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April 23, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-23

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Chain of Command

Seventieth Year


Opinions Are Free
h Will PrevaU"

/. i, ,4
:I . .

Berlin May Cause
sum mitStalemate
Associated Press News Analyst

Editorials printed in T he Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

rRDAY, APRIL 23, 1960


THE UNITED STATES is continuing to whittle down the area of
negotiation over Berlin when the chiefs of state ,meet in Paris'next
The position that the status of West Berlin can be solved only in
connection with reunification of Germany has been reaffirmed.
There is little room for doubt that Germany will be reunified.
Porspects that it will come any time soon are nil.
After their recent Washington conference, the Western foreign
ministers announced they were in complete agreement on the stand they

Essential or Extraneous?

Con ...

I - . L -


° _
- _ ._

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The literary college steer-
g committee has brought up the question of
ssibly instituting senior year comprehensive
aminations at the University. The necessity and
ture of these examinations, which are an attempt
demonstrate a student's grasp of his general
ea of specialization, will be the subject of a stu-
:nt-faculty discussion in May.)
ECHNOLOGICAL advances in the past sixty
years have produced the most startling in-
ment of knowledge in man's history. In-
ectual foresight in the use of this knowledge,
item which we call wisdom, has achieved
le progress in this same period of time. A
versity, such as this one, which holds the
I of instilling both knowledge and wisdom
.ts students, is faced with the critical prob-
of educating for the latter.
'robably the first requisite for wisdom is pro-
tion, the capacity to take account of all the
ortant factors in a problem and to attachr
ach its due weight.
THE PRESENT academic process of the
Literary College a student selects a major
the end of his sophomore year and pursues it
taking 10 or 12 usually unrelated courses.
1e has fairly good study habits, he will pick
enough knowledge in a semester to write a
sable final after which he will most likely.
get about that particular subject and con-
trate on another one.
rot once in the four years he is at the Uni-
sity will he be asked about the unity and
tions underlying the relatively broad field
is supposedly studying.
PROPOSED REMEDY for this situation is a
senior year comprehensive examination.
'r the University, the exams would provide
Leasure of an ability which is more important
n any other once he has left the campus:
w well can he visualize the continuity and
errelationships between fragments of knowl-
e and apply them for a common benefit?
'or the student, the exams will provide an
mtive, clearly lacking now, to supplement
regular course work with an essential
ughtful attempt to gain emancipation from
here and the now of fleeting knowledge. He
I then be able to draw together the concepts
i conclusions of a dozen courses and form
inified concept and philosophy of a broad

THE PLAN for comprehensive examinations
for the whole literary college is revolution-
ary, progressive and totally unsuited to the
University community.
Comprehensives are less examinations than
experiences, experiences calculated to bring all
the tag ends of information and ideas of six-
teen years of education together into a semi-
uniform whole. Because of this, comprehensives
have an amorphous quality, a subtle- value
which has to be fully appreciated by the stu-
dent who takes it in order to give full benefit.
This value is not readily understood; it is a
quality which has to be a part of education,
trained into the student by years of classes,
discussions and readings in a small intensely
communicative group, led by teachers who know
and value the comprehensive ideal.
THE UNIVERSITY prides itself on its diver-
sity: of subjects, of students, of teachers.
But diversity cannot bring cohesion, and tends
to limit the kind of mutual interchange re-
quired for the understanding of the idea behind
comprehensives. How would the teacher com-
municate to the student who has been trained
in the tradition of specific hour exams and
objective consideration, that he has to take
an entirely different attitude towards the com-
prehensive exam? How are any of us going to
be able to change our attitudes that rapidly?
It would be something to cram for and then
to forget, like the average hour exam. If it
determined whether or not you got your degree,
it would be something to panic over, if not, it
would be something to ignore. But in any case
it would not be anything even vaguely re-
sembling the real purpose of comprehensives.
HE ONLY PLACE in the literary college
where comprehensives can be used with
effect is in the various honors programs, which
fulfill the requirements of a comprehensive
situation. The honors groups are small, fairly
cohesive and highly articulate. They work
closely enough with teachers and tutors in a
comprehensive directed manner from the be-
ginning of their junior year. Comprehensives
in the literary college are limited to the groups
which they should cover, and to the type of
education to which they are suited. Spreading
them further will spread them too thin for
effect or for proper implementation.

_ .,. -
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would take on this issue. at the
Now Under Secretary of State
Dillon has restated the equation
of Berlin to reunification.
The . possibility of an interim
compromise is mentioned again.
THE ALLIES said at Geneva
they would consider a reduction
in West Berlin occupation forces,
with steps against espionage and
propaganda originating there.
Whether the Allies will even
stick to this offer at Paris is a
question now.
Dillon mazes it clear that the
United States considers the In-
solubility of the issues at this
point as leading to a decision be-
tween peace and war.
* * *
THE ISSUE faced by the West,
after failure of settlement on.Ber-
lin, will be what to do if Khrush-
chev carries out his threat to
assign East Germany complete
sovereignty over communications
between West Germany and Ber-
Such an act would yield him
small profit, producing a theoreti-
cal rather than a factual change
if the Allies stand firm, and would
once more hold the Soviet Union
up before the world as a unilateral
welsher on international agree-





Au'960 Tqs c(4t1 ++ iA&tEtC c&p eAcr Cc

Random Comments on a Bewildered U'


ROTC Evaluation Needed

N SUPPORTING compulsory ROTC at
Michigan State University, the MSU trustees
ave made an unfortunate decision, and re-
aled a limited understanding of education.
Their decision is the latest in the national
spute over the merits of the military train-
g program. It is a dispute made complex by a
yriad of emotionally-based opinions, both
:levant and otherwise.
Army Secretary Wilbur M. Brucker, for ex-
nple, claims that compulsory basic ROTC
aining is absolutely vital to the national
curity. The peacetime Army's requirement
14,000 commissioned officers a year could
ot be met without the compulsory training,
e believes.
But with selective service becoming less
lective and draft deferments easier to gain~
any are beginning to question Brucker's
dgement. Even the defense department has
ken a hands-off attitude, on the theory that
ilitary requirements can be met with "elec-
ves" and that national security is therefore
ot at stake.
VHILE BRUCKER'S claim that only com-
pulsory ROTC can "keep the ranks filled"
of dubious merit, it is hardly as questionable
his other arguments for the program. ROTC
levelops in the student ideals of patriotism,
crifice, and service to our country which can
me to him in no other way," he assuredly
This is corollary of the widespread notion
at universities are somehow capable of
aching democracy, or moral codes. This is
ore than provide a climate in which those
.titudes might be fostered. Military training
a more teaches a man "how to be a patriot"
an marriage courses teach a person "how to
ve someone."
Brucker is correct, perhaps, in claiming that
OTC develops ideals of sacrifice and service
country, but only in an unfortunate sense:
anyhting, ROTC training teaches a student
respect authority, and to sacrifice his iden-
ty to a larger, mysterious will.
THIS SEEMS intolerable in an academic
community. The educational formula for
veloping an independent human being is
gnificantly different from the formula for
veloping the professional soldier. The
acher, on the one hand, prizes independent,
itical inquiry into all matters. The military
>es not. It desires critical judgement, but
ly within the framework of certain assump-
ns which are held above criticism.

marks is that ROTC training enables a student
to better lead a regimented, well-systematized
life, nicely laid out by his directors. Citizen-
ship, in short9 means proper respect for au-
thority, and little more. Certainly it does
not mean proper suspicion of authority, which
is so precious to this society.
REGARDLESS of the damaging educational
philosophy of the military, it is difficult to
justify the complete elimination of all officer
training programs at a university, particularly
if the university sees as one of its purposes the
defense of society. Thus, there is legitimate
reason to offer students the opportunity to
participate in military training. In other words,
a voluntary ROTC program is justifiable.
BUT VOLUNTARY programs, as handled at
this University and in any other section
of the country, are not very defensible in their
present form. That form includes "drill" (a
disciplined variation of tag), and a series of
courses geared to the mental capabilities of
small children. As such, it deserves no place
in the curriculum of a University otherwise
engaged in the opening of men's minds.
The military man of this decade must deal
with the most complex and dangerous of situ-
ations. Vital to his position is an understanding
of most of the concrete and abstract systems
contrived by the human mind; he should be
particularly sensitive to political, social and
economic patterns in America and abroad.
Present ROTC curricula do not adequately
prepare a man for this kind of task.
If ROTC is to have any value, it must under-
take a program designed to promote under-
standing of the place of the military in a
democratic society and in a world of many
ideologies. It is not quite enough for ROTC
to assume the student will gain such an under-
standing through his other courtes in the
* * *
MICHIGAN STATE is at least temporarily
oppressed by the compulsory ROTC stan-
dard. Their problem has brought to public
attention two questions which must be re-
solved: that of the compulsory versus voluntary
programs, and that of curriculum content. The
former still affects some 170 schools across
the country, the latter affects nearly all
Fortunately, some signs of change are evi-
dent. Army ROTC is "upgrading" its curricu-
lum to provide greater challenge for the stu-
dent, something long overdue.
The national controversy itself has shown

To the Editor:
SOME PERSONAL prejudices:
Why is it that the University
does not have a small men's resi-
dence over near the Medical
Why is it that some people in-
sist on defending their integration
views in The Daily letters? Do they
really want integration, or do they
desire to show their ignorance in
print? Really now, let's not get
personal injuries involved in this
already complex social problem!
Congratulations to the Univer-
sity of the planning of a cross-
walk for the coeds over Forest
Avenue. This is very much needed!
Dr. Hatcher and etcetera: We
have the finest music school in
the United States here. How about
showing our appreciation by build-
ing some buildings to show the
quality of that school?
* * *
HOW CAN WE talk about lack
of funds for education in these
United States when we consume
15,000 cigarettes per second and
spend nine million dollars a day
for these weeds? Let's grow up!
To the Picketers: Integration
is a fine thing, but don't you feel
that you are accomplishing little
for your expended energies? This
is a moral problem, a problem that
will take much time to solve. I
hope you won't be guarding F. W.
Woolworth in 1984! You might
trip over your beards!
If you are against personal
prejudice, why don't you fight for
Dean Bacon?
Yes, and, by the way, why do
we have women's hours? Is it be-
cause we are not old enough to be
good little boys and girls, or is it
because daddy wants his little
darling to be safe at college? I'm
afraid you lose anyway, daddy!
* * *
IF A BIG WIND ever comes to
Ann Arbor, we will have about 12,-
000 "men" in orbit due to the lift
of their umbrellas! You guys afraid
of H20? Some of those beards
could use a washing now and then.
To some coeds: Did you ever
hear of stockings (or socks)?
Really, they are comfortable and
nice looking inside of tennis shoes,
too, you know.
To Ann Arbor and the United
States Government: What do you
take us for, fools? Why should we
be counted in the Ann Arbor re-
gion on the census if we cannot
vote here in the elections? Stu-
dents, wake up!!
May the good Lord bless all of
you bicycle thieves, for the rest
of us hate you!
* * *
TO ALL OF YOU professors who
are leaving the University: I hope
you are never captains on a ship
that I take to Europe!
To the Legislature: May your
children get the defunct education
that you deserve because of im-
maturity and lack of foresight.
To Dr. Hatcher: Now, sir, you
know the headaches of being a
president. Let us praise the Presi-
dent of the United States.
To Dean Rea : I wish we could
get to meet you without getting
into trouble to do it, sir.

nance, we learned over the week-
end. Tuesday's paper announced
that the city police had tentatively
released the demonstrators, pend-
idg further review by the police
and the city attorneys. And on
Wednesday we found that two
pickets are still subject to further
Readers of the papers reporting
this story might think this a case
to tax the abilities of a Sherlock
Holmes, but, Bravo!-the Assistant
City Attorney, according to The
Daily, hopes that final action will
come by the end of the week. We
would like to think that misunder-
standing and confusion have re-
sulted from bad reporting; in
which case the writers of this let-
ter would chide reporters and
editors as remiss in their duty. But
the reporting is not bad: that it
is not sensational, any intelligent
reader may easily verify; that it
is accurate in presenting the es-
sential facts of the case may be
proved by anyone taking the
trouble to talk to the principals in-
volved, including the Assistant
City Attorney.
* * *
THE POLICE must complete an
investigation, the attorney's of-
flice must conclude research be-
fore a decision is reached as to
whether or not two of the fifteen
demonstrators will be prosecuted
for violating a city littering ordi-
nance! Do we have to drop ba-
nana peels in the gutter to dis-
cover how long and thorough an
investigation will be made before
we are prosecuted for littering?
Under ordinary circumstances
if two detectives observe persons
to be littering the streets of our
free Ann Arbor, the cases of those
persons would be disposed of
routinely, without "investigation"
or need of time for consultation
of legal treatises.
We submit that the city littering
ordinance is a law of the kind
often invoked for the sake of con-
venience. Mr. Steingold in a very
lucid exposition in Tuesday's Daily
examined the problem of the con-
stitutionality of laws like this.
Whatever his legal background,
every person alive to the society
around him has some awareness
of the technique of enforcing the
letter of the law in violation of its
spirit. Are those who prate of the
civil responsibilities and obliga-
tions of demonstrators demanding
civil rights enamored of this tech-
* * *
ThERE ARE undoubtedly those
who would conclude that the city
authorities are under pressure
from special interest groups to
harass the picketers, and that tac-
tics of intimidation and coercion
familiar to all readers of events
that happen or have happened in
Germany, Russia, Cuba and our
own sunny South are now seen in
their incipient stages here in Ann
Arbor. The writers and signers of

this letter don't necessarily con-
clude this yet. They have after
sober reflection, however, reached
the conclusion that the cause of
civil liberties - and it is indeed
unfortunate that this phrase is a
cliche to some people - has suf-
fered as a result of the actions of
the city authorities.
Fully appreciative of the integ-
rity and bravery of our city au-
thorities, we respectfully call upon
them to clear themselves of sus-
picion of reprehensible behavior.
This they can do by closing quietly
a case which scarcely requires the
wizardry of storybook detectives to
Aware of the complexities of the
problem of civil liberties which
must ultimately face every think-
ing person in this land, we call
upon all members of this com-
munity to examine long and care-
fully their attitudes and motives
and actions in regard to this cru-
cial problem.
-J. Talayco
J. Dixon Hunt
E. K. Cronan
R. Vander Meulen
M. Richards
F. Jeismann
L. Talayco
R. J. Dunn
E. E. Robbins
To the Editor:
AGAIN THE University faculty
has met the challenge. Once
every two years the biggest week-
end on ,campus, Michigras, rolls
around with all its fun and festiv-
The Union-League calendar ad-
vertises this event with a picture
of a beautiful float on page 98, and
the caption below it reads, "All
books closed! Michigras is here!"
The faculty has met this challenge
with an onslaught of bluebooks
scheduled for the following week.
Congratulations on your staunch
support of Michigan tradition.
--D. Tractenberg, '61
Failure . .
To the Editor:
AS CONSTANT readers of The
Michigan Daily we cannot but
view with alarm your inexplicable
failure to implement your innum-
erable apocalyptic editorials in
bellicose condemnation of coma-
tose student apathy with complete
and accurate reporting of the do-
ings of distinctly non-apathic stu-
'dents such as the campus Young
You failed to report Thursday
evening's meeting. Professors
Goodman and Lamb of the Po-
litical Science Department spoke
and we planned for the coming
YR convention. Members were very,
enthusiastic about the meeting,
some even came out of the woods
to try to pack it. Goodlier heads
forthrightly rescinded their es-
sentially callow actions at a meet-

ing held this Friday which you
failed to announce,report or to
allow us to advertize.
It is too bad that the univer-
sity community does not hear of
these meetings - they are well
worth the price of admission. Thus
you showed a discourtesy to the
faculty of this University and to
yourselves by revealing that your
apparent concern is for our friends.
of theLeft, who may not be apa-
thetic but merely sobered by reci-
ent history.i
-Cora Prifold, Grad.
J. R. Reid, Grad.
Nuclear Policy
To the Editor:
IN CLASS the other day, a pro-
fessor said he has detected in
the last 10 years "a certain stir-
ring" among American students.
Although I had felt that any
stirring among students had more
to do with mixing drinks than
considering problems of the mind
and heart, I have been forced to
change my view. Recently while
inviting signatures to a petition
on nuclear testing and disarma-
ment, I found reaction hopefully
Many signatures are yet to be
collected. That is the reason for
this letter. The petition, sponsored
by the Ann Arbor Committee for
a Sane Nuclear Policy, urges:
1) A permanent negotiated ban
on all nuclear weapon tests,
2) A program eventually lead-
ing to total disarmament, and
3) Several other courses of ac-
There are a thousand things
wrong with the world, and if a
student doesn't feel strongly about
at least a few'of them-well, he's
problem one thousand and one. Of
all the things to be "stirred u"
about, war is the most immediate.
If we do not solve the problem of
war, we likely won't be around to
deal with the others.
To say, "I can't do anything
about peace," is, of course, not to
state a fact. We can
arms and disarmament, talk to our
friends, write our Congressmen.
There now is something else we
can do - give this petition sincere
The signatures will be asent to
the State Department. They are
being collected by 10,000 SANE
members all over the country. It
is known that such signatures are
seriously considered. Top officials
welcome clarifications of public
Visible public opinion becomes
more important daily. Never be-
fore has a single signature been
so critical. Do your conscience a
favor. The apathetic and cynical
have had their day. Now those of
us who are serious about peace
must be counted. Watch for the
-Barrie Zwicker, Spec.,
Community Action Committee
of Ann Arbor SANE

Tfired ,Joke
Comxes A live
"WHO WAS THAT lady I saw
you with last night?"
"That was no lady. That was my
This' "joke" is older than the
movies shown on the late, late, late
show on T.V. No doubt intrepid
archaeologists hae found it, in-
scribed deep within the recesses
of a crumbling pyramid.
However there is nothing anti-
quated about the treatment Nor-
man Krasna gives the old saw in
the current movie based upon his
play of the same title.
* * *
THIS IS A funny, funny farce
that just keeps zinging along.
The springboard situation for all
the antics is this: George Wilson
(Tony Curtis) an assistant profes-
sor of chemistry at Columbia was
caught kissing a luscious foreign
exchange student by his wife Ann
(Janet Leigh). She, being (a) a
women and (b) an extremely jeal-
ous one at that buys a plane tick-
et for Reno immediately. Abso-
lutely frantic, Wilson calls is
friend, Mike Haney (Dean Martin)
who is a writer at CBS.
Haney thinks up the story that
Wilson is really an undercover
agent for the FBI and was kissing
the student in the line of duty be-
cause she is really an undercover
foreign agent. And then the snow-
ball begins to roll.
AFTER GETTING Ann to swal-
low this, Haney then convinces
Ann that he and her husband
have to take two more beautiful
female agents out to dinner, "in
the line of duty," at a Chinese res-
taurant that is owned by the sup-
posed uncle of Madame Chiang
Needless to say, the real FBI
gets into our two Rover Boys'
schemes and then, lo and behold,
real foreign agents, employed by
Uncle Nikita capture them fin an
elevator of the Empire State
The best sequence is the one in
which Curtis and Martin are diink-
ing with the Coogle sisters in Lee
Wong's Restaurant.
S * * *
HOWEVER, the wildest moment
is when our heroes are trapped in
the fourth sub-basement of the
Empire State Building thinking
they are really in a Russian sub-
marine in the middle of the At-
All three stars are perfection.
Even though the situations become
extreniely wild and improbable,
they motivate them completely,
making them all the more hilar-
Special mention must be given
James Whitmore as the long suf-
fering FBI agent.
Only once is our credulity really
strained. The Wilson's apartment
is just too chic and expensive to
be that of an austere professor.
But then again, maybe it is just
the influence of the cultivated, civ-
ilized East.
-Patrick Chester
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices fir Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.,
sATURDAY, APRIL 23, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO 149

General Notices
May Festival usher tickets, which
were listed in the D.O.B. on Tues. and
Wed. this week, that have not yet been
picked up, must be picked up at Hill
Auditorium box office on Saturday,
April 23rd, from 10 a.m. to noon. This
will be your last chance to claim your
tickets as they cannot be given out at
the door on the night of the first con-
A few additional ushers for the May
F'estival will be needed and those, per-
sons who are interested may come to
(Continued on Page 5)

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