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April 30, 1960 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-30

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rof. Dulles Discusses Foreign Policy

hough the majority of the
ated young Europeans are ex-
eIy friendly toward the United
es, they feel that our foreign
y is too naively idealistic, Prof.
er Rhea Dulles of Ohio State
ersity told an Honors Council
iar on American foreign pol-
'esterday afternoon.
of. Dulles discussed the prob-
last January when he attended
minar of American studies in
berg, Germany.
ie Europeans with whom Prof.
es spoke admire our idealism,
'eel that our position of lead-
ip in the free world requires a
realistic approach to inter-
onal problems.
Europeans Uneasy
lile John U osterDulles was
etary of State, Europeans were
sy about his tactics, although
approved our basic foreign
y of resistance to Russian at-
pts at expansion.
ow, although they approve of
diplomacy of the Eisenhower
inistration, Prof. Dulles said,
fear we are too anxious to
ase the Russians and too will-
to back down once we have
n a stand.
of. Dulles believes there is no
ediate solution to such prob-
as the reunification of Ger-
y and the Arab-Israeli con-
. Nevertheless, we should
t upon preservation of the sta-
quo, and not abandon our posi-

tions in the face of the Russian
Major Hindrance
The major hindrance to progress
on disarmament, Prof. Dulles said,
is that each side still wants to be
certain of maintaining its su-
periority. In addition, we can
never be certain that the Russians
would not carry out underground
nuclear tests, even if they agreed
to halt them.'
Prof. Dulles and Prof: Robert C.
Angell agree, however, that such
an agreement would be well worth
the risk it entails.
"The Russians are as anxious
to disarm as we are," Prof. Dulles
The Communists are now devot-
ing their greatest efforts to build-
ing up the Russian economy and
not to an all-out arms race, he
Territorial Gains
Since 1945, the Communists
have made no territorial gains
through overt aggression, Prof.
Dulles said. "And I do not believe
they would initiate a situation like
Korea again."
Prof. Dulles stressed the im-
portance of American aid to the
underdeveloped nations of Asia
and Africa. He considers it neces-
sary to aid as many of these coun-
tries as possible in exploiting their
natural resources and developing
industrial economies.
Prof. Dulles favors a sort of
Marshall Plan' for the underde-

t 1a


DIAL NO 2-6264



C i
Possibly the very f inest documentary
motion picture ever made !

. .. idealism vs. realism
veloped nations. He believes Eisen-
hower should strongly urge the
European powers to join us in
sponsoring such a plan.
"America's difficulties with Rus-
sia are on two levels," he said, "the'
struggle for power and the ideal-9
istic conflict."
The idealistic conflict is not as
great as it once was. The western
powers are beginning to recognize
the merits of some socialistic re-
forms, and Russia has relaxed'
somewhat in her efforts toward
Marxist world domination.
Plan Conest
For Writers
A new writing contest for col-
lege students, which will include
all forms of literary work, has been
recently announced by Grove
Press, Inc.
The prize for the contest, to con-
sist of a cash prize of $500 dollars
and publication of the work in!
"New Campus Writing, Number
Four," will be known as The Ever-
green Award.
The contest is open to any col-
lege student in the world. It opens'
Monday and will close on Sept. 30.
Manuscripts submitted to the
contest should be in English, type-
written, double - spaced and on
eight - and - one - half by 11 inch
white paper. Entrants must submit
proof that they are enrolled in a
college or university.
Entries should be sent to: Edi-
tors, New Campus Writing, An-
tioch College, Yellow Springs,
Ohio. They will not 'be returned
unless accompanied -by stamped,
addressed envelopes.
Honorable mentions will be
awarded to all stories selected to
be published.

Values, Roles.
"Providence has given man no
better weapon with which to fight
ignorance, self-satisfaction and
national blindness than the power
of the written word," Prof. Allan
Keller told more than 1,500 stu-
dent journalists yesterday.
Prof. Keller, assistant city edi-
tor of the New York World-Tele-
gram and Sun, stressed the influ-
ence and requirements of a quali-
fied newspaperman in his speech
before representatives to the 33rd
Michigan Interscholastic Press
Association Convention.
High school newspapers and
yearbook staff members from all
parts of the state listened to his
views of "The Power and the
Glory of the Written Word."
Writing Effective
Prof. Keller, who is also an
Adjunct Professor of Journalism
at Columbia University, said the
written word had more effect and
inner pride than most people
would credit it.
"In the hands of a mature
newspaperman the written word
is many things-a sort of gospel,
a social force, a weapon against
evil, a toxic spray to knock down
the petty nuisances that beset
modern life, and a flaming torch
to lead the way to a better world,"
he said.
"I have seen politicians tremble,
judges collapse, crooked officials
weep and underworld leaders
grovel because a newspaper and
a few newspapermen used the
written word to expose their in-
Need Of Coherence
He went on to emphasize the
necessity for coherent style, as
well as the clear thinking a news-
paperman needs. "In his hands
a virile verb, a colorful adjective
or a cogent phrase can tear away
the veil of ignorance.
"It is not enough to have a
great idea. It must be understood
by all, or democracy becomes an
empty mockery."
Not only should the newspaper-
man relate the events he has seen,
but he also ought to evaluate and
interpret the events through his
wisdom, Keller told his audience.
"The newspaperman must look
at the life inside, his own inward
nature, so that he can help direct
the nation's thinking to a still
better life, which may not be dir-
ectly concerned with material
For this reason, Keller looks
for new reporters with an accurate
sense of judgement. "What I like
to see in young minds is an
ability to weigh and measure and
to wonder about what is good."

"Housing in northern cities is;
the key to intergroup relations,"
said panelist Prof. Mel Ravitz of
the Wayne State University soci-1
ology department yesterday at the!
Human Rights in the North Con-
Speaking on the panel "Changei
and the Community Structure,"1
Prof. Ravitz, member of the De-
troit City Planning Commission,
poited out that housing "sets the;
pattern -for segregated education,
recreation and social contact."
He noted the trend in major1
cities, citing Detroit as an ex-
ample, of social class factors caus-
ing both upperclass whites and
Negroes to leave the central citya
for the suburbs.
Residential Areas
The older residential areas,
Prof. Ravitz explained, are being
settled by the influx of lower class
southern Negroes bringing with
them lower class ways - dress,
speech and attitudes. The middle
class Negro will attempt to escape
from the lower class pressures
in the center of the city, he added,
introducing a series of one to three.
family invasions of previously all
white middle class neighborhoods.
"Incidents, tension, and possibly
violence will result,' he warned,
and advocated legislative and ed-
ucational means to deal with the
problem. He stressed the need for
a committee, similar to the Metro-
politan Detroit Citizen's, Com-
mittee for an Open Housing Mar-
ket, to coordinate the efforts of
"goodwill" people.
Such a committee would not
replace such groups as the NAACP
or church organizations involved,
but serves as a "imaster strategy
planner," Ravitz pointed out.
Panelist Morris Milgram, presi-
dent of Modern Community De-
velopers, said "it's an unwritten
law ih the United States that all
new housing is for whites only,
and even that all decent housing
is for whites only." Milgram builds
integrated housing units.
Milgram stressed the impor-
tance of social action as opposed
to "tea, touch, and talk," or mere
association with the Negro.
Effect Legislation
He noted that it is often a
weakness of social action groups
to attempt to effect legislation to
the neglect of more direct social

Eleanor P. Wolf of the Merrill-
Palmer Schools sociology depart-
ment, countered with the attitude
,of avoiding racial conflict by re-
marking that "the most peaceful
place in the world is a graveyard."
She said conflict is often the only
way to right a wrong. Although
she would avoid conflict whenever
it is necessary, she indicated on
the positive side that it often
dramatizes situation, clarifies is-
sues, strengthens group solidarity
and makes people question their
individual stand carefully.
She indicated that students can
be effective in the fight for human
rights because of their unique
position free from professional or
vested interest involvement. They
also have an academic background
which, she said, is respected by
the leadership groups of society.
Civil Rights
In a second panel on "The Poli-
tics of Change," Michael Harring-
ton said that the civil rights
movement is important because it
is a force for realignment in the
Harrington, a writer and mem-
ber of the research staff of the
Fund for the Republic, partici-
pated in the panel with John
Field, former Michigan FEPC di-
recotr and legislative assistant to
Senator Philip A. Hart. The panel
was part of the Conference on
Human Rights in the North being
held on campus this weekend.
"The civil rights struggle and
the growth of an organized elec-
torate in the South will transform
political parties," Harrington said.
Increase Defection
The practical tendency of the
"yoking of liberalism and reac-
tion" in the Democratic party, he
said, will be to increase defection
among Negro voters.
"The Negro is faced with an
impossible choice," he said. "Ob-
vious logic leads to political re-
alignment - the creation of a
party of liberalism, North and
This realignment cannot be nar-
row, simply on the issue of civil
rights, he said, but involves "a
host of social issues," such as
housing and a minimum wage.
Democratic Party
If the Democratic party splits,
the South would then become a
"frustrated third party," he said,
or could ally with the Republicans.
The defection will not be from
the Democrats to the Republicans,
Field maintained, but there will

Ravitz Views Northern Housing
As Key to Intergroup Relations

's1,6LEOPoL M

be a defection. "The Negroes will
sit on their hands rather than try
to make a choice between the
parties," he said.
Northern liberals, both Demo-
crats and Republicans, will gain
growing _ allegiance from civil
rightists, he said, "but they do not
represent national party thinking
in either instance. There is no
national party thinking on civils
Field thinks that the movement
will develop independently of poli-
tical parties, although "ultimately
it must take on expression in the
form of party activity." This does
not mean, he said, a "loss of iden-
tity as a faction or movement. But
It must develop a broader base."
It had become not so much a
civil rights as a Negro movement,
Field said. We are now witnessing
the "revitalization of what can
honestly be described as a civil
rights movement."'
Realignment will not come in
the sixties, Field predicted, and
he is not sure that, when it comes,
another party will develop. "We
may cbme up with a new party
under an old name," he said, "pos-
sibly based on labor, Negro and
farm support."


5 r'

LSA Group
For Debate
The literary college steering
committee furthered plans for its
upcoming conference on compre-
hensive exams, opened petitioning
for next year's positions, and
elected new officers Thursday.
The student committee set
the, multi-purpose room of the
Undergraduate Library as the lo-
cation of the May 12 discussion
on institution of senior year
The nature and necessity of
these tests will be debated by a
student-faculty panel after which
audience response will be highly
encouraged, James H. Robertson,
associate dean of the literary col-
lege said.
Student panelists have alrea~y
been named. Gretchen Bergie, '60,
will argue for the initiation of the
tests and James Seder, '61, will
take the opposing view.
Petitioning for next year's steer-
ing committee will begin im-
mediately, the committee decided.
Forms are available in Robertson's
office and must be returned by
May 13. Interviews will be held
that weekend.
The committee elected Seder
chairman for next year and Joan
Keck, '61, was returned to her
post of secretary.
The committee discussed the
possibilities of reestablishing a
s t u d e n t counseling plan with
Michael Turoff, '61, administrative
vice-president of the Union. Tur-
off handled a similar project for
the Union last spring.

Bike Sticker
Duein ,June
All bicycles on campus will have
to have current licenses after
Commencement, according to Vice
President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis.
Bicycles not licensed will be
subject to impoundment anytime,
anywhere. "This same policy per-
tains throughout the city so far as
the police are concerned," Lewis
Current licenses are those with
a Sept. 1960 expiration date. Sum-
mer students intending to have
bicycles will also have to comply
with this rule.
Stolen Bikes
"The large number of stolen
bikes which we have been able to
return to the proper owners, dur-
ing the relatively short history of
the Bicycle Control Program, leads
us to only one conclusion: we've
got to emphasize proper registra
tion throughout the city and on
the campus.
"An unlicensed or expired li-
censed bicycle is an open invita-
tion to the thief. Under these cir-
cumstances an owner who sees
someone riding around on his bi-
cycle can not do a thing, unless he
has the serial number written
down somewhere."
Lewis feels this new rule will
make it possible to clean out the
racks of abandoned and stolen
bicycles which clutter parking
facilities, and increase the haz-
ards of safety in sidewalks and
around entrances and exits of
Found At Dorms
By way of illustration, Lewis
said, many of the men's stolen bi-
cycles were picked up at girls'
residence halls, indicating that
men had taken the bicycles and
abandoned them after picking up
their dates.
Chain locks are alsoa hazard.
These locks are relatively easy
to unlock and many students set
the lock for only one number, thus
making it even easier to undo
"In fact, the junior high school
students used to have a game in
which each boy would go down a
row of bicycles and see who could
undo the most locks in the short-
est time."
The bicycle control program has
impounded approximately 800 bi-
cycles since initiation of the pres-
ent program. Of these 455 were
returned after payment of a three
dollar fee and 35 were returned
. without charge.
Of the 490 bicycles returned, 80
were stolen-in fact, a few own-
ers said they had not seen their
bikes for, more than two years.
at 2 P.M.
Entertainment Nightly

SGC Approves Reorganization,
Of Administrative Structure

. I

- _ _

Reorganization of the Student
Government Council administra-
tive wing was approved by the
Council at its meeting Wednesday.
Administrative Vice - President
James Hadley, '61, said that under
the new plan the administrative
wing will have a more direct rela-
tionship with the Council proper
and will be able to involve itself
with a wider range of areas in the
University community.
The new administrative system
will consist of five committees:
education and student welfare,
student activities, recognition,
calendaring and elections.
Explain Scope
The education and student wel-
p ------

fare, and student activities com-
mittees will handle most areas of
campus affairs. The recognition
committee is concerned with giv-
ing status to student groups.
Calendaring of student activities
was separated into a single com-
mittee so that less time would need
to be spent on scheduling during
the regular Council meetings.
The former national and inter-
national , affairs committee has
been disbanded and many of their
responsibilities turned over to the
International Coordinating Board.
The committees meet individ-
ually to consider programs in their
respective areas. Prior to the
Council meeting, chairmen of the
committees meet as a cabinet to
formulate the recommendations
which will be brought up on the
Council floor.


".<., 5::
, 4

In cooperati
1960 Conferer
man Rights S
ma Guild is p
program of fil
P.M. Sunday a
ture Auditoriu
sion is free. T
be shown are t
and trial sc
Fritz Lang's
FURY and bo
Edward Mur
ture-length do

on with the ra Appoint Chairmen
nce for Hu- The first step in putting the
.G.C. Cine- newlyorganized wing into opera-
tion, Hadley said, is to appoint
resenting a chairmen of the various commit-
ms at 4:00 tees.
at Architec- Contrary to former policy, Coun-
cil members may chair commit-
im. Admis- tees, giving even more continuity
he films to to programs.
he lynching The chairmen appointed now
will work throughout the summer
enes from becoming oriented to the work of
1937 film their group. A complete recruit-
th parts of ment program and public relations
drive will take place in the fall to
row's fez- staff the committees. Freshmen
>cumentary, will be eligible, and letters will be
M AFRICA. sent to them this summer regard-
ing the Council and explaining the
committee work.

DIAL Continuo
10 8-6416 iToday
From 1 P
"Never lets up in its tension.
Distinctively Bergman!"




NO 5-6290

It's an Important month for you,...and for IBM

OT TO BE MISSED"-Herald-Tribune

at 7:00 and 9:00


June may mark the start of a career of- rapid

See your Piacement officer for more information.



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