Sen-
ate came up. Seemingly starting with a chance
remark by Romney, the story was blown up
to incredible dimensions by the Detroit news-
papers, which carried day-by-day speculations
of an increasingly extreme nature.
'This was a terrible jolt to the Citizens move-
ment. People who previously had never doubted
Romney's ethics and non-partisanship, began
to wonder if Citizens for Michigan was actually
a personal organization supporting Romney's
political future. The recent publication of
Romney's biography--in the best presidential
candidate style-raised more doubts. Cynics
began suggesting that Romney had organized
Citizens for Michigan for his own benefit from
the beginning and that he was planning to
jump from the Citizens movement to the Sen-
ate race. People stopped joining.
But Romney soon announced that he would
not accept any nomination, for he felt he must
continue his work with the Citizens movement.
This was the only ethical course. And Rom-
ney's statement reassured those who had sup-
oprted the Citizens group. But the doubts re-
mained in the minds of some, and overall, the
nomination debate has hurt Citizens for Mich-
WHY, THEN, did the whole thing come up?
Certainly, irresponsible journalism played
a large part. News was dull, and the Romney
affair made a good story. One paper ran a
story claiming that Romney was being con-
sidered for the Republican vice-presidential
nomination -- a story which seemingly had
little or no basis in fact.
The liberal wing of the state Republican
party doubtless felt Romney had the makings
of an unbeatable candidate, and what behind-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Dan Slobin,
'64, spent two months last summer
In the Soviet Union, where he
worked as guide at the U. S. Na-
tional Exhibition in Moscow. While
there, he met two girls studying at
the Pedagogical Institute ("Ed.
school") of Kursk, a city of south-
ern Russia, near the Ukrainian bor-
der. They agreed to exchange letters
for publication In the newspapers
of their respective schools. Below is
Mr. Slobin's translation of the first
ofasuch Russian letters which he
OUR ANCIENT city sends you
and your friends its fervent
Here it is winter alr e a d y,
though not that winter which you
Americans are used to call "Rus-
sian." Mountains of snow, bliz-
zards, snowstorms - all of this is
still ahead. But we have frost al-
In truth, we students don't no-
tice the cold. Sometimes we're
even very warm: the session (?)
starts in a week.
WE ARE juniors, studying in
the historical-philological depart-
ment ... We study history, Rus-
sian language and literature, and
also, as future teachers, we study
psychology, education (Pedagog-
Lectures, seminars, books now
take up all of our time. (In our
institute, as in other institutes of
our country, attendance at lec-
tures is compulsory.) In addition,
the students of the Pedagogical
Institute visit the schools. This is
practice for us future pedagogues.
Right now our children are al-
ready preparing for the New Year,
and we must be with them as fre-
quently as possible.,
* * *
BUT WE TRY not to miss good'
concerts. This season we were vis-
ited by Valeri Klimov, First-Prize
Holder of the Tschaikowsky Com-
petition, Svyatoslav Richter, the
We regularly attend literary-
musical evenings. In November we
observed the Jubilee Year of
Schiller, may of whose ballads and
plays enjoy great popularity here.
In the movie theaters, as in Ann
Arbor, old and new films are
shown, our films and films from
abroad. (Right now your Marty is
* ' *
IN THE Institute there are, of
course, sports sections, and clubs
of artistic self-expression. Many
students are interested in scien-
tific work. We have a student sci-
entific society with various sec-
tions, where each individual can
work, under the supervision of one
of our instructors, in an area
which interests him.
Right now, in the foreign liter-
ature course, we are studying the
works of Edgar (Allan )Poe and
(James) Fenimore Cooper. Even.
the children in our country read
YOU ASK, in what do we be-
lieve. Once it was easy for people
to answer such a question: "I am
a Christian.' But, of course, for
us there is neither god nor devil.
We believe very much in the
friendly hand, in the happy smile,
in everything worthy and good.
We are confident in our own
strength, in our own future, in the
fact that everything depends upon
us ourselves. We believe in Man.
And we still believe in the pre-
diction of the great Hugo: "Peace
--this is the name of the twenti-
eth century." We know too well
what war is, what horrors, what
grief it brings to nations . .
AND IN WHAT do you believe,
Dan - you and your friends?
Write to us about your university.
We are very interested in the
American educational system. In
short, write in detail about every-
Your letter called forth great
interest among our comrades. (It
was printed in the student news-
paper.) You may also print our
letter in your paper.
Allow us to wish all the best to
you, to your family, to all the stu-
dents of the University of Michi-
gan - to all who value friendship
With fervent greetings,
(NOTE: If any readers of The
Michigan Daily would like to an-
swereTamara and Marina for them-
selves, they are invited to forward
their replies through Dan Slobin,
101 Michigan House, West Quad-
one of Ford's grimaces is worth
at least a giggle and at one of the
films high points the- audience-
a sophisticated Ann Arbor audi-
ence no less-actually burst into
Perhaps it is just relief that the
incredibly long run of "Operation
Petticoat" ended-as the recorded
voice at the State Theatre firmly
put it "positively" ended Probably
it is the fact that "The Gazebo"
is a very funny film - after it
warms up - that accounts for the
animation. of the audience,
By CAROL LEVENTEN
Daily Staff Writer
PRODUCER Tyrone G u t h r i e
echoed local sentiments in a
recent Theatre Arts article, ."On
the Critical List."
"Local professional theatre is
moribund," he declared, and called
the number of provincial theatres
that have closed and disappeared
Guthrie has been worried for
some time about the state of the
American theatre, and is particu-
larly concerned by the fact that
most of its activity is centralized
in the New York City area.
As an antidote, he plans to es-
tablish a national repertory the-
atre in the middle west, creating
a fresh approach outside of the
agent-backer-critic dominated en-
vironment. Ann Arbor is one of
three possible sites.
* * f
THE "FABULOUS Invalid" as
George S. Kaufman described the
theatre, "holds in its hand four
trump cards," which, being i.ore
potent than the negative influ-
ences of mass communications
and public opinion, will keep the
Guthrie points first to the
"whole body of classical drama,
plays written to be produced by
actors playing to a living audi-
ence," only a small portion of
which are ever produced.
"They are national wealth, a
capital asset . . . the theatre is
their sole trustee and principal
Second, the theatre is, he said,
the "sole source of 'custom-made'
drama, made to the measure of a
p a r ti c u 1ar and discriminating
audience.vYou cannot simultane-
ously cover a wide target i".
strike very deep into any of it,"
The theatre, therefore, retns
the unique position of being a
practical vehicle for new ideas,
not having to pay the artistic
prices charged by demands of mass
AUDIENCE participation -
trump card number three: Guthrie
makes a qualitative distinction be-
tween the experiences of seeing a
fabricated performance and at-
tending a live production. The
member of a live audience is re-
sponsible for contributing to the
occasion. A performance just can-
not be both significant and easily
absorbed, Guthrie emphasized.
Unless you make an effort, the
significance passes you by.
Guthrie believes the theatre
will attract that minority pre-
pared to make such an effort and
that this audience, reciprocally,
"will attract the most serious
writers and performers, the people
whose work is too daring, too ori-
ginal - too good for the media of
Most important, only the the-
atre will make difficult enough
demands upon its performers. Ac-
tors, authors and directors will be
dissatisfied with "the comparative
ease with which success can be
won in other areas" and will want
to prove themselves again in
GUTHRIE'S first solution is not
very pertinent to the Ann Arbor
problem. He himself plans to pro-
duce accepted standards and clas-
sics, scattered with modern ori-
ginals, in his repertory theatre.
It is nice to think of Ann Arbor
audinces as "particular and dis-
criminating," accepting only the
best of the "custom-mad, drama"
but it is safe to say that only rare-
ly have they been given the op-
portunity of such a choice. Guth-
rie, if he sets up shop here, could
Only with a new and good com-
pany can local audiences be chal-
lenged into creative participation
and only with a director of Guth-
rie's caliber will the "too daring,
too original, too good" performers
and writers be induced to demon-
strate these qualities on the local
Certainly, existing facilities do
not offer comparably stimulating
effects. Classics produced here are
somehow transformed by local
talent into middling imitations,
Nehru: India's Indispenstble Man
(EDITORt'S NOTE:Iliza Purmialis
is a University student studying a
year at the University of Delhi, un-
der Student Government Council
"sponsorship. In this letter she in-
t er pr e ts Nehru's leadership in
DELHI - No democratic nation
in our present era has been
identified so much with one man
as India has been with its Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Since it gained its independence,
India's policies have been Nehru's
policies; India's goals, Nehru's
goals. So far there has been no
man in the Indian political field
to seriously contest his leadership.
As the Home Minister Pant com-
mented on the occasion of Nehru's
seventieth birthday last month,
"Nehru is like a banyan tree: un-
der his branches many can find
shelter, but nothing can grow in
This figure expresses quite well
the two dominant attitudes to-
ward Nehru in this country. He
has been and is the unifying bond
among the countless factions -
political, communal, religious -
that are found in India. At times
it might even appear that he is
the sole centrifugal force. Thus,
as people look toward the future,
they do so with a sense of anxiety
concerning what will happen
when Nehru will no longer hold
his present post.
"THERE IS just nobody to take
Pandiji's place" is an often-heard
refrain. Largely from this senti-
ment has sprung another attitude
--a worry that other than Nehru
no Indian leader has had a chance
to develop or to gain popular af-
fection and trust.fi Many of the
young people feel that the present
leadership in India is becoming
too aged. It has spent its ideas
and efforts in the drive for inde-
pendence and the immediate con-
struction of the new sttae. Now
new ideas and personalities are
needed - and more dynamism
than can be expected from the
old leaders. The young are getting
impatient with waiting.
This year has been an especial-
ly trying one for Nehru. The poli-
tical unity created by the drive
for independence has been split-
ting up, since it is now twelve
years since that goal was achieved
and the effort is now only a mem-
Nehru's own Congress Party not
oniy has been strained by intern-
al squabbles and heavy outside
criticism but has also suffered an
actual split by the formation of
the Swatantra Party which draws
its membership from the Congress
ranks. Actually it is hard to tell
the real strength of the Swatan-
tra Party. In the summer it re-
ceived much publicity, but at
present not much is heard about
, *4* *
THE improvements that have
been made in India often are not
fully appreciated, since the visible
changes are slow. Yet to an ob-
server from the outside the re-
sults of the ten years of develop-
ment are often remarkable. Visit-
ing Prof. Basham from University
of London, comparing the India
of today with the India he saw
nine years ago said, "In 1951,
there was much hunger and some
starvation; in 1959, there is much
poverty and some hunger."
There are murmurs that Nehru
is getting too old, that he is re-
maining too stubbornly idealistic,
and even whispers that he is too
much under certain "influences."
This latter is most associated with
Defense Minister Krishna Merion
who narrowly missed becoming a
scapegoat in the Indo-Chinese
border crisis and whom Nehru has
Nevertheless, the fact remains
that "Pandiji" still maintains the'
loyalty, respect and affection of
the Indian people. He still is the
men who is caling India forth
from what he has termed "the
cow-dung mentality" to self-re-
spect, self-assurance and a state
of happiness and well-being for
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
P POWER ROBERT JUNKER
al Director City Editor
AES KOZOLL ... .......... Personnel Director
KAATZ...... ,..........Magazine Editor
ON HUTHWAITE ............ Features Editor
IENAGH .....,................. Sports Editor
3 BOW. ........... Associate City Editor
DAWSON .............. Contributing Editor
KATZ ................ Associate Sports Editor
LYON ................ Associate Snorts Editor
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