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May 04, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-05-04

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"That Hound Is Howling Again"

Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONs
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

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hen Opinions Are Free
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DREW PEARSON
Zhukov Takes Holiday,
Prepares for Summit
MOST SIGNIFICANT, unnoticed development prior to the summit
conference is a quiet "holiday trip" by Yuri Zhukov, Soviet min-
ister of culture, to Washington.
Zhukov flew over from Moscow as the guest of Robert Dowling,
the theatrical producer, who has arranged various exchanges of Ameri-
can-Russian entertainment.
The trip was unofficial and few people knew he was here. What
makes the trip important however is that Soviet Premier Nikita Khru-
shchev seldom makek a move involving the United States without con-

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AY, MAY 4, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP SHERMAN

Rulimg Faces Bias
In Clauses, Attitudes

THE ELIMINATION of unfair criteria for
membership selection in student organi-
zations is a two-sided objective.
First, it preserves the right of each individ-
ual seeking to join an organization to be
judged as an individual. Second, and more
important, the organization is guaranteed the
right to select other members without outside
pressures, and this is equally an individual
right.
These two distinct interpretations of free-
dom can and do conflict even though the
direction and end they work toward is the
same, and no workable approach to the prob-
lem of legislating non-discrimination can fail
to take them both into consideration. They
essentially represent the liberal and conserva-
tive positions on membership criteria, and both
are valid.
IN CONSIDERING a non-discrimination reg-
ulation, Student Government Council has
failed to clarify the all-important point that
they are not working to eliminate discrimina-
tion per se. After all, the fundamental assump-
tion of any student group is discrimination on
some basis, if only that of the degree to which
its members are interested in its purposes. If
anything, the Council is attempting to safe-
guard for the individual his right to discrim-
inate-or be discriminated against-on indi-
vidual bases.
Student Government Council has realized'
that taking out bias clauses does not ensure
non-discrimination. When secret membership
selection prevails in many fraternities it is
not possible to determine on what bases actives
decide whom to bid. Nor would it be desirable
to determine these criteria, since the principle
of non - discrimination reserves privacy of
choice to the individual.
BY TAKING a bias clause out of a fraternity
constitution, one assures that the national
organization cannot commit the local to a
policy local members do not believe in.
It may still choose members on any basis
it wishes, and it is free to discriminate on a
local basis, if elimination of the bias clause is
the end of legislation on the problem. SGC
cannot require each fraternity to pledge a
Negro or Jew to prove its broadmindedness-
as radicals believe it would.
A motion one SGC member originally con-
sidered bringing to the Council would have
required each local chapter of a national or-
ganization to submit a letter twice a year
endorsing a policy statement of non-bias. But,
it was argued, suppose the fraternity submitted

the letter and then discriminated? Could SGC
try them for perjury?
THE CHIEF single value of the non-discrim-
ination motion coming before SGC tonight
for a final vote is, that it is open-ended. It
does not stop where the appearance of bias
is stopped. With the committee of seven estab-
lished to hear evidence-in the absence or,
presence of a bias clause in the fraternity con-
stitution-work on the problem is certain to
continue beyond surface regularity among
constitutions.
The conservative, "educational" approach
and the liberal "legislative" approach to elimi-
nating bias have a common failing. Both seek
to change an atavistic, untenable attitude and
neither provides a means for gaining any more
insight into it. Understanding of the delicate
nature of the problem shows a necessity for
investigation, consideration and constructive
handling of individual cases as they come up.
STUDENT Government Council has grown up
a great deal since they tried to set precedent
by legislating Sigma Kappa out of existence. A
workable, feasible plan for handling such cases
is set up in the continuing committee composed
of faculty, administration and students; if the
Council acts responsibly in finding the best of
all possible membership for this committee, its
recommendations will be trusted.
The Council will not stand alone in deciding
whether an organization has violated recog-
nition standards, and these standards will be
clearer than they have ever been.
The new regulation will require non-discrim-
ination in all recognized student organizations
-not merely those recognized in the last
decade-and the committee will be implement-
ing a policy that applies to all.
T HE COUNCIL will further not stand alone
in deciding whether any given organization
violates the standards of the regulation. Be-
sides the committee recommendation, a con-
sidered evaluation of more evidence than the
Council could possibly accumulate, there is the
indirect support implicit in the Regents' No-
vember Bylaw, which the proposed regulation
implements.
The Council's work thus far on the non-
discrimination motion has been realistic, re-
sponsible and far-reaching. If the motion is
passed tonight, every member of the Council
will have reason to respect and support the
decision as exemplary of the kind of work a
student government can and should do.
-JEAN SPENCER

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MENTAL MALNUTRITION:
Mass Media Corrode Youth

suiting Zhukov. When he toured
the USA last September, Zhukov
was his shadow
So it's believed Zhukov came
here to put together some final
reports for Mr. K. before the sum-
mit.
WHILE IN WASHINGTON
Zhukov dropped in to see ;U.S.
information chief George Allen,
complained that the Voice of
America was violating the spirit
of Camp David which forbids
U.S -USSR blasts at each other.
Because of the Camp David spirit,
Moscow has quit jamming the
Voice of America.
"I hope," hinted Zhukov, "that
we can continue that way." -
Zhukov also discussed plans for
the United States to send three
exhibits to Moscow this summer
on plastics, transportation, and
medicine. Russia in turn will send
three exhibits to the United States
on health of the people, children's
art, and children's books.
AT 923 Eleventh Street in Wash-
ington there is an office
flaunting a large banner "Morse
for President". It's the headquar-
ters of the hardest working, hard-
est hitting member of the Senate,
Wayne Morse of Oregan, in his
bid yesterday for District of Co-
lumbia delegates for President.
The amazing thing about
Morse's campaign for delegates in.
the District of, Columbia is the
fact that a senator from distant
Oregon would have the courage to
stake his popularity in a primary
campaign in blase, usually bored
Washington.
* * *
THIS, HOWEVER, is one of the.
things you have to understand
about Wayne Morse. He will rush
into battles where angels fear to
tread. There is no senate fight
too tough, too discouraging, or too
hopeless for Morse. If he 'thinks
he's right, he'll do battle.
The fighting he has done for
the District of Columbia has paid
no dividends as far as Oregon
voters are concerned. As punish-
ment for opposing Eisenhower
when Morse was a Republican, he
was relegated to the Senate siber-
ia-the D.C. committee. Most sen-
ators get off soon as possible. But
Morse stayed on-and worked. He
has become an expert on the Dist-
rict of Columbia-its slums, its
courts, its policemen, its water,
its Potomac River pollution.
So yesterday he ran for Presi-
dential delegates in the District .
to see whether his work will pay
off.
MORE THAN ONE Republican
is moaning privately over
Ike's refusal to reappoint William
Connole of Connecticut, champion
of the consumer, to the Federal
Power Commission.
Only a short time ago Vice-
President Richard Nixon began
planning with Connecticut Re-
publicans on strategy to recapture
the state. He wanted to draft the
best possible candidates to run
for Congress, to thus counter-act
the Democratic sweep which at
the last election found only one
Republican left - Sen. Prescott
Bush.
But now the state of Connecti-
cut, a heavy consumer, is up in
arms over the White House re-
buff to Commissioner Connole
who tried to keep gas prices down
and is getting fired for doing so.
(Copyright 1960, by the Bell Syndicate)

Vengeance Done

INTERPRETING:
U.S. Po licy
Misse'sIo(t
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst

A

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following statement by
Caryl Chessman originally was made in 1955, when
his execution seemed imminent. It was prepared
during a series of interviews at San Quentin Pris-
on, where the convict-author was finally executed.
Monday. Last January, Chessman and Managing
Editor George Flowers of the Long Beach Inde-
pendent revised the statement slightly, to conform
with the evisting situation. The Independent
published the copyrighted story Monday.)
LONG BEACH (A) - These words are not
intended to be published unless the state of
California has finally taken its vengeance upon
me.
That, you see, is Just what capital punish-
ment is.
Now that the state has had its vengeance, I
should like to ask the world to consider what
has been gained.
I know that there are many who say that
the presence of Caryl Chessman upon this
earth is a menace to society. But Society has
had many other opportunities to keep Caryl
Chessman from its midst. In fact, for nearly
12 ,years, it was able to keep this poor human,
Caryl Chessman, from intruding upon anyone's
property or privacy.
Capital punishment, it is said, is applicable
to those who cannot be rehabilitated. Yet the
Caryl Chessman who came to Death Row so
long ago, and the Caryl Chessman who was
poisoned by gas fumes, were quite different
persons.
I FEEL that I had a useful life ahead of me,
had the state been interested in justice,
instead of vengeance. Perhaps my books were
not masterpieces of literature, but they were
readable and printable, and possibly offered
some contribution to human thought. There
might have been more and better books.
Editorial Staff
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
PHILIP POWERROBERT JUNKER
Editorial Director City Editor
JIM B"NAGH......................,!Sports Editor
PETER DAWSON ............ Associate City Editor
CHARLES KOZOLL .............. trrsonnel Director
JOAN KAATZ .......... Magazine Editor
BARTON HUTHWAITU .. Associate Editorial Director
FRED KATZ ................ Associate Sports Editor

You have asked me if I am sorry, and I tell
you I am. I am sorry for a childhood that was
wasted. It seems irony that most of my child-
hood was spent in institutions that were de-
signed to correct my ways and mend my
manners. They failed to do that and, I am
sorry.
I failed to respond to that treatment. Yet it
seems to me that someone could have pene-
trated to me, someone could have reached me
when I was only a perplexed and befuddled
boy.
That is the time to stop crime, to rehabili-
tate. Boys can be reached and changed, and
that is a job society must accomplish.
Now I am gone. Whatever use I might have
been to society is canceled by an act of
vengeance.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT is not a penalty.
Many times, in these last few years, I have
realized it might be a blessing to end this tor-
mented struggle and this inhuman harassment.
I have seen the poor, the friendless, the
mentally ill, led to the chamber of execution.
I have felt that society has each time, shirked
its responsibility. These were the mistakes of
civilization. Instead of correcting mistakes, so-
ciety erases them. Out of sight, out of mind.
You ask me if I have a confession to make.
I have not. In my lifetime I was guilty of
many crimes, but not these for which my life
was taken. You ask me about a future life. I
believe there is none. Caryl Chessman has gone
to oblivion, so that society can forget one sorry
lifetime.
New Books at the Library
Wilson, Tuzo J. - One Chinese Moon; N.Y.,
Hill & Wang, 1959.
Catton, Bruce-Grant Moves South; Boston,
Little, Brown & Co., 1960.
Eden, Anthony-Full Circle: The Memoirs of
Anthony Eden; Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co.,
1960.
Epstein, Seymour - Pillar of Salt; NY,
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1960.
Ewen, David-The' World of Jerome Kern;
NY, Henry Holt & Co., 1960
Frank, Martin M.-Diary of a D.A.; NY,
Henry Holt & Co., 1960.
Furnas, J. C.-The Road to Harpers Ferry;

By MICHAEL OLINICK
Daily Staff Writer
TO ALLAN KELLER, assistant
city editor of the New York
World-Telegram and Sun, the
Soviet Union poses a very real
and frightening menace to our
future generations.
"After having heard Khrushchev
and Mikoyan outlining their plans,
I know that if they get their way,
my grandchildren will have to
wear Russian dog collars," he
predicted to high school represen-
tatives at the University-sponsored
Michigan Interscholastic Press As-
sociation Conference.
Of course, this is a frightening
conjecture, and it is meant to be
that way. The effect of this image
is, moreover, multiplied court-
lessly when we view the irony of
our own precipitation of this fate.
Keller sees that his comrades in
journalism, radio, television,
movies, and book publishing are
aiding the Russian quest for domi-
nation by softening our mental
arsenals.
* * *
"WE IN THE FIELD of mass
communication are helping to tan
the leather and fashion the buc-
kles for those dog collars when
we use television to carry nothing
but gunshots and hoofbeats into
80 million homes, when we turn
out books on beatnik philosophy
and newspapers devoted to little
more than gang wars, divorce
trials, and certain dimensions of
Hollywood starlets.
"Never say there are no more
frontiers as long as greedy pub-
lishers fill the racks with filth and
obscene magazines that corrode
and eat the moral fiber of our
young people."
The nation's youth, teenagers
so vulnerable because their opin-
ions are yet unformed and so
potentially strong because of their
numbers, health, and standard of
living, are barraged constantly
with a stream of pulpy tripe de-
signed to sell a particular pro-
duct: and that product is seldom
educational stimulus to the in-
tellect.
* * *
MASS MEDIA have been nan-
dIed in such a crass, materialistic,
selfish manner that instructioaal
communication has degenerated
to a point which Keller rightly
calls "mass nalnutrition of the
mind."
The main fare of the nation's
most powerful means of communi-
cation, television and the daily
newspapers, is pre-digested, un-
imaginative material which may
entertain, amuse, and delight the
audience, but never stimulate,
provoke, or educate.
Instead of a "velvet knife"
which penetrates the mind and
encourages, even through irrita-
tion, thoughtful analyses, the vari-
ous media point out a soft, com-
forting froth of cushioning buffers
between the mind and the world.
* *' *
WHILE IT IS certainly true that
this esca~rintion cannot iteveryna

tor who suggests that certain
topics may be studied from avail-
able college texts or "If you look
back a few years, in high school
books."
It is seen in residence halls
where students stage destructive
demonstrations and riots about
the selection of a television west-
ern over a hockey game or about
a pair of creased trousers, but are
aware of undergraduate attempts
to erase the stigmas of discrimi-
nation and who sit idly by when
an organ of their opinions and
ideas is removed from campus.
IT IS SEEN in the mere audi-
ence of seven who went to discuss
with one of our leading scholars
the nature and effect of Foreign
Policy on Europeans, contrasted
to the numbers who overflow a
room to hear James R. Hoffa, a
union leader who has wrought un-

told damage to labor's position in
this country.
It can be seen almost every-
where you look, in the classrooms,
homes, and working places you
visit. Most times you don't even
have to look-the intellectual de-
generation will come right up to
you and display its ignorant and
self-satisfied face.
The control of mass malnutri-
tion rests in the hands of men
who could, if they forsook the
lure of a few dollars, cultivate the
full potential of our communica-
tion media and make them instru-
ments for directing man's thought
to a better and more rewarding
future.
If they refuse to do this, and
we idly acquiece in their actions,
maybe we deserve the fate of that
dog collar. Even that's more hon-
est than the shackles of an ado-
lescent communication world.

ONE WEAKNESS of the United
States In negotiations at the
summit is its lack of maneuver-
ability.
A recent statement by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower suggests
that perhaps the United States
has been missing the boat at top-
level big-power meetings.
The President's idea that Vice-
President Richard M. Nixon might
in some circumstances sit in for
him at the summit .has opened
this line of speculation.
If both Nixon and a ranking
Democrat had been sitting in, for
example, on the Khrushchev-
Eisenhower talks last September,
or had been assigned to the Paris
summit meeting opening May 16,
considerable weight might have
been added to American positions
and proposals.
** *
FOR EXAMPLE, there might be
more force behind the President's
offer of a 'moratorium on nuclear
tests. Eisenhower, as he pointed
out, could not commit his tuc-
cessor to the moratorium, and
that meant a cessation only until
the end of this year. Khrushchev
thus could say this was not enough,
-too short a period for such a
pledge.
Had plans been made for the
presence of both Nixon and a
top-ranking Democrat at the sum-
mit, however, it would suggest
that any commitments made by
the United States would be hon-
ored after Eisenhower's retire-
ment.
A suggestion of continuity in
United States diplomacy could
provide more room for American
and Western maneuvering. Given
the suggestion of continuity in
such bargaining, the United States
might be in a much better posi-
tion to challenge the Communists,
whose own continuity in power
seems to be assured for a long
DAILY
OFFICIAL
The Daily official Bulletin is
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi
torial responsibility. Notices should
be set in TYPEWRITrzN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily lue at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, MAY,3. 1960
VOL. LXX, No. 158
General Notices
Change in date of May Regents' Meet-
ing: The date of the May meeting of
the Regents has been changed from
May 26, 27 and 28 to May 20. Co-
rnunications for consideration atthis
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than May 10.
There has been a change of date for
the sociology Department's Faculty-
PhD., M.A. student meeting, originally
set for May 6. The new date is now
Fri., May 20, in the west Conference
Room, Rackham Building, 3:0-5:00 p.m.
University of Michigan Graduate
Screening Examinations inFrench and
German: All graduate students desiring
to fulfill their foreign language re-
quirement by passing the written ex-
amination given by Prof. Lewis (for-
Imerly given by Prof. Hootkins) must
first pass an objective screening exam-
ination. The objective examinations
will be given four times each semester
(i.e., September, October, November.
December, February, March, April, and
May) and once during the Summer
Session, in July. Students who fal the
objective examination may repeat it,
but not at consecutive administrations
of the test (e.g., September and Octob-
er) except when "the, two administra-
tions are separated by more than 3.
days (e.g., December and February).
"There will be one more administra-
tion of the objective examination in
French and German during this sem-
ester. It will be on Fri., May 6, in Aud.
C, at 3:00 p.m. until 5:00 p.m. within
48 hours after the examination the
names of students who have passed
will be posted on the Bulletin Board
-outside the office of Prof. Lewis,' the

Examiner in Foreign 'Languages, Room
3028 Rackham Building. Students de-
siringv to fulfill the Graduate School's
requirement in French and German are
alerted to an aternatenpath.A glade
of B or better in French, 12 and Ger-
man 12 will satisfy the foreign language
requirement. A grade of B or better in
French 11 and German 11 is the equiv-
alent of having passed the objective
screening examination.
Persons who are interested in usher-
ing for the e e cummings Lecture in
H111 Aud. Mon., May 9 will find a list
for you to sign, at the Undergraduate

I

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Reader Suggests New.
Disciplinary A ction

To the Editor:
I WAS alarmed by your front
page editorial concerned with
the dismissal of two students in-
volved in the most recent demon-
stration, in particular, your criti-
cism of Dean Rea.
This kind of rash action on your
part, by focusing attention on the
machinations of the administra-
tion, has a deleterious effect on
the administrators' morale and on
the good order of the student
body. Certainly such an idealistic
and ill-advised protest indicates
your lack of maturity and your
unworldliness.
I suggest that in the future you
,show more enthusiasm and sup-
port for administration policies
and actions since they are de-
signed to help students avoid the
pains usually associated with
growing up. You might start by
devoting an entire issue of The
Daily to the subject of 3tudent
order with suggestions for its
maintenance and improvement.
And I would like to '.ontribute
a suggestion of my own. That is,
the administration might have less
trouble with, student discipline if
they made it part of the entrance
requirement that all incoming
male freshmen be eunuchs.
.-Gregory W. Dexter, '62
Need Out-of-Staters ...
To the Editors:- '
WOULD like to express my
support as a faculty member
for your editorial on the im-
portance of maintaining the tra-
ditional ratio of one-third out-of-
state students in University ad-
missinns nnlirv.

to weaken the University's com-
petitive position in attracting and
holding outstanding teachers.
In the next few years, the threat
to the cosmopolitan nature of the
University will be great. It is vital
to. the future of the University
that this threat be resisted vigor-
ously.
-Prof. Robert 0. Blood, Jr.

a 11

Senior Blues

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