COMMON WEA LTH LEADERS:
Conference Views Race Proble
MOSCOW (P)-Nkita S. Khru-
shchev sparked -the opening of the
Czechoslovak trade fair yesterday
with a calm, collected speech and
confined fireworks to a demon-
stration of his rifle-shooting skill.
Although noting the 15th anni-
versary of the victory over Ger-
many will be celebrated soon, the
Soviet Premier made no new de-
mands and repeated no old ones
for the conclusion of a peace
treaty and the departure of the
Western allies from West' Berlin.
He emphasized that the Soviet
Union wants economic coopera-
tion with the West but added, "if
the capitalists place obstacles in
the way of such cooperation/ this
would not break us."
Khrushchev claimed Czech in-
dustrial volume had increased
four times over that recorded dur-
ing the country's capitalist years.
He said this came about because
of a planned socialist economy.
Earlier in the day Khrushchev
saw the French ambassador, M.
deJean at the latter's request, but
no details of their conversation
were released. Presumably it con-
cerned the Big Four summit con-
ference opening in Paris May 16.
It appeared that if Khrushchev
is to make an important pre-sum-
mit statement it will be Thurs-
day during the session of the Su-
preme Soviet in the Kremlin.
U.S. Announces Plans
To Fire.Radio Balloon
CAPE CANAVERAL (,')-A bal-
loon communications satellite,
bright as a star and tall as a 10-
story building is scheduled for
launching from this missile test
The satellite is designed to test
the feasibility \of using a system
of satellites for fast, accurate
global communications. The pro-
ject, called Echo, could lead to
worldwide radio, television and
If the 100-foot sphere orbits,
widely separated ground stations
will try to bounce radio signals
and voice messages of f its highly
reflective aluminum surface.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, whichj
doesn't like to release the dates
of space launchings, announced
the Echo date two week: ago to
give volunteer project participants
adequate time for preparation.
These include government agen-
cies, scientific groups and indust-
ries in many parts of the world.
Most ham radio operators do
not have powerful enough equip-
ment to carom signals off the big
sphere, but they will be able to
tune in on signals sent by groups
with adequate equipment.
.The major experiment will be
an attempt to exchange signals'
and messages between Bell Tele-I
phone's Holmdel, N.J., labora-
tories and NSA's jet propulson lab
tracking station at Goldstone,
Goldstone will transmit via the
satellite on 2390 megacycles and
receive on 960 megacycles. Holm-
del will transmit on 960 and re-
ceive on 2390..
The space agency declined to
make public the hour of launch-
ing, but it is timed so the alumi-
num-coated balloon will remain
in continuous sunlight for about
two weeks. This will make visual
The satellite will be aimed at
a circular orbit 1,000 miles above
the earth and a course that will
take it over all sections of the
world between 50 degrees north
and 50 degrees south latitudes.
This includes most of the popu-
lated parts of the earth except
Canada, Alaska and Northern
Spinning across the sky, the big
bag will appear as a zero magni-
tude star, or as bright as Vega.
The launching vehicle will be a
three - stage Thor - Delta rocket.
The balloon will be folded com-
pactly in a 28-inch round mag-
nesium container in the nose of
the rocket. When it reaches the
desired altitude, the balloon will
be ejected and residual air in the
folded sphere wfr cause it to start
to expand in the vacuum of space.
Packets of sublimating powders
will produce a gas to fill out the
Fully inflated, Echo will weigh
about 150 pounds and will be
about as thick as the cellophane
on a cigarette pack. The rigidity
of its Mylar plastic will enable it
to keep its shape despite expected
damage from micrometeorites.
- No Appointments Needed -
City Quiet as Army
Guards Meeting Hall
ISTANBUL (P) - The Western
Big Three pledged to their NATO
partners yesterday they will seek
an all - or - nothing understanding
with the Soviet Union to end the
global cold war at the summit.
No piecemeal settlements would
relax East-West tension, it was
Turkish tanks stood guard at
the far end of the plaza from
the new city hall where the 15
foreign ministers of the NATO
council met and reached these
But only one incident marred
an otherwise quiet day. The city
is under martial law as a result
of student demonstrations de-
manding that Turkish Premier
Adnan -Menderes' government re-
store political freedoms.
Fifty students assembled for an
anti-government parade near Tak-
sim Square in the heart of the
cityi but troops with bayonets
levelled moved in and dispersed
them before they could form
The army was taking no
chances. The troops patrolled the
sereets in threes soon after the
8 p.m. curfew and heavy tanks
rumbled to ancient Dolmabache
Palace where the NATO ministers
were at a banquet.
These were the highlights of
the NATO council session as re-
lated by senior authorities:
United States Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter, British For-
eign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd and
French Foreign Minister Maurice,
Couve de Murville assured their
allies any stopgap deal arranged
by President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower and the summit chiefs on
Berlin will leave Western rights
intact. Otherwise, they promised,
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Kamberley ORANGE SWAZILAND
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CAPE eworceitr East London '
LONDON (M) -- The Common-
wealth prime ministers conference
yesterday ruled out any public
condemnation of South Africa for
its racial segregation policy.
Instead, the leaders of this free
association of nations that once
made up the British Empire de-
cided to discuss the problem in-
formally at a series of private
meetings with South Africa's
foreign minister, Eric Louw.
This formula was worked out at
the opening of the 10-day con-
ference, behind locked doors, after
Louw reminded his colleagues that
South Africa claims the sole re-
sponsibility for its own domestic
"The meeting reaffirmed the
traditional practice that common-
wealth countries do not discuss
internal affairs of member coun-
tries," a communique said later.
Leaders from Britain and 10 of
her former' dependencies are
taking part in the conference.
They represent 700 million people
of various races-a quarter of the
I South Africa's policies loomed
as the greatest issue facing the
meeting after racial violence
broke out there In March.
Demands were made in various
parts of the Commonwealth, and
in some sections of the British
press, for a public condemnation.
of South Africa. Some urged ex-
pulsion of South Africa from the
Commonwealth, an organization
to which South Africa itself is not
particularly warm because of old
hatred of the British.
Prime Minister Abdul Rahman
of the newly independent nation
of Malaya raised the racial prob-
lem at the opening session yester-
day morning. He said discrimina-
tion in South Africa is affecting
its relations with other nations
in the Commonwealth.
Lord Home, Britain's Secretary
of State for CommonwealthRe--
lations, told newsmen the prime
ministers themselves would de-
cide how to conduct their discus-
sions with Louw.
The conference usually is held
in considerable secrecy, and Lord
Home suggested that private con-
versations would be' even more
secret than the full meetings at
No. 10 Downing St., MacMillan's
i~il u 'marw
Triumph For MacMillan
The decision to avoid putting
South Africa in the position of a
defendant is court represented a
triumph for Prime Minister Har-
old MacMillan of Graet Britain
over angry leaders from dark-
skinned nationsinrthe Common-
wealth, particularly Ghana, India
He convinced visiting leaders
more good could be done in in-
formal conversations either singly
o rin pairs with Louw, who is
deputizing for Prime Minister
Hendrik F. Verwoerd, wounded
last month by a white, British-
SOUTH AFRICA-The embattled Afrikaaner nation, scene of
recent and serious racial disturbances, was the principle focus
of attention for the British Commonwealth prime ministers, who
began meetings yesterday in London. At the behest of British
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, they ruled out any public
condemnation of South Africa's racial policies.
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WASHINGTON WP)-The plan
for keeping the people informed
during an attack - and at the
same time confusing the enemy
- got a nationwide workout yes-
For 30 minutes, all television
stations in the nation were black-
ed out and radio stations stopped
their regular broadcasts.
It was in most cities primarily
a training exercise for federal,
state and local officials. Busy mil-
loins were unaware of what was
going on unless they had TV or
radio sets turnedonyor heard the
moaning sirens signal a hypo-
However, New York City's
streets were deserted for 15 min-
utes. Motor vehicles were parked
and millions rushed to shelters.
New York State law requires
everyone to participate in civil
In New York's City Hall Park
26 persons were arrested for re-
fusing to take shelter. Police de-
scribed most of them as "resist-
ers" - conscientious objectors to
war and nuclear tests. But civil
defense officials termed the re-
sponse in the city excellent.
Participation by Federal work-
ers in Washington was most ex-
tensive at the Pentagon and the
state department. Some other de-
partments kept the workers at
their desks during the 15 to 30
minute evacuation exercise,
At the Pentagon, the more than
26,000 employed were herded into
hallway shelters and the two top
floors were cleared of all except
emergency personnel. A few
"token" representatives were flown
by helicopter to various emergency
command posts in Maryland and
The state department reported
that its 4,000 employes tucked
away their secret papers in safes
and got out of the building in
eight minutes-four minutes fast-
er than the record at last year.
Workers at the Treasury Build-
ing had to turn off their electric
lights, coffee pots and typewriters
before going to shelters.
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INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATION
+ Films from Israel
* Israeli art exhibit
* Hanegev Dance Group from Israel
" Ref reshments
" Public invited without charge
FRIDAY, MAY 6, 1960 at 8:00 P.M.
University High School Auditorium
FOR MOTHER'S DAY,
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CHRISTIAN A. HERTER
there will be no deal with Soviet
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev at
the summit meeting in Paris.
Herter, Lloyd and Couve de
Murville stressed they will demand
Russia quit trying to upset gov-
ernments such as those of West
Germany, Greece and Iran-if a
detente really is wanted. "De-
tente" is a French word widely
used by diplomats to mean relax-
ation of tension.
As a sort of slogan the Allies
resolved Russia must be told any
East-West detente must be indi-
ll e irl igttn xit
Second Front Page
Wednesday, May 4, 1960
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I I r)L-J^I:K I IN/ I