She ruhigatt Daily
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGA1N
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG.O ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Backstage Pipeline Fight
By DREW PEARSON
'When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevall"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
AY, APRIL 15, 1960
NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH McELDOWNEY
'Reasonable Picketing Questioned
STUDENT Government Council's second re-
fusal to support picketing of local outlets
of variety store chains that discriminate rep-
resents moral equivocation and avoidism at its
Gone is any credit which might have re-
dounded to the Council which only a few
weeks ago forthrightly supported Southern
Negro students and others engaged in action
And the role played by President John
Feldkamp in the adoption of this week's stand
shows his concept of leadership to be far too
A LETTER from Brereton Bissell asked the
Council to again endorse picketing of local
chain store outlets.
SGC has first done so before the March elec-
tion, also sending letters to Southern gover-
nors and to managers of the national chains,
supporting the Southern Negroes. After the
election, following receipt of some ferocious
letters asking SGC to stop "South-baiting," the
endorsement was withdrawn.
Those opposing the motion last night cen-
tered their opposition on the point that it
would be unfair picket an Ann Arbor store
for the actions f Southern stores. Some of
them coupled this notion with a belief that
economic boycott is Justifiable, but only as a
last resort, some with a clear-cut stand that
boycott violates property rights.
None of these points is tenable.
In the first place, picketing an Ann Arbor
chain store is not selecting a Northern scape
goat for a Southern offense, as Roger Season-
wein maintained (he was reading from a
statement of the Michigan Region of the
National Student Association, of which he
is newly-elected chairman, and did not make
completely clear the extent to which he per-
The local stores are not franchise-operated,
but nationally owned. It is true, and regret-
able, that the manager might lose money. But
the brunt of the financial losses in Ann Arbor
would be borne by the national organiza-
tion. The. national offices, as well as the
Southern outlets, discriminate, for they have
unequivocably committed themselves to com-
pliance with local custom, even if the local
custom is the odious segregation of the South.
l E MORALITY of economic boycott is a
separate and prior question to any con-
RECENT COMPARISONS of University
architecture with that of the spa-
ciously beautiful McGregor Center at
Wayne State have raised comment both
here and in Detroit. WSU's Daily Colle-
gian recently ran an article headlining,
"U-M Jealous of McGregor Center." A
letter to the Editor suggested, "If they
like the center so much, why not swap
it for Yost Fieldhouse?"
Perhaps it might be a deal if we in-
cluded West Physics, too.
cerned with whether or not it should be only
a last resort. Either it is justifiable to force
charges in practice prior to changes in atti-
tude, using economic pressure to do so, or it is
not. Only if property rights are assigned pri-
ority over individual rights can the use of the
boycott be considered wrong. Since the segre-
gation policies of the South relegate the Negro
to second place economically as well as second
place socially and legally, one cannot say that
attempts to alter those policies must eschew
the field of economics.
Those favoring the endorsement motion last
night noted these inconsistencies, and pointed
out that failure to adopt it would be failure to
come to the aid of the Southern Negro.
It is now the crisis period of the sit-in
movement, as Al Haber has pointed out to
SGC: success may not be far off. At the same
time, failure is near also: if the sit-ins and
picketing drag on until June it is likely they
will die over the summer vacation.
At last, after repetitious debate on both
sides of the issue, the question was called. The
motion to support local picketing apparently
passed by a vote of 8-6. But Seasonwein, who
had asked to "withhold his vote," until after
the count, then sided with the negative to nar-
row the margin to 8-7.
On a point of order, Seasonwein inquired
whether or not the chairman had the power
to make ties as well as break them. Feldkamp
answered in the affirmative, then cast his vote
with the negative also, defeating the motion
Visibly embarrassed, Feldkamp explained
afterward that he had to vote with the nega-
tive because the vote was "so close."
This would appear to be nothing more or
less than sacrific of conviction to Council
FOLLOWING DEFEAT of the motion, Sea-
sonwein introduced another motion appar-
ently designed to be all things to all men. It
suggested joint action on the part of Kresge,
Woolworth, Kress and Grant in taking a policy
stand on non-discrimination, then imple-
menting that policy in their stores.
This is, as Seasonwein maintained, a "rea-
sonable suggestion, in that it allows for a
change of heart. But the suggestion does not,
as he intimated, exclude the possibility or
desirability of endorsing picketing that will
be going on in the meantime.
Seasonwein's motion may err in the direction
of being overly "reasonable" or "fair." Bissell
pointed out that SGC has already written the
chain stores, albeit separately, and that they
have taken an action which is in large measure
"joint." Their public statements of intention
to comply with local custom were made on
the same day.
But what is most clearly objectionable about
Seasonwein's motion is that it implicitly sup-
ports the rationalization that boycotts are
justifiable only when all else fails, but was
designed also to attract the votes of persons
opposed to boycotts per se. In adopting it,
therefore, SOC deferred consideration of the
central ethical point in hope that it would
not prove necessary to consider it at all.
WASHINGTON - Preliminary
Congressional probing has
only scratched the surface in dig-
ging into the operations of "Tom-
my The Cork" Corcoran and the
Federal Power Commission.
In the background is the biggest
pipeline in the history of North
America and in some respects the
basic question of whether the USA
is going to win out against hru-
shchev's challenge that Commu-
nism will bury us.
What the Russians have done
is to plan a 2,000-mile pipeline
from the Black Sea to the Baltic
and then, without any bickering
or backstage manipulating, go
ahead and build it.
What the United States and
Canada did was to plan five years
ago for a pipeline of about the
same length from the gas - oil
'fields of the Gulf of Mevico to the
rich fields of Central Canada, and
then proceed to bicker and back-
stage lobby so that it isn't built
The Trans - Canada Transmis-
sion Co. was the pet project of C.
D. Howe, Massachusetts-born Ca-
nadian Minister of Defense Pro-
duction, who dreamed of a gas-
oil link insuring a stable supply to
both Canada and the United
States. However, when Howe's
Liberal government was defeated,
the new Diefenbaker government
almost failed to renew the license.
In fact, it was not renewed until
two weeks ago.
The American link in this huge
pipeline connection was the dream
of Gardiner Symonds, head of
Tennessee Gas Transmission and
his Washington attorney, Tom
Corcoran, who as a member of
the Roosevelt brain trust had
helped Harold Ickes pioneer the
big and little inch pipelines, then
considered almost revolutionary.
JUST AS the big and little inch
pipelines were fought by John L.
Lewis and the coal interests, so
the Gulf - Canada Pipeline was
fought by rival gas interests. The
backstage battle to stop this pipe-
line-or else share in it-included
such powerful figures as the Tom
Dulles law firm, plus some of the
remnants of the old Insull utility
empire in the -Midwest.
At one time the heads of three
of these companies held a confi-
dential meeting at the Chicago
Club with Gardiner Symonds of
Tennessee Gas, demanding that
he sell them three-quarters inter-
est in the pipeline to Canada. They
hadn't originated the dream, yet
they wanted a piece of it.
At about the same time that
gas distributors were manipulating
AT THE MOVIES
Tall Story' . . By THOMAS KABAKER
SHE: "Elephants mate only once in seven years."
He: "Some make it in six."
"Tall Story" is about people, not elephants. People don't wait.
Joshua Logan's "super-saucy smash" playing at the Michigan
Theatre turns out to me amusing, but no great comedy. The college
humor in this film is particularly bad, but when Anthony Perkins as
the All-American basketball player and Jane'Fonda (Henry's daughter)
as the siren of Custer College take the fore, the day is saved.
* * *
PERKINS turns in one of the finest performances I have seen in
a long time, and Miss Fonda in her motion picture debut seems to have
a fine career in the making. The scene where they conduct a scientific
study of the art of kissing is a masterpiece.
But these two are not left to their own enough. Many of the situ-
ations are quite ludicrous and some lines sound downright amaturish.
In fact any resemblance to this film and college life is a horrible mis-
The main objection to this motion picture is that it sets out to be
daring-sex and all that-but sometimes is not funny, just dirty. After
awhile it gets embarrasing. In short, when it is good it is very very
good. But when it is bad.,..
'Please Don't Eat the Daisies' By K. McELDOWNY
CHILDREN are amusing. Movies about children are usually weak--
but amusing. "Please Don't Eat the Daisies" currently at the State
Theatre is about children.
Jean Kerr's book of isolated happenings was funny, and of course,
disjointed. To tie these together the film industry chose a trite, boring
plot. At times, the movie becomes bearable only through timely appear-
ances of an 18-month-old baby or a polar bear disguised as a dog.
As with the book the individual scenes are on the whole funny.
The remodeling of the castle in the country, while it in places resorts
to situations hundreds of years old, is very funny. Little Adam, whether
throwing bags of water while hanging to the barred windows in his
room or peering from his cage (he can pick locks) saved many a scene.
* * *
ONLY scenes inserted merely to aid the progression of the plot fall
into the soap opera classification. Scenes with "the other woman" or
"love conquering all" are terrible.
Individuals manage to rise above the plot. Doris Day whether
singing, talking or moving is very fine. Janis Paige whether moving,
moving or moving is an eyeful in CinemaScope. While I may be preju-
diced the male actors didn't impress me as much. The children were
In summary-scenes good; people good. See it in the afternoon--
backstage to block the Gulf-Can-
ada pipeline, the oil-gas producers
were manipulating backstage with
Congress to pass a Natural Gas
Act removing the Power Commis-
sion's right to regulate the price
of gas. That too failed.
HOWEVER, the man who was
President of the Natural Gas Lob-
bying Committee, Leonard F. Mc-
Collum, testified before a senate
committee June 14, 1956 that his
group had spent $1,72,513 "to
educate the public" on the dang-
ers of federal regulation.
This is the same Leonard Mc-
Collum who is President of Conti-
Dewey law firm of New York, the
nental Oil, a member of the big
four CATCO combine which tried
to sell gas to Tennessee Gas Trans-
mission for use in its Gulf-Canada
pipeline at the high price of 22.4
cents per thousand feet. And de-
spite McCollum's fears of federal
regulation, the federal power com-
mission OK'd this high price. It
bowed to the gas industry.
O n I y Commissioner William
Connole, the consumers' champ-
IN THE END and after a long
battle through the courts, McCol-
lum's fears proved justified. For
Connole's lone dissent served as a
guide for the ringing opinion by
Justice Tom Clark ofthe Supreme
Court against the gas companies.
He warned that the 22.4-cent price
created dangerous price plateaus,
and that 1 cents was enough.
It was following this that the
White House refused to reappoint
Commissioner Connole, champion
of the consumer, to the Federal
Note - final fact is that the
five-year struggle to build a Gulf-
Canada pipeline has not yet been
quite successful. On April 2, the
Canadian Cabinet finally OK'd
the sale of gas and the construc-
tion of a pipeline from Trans-
Canada through Winnipeg to the
The Federal Power Commission
has OK'd the construction of a
line from Emerson, Manitoba to
Marshfield, Wis., under the juris-
diction of Tennessee Gas. But they
will not connect. There will be a
gap between Chicago and Wiscon-
Meantime the Russians are
pushing their through pipeline
from the Black Sea to the Baltic.
Though the White House was
smart in appointing Harold Bayn-
ton, Democratic Counsel to Sena-
tor Magnuson's commerce com-
mittee, to replace Commissioner
Connole, it hasn't gone down well
with a lot of people, including
Baynton. He has high respect for
Connole, doesn't like the idea of
pushing him out of a Job.... The
Federal Power Commission will
now be lopsided with Westerners-
Jerome Kuykendall of Washington
state, Arthur Kline of Wyoming,
and Baynton of Nevada. This
leaves the heavy gas-consuming
states of the East, which have to
worry about the price of gas, with
no voice on the Commission.,. .
Sen. George Aiken of Vermont,
Republican, plans to do battle at
the White House over freezing
Connole out of the FPC. He points
out that New England, with rugged
winters and no coal or gas of its
own, is one of the heaviest gas
consumers and deserves some say
in fixing the price of gas. Instead,
its lone commissioner, Connole of
Connecticut, is being given the
(Copyright 1960, by the Bell Syndicate)
that just when the show would
begin to build and really become
snappy, there would be a break in
the production that would destroy
Undoubtedly, as the show ma-
tures, these interruptions will be-
come smaller and the overall pace
will pick up.
* * *
ONE OF THE best numbers in
"Town," the first act finale, failed
to be truly effective because it
started at too high a point. The
stage was filled with the entire cast
madly doing the conga, which was
completely hilarious for the first
few moments, but they just kept
on girating about and there was
nothing to climax the initial im-
Perhaps the best moment in the
show was the second act number,
"SuWing." In it, the chorus and
dancers, led by Miss Connors, cut
loose and the old Lydia Mendels-
sohn really began to rock.
Another outstanding moment
was the opening song in the Sec-
ond Act "Eileen" sung and danced
enchantingly by Miss Hauman and
five of New York's finest. Miss
Hauman's filled the theatre with
her sparkling personality and it
Then there was a long wait and
the mood was destroyed.
* * *
AS THE wise - cracking Ruth,
Miss Connors beautifully combined
the cynicism and frustration at
having such a cute-as-a-button
sister (Miss Hauman). Each of the
three vignettes dramatized from
her eclectic short stories was a
Miss Hauman, Eileen, combined
a beautiful voice and a captivating
naive manner to perfection.
Especially outstanding among
the other pereformers was Donald
Sandberg as Speedy Valenti, the
coolest cat of them all." His en-
trances with a beagle hound were
* * *
JOEL BOYDEN as the ex-col-
lege football star was a man moun-
tain of fun. His song about his
college days was sung with vigor
and a sense of the comic.
As two of the more uninhibited
members of the human clan, David
Newman (Chick Clark) and Bette
Ellis (Violet, the girl who gives
rumba lessons without a phono-
graph) were very funny carica-
Ted Heusel, the eccentric artist,
Mr. Appopolous, brought many
comic touches that were most wel-
The final word must go to the
energetic orchestra that played the
score with ear piercing enthusi-
Book by Joseph Fields
and Jerome Chodorov
Music by Leonard Bernstein
Lyrics by Betty Comden
and Adolph Green
"WONDERFUL TOWN" is the fifth and final production of the Ann
Arbor Civic Theatre's 13th season. The musical, based upon the
adventures of two Ohio girls, Irene Connors, and Judith Hauman, try-
ing to conquer the New York City rat race, was much like the little girl
with the curl in nursery rhyme fame-"when it was good, it was very,
very good, and when it wasn't, well ...
All the actors were good--ome were truly great; but their efforts
did not combine to produce a unified whole. It was the unhappy fact
To the Editor.
believe that some explanations
are in order concerning the Stu-
dent Government Council actions
dealing with store picketing.
The Daily headline concerning
the matter reads: "Deny SGC
Support to Store Picketing." This
is misleading in two ways.
First, there is an error ofomis-
sion. Wednesday evening the
Council reaffirmed its support of
the non-violentpicketing which
protests the alleged discrimina-
tory action of the Cousin's Shop.
Second, the headline mistates
SGC's stand . concerning non-
violent picketing against the local
branches of chain stores with seg-
regated lunch counters in South-
ern outlets. The Council did not
deny support to such picketing.
ON THE CONTRARY, the mo-
tion passed by the Council calls
for the endorsement of such pick-
eting of local branches if the
chain stores do not take adequate
steps to "jointly endorse a policy
of non-discrimination" within two
Taking this action, the Council
noted that these chains, when re-
garded separately, are more or
less bound by the customs of the
communities where they have out-
lets. However, the Council recog-
nized that collectively these stores
-because they "make up a con-
siderable portion of any com-
munity in which they do business"
-wield considerable influence In
Thus, the Council has asked
these chains to join forces in ob-
jecting to the discriminatory
practices existing in their South-
ern outlets. Failing to do this,
they can no longer be considered
as "victims" of "Southern custom"
but, rather, as "molders of it.
Hence, the policy of these chains
becomes objectionable. And, thus,
their Northern, branches - which
contribute to the success of each
chain-should be picketed.
D E B A T E SUPPORTING the
SGC action pointed out, as indi-
cated above, why this action was
considered a ,reasonable one. How-
ever, the Daily story reported none
One speaker was quoted as say-
ing that the motion passed would
"make sense to both 'conserva-
tives' and 'liberals'"; he actually
said that this motion "would, ap-
peal to any _reasonable person
whether he was labeled 'liberal' or
The point is simply this: The
Council attempted, in my opinion,
to display neither "liberalism" or
"conservativism";. it tried to take
a fair, just, and reasonable action.
I hol~e it has done so.
Roger Seasonwein, '61.
Out-State Student Problems
"I 'Think Those Passive Resistance Demonstrations
Are In The American Tradition"
THIS WEEK a bill calling for the University
to limit out-of-state enrollment to 10 per
cent of the total enrollment failed to pass in
the House by only 10 votes. It is both surpris-
ng and disconcerting to see such a proposal
receive such support from the legislators.
Traditionally, the University has been a
cosmopolitan institution drawing its students
from an extremely wide variety of back-
grounds. The relationship gained through con-
act with people from many different areas of
he United States and from different countries
adds immeasurably to the fullness of education
received by all students at the University, in-'
eluding those from Michigan.
The bill the Legislature almost approved
would have seriously jeopardized the University
and would have forced it into becoming paro-
chial in the scope of its student body.
LEGISLATORS argue that a school like Ohio
State draws only 10 per cent of its student
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
HILIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
itorial Director City Editor
iM BENAGH . .....................Sports Editor
ETER DAWSON ............ Associate City Editor
3HARLES KOZOLL . ..,,... ,rsonnei Director
JOAN KAATZ,.... Magazine Editor
ARTON HUTHWAITE .. Associate Editorial Director
RED KATZ................Associate Sports Editor
AVE LYON ...............Associate Sports Editor
body from out-of-state, compared to the Uni-
versity's out-of-state enrollment of about one-
third of its total. But there is probably a defi-
nite relationship between the University's high
quality and the high percentage of non-Michi-
gan residents who apply for admittance.
Should out-of-state students be accepted
when the University may be forced to turn
down some qualified applicants? I would say
Owing to enrollment pressures, the Univer-
sity is being continually forced to raise its
admission requirements. An out-of-state stu-
dent must be truly distinguished to be admitted
against the heavy in-state competition. All
this raises the level of the student body. As a
result, the out-of-state student who is accepted
must be an exceptionally capable one-one of
whom this or any university can be proud.
Michigan possesses a great educational insti-
tution in the University and it would be foolish
and tragic to endanger its standing. But were
out-of-state enrollment cut to 10 per cent of
total ,many exceptional students would not be
allowed to attend the University and student
body quality would decrease accordingly.
By keeping admission standards high, the
state is continuing to offer an excellent school
to its residents. Though fewer in-state appli-
cants can be admitted under the University's
present in-state to out-state ratio, those who
are admitted are given the opportunity to
study in one of the country's finest schools--
an opportunity that would no longer be avail-
able were out-of-state enrollment to be cut.
The best in-state students are being admitted
already, and it would be unfortunate for the
, :' .
-.. ., "
t < " '
SDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
4 7 t
The Daily Official Bulletin is , an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which ,The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday,
FRIDAY, APRIL 15, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. 142
neumonid wasps." V. K. Gupta. Ele-
tion of Officers for the coming year.
Attention June Graduates: Order
Caps and Gowns now at Moe's Sport
Shops, 711 North University.
USHERING: Sign-up sheets for people
who wish to usher for the next Depart-
ment of Speech Playbill production are
on the bulletin board outside room 1502
Summary Action Taken by Student
Government Council At Its Meeting
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